Work, Employment and Transition

Author: Al Rainnie,Adrian Smith,Adam Swain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134534973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1973

Since the late 1980s the experiences of work and employment in the former communist world have been profoundly transformed. Work, Employment and Transition brings together a series of essays by leading international scholars which highlights the varied and complex forms that work and employment restructuring are taking in the post-soviet world, and makes important theoretical contributions to our understanding of these transformations.

Informal Employment in Emerging and Transition Economies

Author: Solomon W. Polachek,Konstantinos Tatsiramos

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780527861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 615

Informality and informal employment are wide-spread and growing phenomena in all regions of the world, particularly in low and middle income economies. This volume sheds light on the incidence and persistence of informality and the role of institutions and government regulations, and offers insights into issues such as how labor and tax regulations

Understanding Work and Employment

Industrial Relations in Transition

Author: Peter Ackers,Adrian Wilkinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199240661

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

View: 3099

This book aims to analyze, advertise and criticize the contribution of industrial relations to social science understanding. It brings together leading scholars to reconsider the theoretical foundations of industrial relations and its potential contribution to the wider understanding of work and economic life, to learn what it can gain from a stronger engagement with these surrounding disciplines and national traditions.The introduction provides a critical, though broadly sympathetic outline of the development of the main stream industrial relations tradition. Part One recognizes the interdisciplinary character of industrial relations by concentrating on 'border encounters' with the cognate academic disciplines of sociology, economics, management, history, psychology, law, politics and geography. Of particular interest is how far industrial relations has contributed to social science understanding beyond its own narrow borders. Part Two combines a major critical analysis of the American school, with three shorter discussions of Australia, Europe and Japan. Part Three looks forward to the potential contribution of industrial relations to our understanding of work, employment and society by identifying a variety of key dilemmas and debates which call for new interdisciplinary thinking. Finally, the book ends with a critical reassessment of the industrial relations tradition.

Informal Work in Developed Nations

Author: Enrico Marcelli,Colin C. Williams,Pascale Joassart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135219958

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 8945

Almost everyone residing in a developed nation knows someone who has engaged in paid work that is licit but not reported to the government (e.g., babysitting, gardening, construction, financial consulting). But while most acknowledge that such work is helpful to the individuals involved, and that informal work may enhance a sense of community, most scholars view it as a pre-modern form of exchange and something that disappears as capitalist markets expand globally. Both mainstream and heterodox economics typically assume that there is an inevitable shift towards the formalization of goods and services provisioning as societies become more "advanced" or "developed" (the "formalization thesis"). In these views, the existence of informal activities is a manifestation of backwardness and it is assumed that they will disappear as an economy becomes more "modern." This book challenges these conventional theses about the linear trajectory of informal work and economic development by arguing that informal work is not trivial for understanding modern capitalist economies, and that both mainstream and heterodox theories about the economy must be altered to address the role of informal work in relatively developed economies. This edited collection focuses on informal work in various developed nations, including Canada, the United States, and several in Europe. It will therefore be of interest to policymakers, as well as students and researchers in development studies, social policy, sociology, anthropology, public health, geography, economics and planning. Enrico Marcelli is Assistant Professor of Sociology at San Diego State University, USA. Colin C. Williams is Professor of Public Policy at the University of Sheffield, UK. Pascale Joassart is Assistant Professor of Geography at San Diego State University, USA.

Contingent Work

American Employment Relations in Transition

Author: Kathleen Barker,Kathleen Christensen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801484056

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 2201

The successful 1997 strike by the Teamsters against UPS, and the overwhelming support the American public gave the strikers highlighted the impact of contingent work—an umbrella term for a variety of tenuous and insecure employment arrangements such as temping, independent contracting, employee leasing, and some self-employment and part-time or part-year work. This new book contends that contingent work represents a profound deviation from the employment relations model that dominated most of this century's labor relations. It delineates essential features of contingent work from both the worker's and the organization's point of view. Articulating a variety of perspectives from various disciplines, the contributors examine the business forces driving contingent work and assess the consequences of working contingently for the individual, family, and community, taking into account issues of race, class, and gender. They ask how current labor and employment laws need to be rewritten to provide contingent workers with the same comprehensive protections offered to permanent employees. In the final chapter, the editors comment on the status of research on contingent work and chart future research directions.

