50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology

Shattering Widespread Misconceptions about Human Behavior

Author: Scott O. Lilienfeld,Steven Jay Lynn,John Ruscio,Barry L. Beyerstein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444360744

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 8129

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50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology uses popular myths as a vehicle for helping students and laypersons to distinguish science from pseudoscience. Uses common myths as a vehicle for exploring how to distinguish factual from fictional claims in popular psychology Explores topics that readers will relate to, but often misunderstand, such as 'opposites attract', 'people use only 10% of their brains', and 'handwriting reveals your personality' Provides a 'mythbusting kit' for evaluating folk psychology claims in everyday life Teaches essential critical thinking skills through detailed discussions of each myth Includes over 200 additional psychological myths for readers to explore Contains an Appendix of useful Web Sites for examining psychological myths Features a postscript of remarkable psychological findings that sound like myths but that are true Engaging and accessible writing style that appeals to students and lay readers alike
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Great Myths of Child Development

Author: Stephen Hupp,Jeremy D. Jewell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118521242

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 716

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Great Myths of Child Development reveals the latestevidence-based science behind the myths and misconceptions aboutthe developing child. Shatters the most commonly-held child development myths Reveals the science behind such topical issues astwin-telepathy, sex-prediction, and imaginary friends Covers hot-button issues like childhood vaccines, spankings,“time-outs,” and breastfeeding of older children Features numerous pop culture references and examples drawnfrom popular TV shows and movies, such as Duck Dynasty,Modern Family and Mad Men Points to a wealth of supplementary resources for interestedparents—from evidence-based treatments and self-help books torelevant websites
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Great Myths of the Brain

Author: Christian Jarrett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118312708

Category: Psychology

Page: 232

View: 2279

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Great Myths of the Brain introduces readers to the fieldof neuroscience by examining popular myths about the humanbrain. Explores commonly-held myths of the brain through the lens ofscientific research, backing up claims with studies and otherevidence from the literature Looks at enduring myths such as “Do we only use 10% ofour brain?”, “Pregnant women lose their mind”,“Right-brained people are more creative” and manymore. Delves into myths relating to specific brain disorders,including epilepsy, autism, dementia, and others Written engagingly and accessibly for students and lay readersalike, providing a unique introduction to the study of thebrain Teaches readers how to spot neuro hype and neuro-nonsenseclaims in the media
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Applied Social Psychology

Understanding and Addressing Social and Practical Problems

Author: Frank W. Schneider,Jamie A. Gruman,Larry M. Coutts

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412976383

Category: Psychology

Page: 486

View: 5590

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This textbook serves as an introduction to the field of applied social psychology which focuses on understanding social and practical problems and on developing intervention strategies directed at the amelioration of such problems. A core feature of the book is attaining a balance between theory, research, and application. In the Second Edition, the contributing authors have updated the text with the latest research and incorporated current examples that students can relate to.
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Freudian Fadeout

The Failings of Psychoanalysis in Film Criticism

Author: Arij Ouweneel

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786490462

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 302

View: 5384

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In Western culture, the psychoanalysis that has guided popular psychology for almost a century is now on the retreat. Better equipped with proven results, cognitive and evolutionary psychology has driven psychoanalysis out of the spotlight. In cultural and film studies, however, the debate between cognitive sciences and psychoanalysis remains contentious. This volume explores this state of things by examining criticism of 18 films, juxtaposing them with cognitive-based films to reveal the flaws in the psychoanalytical concepts. It pays particular attention to simulation theory, the concept that narratives “learned” from films could work in human minds as simulations for solutions to particular problems. By introducing the idea of narrative stimulation to film studies, this work argues for a different method of film critique, encouraging further research into this nascent field.
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Brilliant Mistakes

