Zapotec Women

Gender, Class, and Ethnicity in Globalized Oaxaca

Author: Lynn Stephen

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822387514

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 9758

In this extensively revised and updated second edition of her classic ethnography, Lynn Stephen explores the intersection of gender, class, and indigenous ethnicity in southern Mexico. She provides a detailed study of how the lives of women weavers and merchants in the Zapotec-speaking town of Teotitlán del Valle, Oaxaca, have changed in response to the international demand for Oaxacan textiles. Based on Stephen’s research in Teotitlán during the mid-1980s, in 1990, and between 2001 and 2004, this volume provides a unique view of a Zapotec community balancing a rapidly advancing future in export production with an entrenched past anchored in indigenous culture. Stephen presents new information about the weaving cooperatives women have formed over the last two decades in an attempt to gain political and cultural rights within their community and standing as independent artisans within the global market. She also addresses the place of Zapotec weaving within Mexican folk art and the significance of increased migration out of Teotitlán. The women weavers and merchants collaborated with Stephen on the research for this book, and their perspectives are key to her analysis of how gender relations have changed within rituals, weaving production and marketing, local politics, and family life. Drawing on the experiences of women in Teotitlán, Stephen considers the prospects for the political, economic, and cultural participation of other indigenous women in Mexico under the policies of economic neoliberalism which have prevailed since the 1990s.
Release

Of Mice and Women

Aspects of Female Aggression

Author: Kaj Bjorkqvist,Pirkko Niemela

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483288161

Category: Psychology

Page: 414

View: 465

This book is a comprehensive compilation and discussion of research findings on female aggression from anthropology, social psychology, animal research, case studies, and representations in literature. This multidisciplinary approach will address such questions as: 'Are females less aggressive than males?' 'Is female aggressive behavior perhaps quantitatively, different than male aggressive behavior?' The book also discusses patterns of agression, the role of hormones in aggression, cultural differences, and how human aggression differs from aggression within animal species.
Release

Mexican Memoir

A Personal Account of Anthropology and Radical Politics in Oaxaca

Author: Howard Campbell

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897897808

Category: Political Science

Page: 149

View: 1881

Chronicles the fieldwork of an American anthropologist who married a Zapotec woman from Oaxaca, Mexico, and embarked on a challenging study of radical politics.
Release

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Author: Library of Congress,Library of Congress. Office for Subject Cataloging Policy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Subject headings, Library of Congress

Page: N.A

View: 1969

Release

Women are Flowers

The Exploration of a Dominant Metaphor in Isthmus Zapotec Expressive Culture

Author: Dana L. Everts

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Juchitán de Zaragoza (Mexico)

Page: 940

View: 9501

Release

Sons of the Sierra

Juárez, Díaz, and the People of Ixtlán, Oaxaca, 1855-1920

Author: Patrick J. McNamara

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469606720

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 9113

The period following Mexico's war with the United States in 1847 was characterized by violent conflicts, as liberal and conservative factions battled for control of the national government. The civil strife was particularly bloody in south central Mexico, including the southern state of Oaxaca. In Sons of the Sierra, Patrick McNamara explores events in the Oaxaca district of Ixtlan, where Zapotec Indians supported the liberal cause and sought to exercise influence over statewide and national politics. Two Mexican presidents had direct ties to Ixtlan district: Benito Juarez, who served as Mexico's liberal president from 1858 to 1872, was born in the district, and Porfirio Diaz, president from 1876 to 1911, had led a National Guard battalion made up of Zapotec soldiers throughout the years of civil war. Paying close attention to the Zapotec people as they achieved greater influence, McNamara examines the political culture of Diaz's presidency and explores how Diaz, who became increasingly dictatorial over the course of his time in office, managed to stay in power for thirty-five years. McNamara reveals the weight of memory and storytelling as Ixtlan veterans and their families reminded government officials of their ties to both Juarez and Diaz. While Juarez remained a hero in their minds, Diaz came to represent the arrogance of Mexico City and the illegitimacy of the "Porfiriato" that ended with the 1910 revolution.
Release