Labour Markets in Transition

Balancing Flexibility & Security in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Sandrine Cazes,Alena Nešporová

Publisher: International Labour Organization

ISBN: 9789221137238

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 161

View: 8458

This report also refers to Central Asian CIS countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan)

Higher Education and Graduate Employment in Europe

Results from Graduates Surveys from Twelve Countries

Author: Harald Schomburg,Ulrich Teichler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402051549

Category: Education

Page: 172

View: 5371

This book explores a noteworthy variety among economically advanced countries in the competences fostered by higher education, and the emphasis placed either on laying a broad basis of knowledge or direct preparation for professional tasks. In some countries, universities are closely involved in ensuring a rapid transition from student to employee; in others, students typically face a long period after graduation for the search of a suitable career.

Youth Labor in Transition

Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Author: Jacqueline O'Reilly,Janine Leschke,Renate Ortlieb,Paola Villa

Publisher: International Policy Exchange

ISBN: 0190864796

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 736

View: 7679

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations.Exacerbated by the Great Recession, youth transitions to employment and adulthood have become increasingly protracted, precarious, and differentiated by gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Youth Labor in Transition examines young people's integration into employment, alongside the decisionsand consequences of migrating to find work and later returning home. The authors identify key challenges for the future concerning overeducation, self-employment, and ethnicity, as well values and attitudes of young people and how they identify with trade unions. Collectively, the authors illustratethe need to encompass a wider understanding of youth employment and job insecurity by including an analysis of economic production and how it relates to social reproduction of labor if policy intervention is to be effective.The mapping and extensive analysis in this book are the result of a three-and-a-half year, European Union-funded research project ("STYLE" - Strategic Transitions for Youth Labour in Europe) coordinated by the volume editors. With an overall budget of just under $e5 million and involving 25 researchpartners; an international advisory network and local advisory boards of employers, unions, policymakers; and non-governmental organizations from over 20 European countries, STYLE is one of the largest European Commission-funded research projects to exist on this topic.

The European Social Model and Transitional Labour Markets

Law and Policy

Author: Professor Ralf Rogowski

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409496457

Category: Law

Page: 374

View: 8400

Bringing together theoretical, empirical and comparative perspectives on the European Social Model (ESM) and transitional labour market policy, this volume contains theoretical accounts of the ESM and a discussion of policy implications for European social and employment policies that derive from research on transitional labour markets. It provides an economic as well as legal assessment of the European Employment Strategy and contains evaluations of new forms of governance both in European and member state policies, including discussions of the potential and limits of soft law instruments. Country studies of labour market reforms in Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium and France assess their contribution to an emerging ESM, while comparative accounts of the ESM examine mobility and security patterns in Europe and beyond and evaluate recent 'flexicurity' policies from a global perspective.

Work, Family Policies and Transitions to Adulthood in Europe

Author: T. Knijn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284196

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 1835

This book analyzes how the current generation of young adults enters the labour market and tries to create their own autonomous household, with or without children, exploring questions such as what does it mean to be a young adult in Europe today and what social policies help them to combine work and family life?

The Former Yugoslavia at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century

A Guide to the Economies in Transition

Author: Ian Jeffries

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113446049X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 648

View: 2535

This book focuses on the recent political and economic events in the former Yugoslavia. The author presents a clear, detailed and accessible breakdown of the developments in: Bosnia-Hercegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). The role of the West in the more unstable countries of the Former Yugoslavia has been reassessed in the light of the terrorist attacks on the United States and the fall of Afghanistan. The involvement of the US, in particular, in countries affected by ethnic strife has been brought under scrutiny, as has the role of international military and civilian involvement in maintaining peace and rebuilding economies and political structures. This book contributes to these debates by providing a unique level of coverage of economic and political developments in former Yugoslav countries. It will provide an invaluable source of reference for all those interested in transitional and developing countries.

Promoting Successful Transition to Adulthood for Students with Disabilities

Author: Robert L. Morgan,Tim Riesen

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462524117

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 3467

Comprehensively addressing the challenges of transition, this book provides practical knowledge and tools geared toward real-world educators. It presents clear guidelines for all aspects of team-based transition planning for individuals with various levels of disability, illustrated with vignettes of three secondary students who are followed throughout the book. The authors describe evidence-based practices for conducting assessments and promoting optimal outcomes in the areas of employment, postsecondary education, and independent living. Keys to family involvement, self-determination, interagency collaboration, and problem solving are highlighted. Several reproducible forms can be downloaded and printed in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size.

Are the French Happy with the 35-Hour Workweek?

