Work Design

Occupational Ergonomics

Author: Stephan Konz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781138434684

Category:

Page: 1248

View: 6102

This book gives readers the tools they need to achieve work design that is ergonomically effective while remaining economically feasible. Whether studying work design/ergonomics in a college classroom, preparing for the Board of Certification in Professional Ergonomics (BCPE) exam, or working as a professional in the field, readers can depend on this book to provide them with the information they need. Work Design is a single source for ergonomics, work design, and work measurement. Its engineering orientation equips readers with practical design information and procedures; its explicit organization, conversational style, and clear explanations make it easy to read and understand. The book's many charts and graphics dynamically illustrate important concepts and principles, and its extensive references give readers confidence in the material.
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Occupational Ergonomics

Principles of Work Design

Author: Waldemar Karwowski,William S. Marras

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203507924

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 800

View: 2600

Occupational Ergonomics: Principles of Work Design focuses on the fundamentals in ergonomics design and evaluation. Divided into two parts, Part I covers the background for the discipline and profession of ergonomics and offers an international perspective on ergonomics. Part II describes the foundations of ergonomics knowledge, including fundamentals of ergonomics, fundamentals of work analysis, and cognitive issues. The authors discuss ergonomics of system design and outline the principles of certification in professional ergonomics. Methods for evaluation of physical workload due to posture (RULA and OWAS), as well as computer-aided human models and other software-based tools for ergonomic analysis and design are reviewed.
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Work Design

Occupational Ergonomics

Author: Stephan A. Konz,Steven Johnson

Publisher: Holcomb Hathaway Pubs

ISBN: 9781890871482

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 641

View: 1425

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The Occupational Ergonomics Handbook

Author: Waldemar Karwowski,William S. Marras

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849326417

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2088

View: 1645

Occupational ergonomics and safety studies the application of human behavior, abilities, limitations, and other characteristics to the design, testing, and evaluation of tools, machines, systems, tasks, jobs, and environments for productive, safe, comfortable, and effective use. Occupational Ergonomics Handbook provides current, comprehensive knowledge in this broad field, providing essential, state-of-the-art information from nearly 150 international leaders of this discipline. The text assesses the knowledge and expertise applied to industrial environments: Providing engineering guidelines for redesigning tools, machines, and work layouts Evaluating the demands placed on workers by current jobs Simulating alternative work methods Determining the potential for reducing physical job demands based on the implementation of new methods Topics also include: Fundamental ergonomic design principles at work Work-related musculoskeletal injuries, such as cumulative trauma to the upper extremity (CTDs) and low back disorders (LBDs), which affect several million workers each year with total costs exceeding $100 billion annually Current knowledge used for minimizing human suffering, potential for occupational disability, and related worker's compensation costs Working conditions under which musculoskeletal injuries might occur Engineering design measures for eliminating or reducing known job-risk factors Optimal manufacturing processes regarding human perceptual and cognitive abilities as well as task reliability Identifying the worker population affected by adverse conditions Early medical and work intervention efforts Economics of an ergonomics maintenance program Ergonomics as an essential cost to doing business Ergonomics intervention includes design for manufacturability, total quality management, and work organization. Occupational Ergonomics Handbook demonstrates how ergonomics serves as a vital component for the activities of the company and enables an advantageous cooperation between management and labor. This new handbook serves a broad segment of industrial practitioners, including industrial and manufacturing engineers; managers; plant supervisors and ergonomics professionals; researchers and students from academia, business, and government; human factors and safety specialists; physical therapists; cognitive and work psychologists; sociologists; and human-computer communications specialists.
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Fundamentals and Assessment Tools for Occupational Ergonomics

Author: William S. Marras,Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420003631

