A Brief History of Analytic Philosophy

A Brief History of Analytic Philosophy

Beginning with the seminal works of Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell and G. E. Moore, Stephen P. Schwartz covers the foremost figures and schools of analytic philosophy, including, in addition to those already mentioned, Wittgenstein, Carnap ...

Author: Stephen P. Schwartz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118271728

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 897

A Brief History of Analytic Philosophy: From Russell to Rawls presents a comprehensive overview of the historical development of all major aspects of analytic philosophy, the dominant Anglo-American philosophical tradition in the twentieth century. Features coverage of all the major subject areas and figures in analytic philosophy - including Wittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, G.E. Moore, Gottlob Frege, Carnap, Quine, Davidson, Kripke, Putnam, and many others Contains explanatory background material to help make clear technical philosophical concepts Includes listings of suggested further readings Written in a clear, direct style that presupposes little previous knowledge of philosophy
Categories: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook of The History of Analytic Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook of The History of Analytic Philosophy

The study of its history, from the 19th century to the late 20th, has boomed in recent years. These specially commissioned essays by forty leading scholars constitute the most comprehensive book on the subject.

Author: Michael Beaney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199238842

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1161

View: 199

The main stream of academic philosophy, in Anglophone countries and increasingly worldwide, is identified by the name 'analytic'. The study of its history, from the 19th century to the late 20th, has boomed in recent years. These specially commissioned essays by forty leading scholars constitute the most comprehensive book on the subject.
Categories: Philosophy

Analytic Philosophy

Analytic Philosophy

Michael Beaney introduces analytic philosophy by exploring some of the key ideas of Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, G. E. Moore, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Susan Stebbing.

Author: Michael Beaney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198778028

Category: Philosophy

Page: 152

View: 972

Originating in the pioneering work of Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, G. E. Moore, and Ludwig Wittgenstein in the four decades around the turn of the twentieth century, analytic philosophy established itself in various forms in the 1930s. After the Second World War, it developed further in North America, in the rest of Europe, and is now growing in influence as the dominant philosophical tradition right across the world, from Latin America to East Asia. In this Very Short Introduction Michael Beaney introduces some of the key ideas of the founders of analytic philosophy by exploring certain fundamental philosophical questions and showing how those ideas can be used in offering answers. Considering the work of Susan Stebbing, he also explores the application of analytic philosophy to critical thinking, and emphasizes the conceptual creativity that lies at the heart of fruitful analysis. Throughout, Beaney illustrates why clarity of thinking, precision of expression, and rigour of argumentation are rightly seen as virtues of analytic philosophy. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Categories: Philosophy

Analytic Philosophy and the Later Wittgensteinian Tradition

Analytic Philosophy and the Later Wittgensteinian Tradition

This book aims to explain the decline of the later Wittgensteinian tradition in analytic philosophy during the second half of the twentieth century.

Author: Paolo Tripodi

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137499893

Category: Philosophy

Page: 267

View: 850

This book aims to explain the decline of the later Wittgensteinian tradition in analytic philosophy during the second half of the twentieth century. Throughout the 1950s, Oxford was the center of analytic philosophy and Wittgenstein – the later Wittgenstein – the most influential contemporary thinker within that philosophical tradition. Wittgenstein's methods and ideas were widely accepted, with everything seeming to point to the Wittgensteinian paradigm having a similar impact on the philosophical scenes of all English speaking countries. However, this was not to be the case. By the 1980s, albeit still important, Wittgenstein was considered as a somewhat marginal thinker. What occurred within the history of analytic philosophy to produce such a decline? This book expertly traces the early reception of Wittgenstein in the United States, the shift in the humanities to a tradition rooted in the natural sciences, and the economic crisis of the mid-1970s, to reveal the factors that contributed to the eventual hostility towards the later Wittgensteinian tradition.
Categories: Philosophy

The Bloomsbury Companion to Analytic Philosophy

The Bloomsbury Companion to Analytic Philosophy

Although Hacker's primary focus is on Wittgenstein's influence, he provides
useful expositions of the doctrines of both Wittgenstein and many other leading
analytic philosophers. Schwartz, S. P., 2010. A Brief History of Analytic
Philosophy: ...