Author: Marcello M. Estevão,Filipa Sa

Publisher: International Monetary Fund


Category: Hours of labor

Page: 24

View: 7109

Legally mandated reductions in the workweek can be either a constraint on individuals' choice or a tool to coordinate individuals' preferences for lower work hours. We confront these two hypotheses by studying the consequences of the workweek reduction in France from 39 to 35 hours, which was first applied to large firms in 2000. Using the timing difference by firm size to set up a quasi-experiment and data from the French labor force survey, we show that the law constrained the choice of a significant number of individuals: dual-job holdings increased, some workers in large firms went to small firms where hours were not constrained, and others were replaced by cheaper, unemployed individuals as relative hourly wages increased in large firms. Employment of persons directly affected by the law declined, although the net effect on aggregate employment was not significant.

High School Transition that Works!

Lessons Learned from Project SEARCH

Author: Maryellen Daston,J. Erin Riehle,Susie Rutkowski

Publisher: Brookes Pub

ISBN: 9781598572490

Category: Education

Page: 241

View: 8402

Apply key principles and strategies from the highly successful Project SEARCH(r) model?and help young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities get, keep, and succeed at a fulfilling job of their choice.

Restructuring land allocation, water use and agricultural value chains

Technologies, policies and practices for the lower Amudarya region

Author: John P. A. Lamers,Asia Khamzina,Inna Rudenko,Paul Vlek

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 384700297X

Category: Fiction

Page: 388

View: 7275

Central Asia underwent an agricultural transformation in the 20th century that was neither efficient nor sustainable. There is a need for innovations that will remedy these deficits by reversing environmental degradation and ensuring poverty alleviation. This book provides science-based findings and recommendations for restructuring land and water use and agricultural value chains to enable ecologically and economically sound practices that increase resource use efficiency, rehabilitate ecosystem functions, and enhance rural incomes. Innovations were designed in concert with stakeholders. The prospective benefits are shown for the Khorezm region, part of the lower Amudarya region, Uzbekistan, but the findings can be extrapolated to regions facing similar agro-ecological challenges.

Heavy Work Investment

Its Nature, Sources, Outcomes, and Future Directions

Author: Itzhak Harpaz,Raphael Snir

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135048185

Category: Psychology

Page: 426

View: 7496

The book deals with the concept of Heavy Work Investment (HWI) recently initiated by Snir and Harpaz. Since its introduction the interest in the general HWI model has increased considerably. The book illustrates the development of HWI conceptualization, theory, and research. It deals with the foremost HWI subtype of workaholism. However, it also compares workaholism as a "negative" HWI subtype with work devotion/passion/engagement, as a "positive" HWI subtype. Most importantly, it addresses HWI in general, including its possible situational subtypes. In view of Snir and Harpaz's claim that the study of situational heavy work investors is relatively scarce, this certainly constitutes a promising step in the right direction. Finally, it deals with timely and important topics examined by prominent international researchers on Heavy Work Investment and such issues as: personality factors of workaholism, work-life balance, cross-cultural similarities and differences in HWI, work addiction and technology, HWI and retirement, and intergenerational similarity in work investment.

Living Gender after Communism

Author: Janet Elise Johnson,Jean C. Robinson

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 025311229X

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 5666

How has the collapse of communism across Europe and Eurasia changed gender? In addition to acknowledging the huge costs that fell heavily on women, Living Gender after Communism suggests that moving away from communism in Europe and Eurasia has provided an opportunity for gender to multiply, from varieties of neo-traditionalism to feminisms, from overt negotiation of femininity to denials of gender. This development, in turn, has enabled some women in the region to construct their own gendered identities for their own political, economic, or social purposes. Beginning with an understanding of gender as both a society-wide institution that regulates people's lives and a cultural "toolkit" which individuals and groups may use to subvert or "transvalue" the sex/gender system, the contributors to this volume provide detailed case studies from Belarus, Bosnia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine. This collaboration between young scholars -- most from postcommunist states -- and experts in the fields of gender studies and postcommunism combines intimate knowledge of the area with sophisticated gender analysis to examine just how much gender realities have shifted in the region. Contributors are Anna Brzozowska, Karen Dawisha, Nanette Funk, Ewa Grigar, Azra Hromadzic, Janet Elise Johnson, Anne-Marie Kramer, Tania Rands Lyon, Jean C. Robinson, Iulia Shevchenko, Svitlana Taraban, and Shannon Woodcock.