An Introduction to Criminology

Exploring Theories of Criminal Behavoiur

Author: Teresa Clyne

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781530488148

Category:

Page: 162

View: 9442

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A beginner's guide to Criminology This introductory guide focuses on the vital core of criminological theories- theory, method, and criminal behaviour detailed in a clear concise manner which is has at its core plain English for ease of reading and comprehension, therefore ensuring that it is straightforward and will enable readers to more fully comprehend this complex subject. It covers current topics along with historical principles and theories, these are explored to give the reader the basis to understand not only the core of criminology but to form an unbiased subjective opinion on where criminology has come from and where it is going. It also looks at the effects crime has on society and policy decisions, and the connection between theory and criminal behaviour. Contents Introduction Biological Theories Sociological Theories6 Chapter One Crime Criminology Antisocial, deviant and immoral conduct Anti-social Behaviour Deviance The History of Criminology Pre-Enlightenment Europe Medieval Trials Trial by Ordeal Trial by Fire. Trial by Water. Hung, drawn and quartered Trial by Hot Water The Enlightenment age The Classical School Cesare Beccaria (1738-94). Jeremy Bentham Neoclassical Cesare Lombroso The Positivist theory Charles Darwin Locke John Locke Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau Modern Theories of Criminology Anomie or Strain Theory Social Learning Theory Social Control Theory Labelling Theory Radical Theory Deterrence Theory An Economic Model of Crime Deterrence and Econometrics Environmentalism Ethnicity and Crime Feminist theory Types of feminism Age and Crime Media and crime Routine Activities Theory Mental Disorder and Crime Rawls' John Bordley Rawls The veil of ignorance The Chicago School and the US theories Robert Park and Ernest Burgess Right Realism Left idealists White Collar Crime Insider Dealing Other types of white collar crime Theories of Violent Murder Gang Crime The history of gangs Theories of criminal behaviour. Psychoanalytic theorists and the origins of crime Psychoanalysis Sexual Offenders Biological Theories of crime Crime addictions Brehon Law The Four sources of law Penology The Modern Prison Service Ireland's Prisons Probation Service and the Irish Criminal Justice System The Garda Siochana History of the Gardai Modern Gardai The Court System in Ireland The Petty Sessions Superior Courts in Ireland (pre 1900) The Supreme Court and court of Criminal Appeal The Modern Court System in Ireland The Function of the Courts The District Court in Ireland The Circuit Court in Ireland The High Court in Ireland Civil Liability & Courts Act 2004 Recommended reading"
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The Criminal Justice System

An Introduction

Author: Bryan Gibson,Paul Cavadino

Publisher: Waterside Press

ISBN: 1904380433

Category: Law

Page: 239

View: 5641

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This book is a thoroughly up-to-date account of the UK criminal process — its framework, institutions, participants, and practical everyday context. This re-styled edition of the authors' highly successful Introduction to the Criminal Justice Process (first published in 1995) takes account of the large scale changes that have impacted the Criminal Justice System (CJS) over a few short years. It will be of considerable value to anyone seeking to put these changes into perspective. Accessible and well-informed, it can be read on its own as a basic introductory text or enhanced by the 'top down' approach of Waterside Press' The New Ministry of Justice and The New Home Office. The Criminal Justice System looks at all the main tasks of the CJS in England and Wales, from the investigation of crime and the arrest of suspects through court remands and key preliminaries to trial, sentence, and beyond. In a concise and readily understood way, the book sets out the powers, responsibilities, and day-to-day methods and practices of each of the criminal justice services. It covers the role of the police, the Crown Prosecution Service, Criminal Defence Service, judges, magistrates, the National Probation Service, HM Prison Service, the Parole Board, as well as the role of the private, voluntary and non-statutory sectors. The book also ranges from crime prevention strategies to victims and restorative justice, from moves to create enhanced procedures and modern-day rules and standards to the importance of values such as fairness, integrity, decency, ethics, and human rights.
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Psychology and Crime

An Introduction to Criminological Psychology

Author: Clive R. Hollin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135107394

Category: Social Science

Page: 438

View: 2318

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Crime is an expensive aspect of society, and each year huge amounts of public money are spent on the courts, police, probation services, and prisons, while the human costs in terms of pain, fear and loss is incalculable. Psychology and Crime comprehensively covers the vital role of psychological theories and methods in understanding and managing criminal behaviour. It analyzes in depth the application of psychological findings to a range of serious crimes, such as arson, violent crime, and sexual crime. It examines the use of psychology by the police and the courts and discusses the role of psychology in crime reduction strategies. Written by a leading authority on the subject and informed by over twenty years of teaching experience, the second edition of this popular text has been thoroughly revised and updated to take account of the most recent research in the field. New features also include: Expansive coverage of the development of criminal behaviour; Chapter summaries and end-of-chapter discussion points; Text boxes throughout highlighting key issues, debates and brief histories; Supplementary online resources at www.routledge.com/cw/hollin. Psychology and Crime is an essential introduction and reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students in psychology, criminology, sociology and related subjects. It also represents an invaluable resource for professional training courses and anyone planning a career in the criminal justice system.
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Criminology

Author: Chris Hale,Keith Hayward,Azrini Wahidin,Emma Wincup

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199691290

Category: Law

Page: 560

View: 6606

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Criminology is a broad-ranging and stimulating introduction that is ideal for undergraduates approaching the subject for the first time. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field and includes a range of learning features designed to help students engage with the material covered.
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Criminal Justice