Author: Barry Dainton

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781474236485

Category: Philosophy

Page: 672

View: 301

Featuring chapters on the latest developments in fifteen core subjects in analytic philosophy, The Bloomsbury Companion to Analytic Philosophy is an essential guide for all those working in the field today. Introducing its history and looking ahead to new research directions, this companion brings together a team of internationally renowned philosophers to explore the major concepts, thinkers and areas of inquiry in the analytic tradition With an extensive glossary, an annotated bibliography, a timeline of major events and publications, and a guide to further resources, this comprehensive companion is ideal for use on courses. Broken down into three parts, it covers: The history of analytic philosophy, from Frege, Moore and Russell to Wittgenstein, the Vienna Circle and beyond the more recent work of four influential American philosophers: Quine, Davidson, Putnam and Kripke Current analytic philosophy in action in subjects such as philosophy of mind and language, moral and political philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology and the philosophy of science, mathematics, perception, free will and personal identity Recent trends and developments such as the rise of specialisation and science, self-consciousness and analytic metaphysics Broaching the controversial question of what analytical philosophy is, explaining how it differs from Continental Philosophy and exploring the extent to which it in a state of crisis, The Bloomsbury Companion to Analytic Philosophy presents an authoritative introduction to the origins and future of Anglo-America's dominant philosophical tradition. Now available in paperback, this edition includes updated references and a chapter on Ethics and the problem of overdemandingnes.
Categories: Philosophy

Judgement and Truth in Early Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology

Judgement and Truth in Early Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology

There has been increasing debate over just what 'analytic philosophy' means, as
the movement has ramified into the ... is to create a venue for workonthe history of
analytic philosophy, consolidating the area asamajor field of philosophy and ...

Author: M. Textor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137286338

Category: Philosophy

Page: 275

View: 189

What is judgement? is a question that has exercised generations of philosophers. Early analytic philosophers (Frege, Russell and Wittgenstein) and phenomenologists (Brentano, Husserl and Reinach) changed how philosophers think about this question. This book explores and assesses their contributions and help us to retrace their steps.
Categories: Philosophy

An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy

An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy

Nowadays it is his philosophical works which are most read: in his own time his
reputation rested as much on his mathematical and scientific works. He was the
founder of analytical geometry, and the Cartesian co-ordinates which enable ...

Author: Anthony Kenny

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405178600

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 970

This illustrated edition of Sir Anthony Kenny's acclaimed survey ofWestern philosophy offers the most concise and compelling story ofthe complete development of philosophy available. Spanning 2,500 years of thought, An Illustrated Brief History ofWestern Philosophy provides essential coverage of the mostinfluential philosophers of the Western world, among them Socrates,Plato, Aristotle, Jesus, Augustine, Aquinas, Machiavelli,Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel,Marx, Mill, Nietzsche, Darwin, Freud, Frege, Russell, andWittgenstein. Replete with over 60 illustrations - ranging from Dufresnoy's TheDeath of Socrates, through to the title page of Thomas More'sUtopia, portraits of Hobbes and Rousseau, photographs of CharlesDarwin and Bertrand Russell, Freud's own sketch of the Ego and theId, and Wittgenstein's Austrian military identity card - this lucidand masterful work is ideal for anyone with an interest in Westernthought.
Categories: Philosophy

The Historical Turn in Analytic Philosophy

The Historical Turn in Analytic Philosophy

Erich H.Reck During the last 25 years, a large number of publications on the
history of analytic philosophy have appeared, significantly more than in the
preceding period. As most of these works are by analytically trained authors, it is
tempting ...

Author: E. Reck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137304872

Category: Philosophy

Page: 372

View: 267

During the last 25 years, a large number of publications on the history of analytic philosophy have appeared, significantly more than in the preceding period. As most of these works are by analytically trained authors, it is tempting to speak of a 'historical turn' in analytic philosophy. The present volume constitutes both a contribution to this body of work and a reflection on what is, or might be, achieved in it. The twelve new essays, by an international group of contributors, range from case studies on individual philosophers (Russell, Carnap, Quine, and Ryle) through discussions of broader themes in the history of analytic philosophy (in logic and philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, epistemology, philosophy of mind and psychology) to related methodological reflections (on the relationship between doing analytic philosophy and studying the history of philosophy, on various forms of philosophical history, and on their respective benefits).
Categories: Philosophy

The Cultural Politics of Analytic Philosophy

The Cultural Politics of Analytic Philosophy

... More recently, some have suggested that this 'existential gap', separating
analytic philosophy from the concerns of human life, does not merely
characterize one short period in history, but is a feature of analytic philosophy as
such.7 When, ...

