The Explanatory Power of Models

Bridging the Gap between Empirical and Theoretical Research in the Social Sciences

Author: Robert Franck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402046766

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 1454

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This book progressively works out a method of constructing models which can bridge the gap between empirical and theoretical research in the social sciences. It aims to improve the explanatory power of models. The issue is quite novel, and has benefited from a thorough examination of statistical and mathematical models, conceptual models, diagrams and maps, machines, computer simulations, and artificial neural networks.
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Models in Contemporary Sciences

Author: Massimo Negrotti

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039101245

Category: Philosophy

Page: 379

View: 853

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Models and theories are tools for scientific and technological investigations and projects. The relationship between theories and models is very complex. Models have become increasingly popular in our time, maybe due to the growing number of disciplines that try to understand, simulate or even reproduce very complex phenomena such as life, intelligence, organisms, brain processes, and social or economical systems. The papers in this book deal with methodological and application problems which arise when models are compared to theories, or when theories are used to build models.
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Methodological Investigations in Agent-Based Modelling

With Applications for the Social Sciences

Author: Eric Silverman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319724088

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 2978

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This open access book examines the methodological complications of using complexity science concepts within the social science domain. The opening chapters take the reader on a tour through the development of simulation methodologies in the fields of artificial life and population biology, then demonstrates the growing popularity and relevance of these methods in the social sciences. Following an in-depth analysis of the potential impact of these methods on social science and social theory, the text provides substantive examples of the application of agent-based models in the field of demography. This work offers a unique combination of applied simulation work and substantive, in-depth philosophical analysis, and as such has potential appeal for specialist social scientists, complex systems scientists, and philosophers of science interested in the methodology of simulation and the practice of interdisciplinary computing research.​
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Modelling Written Communication

A New Systems Approach to Modelling in the Social Sciences

Author: Deirdre Pratt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048198436

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 2785

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This book offers an alternative view to current postmodern approaches to composition. It takes a critical realist stance to arrive at the “essence” of written communication with the aim of informing a practical application: a computerised writing tutor. Following Robert Franck’s seminal work on modelling, a theoretical model of writing was first formulated, consisting of an architecture of functions which constitute the prerequisites for effective communication. Next, an applied model - a composing algorithm with an input option - was developed, showing composing to be a systemic social process with intra- and extra-systemic variation. The algorithm provided the design template for a writing tutor program which models for the learner both the systemic and the socially situated nature of writing. This book establishes composing as a communicative interaction, and shows the essential dynamism of writing, while offering an exemplar of a systems approach to modelling in the social sciences.
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Methodology and Epistemology of Multilevel Analysis

Approaches from Different Social Sciences

Author: D. Courgeau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402014758

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 235

View: 7876

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The possibility to analyse human behaviours taking account of the multiple contexts in which they occur, is opening a new research avenue in social sciences. This book considers, through examples drawn from different social sciences, the methodological challenges multilevel analysis permits to answer and points out some limitations of these models. It also considers the more general philosophical and epistemological issues raised by their use, as the multilevel approach offers a mean to combine causal and systemic explanations.
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Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 5658

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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.
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Populations et défis urbains

actes de la Chaire Quételet 1999

Author: Thierry Eggerickx,Catherine Gourbin,Université catholique de Louvain (1970- ). Institut de démographie,Bruno Schoumaker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: City dwellers

Page: 778

View: 1293

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Après une poussée significative de l'urbanisation au cours du XIXe siècle, en grande partie liée à l'industrialisation des pays occidentaux, le mouvement s'est accéléré au cours de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle et a pris des formes diverses au nord et au sud de la planète. En Afrique, en Asie, en Amérique latine, c'est avant tout le formidable développement des mégalopoles, ces villes peuplées de plusieurs millions d'habitants - ces colosses aux pieds d'argile, épicentres de la pauvreté humaine. Dans les pays dits "développés", on observe au contraire depuis plusieurs décennies un phénomène de déconcentration urbaine, ou plutôt une diffusion spatiale des citadins vers des territoires périphériques. Au-delà des aspects souvent négatifs associés au monde urbain - pauvreté, pollution, insécurité, stress,... -, la ville reste pour beaucoup un moteur de modernité et un vecteur, parfois illusoire, d'ascension sociale. L'objectif du présent ouvrage, qui rassemble 35 contributions de spécialistes internationaux, est d'analyser ce processus d'urbanisation sous un angle démographique et de relever les principaux défis qu'il implique pour les sociétés d'aujourd'hui et surtout de demain. Les auteurs se sont notamment interrogés sur la place de l'urbanisation dans les grandes théories démographiques, sur le rôle des migrations dans la structuration socio-démographique de l'espace, sur les ségrégations sociales à l'intérieur des villes ou encore sur les particularités des comportements démographiques (mortalité, fécondité,...) en milieu urbain.
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