A Beginner’s Guide

Author: Bryan Gibson

Publisher: Waterside Press

ISBN: 1909976008

Category: Law

Page: 144

View: 5449

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The most straightforward overview available. Covers the entire criminal justice system. A ‘no frills’ explanation for beginners. This basic guide sets out the main components of the criminal justice system in an accessible way. Intended as a starting point for readers coming to the subject for the first time it is ideal for new staff, volunteers, first year students and other ‘rookies’: a short book of facts, explanations and pointers to further study. Chapters: 1. What is Crime? 2. What is Criminal Justice? 3. Who’s Who? 4. Modern Developments 5. The Police 6. The Criminal Courts in Action 7. Sentencing (including Probation Work) 8. Prisons and Imprisonment 9. Victims and Restorative Justice 10. Causes of Crime The book also features the Rule of Law, risk assessment, decision-making, forensic investigation, witnesses, surveillance, criminology, crime reduction strategies, border controls, penal reform and some international and historical dimensions. With a Glossary of Words, Phrases and Abbreviations.
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Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Michael G. Maxfield,Earl R. Babbie

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 411

View: 7367

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The leading text in criminal justice research methods, it is based on Babbie's THE PRACTICE OF SOCIAL RESEARCH. The stellar combination of Babbie, known for readability, and Maxfield, known for quality research, makes for a winning text. Criminal justice students benefit from learning the material that will help them as they progress in their education and career.
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Criminological Research

Understanding Qualitative Methods

Author: Emma Wincup

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473965489

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 3725

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Good research starts with careful planning and a thorough understanding of the research process. The abilities to design a research study and to evaluate those conducted by others are core skills every student of criminology must learn. With guidance from theoretical considerations through the steps of the research process, this book equips you with the necessary tools to carry out a successful, ethical study. This is a completely updated new edition, and it features A new skills-focused chapter on how to evaluate existing qualitative studies and design new ones Rich examples from real research making the ideas and concepts concrete New in-depth case studies on fashion counterfeiting, electronic monitoring and youth justice to illustrate the realities of conducting qualitative research A full discussion of the politics of research, issues of access, ethics and managing risk in the field Thought-provoking exercises reinforce practical research skills This book is the perfect guide to theory and practice for any student undertaking qualitative research on crime or criminal justice.
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Understanding Criminological Research

A Guide to Data Analysis

Author: John Martyn Chamberlain

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446271757

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 1649

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Criminological research lies at the heart of criminological theory, influences social policy development, as well as informs criminal justice practice. The ability to collect, analyse and present empirical data is a core skill every student of criminology must learn. Written as an engaging step-by-step guide and illustrated by detailed case studies, this book guides the reader in how to analyse criminological data. Key features of the book include: o Guidance on how to identify a research topic, designing a research study, accounting for the role of the researcher and writing up and presenting research findings. o A thorough account of the development of qualitative and quantitative research methodologies and data analysis within the field of criminology. o Relevant and up-to-date case studies, drawn from internationally published criminological research sources. o Clear and accessible chapter content supported by helpful introductions, concise summaries, self-study questions and suggestions for further reading. Understanding Criminological Research: A Guide to Data Analysis in invaluable reading for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in criminology and criminal justice.
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Criminal Psychology

A Beginner's Guide

Author: Ray Bull,Charlotte Bilby,Claire Cooke,Tim Grant

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780740131

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 6167

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How does the mind of a criminal work? How can you stop criminals from re-offending? What does being in prison do to your mind? From lie detection to psychological profiling, Professor Ray Bull and his team of experts demonstrate how understanding the mind is essential in the fight against criminality. Covering prisons, police methods, and eyewitness reliability, this book provides an authoritative introduction to the fascinating research underpinning modern criminal psychology. Professor Ray Bull is Director of Postgraduate Courses in Forensic Psychology at University of Leicester, where his co-authors are all lecturers.
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Law in Australian Society

An introduction to principles and process

Author: Keiran Hardy

Publisher: Allen & Unwin

ISBN: 1760871540

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 6911

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What is 'the rule of law'? How do laws get made? Does our legal and political system achieve justice for all Australians equally? Designed for beginners as well as non-law students this text provides a comprehensive and accessible guide to understanding Australia's system of law and government. Dr Keiran Hardy describes how legislation is made, the nature of case law, the hierarchy of courts and the doctrine of precedent. He looks at the role played by politics and the media in shaping law, and he describes founding principles including democracy, liberalism, the separation of powers and federalism. The criminal justice system is explained including criminal offences, police powers, sentencing and punishment, and there is a special emphasis on Indigenous peoples and the law. The book concludes with case studies of cybercrime and counterterrorism legislation to illustrate law reform in action. Each chapter features practical examples, chapter summaries and review questions together with a glossary of key terms. Concise, accessible and up-to-the-minute, this is a vital guide for anyone seeking to understand the complexity of Australian law and government. 'This is an excellent book for a wide audience . . . equally useful for law students, legal studies students in high school and anyone seeking an understanding of how and why the law is as it is. And how things might be improved.' - Nicholas Cowdery, AM, QC, former Director of Public Prosecutions, NSW 'A wonderful text . . . The overall structure and the inclusion of comprehension questions, glossaries and a curated reference list ensure that students can build on their understanding over the course of the book.' - Jackie Charles, Rule of Law Institute of Australia 'This introduction to Australian law is comprehensive, contemporary and accessible. It is a perfect primer for new students requiring a broad understanding of Australia's legal system. From cybercrime to the workings of Australia's parliament, this book has it all.' - George Williams, AO, Dean, Anthony Mason Professor, Scientia Professor, University of New South Wales 'Law in Australian Society' is an ideal text for first year students in criminology, legal studies, policing and related fields. Its easy-to-read format aids students in understanding the complexities and subtleties of the Australian legal system.' - Emma Colvin, Centre for Law and Justice, Charles Sturt University
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