Transborder Lives

Indigenous Oaxacans in Mexico, California, and Oregon

Author: Lynn Stephen

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822389965

Category: Social Science

Page: 398

View: 7702

Lynn Stephen’s innovative ethnography follows indigenous Mexicans from two towns in the state of Oaxaca—the Mixtec community of San Agustín Atenango and the Zapotec community of Teotitlán del Valle—who periodically leave their homes in Mexico for extended periods of work in California and Oregon. Demonstrating that the line separating Mexico and the United States is only one among the many borders that these migrants repeatedly cross (including national, regional, cultural, ethnic, and class borders and divisions), Stephen advocates an ethnographic framework focused on transborder, rather than transnational, lives. Yet she does not disregard the state: She assesses the impact migration has had on local systems of government in both Mexico and the United States as well as the abilities of states to police and affect transborder communities. Stephen weaves the personal histories and narratives of indigenous transborder migrants together with explorations of the larger structures that affect their lives. Taking into account U.S. immigration policies and the demands of both commercial agriculture and the service sectors, she chronicles how migrants experience and remember low-wage work in agriculture, landscaping, and childcare and how gender relations in Oaxaca and the United States are reconfigured by migration. She looks at the ways that racial and ethnic hierarchies inherited from the colonial era—hierarchies that debase Mexico’s indigenous groups—are reproduced within heterogeneous Mexican populations in the United States. Stephen provides case studies of four grass-roots organizations in which Mixtec migrants are involved, and she considers specific uses of digital technology by transborder communities. Ultimately Stephen demonstrates that transborder migrants are reshaping notions of territory and politics by developing creative models of governance, education, and economic development as well as ways of maintaining their cultures and languages across geographic distances.
Release

Becoming an Ancestor

The Isthmus Zapotec Way of Death

Author: Anya Peterson Royce

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438436793

Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Page: 262

View: 9070

A striking look at the death rituals of an indigenous community in North America. Powerful and beautifully written, this is the story of the Isthmus Zapotecs of southern Mexico and their unbroken chain of ancestors and collective memory over the generations. Mortuary beliefs and actions are collective and pervasive in ways not seen in the United States, a resonant deep structure across many domains of Zapotec culture. Anthropologist Anya Peterson Royce draws upon forty years of participant research in the city of Juchitán to offer a finely textured portrait of the vibrant and enduring power of death in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec of Mexico. Focusing especially on the lives of Zapotec women, Becoming an Ancestor highlights the aesthetic sensibility and durability of mortuary traditions in the past and present. An intricate blending of Roman Catholicism and indigenous spiritual tradition, death through beliefs and practices expresses a collective solidarity that connects families, binds the living and dead, and blurs the past and present. A model of ethnographic research and presentation, Becoming an Ancestor not only reveals the luminescent heart of Zapotec culture but also provides important clues about the cultural power and potential of mortuary traditions for all societies. “…[a] well-written anthropological study … The author’s attention to the aesthetic quality of the death-related customs and the inclusion of numerous photographs and eloquent poems by local authors enhance her book.” — CHOICE
Release

Indigeneity in the Mexican Cultural Imagination

Thresholds of Belonging

Author: Analisa Taylor

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816527182

Category: History

Page: 143

View: 2363

Since the end of the Mexican Revolution in 1917, the state has engaged in vigorous campaign to forge a unified national identity. Within the context of this effort, Indians are at once both denigrated and romanticized. Often marginalized, they are nonetheless subjects of constant national interest. Contradictory policies highlighting segregation, assimilation, modernization, and cultural preservation have alternately included and excluded MexicoÕs indigenous population from the stateÕs self-conscious efforts to shape its identity. Yet, until now, no single book has combined the various elements of this process to provide a comprehensive look at the Indian in MexicoÕs cultural imagination. Indigeneity in the Mexican Cultural Imagination offers a much-needed examination of this fickle relationship as it is seen through literature, ethnography, film and art. The book focuses on representations of indigenous peoples in post-revolutionary literary and intellectual history by examining key cultural texts. Using these analyses as a foundation, Analisa Taylor links her critique to national Indian policy, rights, and recent social movements in Southern Mexico. In addition, she moves beyond her analysis of indigenous peoples in general to take a gendered look at indigenous women ranging from the villainized Malinche to the highly romanticized and sexualized Zapotec women of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. The contradictory treatment of the Indian in MexicoÕs cultural imagination is not unique to that country alone. Rather, the situation there is representative of a phenomenon seen throughout the world. Though this book addresses indigeneity in Mexico specifically, it has far-reaching implications for the study of indigenaety across Latin America and beyond. Much like the late Edward SaidÕs Orientalism, this book provides a glimpse at the very real effects of literary and intellectual discourse on those living in the margins of society. This bookÕs interdisciplinary approach makes it an essential foundation for research in the fields of anthropology, history, literary critique, sociology, and cultural studies. While the book is ideal for a scholarly audience, the accessible writing and scope of the analysis make it of interest to lay audiences as well. It is a must-read for anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the politics of indigeneity in Mexico and beyond.
Release