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1024

View: 6835

Completely revised and updated, taking the scientific rigor to a whole new level, the second edition of the Occupational Ergonomics Handbook is now available in two volumes. This new organization demonstrates the enormous amount of advances that have occurred in the field since the publication of the first edition. The second edition not only provides more information but makes it more accessible. Each volume narrows the focus while broadening the coverage, supplying immediate access to important information. One of the most comprehensive sources for ergonomic knowledge available, written by leading experts, providing both sound theory and practical examples, this book is a valuable resource for anyone in the field. Fundamental and Assessment Tools for Occupational Ergonomics merges the frontiers of ergonomics, workplace design, and management issues. The editors have brought together researchers from disciplines such as biomechanics, anthropometry, and cognitive science with pioneering practitioners in industry. They discuss tools of the trade, upper extremity analysis, backs, interventions, management issues, design for ergonomics, principles of product design, band-aid approaches, processing, distribution centers, and service systems. The handbook is a compendium of information authored by top-flight investigators who represent the cutting edge of opinion, research, and interest in the field.
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Occupational Ergonomics

Theory and Applications, Second Edition

Author: Amit Bhattacharya,James D. McGlothlin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439819351

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1332

View: 6399

In the fifteen years since the publication of Occupational Ergonomics: Theory and Applications significant advances have been made in this field. These advances include understanding the impact of ageing and obesity on workplace, the role of ergonomics in promoting healthy workplaces and healthy life styles, the role of ergonomic science in the design of consumer products, and much more. The caliber of information and the simple, practical ergonomics solutions in the second edition of this groundbreaking resource, though, haven’t changed. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Enhanced coverage of ergonomics in the international arena Emerging topics such as Healthcare Ergonomics and economics of ergonomics Coverage of disability management and psychosocial rehabilitation aspects of workplace and its ergonomics implication Current ergonomics solutions from "research to practice" Synergy of healthy workplaces with healthy lifestyles Impact of physical agents on worker health/safety and its control Additional problems with solutions in the appendix The book covers the fundamentals of ergonomics and the practical application of those fundamentals in solving ergonomic problems. The scope is such that it can be used as a reference for graduate students in the health sciences, engineering, technology and business as well as professional practitioners of these disciplines. Also, it can be used as a senior level undergraduate textbook, with solved problems, case studies, and exercises included in several chapters. The book blends medical and engineering applications to solve musculoskeletal, safety, and health problems in a variety of traditional and emerging industries ranging from the office to the operating room to operations engineering.
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Interventions, Controls, and Applications in Occupational Ergonomics

Author: William S. Marras,Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142000364X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 7241

Completely revised and updated, taking the scientific rigor to a whole new level, the second edition of the Occupational Ergonomics Handbook is now available in two volumes. This new organization demonstrates the enormous amount of advances that have occurred in the field since the publication of the first edition. The editors have brought together researchers from a wide range of disciplines with pioneering practitioners in industry to cover a diverse list of ergonomics topics. The second edition not only provides more information but makes it more accessible. Each individual volume narrows the focus while broadening the coverage, supplying immediate access to important information. One of the most comprehensive sources for ergonomic knowledge available, providing both sound theory and practical examples, this book is a valuable resource for anyone in the field. Interventions, Controls, and Applications in Occupational Ergonomics begins with descriptions of the elements of the ergonomics processes, including success factors for implementation of industrial ergonomics programs. It includes coverage of injury surveillance database systems and corporate health management for the design and evaluation of health in industrial organizations, ergonomics processes from the small and large industry perspectives, and human digital modeling, as well as facilities planning and organizational design and macro-ergonomics. Additional chapters present methods and techniques for engineering control, including tried and true strategies and pitfalls to avoid, and discuss the theory and practice of ergonomics interventions in the workplace. Using this information as a cornerstone, the book addresses the issues of medical management of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, systems approach to rehabilitation, wrist splints, and application of the clinical lumbar motion monitor. It provides an overview of best practices for ergonomics intervention with respect to the design and use of chairs and office furniture, as well as design of computer keyboards and notebook computers. The book closes with discussions of the problem of medical errors, the challenge and rewards of applying ergonomics in developing areas, and the future of human work.
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Advances in Social & Occupational Ergonomics

Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA

Author: Richard H.M. Goossens

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331941688X

Category: Computers

Page: 466

View: 4296

This book reports on cutting-edge research related to social and occupational factors. It presents innovative contributions to the optimization of sociotechnical management systems, which consider organizational, policy, and logistical issues. It discusses timely topics related to communication, crew resource management, work design, participatory design, as well as teamwork, community ergonomics, cooperative work, and warning systems. Moreover, it reports on new work paradigms, organizational cultures, virtual organizations, telework, and quality management. The book reports on cutting-edge infrastructures implemented for different purposes such as urban, health, and enterprise. It discusses the growing role of automated systems and presents innovative solutions addressing the needs of special populations. Based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, held on July 27-31 in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, the book provides readers with a comprehensive view of the current challenges in both organizational and occupational ergonomics, highlighting key connections between them and underlining the importance of emotional factors in influencing human performance.
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Advances in Occupational Ergonomics and Safety

Proceedings of the XIVth Annual International Occupational Ergonomics and Safety Conference 1999

Author: Gene C. H. Lee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9789051994865

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 4424

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Advances in Social and Occupational Ergonomics

Proceedings of the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, July 21-25, 2018, Loews Sapphire Falls Resort at Universal Studios, Orlando, Florida, USA

Author: Richard H. M. Goossens

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319940007

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 3686

This book reports on cutting-edge research on social and occupational ergonomics, presenting innovative contributions to the optimization of sociotechnical management systems related to organizational, policy, and logistical issues. It discusses timely topics related to communication, crew resource management, work design, participatory design, as well as teamwork, community ergonomics, cooperative work, and warning systems, and explores new work paradigms, organizational cultures, virtual organizations, telework, and quality management. The book also describes pioneering infrastructures implemented for different purposes such as urban, health, and enterprise, and examines the changing role of automated systems, offering innovative solutions that address the needs of particular populations. Based on the AHFE 2018 International Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, held in Orlando, Florida, USA on July 21–25, 2018, the book provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the current challenges in both organizational and occupational ergonomics, highlighting key connections between them and underlining the importance of emotional factors in influencing human performance.
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Biomechanics in Ergonomics, Second Edition

Author: Shrawan Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849379091

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 744

View: 9816

Safety or comfort? Can you truly have one without the other? Is it feasible to have both? Although by no means the only factor, a deep understanding of biomechanics plays a leading role in the design of work and workplaces that are both pain and injury free. Standing firmly on the foundation built by the previous edition, the second edition of Biomechanics in Ergonomics establishes an understanding of gross biomechanical loads on the human system at the tissue level and then brings that understanding through to the whole body level. Applications for the Real World Produced under the aegis of editor Shrawan Kumar with contributors who are leading scholars in the field, the book contains unique chapters such as Exposure Assessment Tools and Techniques and Cumulative Load and Models. Also included is a chapter on hand tools, which have a real application to the field of ergonomics. New and significantly revamped chapters: Theories of occupational musculoskeletal injury causation Anthropometry and Biomechanics — Anthropometrics Mechanical Exposure Assessment in the Design of Work Determinant of Muscle Strength Biomechanics of Gloves The ACGIH TLV® for Hand Activity Level Whiplash Injuries — In Vitro Studies Whiplash Injuries — In Vivo Studies Models in Manual Materials Handling Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation Whole Body Vibration Cumulative Load and Models Create Safety Through Better Workplace Design The book dives deep into the biomechanics of the connective tissues before thoroughly covering upper and lower extremities, shoulder and neck, low back, and whole body mechanics. With chapters selected and designed to provide extensive coverage of ergonomically relevant biomechanics, this volume supplies an integrated understanding of the inseparable relationship between ergonomics and biomechanics that can be translated into better safety design and better workplaces.
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Occupational Ergonomics

A Practical Approach

Author: Theresa Stack,Lee T. Ostrom,Cheryl A. Wilhelmsen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118814649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 5563

