STORING SUNLIGHT AS HEAT the -second ocean RELATED TOPICS See also THE OCEAN AS LAYER CAKE -SECOND SURF The sun's rays illuminate the surface of the ocean causing it to warm. The ocean surface then warms the atmosphere through the ...
Author: Mattias Green
Oceans cover two thirds of the Earth’s surface and are the driving force behind our weather systems, taking warm and cold water around the globe. Understanding solar radiation, currents, and rising sea levels are vital starting points to understanding and dealing with global warming, and this book covers these and many more essential topics in easily accessible chunks. Join expert authors on a tour of the world’s oceans, taking in waves, continental shelves, icebergs, underwater forests, monsoons, and coral reefs along the way. Learn about the different characteristics of the world’s major oceans, the amazing array of marine life that exists at different depths, how tides work, and what pollution is doing to the seas. There’s never been a more important time to get to grips with how the oceans work.
OCEANS the 30-second treatment RELATED TOPICS See also FRESHWATERS 3-SECOND SURVEY Although less than 5 per cent of the oceans have been explored, they contain a third of known species. page 100 VALUING BIODIVERSITY page 116 3-SECOND ...
Author: Mark Fellowes
Publisher: Ivy Press
Whether you're looking to save the planet or learn more about your local environment, 30-Second Ecology introduces you to the diversity, behaviours and challenges within our ecosystem. Part of the 30-Second series, this introductory guide to ecology is split into 7 chapters that cover: Evolution & Ecology Behavioural Ecology Population Ecology Communities & Landscapes Biomes & Biodiversity Applied Ecology Ecology in a Changing World Plus profiles of notable ecologists, such as Robert H. Macarthur, Rachel Carson and Wangari Maathai. Each topic is summarised in 300 words with one image, helping you understand the subject at great speed. Written by professors and experts from around the world, this book shows us that humans are truly part of this global ecology, not a separate entity from it and our collective actions have far-reaching ramifications on the environment around us. If you like this, you might also be interested in 30-Second Zoology . . .
SEA LEVEL the 30-second climate 3-SECOND EVENT Sea level refers to the mean height of the surface of oceans, which, relatively speaking, can vary around the globe. page 18 page 106 3-MINUTE CYCLE The mean height of the ocean varies by ...
Author: Joanna D Haigh
Publisher: Ivy Press
Weather and climate are not the same. Weather is what occurs outdoors on a daily basis and is unpredictable from one week to the next, whereas climate follows a stable pattern that is developed over centuries. The planet is divided into climate zones—tropical, temperate and polar—based on temperature differences with distance from the equator where the sun is most intense and temperature affects humidity, precipitation, cloudiness and wind. To understand what drives our climate, scientists study the atmosphere, the oceans, biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. 30-Second Climate is an immediately accessible guide to the 50 key factors affecting Earth’s climate, past, present and future, each explained in half a minute. From atmospheric circulation to zero carbon, this is the quickest way to know your planet.
STORM TRACKS the 30-second forecast Storms in the middle latitudes typically move eastwards across the major oceans along definite paths called storm tracks. Early sailors soon appreciated the existence of 'preferred' regions for stormy ...
Author: Adam Scaife
If you only have 30 seconds, there is time - using this book - to make sense of the science behind the seeming vagaries of the weather, the controversies, predictions and forecasts for climate change that shape our day-to-day experiences of the great outdoors. Ever since Aristotle first tried to explain the forces that seem to fall from the heavens, meteorology has opened up the study of weather, and caused disputes over the reasons why seasons change, where precipitation falls, why winds blow and when the sun shines. From halcyon days to hurricanes, supercells to silver linings, global warming to giant hailstones, here is the ultimate guide to a near-universal preoccupation: what's the weather like?
OCEAN. PLANETS. the 30second astronomy Of the planets that orbit our Sun, none have sizes between those of Earth and the icegiant Neptune. Yet, because astronomers can determine the sizes of planets orbiting other stars by measuring how ...
Author: François Fressin
Publisher: Icon Books Ltd
How hot is Venus? Can you distinguish between a pulsar and a quasar? Is there a universe or a multiverse? Where do we fit into the infinitely grand scheme of things? How do we map the Cosmic Microwave Background? Most tantalizing of all: Is there anyone out there? The answers to these and many other far-out questions lie in your hands. Everyone’s gazing at the heavens, but a voyage through the star-studded contents of this book will blow your mind. Astronomy encapsulates the terrifying hugeness of the cosmos into bite-size particles that mere earthlings can understand: 50 incredible discoveries brought down to Earth using no more than two pages, 300 words, and a picture. This one small volume takes you on a cosmic tour, shedding light on the most awesome of objects and places, explaining some very big ideas, concepts, and discoveries, and presenting the scientists and observers who have done so much to crack Life, the Universe, and Everything. Welcome aboard.