Perspectives on Las Americas

A Reader in Culture, History, & Representation

Author: Mathew C. Gutmann,Félix V. Rodríguez,Lynn Stephen,Patricia Zavella

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470752068

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 8715

Perspectives on Las Américas: A Reader in Culture, History, and Representation charts new territory by demonstrating the limits of neatly demarcating the regions of ‘Latin America’ and the ‘United States’. This landmark volume presents key readings that collectively examine the historical, cultural, economic, and political integration of Latina/os across the Americas, thereby challenging the barriers between Latina/o Studies and Latin American/Caribbean Studies. Brings together key readings that collectively examine the historical, cultural, economic, and political integration of Latina/os across the Americas. Charts new territory by demonstrating the limits of neatly demarcating the regions of 'Latin America' and the 'United States'. Challenges the barriers between Latina/o Studies and Latin American/Caribbean Studies as approached by anthropologists, historians, and other scholars. Offers instructors, students, and interested readers both the theoretical tools and case studies necessary to rethink transnational realities and identities.
Release

Culinary Art and Anthropology

Author: Joy Adapon

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 184788606X

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 7455

Culinary Art and Anthropology is an anthropological study of food. It focuses on taste and flavour using an original interpretation of Alfred Gell's theory of the 'art nexus'. Grounded in ethnography, it explores the notion of cooking as an embodied skill and artistic practice. The integral role and concept of 'flavour' in everyday life is examined among cottage industry barbacoa makers in Milpa Alta, an outer district of Mexico City. Women's work and local festive occasions are examined against a background of material on professional chefs who reproduce 'traditional' Mexican cooking in restaurant settings. Including recipes to allow readers to practise the art of Mexican cooking, Culinary Art and Anthropology offers a sensual, theoretically sophisticated model for understanding food anthropologically. It will appeal to social scientists, food lovers, and those interested in the growing fields of food studies and the anthropology of the senses.
Release

ZAPOTEC STRUGGLES

Author: Howard Campbell

Publisher: Smithsonian

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 3630

This anthology draws articles, poems, testimonies, songs, speeches, stories, and art from the COCEI movement -- a radical leftist Zapotec Indian coalition that has dominated politics in the Juchitan region of Mexico since the 1980s.
Release

Into the Hearts of the Amazons

In Search of a Modern Matriarchy

Author: Tom DeMott

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299216405

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 9261

Into the Hearts of the Amazons is part rousing travel adventure through a little-known world and part popular ethnography, exploring how Zapotec women earned their legendary status in a remote corner of southern Mexico. To satisfy his curiosity about this culture, Tom DeMott journeyed to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, where he discovered a thriving modern-day matriarchy among the people of the Isthmus—a cultural crossroads, breeding ground for rebels, and home to a half-million Zapotecs. DeMott integrated himself into the culture by joining in the rites of spring (where women pelt the men with fruit); by interviewing the women who control the marketplace where men are rarely seen; and by honoring the saints with drink and dance at all-night ceremonies. Evoking these singular women and their culture, DeMott tackles a primal question: What would life be like if women, rather than men, had the advantage?
Release

Zapotec gender politics

gender and class in the political participation of indigenous Mexican peasant women

Author: Lynn Stephen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 27

View: 4076

Release

Sex in Revolution

Author: Jocelyn H. Olcott,Mary Kay Vaughan,Gabriela Cano

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822338994

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8951

A collection of histories showing how women participated in Mexican revolutionary and postrevolutionary state formation by challenging conventions of sexuality, work, family life, and religious practice.
Release

Zapotec Renaissance

Ethnic Politics and Cultural Revivalism in Southern Mexico

Author: Howard Campbell

Publisher: University of New Mexico Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 4377

"In this outstanding ethnography, Campbell explores how the construction of identity and the politics of ethnicity provide the Zapotec a sense of local power and independence. Focuses on the important role of indigenous intellectuals and the movement forlocal rule that has long consumed the community and its population"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.
Release

The Isthmus Zapotecs

A Matrifocal Culture of Mexico

Author: Beverly Chiñas

Publisher: Harcourt College Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 133

View: 3928

This case study has long been valued for its unique gender role model and its focus on the only matrifocal indigenous culture in Latin America. The new edition updates historical data and explores new case material on Zapotec attitudes toward gender variations.
Release