Author: Thomas L. Akehurst

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441109842

Category: Philosophy

Page: 220

View: 592

The Cultural Politics of Analytic Philosophy examines three generations of analytic philosophers, who between them founded the modern discipline of analytic philosophy in Britain. The book explores how philosophers such as Bertrand Russell, A.J. Ayer, Gilbert Ryle and Isaiah Berlin believed in a link between German aggression in the twentieth century and the nineteenth-century philosophy of Hegel and Nietzsche. Thomas L. Akehurst thus identifies in this political critique of continental philosophy the origins of the hugely significant faultline between analytic and continental thought, an aspect of twentieth-century philosophy that is still poorly understood. The book also uncovers a tripartite alliance in British analytic philosophy, between nation, political virtue and philosophical method. In revealing this structure behind the assumptions of certain analytical thinkers, Akehurst challenges the conventional wisdom that sees analytic philosophy as a semi-detached narrowly academic pursuit. On the contrary, this important book suggests that the analytic philosophers were espousing a national philosophy, one they believed operated in harmony with British thinking and the British values of liberty and tolerance.
Categories: Philosophy

Analytic Philosophy of Religion its History since 1955

Analytic Philosophy of Religion  its History since 1955

In this book, we will be reviewing the history of the philosophy of religion since
1955, concentrating on the problems, doctrines and figures making up the
tradition of analytic philosophy of religion dominant during that period in Britain
and the ...

Author: Steven M. Duncan

Publisher: Humanities-Ebooks

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 218

View: 191

Categories: Philosophy

The Enlightenment Project in the Analytic Conversation

The Enlightenment Project in the Analytic Conversation

It is inconsistent to claim at one and the same time that any history of analytic
philosophy got the story wrong and that there is no ... Summary. We summarize
our argument as follows: 1. If analytic philosophers were to come to understand
the ...

Author: N. Capaldi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401733007

Category: Philosophy

Page: 534

View: 564

Analytic philosophy has been a dominant intellectual movement in the 20th century and a reflection of the cultural pre-eminence of scientism. In response to analytic philosophy's peculiar reticence (and inability) to discuss itself, this book provides its first comprehensive history and critique. The central element in the analytic conversation has been the Enlightenment Project: the appeal to an autonomous human reason, freed of any higher authority and channeling itself through science as its privileged tool. This centrality is demonstrated by systematically examining its presence and development in the philosophy of science, metaphysics, epistemology, language, psychology, social science, ethics, political philosophy, and the history of philosophy. This journey highlights the internal logical disintegration of that project. Post-modern relativism is its natural offspring and not a viable alternative. The Enlightenment Project's conception of physical science is defective; this defective conception of physical science renders the analytic conception of social science, philosophical psychology, and epistemology defective; and that defective conception of the human condition leads to defective conceptions of both moral and political philosophy, specifically the idea of social engineering or social technology. Throughout the book, an alternative conception of philosophy is presented as a way out of the abyss of analysis, an alternative that reconnects philosophy with the mainstream of Western civilization and initiates the process of providing a coherent cultural narrative. This book will be of particular interest to any sophisticated reader concerned about the lack of a coherent cultural narrative.
Categories: Philosophy

A Companion to Latin American Philosophy

A Companion to Latin American Philosophy

During the twentieth century, most of the traditions that dominated the Latin
American philosophical scenario were ... In this chapter, we will recount a brief
history of the origins and development of Latin American analytic philosophy in
the ...

Author: Susana Nuccetelli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118610565

Category: Philosophy

Page: 576

View: 466

This comprehensive collection of original essays written by an international group of scholars addresses the central themes in Latin American philosophy. Represents the most comprehensive survey of historical and contemporary Latin American philosophy available today Comprises a specially commissioned collection of essays, many of them written by Latin American authors Examines the history of Latin American philosophy and its current issues, traces the development of the discipline, and offers biographical sketches of key Latin American thinkers Showcases the diversity of approaches, issues, and styles that characterize the field
Categories: Philosophy

The History and Philosophy of Polish Logic

The History and Philosophy of Polish Logic

Allthis hasledto greater selfconsciousness among analytic philosophers about
the nature andorigins of their tradition, and scholarly interest in its historical
development and philosophical foundations has blossomed in recent years, with
the ...

Author: K. Mulligan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137030894

Category: Philosophy

Page: 308

View: 823

The book presents the state of the art of research into the legacy of interwar Polish analytic philosophy and exemplifies different approaches to the history of philosophy. It contains discussions and reconstructions of aspects of Polish philosophy and logic as well as reactions to and developments of this tradition.
Categories: Philosophy

Hegel Idealism and Analytic Philosophy

Hegel  Idealism  and Analytic Philosophy

I have finally argued that the currently nascent recuperation of Hegel for analytic
philosophy also often features a ... or even in acknowledging, possible past
mistakes in judgment, or in reviewing the early history of analytic philosophy.
Rather ...

Author: Tom Rockmore

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300104502

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 631

Examining the relationship between Hegel and Anglo-American analytical philosophies, the author argues that the first generation of British analytic philosophers had, in fact, a limited understanding of this field, leading to a misunderstanding of Hegel's philosophies in a number of areas.
Categories: Philosophy

Pragmatism and the European Traditions

Pragmatism and the European Traditions

The essays in this volume aim to show the central role that pragmatism played in the development of philosophical thought at the turn of the twentieth century, widen our understanding of a seminal point in the history of philosophy, and ...