Finding Success on the Far Side of Failure

Author: Paul J. H. Schoemaker

Publisher: Wharton Digital Press

ISBN: 1613630115

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 144

View: 6429

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Named #1 Best Business Book of 2011, by Patriot-News-PennLive.com If you have ever flown in an airplane, used electricity from a nuclear power plant, or taken an antibiotic, you have benefited from a brilliant mistake. Each of these life-changing innovations was the result of many missteps and an occasional brilliant insight that turned a mistake into a surprising portal of discovery. In Brilliant Mistakes, Paul Schoemaker, founder and chairman of Decision Strategies International, shares critical insights on the surprising benefits of making well-chosen mistakes. Brilliant Mistakes explores why minimizing mistakes may be the greatest mistake of all, situations when mistakes are most beneficial and when they should be avoided, the counter-intuitive idea that we should deliberately permit errors at times, and how to make the most of brilliant mistakes to improve business results. Brilliant Mistakes is based on solid academic research and insights from Schoemaker's work with more than 100 organizations, as well as his provocative Harvard Business Review article with Robert Gunther, "The Wisdom of Deliberate Mistakes." Schoemaker provides a practical roadmap for using mistakes to accelerate learning for your organization and yourself.
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Therapy Breakthrough

Why Some Psychotherapies Work Better Than Others

Author: Michael R. Edelstein,Richard K. Kujoth,David Ramsay Steele

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812698460

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 6329

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More people are in psychotherapy than ever before. Yet most of them have no idea of the vast differences between the hundreds of various schools of therapy. Therapy Breakthrough is the first book to clearly explain the theories and practices of the two big camps: Psychodynamic or PD therapy and Cognitive-Behavioral or CB therapy. PD therapists believe that emotional problems are caused by hidden forces in our unconscious minds, forces that cannot be observed directly and that resist being uncovered. CB therapists, by contrast, maintain that the roots of people’s emotional and behavioral disturbances can be identified by direct questions, and these problems can then be tackled by straightforward techniques. Therapy Breakthrough is written from the standpoint of CB therapy. Using psychological research, philosophy, and common sense, it argues that PD therapy is founded on mistaken theories of the mind, and explains how to apply CB methods directly to your own problems.
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Idea-Based Learning

A Course Design Process to Promote Conceptual Understanding

Author: Edmund J. Hansen

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC.

ISBN: 1579226167

Category: Education

Page: 226

View: 2413

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Synthesizing the best current thinking about learning, course design, and promoting student achievement, this is a guide to developing college instruction that has clear purpose, is well integrated into the curriculum, and improves student learning in predictable and measurable ways. The process involves developing a transparent course blueprint, focused on a limited number of key concepts and ideas, related tasks, and corresponding performance criteria; as well as on frequent practice opportunities, and early identification of potential learning barriers. Idea-based Learning takes as its point of departure the big conceptual ideas of a discipline that give structure and unity to a course and even to the curriculum, as opposed to a focus on content that can lead to teaching sequences of loosely-related topics; and aligns with notions of student-centered and outcomes-based learning environments. Adopting a backwards design model, it begins with three parallel processes: first, identifying the material that is crucial for conceptual understanding; second, articulating a clear rationale for how to choose learning outcomes based on student needs and intellectual readiness; and finally, aligning the learning outcomes with the instructional requirements of the authentic performance tasks. The resulting syllabi ensure cohesion between sections of the same course as well as between courses within a whole curriculum, assuring the progressive development of students’ skills and knowledge. Key elements of IBL include: * Helping students see the big picture * Building courses around one or more authentic performance tasks that illuminate the core concepts of the discipline * Clearly identifying performance criteria for all tasks * Incorporating practice in the competencies that are deemed important for students’ success * By placing the onus of learning on the student, liberating faculty to take on the role of learning coaches * Designing tasks that help students unlearn simplistic ideas and replace them with improved understandings Edmund Hansen expertly guides the reader through the steps of the process, providing examples along the way, and concluding with a sample course design document and syllabus that illustrate the principles he propounds.
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Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology Set

Author: Robin L. Cautin,Scott O. Lilienfeld

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470671270

Category: Psychology

Page: 3224

View: 5162

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Available online, or as a 5-volume print set, The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology includes well over 500 A-Z entries covering the main topics, key concepts, and influential figures in this field. Serves as a comprehensive reference with particular emphasis on the scientific basis of the field; philosophical and historical issues; cultural considerations; and conflicts and controversies Offers an historiographical overview, demonstrating how concepts have developed over time and the ways in which research influences practice Cites the best and most up-to-date scientific evidence for each topic and encourages readers to think critically when evaluating the validity of various scientific claims, theories, and techniques Available on Wiley Online Library with interactive cross-referencing links and powerful searching and browsing capabilities within the work, or as a five-volume print set
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