Statistical Mechanics

A Concise Introduction for Chemists

Author: B. Widom,Widom B

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521009669

Category: Science

Page: 170

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This book is an introduction to statistical mechanics, intended for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students.
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An Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Robert Paul Holland Gasser,William Graham Richards

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810223724

Category: Science

Page: 177

View: 1031

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Statistical thermodynamics plays a vital linking role between quantum theory and chemical thermodynamics, yet students often find the subject unpalatable.In this updated version of a popular text, the authors overcome this by emphasising the concepts involved, in particular demystifying the partition function. They do not get bogged down in the mathematical niceties that are essential for a profound study of the subject but which can confuse the beginner. Strong emphasis is placed on the physical basis of statistical thermodynamics and the relations with experiment. After a clear exposition of the distribution laws, partition functions, heat capacities, chemical equilibria and kinetics, the subject is further illuminated by a discussion of low-temperature phenomena and spectroscopy. The coverage is brought right up to date with a chapter on computer simulation and a final section which ranges beyond the narrow limits usually associated with student texts to emphasise the common dependence of macroscopic behaviour on the properties of constituent atoms and molecules.Since first published in 1974 as ?Entropy and Energy Levels?, the book has been very popular with students. This revised and updated version will no doubt serve the same needs.
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Thermal Physics

Entropy and Free Energies

Author: Joon Chang Lee

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810248741

Category: Science

Page: 201

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An informal, readable introduction to the basic ideas of thermal physics.
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The Statistical Foundations Of Entropy

Author: Ramshaw John D

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813234148

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 1598

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This book presents an innovative unified approach to the statistical foundations of entropy and the fundamentals of equilibrium statistical mechanics. These intimately related subjects are often developed in a fragmented historical manner which obscures the essential simplicity of their logical structure. In contrast, this book critically reassesses and systematically reorganizes the basic concepts into a simpler sequential framework which reveals more clearly their logical relationships. The inherent indistinguishability of identical particles is emphasized, and the resulting unification of classical and quantum statistics is discussed in detail. The discussion is focused entirely on fundamental concepts, so applications are omitted. The book is written at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level, and will be useful as a concise supplement to conventional books and courses in statistical mechanics, thermal physics, and thermodynamics. It is also suitable for self-study by those seeking a deeper and more detailed analysis of the fundamentals. Contents: IntroductionFundamentalsThe Hypothesis of Equal a priori ProbabilitiesConstraintsThe Principle of Maximum EntropyThermodynamic SystemsThe Canonical and Grand Canonical Probability DistributionsMany-Particle SystemsIdentical Particles Are Inherently Indistinguishable Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in statistical physics. Keywords: Entropy;Statistical Mechanics;Statistical Physics;Thermal Physics;Thermodynamics;Information Theory;Probability;Statistics;Fluctuations;Uncertainty;Maximum Entropy;MaxEnt;Indistinguishability;Canonical;Grand Canonical;Boltzmann Distribution;Fermi-Dirac;Bose-Einstein;Gibbs;Boltzmann;JaynesReview: Key Features: The sequential logical structure of the treatment, in which each level naturally follows from and builds upon the previous levels; concepts are not introduced until they are neededDespite brevity (made possible by omitting applications), the fundamental concepts are discussed in greater depth, detail, and generality than is usual in much larger and more expensive booksDiscusses and explains in detail the inherent indistinguishability of identical particles in both classical and quantum mechanics, correcting the misconception to the contrary widespread in most other books, thus unifying classical and quantum statistics within a single general framework
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Statistical Physics

An Introductory Course

Author: Daniel J. Amit,Yosef Verbin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810234768

Category: Science

Page: 565

View: 4800

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This invaluable textbook is an introduction to statistical physics that has been written primarily for self-study. It provides a comprehensive approach to the main ideas of statistical physics at the level of an introductory course, starting from the kinetic theory of gases and proceeding all the way to Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics. Each idea is brought out with ample motivation and clear, step-by-step, deductive exposition. The key points and methods are presented and discussed on the basis of concrete representative systems, such as the paramagnet, Einstein's solid, the diatomic gas, black body radiation, electric conductivity in metals and superfluidity. The book is written in a stimulating style and is accompanied by a large number of exercises appropriately placed within the text and by self-assessment problems at the end of each chapter. Detailed solutions of all the exercises are provided.
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Entropy And Its Physical Meaning

Author: J. S. Dugdale

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748405695

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 2709

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This text gives students a clear and easily understood introduction to entropy - a central concept in thermodynamics, but one which is often regarded as the most difficult to grasp. Professor Dugdale first presents a classical and historical view of entropy, looking in detail at the scientists who developed the concept, and at how they arrived at their ideas. This is followed by a statistical treatment which provides a more physical portrait of entropy, relating it to disorder and showing how physical and chemical systems tend to states of order at low temperatures. Dugdale includes here a brief account of some of the more intriguing manifestations of order in properties such as superconductivity and superfluidity.Entropy and Its Physical Meaning also includes a number of exercises which can be used for both self- learning and class work. It is intended to provide a complete understanding of the concept of entropy, making it valuable reading for undergraduates in physics, physical sciences and engineering, and for students studying thermodynamics within other science courses such as meteorology, biology and medicine.
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Advances in the Theory of Quantum Systems in Chemistry and Physics

Author: Philip E. Hoggan,Erkki J. Brändas,Jean Maruani,Piotr Piecuch,Gerardo Delgado-Barrio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400720769

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 8547

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Advances in the Theory of Quantum Systems in Chemistry and Physics is a collection of 32 selected papers from the scientific contributions presented at the 15th International Workshop on Quantum Systems in Chemistry and Physics (QSCP-XV), held at Magdalene College, Cambridge, UK, from August 31st to September 5th, 2010. This volume discusses the state of the art, new trends, and the future of methods in molecular quantum mechanics and their applications to a wide range of problems in chemistry, physics, and biology. The breadth and depth of the scientific topics discussed during QSCP-XV are gathered in seven sections: I. Fundamental Theory; II. Model Atoms; III. Atoms and Molecules with Exponential-Type Orbitals; IV. Density-Oriented Methods; V. Dynamics and Quantum Monte-Carlo Methodology; VI. Structure and Reactivity; VII. Complex Systems, Solids, Biophysics. Advances in the Theory of Quantum Systems in Chemistry and Physics is written for research students and professionals in Quantum systems of chemistry and physics. It also constitutes and invaluable guide for those wishing to familiarize themselves with research perspectives in the domain of quantum systems for thematic conversion or simply to gain insight into the methodological developments and applications to physics chemistry and biology that have actually become feasible by the end of 2010.
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Thermal Physics

Author: Ralph Baierlein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521658386

Category: Science

Page: 442

View: 2151

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Exercise problems in each chapter.
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