Work, Employment and Transition

Author: Al Rainnie,Adrian Smith,Adam Swain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134534973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1660

Since the late 1980s the experiences of work and employment in the former communist world have been profoundly transformed. Work, Employment and Transition brings together a series of essays by leading international scholars which highlights the varied and complex forms that work and employment restructuring are taking in the post-soviet world, and makes important theoretical contributions to our understanding of these transformations.
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Informal Employment in Emerging and Transition Economies

Author: Solomon W. Polachek,Konstantinos Tatsiramos

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780527861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 8212

Informality and informal employment are wide-spread and growing phenomena in all regions of the world, particularly in low and middle income economies. This volume sheds light on the incidence and persistence of informality and the role of institutions and government regulations, and offers insights into issues such as how labor and tax regulations
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Contingent Work

American Employment Relations in Transition

Author: Kathleen Barker,Kathleen Christensen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801484056

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 3023

The successful 1997 strike by the Teamsters against UPS, and the overwhelming support the American public gave the strikers highlighted the impact of contingent work—an umbrella term for a variety of tenuous and insecure employment arrangements such as temping, independent contracting, employee leasing, and some self-employment and part-time or part-year work. This new book contends that contingent work represents a profound deviation from the employment relations model that dominated most of this century's labor relations. It delineates essential features of contingent work from both the worker's and the organization's point of view. Articulating a variety of perspectives from various disciplines, the contributors examine the business forces driving contingent work and assess the consequences of working contingently for the individual, family, and community, taking into account issues of race, class, and gender. They ask how current labor and employment laws need to be rewritten to provide contingent workers with the same comprehensive protections offered to permanent employees. In the final chapter, the editors comment on the status of research on contingent work and chart future research directions.
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The Way to Work

How to Facilitate Work Experiences for Youth in Transition

Author: Richard G. Luecking

Publisher: Brookes Pub

ISBN: 9781557668981

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 223

View: 661

Practical, research-based book specifically for teachers that offers a new view of innovative employment strategies for transitioning youth with disabilities.
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Informal Employment in Emerging and Transition Economies

Author: Solomon W. Polachek,Konstantinos Tatsiramos

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780527861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 5618

Informality and informal employment are wide-spread and growing phenomena in all regions of the world, particularly in low and middle income economies. This volume sheds light on the incidence and persistence of informality and the role of institutions and government regulations, and offers insights into issues such as how labor and tax regulations
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Essentials of Transition Planning

Author: Paul Wehman

Publisher: Brookes Pub

ISBN: 9781598570984

Category: Education

Page: 181

View: 6666

An invaluable one-stop guide to well-crafted transition plans, this book is a must for anyone supporting young people with disabilities as they cross the bridge to adulthood. Includes ready-to-use checklists and tools and practical, research-based guidanc
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Informal Work in Developed Nations

Author: Enrico Marcelli,Colin C. Williams,Pascale Joassart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135219958

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 6498

Almost everyone residing in a developed nation knows someone who has engaged in paid work that is licit but not reported to the government (e.g., babysitting, gardening, construction, financial consulting). But while most acknowledge that such work is helpful to the individuals involved, and that informal work may enhance a sense of community, most scholars view it as a pre-modern form of exchange and something that disappears as capitalist markets expand globally. Both mainstream and heterodox economics typically assume that there is an inevitable shift towards the formalization of goods and services provisioning as societies become more "advanced" or "developed" (the "formalization thesis"). In these views, the existence of informal activities is a manifestation of backwardness and it is assumed that they will disappear as an economy becomes more "modern." This book challenges these conventional theses about the linear trajectory of informal work and economic development by arguing that informal work is not trivial for understanding modern capitalist economies, and that both mainstream and heterodox theories about the economy must be altered to address the role of informal work in relatively developed economies. This edited collection focuses on informal work in various developed nations, including Canada, the United States, and several in Europe. It will therefore be of interest to policymakers, as well as students and researchers in development studies, social policy, sociology, anthropology, public health, geography, economics and planning. Enrico Marcelli is Assistant Professor of Sociology at San Diego State University, USA. Colin C. Williams is Professor of Public Policy at the University of Sheffield, UK. Pascale Joassart is Assistant Professor of Geography at San Diego State University, USA.
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Kinshasa in Transition

Women's Education, Employment, and Fertility

Author: David Shapiro,B. Oleko Tambashe

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226750576

Category: History

Page: 279

View: 917

After decades of tremendous growth, Kinshasa-capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo-is now the second-largest urban area in sub-Saharan Africa. And as the city has grown-from around 300,000 people in the mid-1950s to more than five million today-it has experienced seismic social, economic, and demographic changes. In this book, David Shapiro and B. Oleko Tambashe trace the impact of these changes on the lives of women, and their findings add dramatically to the field's limited knowledge of African demographic trends. They find that fertility has declined significantly in Kinshasa since the 1970s, and that women's increasing access to secondary education has played a key role in this decline. Better access to education has also given women greater access to employment opportunities. And by examining the impact of such factors as economic well-being and household demographic composition on the schooling of children, Shapiro and Tambashe reveal how one generation's fertility affects the next generation's education. This book will be a valuable guide for anyone who wants to understand the complex and ongoing social, demographic, economic, and developmental changes in contemporary sub-Saharan Africa.
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High School Transition that Works!

