Human Rights

Human Rights

In the real world this book must show how societies have struggled and still struggle to achieve social justice.

Author: Ruth Naumann

Publisher: New House

ISBN: 0170262375

Category: Human rights

Page: 120

View: 630

In an ideal world a book about human rights would simply deal with those rights that everybody on the planet enjoys because they are human. In the real world this book must show how societies have struggled and still struggle to achieve social justice. Humans are not perfect and therefore man's inhumanity to man has been evident throughout history; however, thanks to the efforts of individuals, groups, institutions and governments, mans humanity to man has also had a significant impact on people's lives and will continue to do so in the future. Understanding past and present societies and considering future societies through a focus on human rights will help students participate as critical, active, informed and responsible citizens. How do people define and seek human rights? How do groups make decisions that impact on people's lives? How do people participate individually and collectively in response to community challenges? Human rights is integral to all the conceptual strands of the Social Sciences curriculum, and through all levels. Identity, culture, organisation, place, environment, continuity, change, economic world ee none of these can be examined without reference to human rights. While Human Rights sits firmly in the Social Studies strands, the concept of human rights is integral to the New Zealand curriculum. It is intrinsic in all its values key competencies, principles and learning areas. This book is accessible to all ability levels, especially Years 9 and 10, and encourages further research on student-orientated topics. It covers various settings, perspectives, processes, and essential skills while bringing into focus essential learning with New Zealand society.
Categories: Human rights

A Focus on Human Rights

A Focus on Human Rights

This book addresses human rights issues.

Author: Christiane Baasch

Publisher:

ISBN: 1536193399

Category:

Page:

View: 374

Congress has guided and shaped the U.S role in the current international human rights architecture, which grew out of the atrocities and destruction of World War II. The United Nations (U.N.) Charter, signed in 1945, included broad expressions of support for human rights and fundamental freedoms. This book addresses human rights issues.
Categories:

Intellectual Property Human Rights and Competition

Intellectual Property  Human Rights and Competition

This book goes a step further: it explores how greater access to essential technologies can be ensured through human rights and competition law.

Author: Abbe Elizabeth Lockhart Brown

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9780857934970

Category: Law

Page: 236

View: 179

ÔAbbe BrownÕs new work provides a welcome and extremely valuable addition of the human rights dimension to the long standing conflict over essential technologies between intellectual property and competition law.Õ Ð Steven Anderman, University of Essex, UK and University of Stockholm, Sweden ÔMuch has been written on the flexibilities available within the intellectual property system to address development and social needs. This book goes a step further: it explores how greater access to essential technologies can be ensured through human rights and competition law. Although the analysis is focused on UK and the European Union, the book provides valuable insights for assessing the situation in other jurisdictions. The author suggests an innovative approach for courts and legislators to overcome, in the light of public interest considerations, the limits imposed by intellectual property rights. This book is a much welcomed contribution to academic and policy debates on the subject.Õ Ð Carlos M. Correa, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina ÔIntellectual property interacts (or clashes?) with human rights and competition law. The refreshing bit about this book is that a detailed practical approach to the inevitable balancing act is proposed. Abbe Brown explains how a human rights approach is the cornerstone of such a balancing approach and how positive results can be achieved towards unblocking essential technologies. And it can be done in the existing international legal framework, even if the latter could be improved. Well-researched, challenging and interesting reading!Õ Ð Paul Torremans, University of Nottingham, UK ÔAbbe BrownÕs study starts from the assumption that IP right owners, particularly those of innovative technologies, dispose of a disproportionate strong legal position in relation to that of competitors and customers, which is detrimental to society at large. Brown investigates how the power of the IP right owners can be limited by applying existing human rights law and competition law. To that aim it is suggested to widen the legal landscape and to develop a more tripartite substantive approach to IP law, human rights law and competition law. BrownÕs study offers a very welcome new contribution to the literature on the functioning of IP law, by stressing the joint role which competition law and human rights law can play in this respect.Õ Ð F. Willem Grosheide, Utrecht University and Attorney at law, Van Doorne Amsterdam, The Netherlands This detailed book explores the relationship between intellectual property, competition and human rights. It considers the extent to which they can and must be combined by decision makers, and how this approach can foster innovation in key areas for society Ð such as pharmaceutical drugs, communications software and technology to combat climate change. The author argues that these three legal fields are strongly interrelated and that they can be used to identify essential technologies. She demonstrates that in some cases, combining the fields can deliver new bases for wider access to be provided to technologies. The solutions developed are strongly based on existing laws, with a focus on the UK and the EU and the structures of existing forms of dispute resolution, including the European Court of Human Rights and the dispute settlement bodies of the World Trade Organisation. The final chapters also suggest opportunities for further engagement at international policy and activist level, new approaches to IP and its treaties, and wider adoption of the proposals. This timely book will appeal to academics and practitioners in IP, competition and human rights, as well as innovation-related industry groups and access to knowledge, health and environment activists.
Categories: Law

International Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms

International Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms

The target audience of the book is students of international human rights law, but the book can also serve as a guide for both officials and activists involved in the realization of human rights.The success of the first edition has allowed ...