Author: Maria Baghramian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0367593696

Category:

Page: 306

View: 772

The turn of the twentieth century witnessed the birth of two distinct philosophical schools in Europe: analytic philosophy and phenomenology. The history of 20th-century philosophy is often written as an account of the development of one or both of these schools, as well as their overt or covert mutual hostility. What is often left out of this history, however, is the relationship between the two European schools and a third significant philosophical event: the birth and development of pragmatism, the indigenous philosophical movement of the United States. Through a careful analysis of seminal figures and central texts, this book explores the mutual intellectual influences, convergences, and differences between these three revolutionary philosophical traditions. The essays in this volume aim to show the central role that pragmatism played in the development of philosophical thought at the turn of the twentieth century, widen our understanding of a seminal point in the history of philosophy, and shed light on the ways in which these three schools of thought continue to shape the theoretical agenda of contemporary philosophy.
Categories:

Alfred Tarski Philosophy of Language and Logic

Alfred Tarski  Philosophy of Language and Logic

During the first half of the twentieth century analytic philosophy gradually
established itself as the dominant tradition in the ... The result is that history of
analytic philosophy is now recognized as a major field of philosophy in its own
right.

Author: Douglas Patterson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230367227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 262

View: 252

This study looks to the work of Tarski's mentors Stanislaw Lesniewski and Tadeusz Kotarbinski, and reconsiders all of the major issues in Tarski scholarship in light of the conception of Intuitionistic Formalism developed: semantics, truth, paradox, logical consequence.
Categories: Mathematics

Professional Philosophy

Professional Philosophy

Some topics which would need sustained discussion in any history of analytic
philosophy in this century receive only brief discussion and no illustration, e.g.
Logical Positivism and Moore's refutation of Idealism. Something must be said
here ...

Author: P. Perry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400945326

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 715

Over the past several decades serious work in philosophy has become almost wholly inaccessible to people who do not specialize in the subject. To be sure, the writings of Aristotle and Kant were never easy reading, and even relatively untechnical philosophers like Mill or Santayana de mand careful study if we are really to understand them. But during the last generation or two the situation has steadily become worse for readers who may want to know what philosophers of their own time are doing. And this is true even though many writers have been learning to avoid the unnecessary jargon that disfigures so much of traditional philosophy. No matter how direct the English style of recent philosophers may be, their methodic purposes and argument style will re main obscure to anyone who has not gone to considerable trouble to be introduced to them. Then too, the closeness of their analysis and the con sequent narrowness of many of the issues pursued make it hard to catch onto the argument without some familiarity with slightly earlier discus sions from which those issues emerged. All of this helps to account for the rather common but false belief that professional philosophy is now only a collection of technical exercises that could hardly be of interest to anyone but the philosophers themselves.
Categories: Philosophy

Russell s Philosophy of Logical Analysis 1897 1905

Russell s Philosophy of Logical Analysis  1897 1905

All this has led to greater self-consciousness among analytic philosophers about
the nature and origins of their tradition, and scholarly interest in its historical
development and philosophical foundations has blossomed in recent years, with
the ...

Author: J. Galaugher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137302076

Category: Philosophy

Page: 218

View: 447

This systematic and historical treatment of Russell's contributions to analytic philosophy, from his embrace of analysis in 1898 to his landmark theory of descriptions in 1905, draws important connections between his philosophically motivated conception of analysis and the technical apparatus he devised to facilitate analyses in mathematics
Categories: Philosophy

Russell s Unknown Logicism

Russell s Unknown Logicism

All this has led to greater self-consciousness among analytic philosophers about
the nature and origins of their tradition, and scholarly interest in its historical
development and philosophical foundations has blossomed in recent years, with
the ...

Author: Sebastien Gandon

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230576995

Category: Mathematics

Page: 263

View: 405

One hundred years ago, Russell and Whitehead published their epoch-making Principia Mathematica (PM), which was initially conceived as the second volume of Russell's Principles of Mathematics (PoM) that had appeared ten years before. No other works can be credited to have had such an impact on the development of logic and on philosophy in the twentieth century. However, until now, scholars only focused on the first parts of the books – that is, on Russell's and Whitehead's theory of logic, set-theory and arithmetic. Sebastien Gandon aims at reversing the perspective. His goal is to give a picture of Russell's logicism based on a detailed reading of the developments dealing with advanced mathematics - namely projective geometry and the theory of quantity. This book is not only the first study ever made of the 'later' portions of PoM and PM, it also shows how this shift of perspective compels us to change our view of the logicist program taken as a whole.
Categories: Mathematics