Lessons Learned from Project SEARCH

Author: Maryellen Daston,J. Erin Riehle,Susie Rutkowski

Publisher: Brookes Pub

ISBN: 9781598572490

Category: Education

Page: 241

View: 2982

Apply key principles and strategies from the highly successful Project SEARCH(r) model?and help young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities get, keep, and succeed at a fulfilling job of their choice.
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Understanding Work and Employment

Industrial Relations in Transition

Author: Peter Ackers,Adrian Wilkinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199240661

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

View: 4015

This book aims to analyze, advertise and criticize the contribution of industrial relations to social science understanding. It brings together leading scholars to reconsider the theoretical foundations of industrial relations and its potential contribution to the wider understanding of work and economic life, to learn what it can gain from a stronger engagement with these surrounding disciplines and national traditions.The introduction provides a critical, though broadly sympathetic outline of the development of the main stream industrial relations tradition. Part One recognizes the interdisciplinary character of industrial relations by concentrating on 'border encounters' with the cognate academic disciplines of sociology, economics, management, history, psychology, law, politics and geography. Of particular interest is how far industrial relations has contributed to social science understanding beyond its own narrow borders. Part Two combines a major critical analysis of the American school, with three shorter discussions of Australia, Europe and Japan. Part Three looks forward to the potential contribution of industrial relations to our understanding of work, employment and society by identifying a variety of key dilemmas and debates which call for new interdisciplinary thinking. Finally, the book ends with a critical reassessment of the industrial relations tradition.
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Labour Markets in Transition

Balancing Flexibility & Security in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Sandrine Cazes,Alena Nešporová

Publisher: International Labour Organization

ISBN: 9789221137238

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 161

View: 2593

This report also refers to Central Asian CIS countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan)
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A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions

Author: Claudine Burton-Jeangros,Stéphane Cullati,Amanda Sacker,David Blane

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331920484X

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 6323

This open access book examines health trajectories and health transitions at different stages of the life course, including childhood, adulthood and later life. It provides findings that assess the role of biological and social transitions on health status over time. The essays examine a wide range of health issues, including the consequences of military service on body mass index, childhood obesity and cardiovascular health, socio-economic inequalities in preventive health care use, depression and anxiety during the child rearing period, health trajectories and transitions in people with cystic fibrosis and oral health over the life course. The book addresses theoretical, empirical and methodological issues as well as examines different national contexts, which help to identify factors of vulnerability and potential resources that support resilience available for specific groups and/or populations. Health reflects the ability of individuals to adapt to their social environment. This book analyzes health as a dynamic experience. It examines how different aspects of individual health unfold over time as a result of aging but also in relation to changing socioeconomic conditions. It also offers readers potential insights into public policies that affect the health status of a population.
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Work, Family Policies and Transitions to Adulthood in Europe

Author: T. Knijn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284196

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 7728

This book analyzes how the current generation of young adults enters the labour market and tries to create their own autonomous household, with or without children, exploring questions such as what does it mean to be a young adult in Europe today and what social policies help them to combine work and family life?
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Higher Education and Graduate Employment in Europe

Results from Graduates Surveys from Twelve Countries

Author: Harald Schomburg,Ulrich Teichler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402051549

Category: Education

Page: 172

View: 6815

This book explores a noteworthy variety among economically advanced countries in the competences fostered by higher education, and the emphasis placed either on laying a broad basis of knowledge or direct preparation for professional tasks. In some countries, universities are closely involved in ensuring a rapid transition from student to employee; in others, students typically face a long period after graduation for the search of a suitable career.
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Youth Labor in Transition

Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Author: Jacqueline O'Reilly,Janine Leschke,Paola Villa,Renate Ortlieb

Publisher: International Policy Exchange

ISBN: 0190864796

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 4971

"Youth transitions to employment in Europe are increasingly protracted, precarious and differentiated by gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Examining employment transitions affected by the family and migration the authors argue for an integrated analysis of the sphere of economic production and social reproduction if policy intervention is to be effective"--
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Lost in Transition

Youth, Work, and Instability in Postindustrial Japan

Author: Mary C. Brinton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139492527

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4605

Lost in Transition tells the story of the 'lost generation' that came of age in Japan's deep economic recession in the 1990s. The book argues that Japan is in the midst of profound changes that have had an especially strong impact on the young generation. The country's renowned 'permanent employment system' has unraveled for young workers, only to be replaced by temporary and insecure forms of employment. The much-admired system of moving young people smoothly from school to work has frayed. The book argues that these changes in the very fabric of Japanese postwar institutions have loosened young people's attachment to school as the launching pad into the world of work and loosened their attachment to the workplace as a source of identity and security. The implications for the future of Japanese society - and the fault lines within it - loom large.
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