The approach to the book is analogous to a toolkit. Theuser will open the book and locate the tool that best fits theergonomic assessment task he/she is performing. The chapters of thebook progress from the concept of ergonomics, through the variousassessment techniques, and into the more complex techniques. In addition to discussing the techniques, this book presents themin a form that the readers can readily adapt to their particularsituation. Each chapter, where applicable, presents thetechnique discussed in that chapter and demonstrates how it isused. The supporting material at the end of each chaptercontains exercises, case studies and review questions. Thecase study section of the book presents how to use techniques toanalyze a range of workplace scenarios. Topics include: The Basics of Ergonomics; Anthropometry; OfficeErgonomics; Administrative Controls; Biomechanics; Hand Tools;Vibration; Workstation Design; Manual Material Handling; JobRequirements and Physical Demands Survey; Ergonomic Survey Tools;Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders; How to Conduct anErgonomics Assessment; and Case Studies
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Kodak's Ergonomic Design for People at Work

Author: Eastman Kodak Company

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471418634

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 9504

The up-to-date edition of the classic guidelines to workplace ergonomics This newly updated, single-volume edition of the most respected and widely used guidelines to ergonomics in the workplace, Kodak's Ergonomic Design for People at Work, offers a concise and straightforward presentation of information, data, and how-to guidelines for implementing solutions to human factors and ergonomics problems in industries worldwide. Written for those who are on the job but not necessarily professionally trained ergonomists, the principles and approaches detailed here have all been implemented in real-world workplace environments and proven successful in reducing the potential for occupational injury, increasing the number of people who can perform a job, and improving employee performance on the job. More than 150 clear and informative illustrations and tables help convey data and information in eight sections: Ergonomics design philosophy Human reliability and information transfer Evaluation of job demands Work design Workplace design Manual handling in occupational tasks Equipment design Environment Complete with numerous case studies illustrating applied ergonomics, Kodak's Ergonomic Design for People at Work, Second Edition is an essential guide for human factors and ergonomics specialists, engineers, and occupational health specialists.
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Occupational Health and Safety in Construction Project Management

Author: Helen Lingard,Stephen M. Rowlinson

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780419262107

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 440

View: 1190

The number of construction-related injuries worldwide is on the increase, together with the attendant human and financial costs, and measures are being taken to improve the industry's poor track record. This book discusses a number of related issues and should be of interest to anyone working in construction.
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Fitting The Task To The Human, Fifth Edition

A Textbook Of Occupational Ergonomics

Author: E. Grandjean,Karl H.E. Kroemer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0748406654

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 7531

Our working conditions have undergone rapid and fundamental changes during the last few years. One example is the widespread use of the individual computer in the shop, office and home. Another major development is that women now hold many jobs that used to be in the male domain, and that many more women choose a life-long occupational career. Workforces, tasks, conditions and tools are changing. Many office and industrial workers are tied to human-machine systems. Repetitive work can create cumulative health problems such as the often reported visual strains, mental stress and physical injury. Proper ergonomic measures can avoid such harmful effects and instead promote health conditions which are both efficient and agreeable. In this latest edition of Fitting the Task to the Human, Professor Karl Kroemer has revised and updated the text and data while remaining true to the spirit of Professor Etienne Grandjean's earlier editions. This aim is, as before, to impart basic knowledge of occupational ergonomics in a straightforward and lucid fashion to those responsible for the design, management and safety of people in the workplace, and to those who study it.
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Occupational and Environmental Health

Recognizing and Preventing Disease and Injury

Author: Barry S. Levy

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781755511

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 773

View: 1421

This thoroughly updated Fifth Edition is a comprehensive, practical guide to recognizing, preventing, and treating work-related and environmentally-induced injuries and diseases. Chapters by experts in medicine, industry, labor, government, safety, ergonomics, environmental health, and psychology address the full range of clinical and public health concerns. Numerous case studies, photographs, drawings, graphs, and tables help readers understand key concepts. This edition features new chapters on environmental health, including water pollution, hazardous waste, global environmental hazards, the role of nongovernmental organizations in environmental health, and responding to community environmental health concerns. Other new chapters cover conducting workplace investigations and assessing and enforcing compliance with health and safety regulations.
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