Author: Gudmundur Alfredsson

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789004162365

Category: Political Science

Page: 725

View: 935

This revised and updated collection is intended to serve as a thematic textbook on the institutions and procedures devoted to the national implementation of human rights and to the international monitoring of State performance. Albeit not exhaustive, the coverage extends to most of the monitoring instances available at intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations: complaints, fact-finding and investigative procedures, State reporting obligations, good offices actions, dialogue functions, human rights education, dissemination of human rights information, letter campaigns, and technical co-operation. The target audience of the book is students of international human rights law, but the book can also serve as a guide for both officials and activists involved in the realization of human rights.The success of the first edition has allowed for this second edition. It demonstrates that there is a important demand for literature with a focus on human rights monitoring and follow-up activities.
Categories: Political Science

Why Human Rights in Childbirth Matter

Why Human Rights in Childbirth Matter

The human rights in childbirth movement is gathering pace and followers across the globe.

Author: Rebecca Schiller

Publisher:

ISBN: 1780665806

Category:

Page: 160

View: 653

Why Human Rights in Childbirth explores the rights of women in pregnancy and birth, and offers information and support for mothers, caregivers and campaigners working to improve birth practices and birth experiences. Rebecca Schiller is co-chair of the human rights in childbirth charity Birthrights and a media spokesperson on reproductive rights and birth-related issues. She is a doula, a director of Doula UK and was nominated for Doula of the Year 2014. She is a freelance writer on related topics and her first short book, All That Matters: Women s Rights in Childbirth is published by the Guardian. She has two children. Before entering the childbirth world she completed a master's degree in War Studies with a focus on human rights issues. She has worked in the charity and NGO sector, most recently at Human Rights Watch. She has two children."
Categories:

International Human Rights Law

International Human Rights Law

Fully updated to cover topics such as climate change, trade and business activities, while retaining the original style and structure.

Author: Olivier De Schutter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108463560

Category: Law

Page: 1100

View: 678

Fully updated to cover topics such as climate change, trade and business activities, while retaining the original style and structure.
Categories: Law

Women s Human Rights

Women s Human Rights

The book traces the evolution of the womens human rights movement through an examination of its key issues, debates, and practical interventions in international law and policy arenas.

Author: Niamh Reilly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745654942

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 576

Women's Human Rights: Seeking Gender Justice in a Globalising Age explores the emergence of transnational, UN-oriented, feminist advocacy for womens human rights, especially over the past three decades. It identifies the main feminist influences that have shaped the movement liberal, radical, third world and cosmopolitan and exposes how the Western, legalist, state-centric, and liberal biases of mainstream human rights discourse impede the realisation of human rights in womens lives everywhere. The book traces the evolution of the womens human rights movement through an examination of its key issues, debates, and practical interventions in international law and policy arenas. This includes efforts to: Develop global gender equality norms via the UN Womens Convention Frame violence against women as a human rights issue Address gender-based crimes in conflict situations, include women in conflict resolution and post-conflict reconstruction, and challenge new forms of militarism Highlight the gendered human rights dimensions of widening inequalities in a context of neo-liberal globalisation Develop human rights responses to anti-feminist fundamentalist movements with a focus on reproductive and sexual rights Ultimately, Women's Human Rights reaffirms a commitment to critically reinterpreted universal human rights principles and demonstrates the vital role that bottom-up, transnational movements play in making them a reality in women's lives.
Categories: Social Science

A People s History of the European Court of Human Rights

A People s History of the European Court of Human Rights

Michael Goldhaber introduces American audiences to the judicial arm of the Council of Europe—a group distinct from the European Union, and much larger—whose mission is centered on interpreting the European Convention on Human Rights.

Author: Michael Goldhaber

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813544618

Category: History

Page: 215

View: 925

The exceptionality of America's Supreme Court has long been conventional wisdom. But the United States Supreme Court is no longer the only one changing the landscape of public rights and values. Over the past thirty years, the European Court of Human Rights has developed an ambitious, American-style body of law. Unheralded by the mass press, this obscure tribunal in Strasbourg, France has become, in many ways, the Supreme Court of Europe. Michael Goldhaber introduces American audiences to the judicial arm of the Council of Europe—a group distinct from the European Union, and much larger—whose mission is centered on interpreting the European Convention on Human Rights. The Council routinely confronts nations over their most culturally-sensitive, hot-button issues. It has stared down France on the issue of Muslim immigration; Ireland on abortion; Greece on Greek Orthodoxy; Turkey on Kurdish separatism; Austria on Nazism; and Britain on gay rights and corporal punishment. And what is most extraordinary is that nations commonly comply. In the battle for the world's conscience, Goldhaber shows how the court in Strasbourg may be pulling ahead.
Categories: History

Emerging Human Rights

Emerging Human Rights

This concept of human rights in contemporary Africa fails to distinguish the revolutionary demand for group action from the ... While the Banjul Charter tried to clarify the focus of human rights on the group rather than the individual, ...

Author: George W. Shepherd

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: UOM:39015024904875

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 124

This edited collection of international, interdisciplinary studies deals with important theoretical considerations about human rights in Africa. It addressses both theoretical issues and actual case studies of human rights violations in the African context. The volume is divided into two sections: theory and issues and violations. Also examined are the African context of human rights development and the impact of Ghanaian black feminism. Shepherd provides a pathbreaking overview of the political economy of African human rights. The unique perspective provided by African scholars, along with European and American scholars of Ghanaian black feminism. A comprehensive bibliography completes the volume. The unique perspective provided by African scholars, along with European and American scholars of black Africa, makes this book an important addition to the literature of human rights and African studies.
Categories: Political Science