THE COMPASS the 30-second history Early navigators relied on the stars, 3-SECOND SURVEY The compass transformed navigation because it gave reliable bearings, which made it possible to explore new oceans and lands.
Author: David Boyle
Publisher: Ivy Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Universal change is often the result of an individual’s lightbulb moment – an invention that triggers a ripple effect across countries, continents, or even out into space. Great Inventions in 30 Seconds looks at fifty of these groundbreaking innovations – great ideas that really did change the world. It covers a wide range, from early days (the wheel) through materials (the invention of steel, for example, or plastic) to communications (the alphabet, the printing press, the Worldwide Web) and the conveniences of (relatively) modern daily life (refrigeration, indoor plumbing, central heating). It’s a sharp reminder that almost every aspect of life in the second decade of the 21st century is the result of someone’s bright idea, – and one that they acted on to turn it into a viable invention. Along the way you’ll learn all about the personalities behind the inventions: revealing and intriguing in equal measure.
3-SECOND CORE Autonomous or drone ships operate without crews using advanced sensors, satellite data and computers to navigate. ... operating without a crew, represent the next phase in exploring and navigating the world's oceans.
Author: James Trevelyan
Major buildings, energy supply systems, chemical plants, food processing, and aircraft are all examples of engineering today. Despite such diversity, nearly all engineering fields rely on common principles and methods, and there is remarkable similarity in the daily work of engineers. Engineers spend most effort organising and coordinating collaborative work by all the diverse people involved, guided by their technical knowledge and experience. Unlike physics or biology, where immutable laws underpin the study, the essence of engineering is found in how theory is applied judgementally. To quickly grasp the nature of engineering the fifty summaries in 30-Second Engineering outlines types of engineering from mechanical to chemical; the universal stages of a collaborative engineering project; and the key ways engineering can solve the challenges of our future earth.
WHERE TO LAUNCH the 30-second orbit RELATED TOPICS See also SPACE TRAVEL IMAGINED 3-SECOND LAUNCH In choosing ... To avoid rockets or empty stages crashing near people, they should fly into space mostly over oceans or unpopulated land.
Author: Charles Liu
As Space X works to reduce the barriers of access to space and Virgin Galactic forges a path to commercial spaceflight for the masses, we have begun to cross the realms of science fiction into the reality of humans viewing the cosmos with their own eyes. Part of an internationally bestselling series, 30-Second Space Travel sees a team of expert astronomers hand-pick the 50 most exciting topics and essential concepts in the field of space exploration and break down each subject into an easily accessible summary that takes just half a minute to understand. Beginning with Galileo and the early telescope explorers of the Renaissance, via the physics of orbital mechanics and the Apollo and Sputnik missions of the Space Race, and on to a future of space tourism and planetary colonisation, this book will open up a whole universe of space travel and leave you eager to research the field in more depth.
LIFE'S MATRIX the 30-second structure 3-SECOND NUCLEUS Water's unique properties and abundance on this planet make it an excellent basis for life. ... These dissolved ions make the ocean salty, and life evolved to fit this environment.
Author: Stephen Contakes
Publisher: 30 Second
30-Second Biochemistry takes 50 of the most significant ideas relating to the study of the chemical processes connected to living organisms, simplifying each concept using just 300 words and one picture. By using chemical procedures to tackle biological challenges, biochemistry reveals the behaviour of complex molecules and how they combine to form the building blocks of life. Through this book you will gain a clear understanding of a fascinating area of science, embarking on a journey that reveals how new life is created, the path molecules take to develop from microscopic cells into complete organisms and how energy is harvested and harnessed to help organisms function efficiently.
FISH the 30-second zoology RELATED TOPICS See also EUGENIE CLARKE page 54 3-SECOND DISSECTION Fish display a remarkable ... rather than ossified bone – were abundant, and their descendants still hunt in the world's oceans today.
Author: Mark Fellowes
Publisher: Ivy Press
Endowed with abundant water, extraordinary ecoystems, varied climates and biomes, our planet is teeming with creatures, great and small. What produced this rich diversity? How have so many species formed, evolved and adapted? What effects are humans having on the rest of the animal kingdom and on the natural environment we share? 30-Second Zoology explains the diversification process of evolution, then introduces the main groups of invertebrates and vertebrates. Breathing, seeing, communicating and other key features of animal physiology and behaviour are explored, as are the ecological relationships between Earth’s myriad species – the predators, the prey, the parasites and the positively poisonous – before assessing the anthropogenic effects of pollution, over-harvesting and a changing climate. Covering everything from the origins of life and the most basic of organisms, all the way through to the more complex creatures that we recognise today, 30-Second Zoology aims to showcase the most fantastic examples of life on our earth, all in 300 words and one stunning illustration per topic.