Women and Wars

Contested Histories, Uncertain Futures

Author: Carol Cohn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745660665

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5462

Where are the women? In traditional historical and scholarly accounts of the making and fighting of wars, women are often nowhere to be seen. With few exceptions, war stories are told as if men were the only ones who plan, fight, are injured by, and negotiate ends to wars. As the pages of this book tell, though, those accounts are far from complete. Women can be found at every turn in the (gendered) phenomena of war. Women have participated in the making, fighting, and concluding of wars throughout history, and their participation is only increasing at the turn of the 21st century. Women experience war in multiple ways: as soldiers, as fighters, as civilians, as caregivers, as sex workers, as sexual slaves, refugees and internally displaced persons, as anti-war activists, as community peace-builders, and more. This book at once provides a glimpse into where women are in war, and gives readers the tools to understood women’s (told and untold) war experiences in the greater context of the gendered nature of global social and political life.
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Women and War

Author: Jenny Matthews

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472089642

Category: Art

Page: 191

View: 8288

A freelance photography documents the experiences of women living in war zones, using two decades of photographs and diary entries to show women coping with and sometimes even participating in the violence in Nicaragua, Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, Burma, Chechnya, Haiti, and the UK. Original. (History)
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Women in War

Examples from Norway and Beyond

Author: Kjersti Ericsson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113477639X

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 1750

This book examines what happens to women and gender relations in times of upheaval. The experience of Norway during World War II, with some visits to other parts of the world as well, is used to demonstrate general, gendered issues that are actualized in wars both past and present. The authors explore whether gendered cultural conceptions influence the way war is remembered and represented, both collectively and individually. The collection discusses the various roles of women during the war from resistance fighter to `German tart’ and how they were dealt with and treated in the aftermath. The chapters examine the position of Jewish victims of persecution, foreign female labourers and gay men, as well as the gendered response exhibited by the courts in post-war trials of female state police employees. The book concludes by following the struggle to bring women’s role in war and peacebuilding onto the international agenda. This book will be of interest to students and scholars in the field of criminology, as well as peace and conflict studies, political science, sociology of law, history, social work, social pedagogy, psychology and gender studies.
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Women in War

The Micro-processes of Mobilization in El Salvador

Author: Jocelyn Viterna

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199843651

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3467

Women in War provides an in-depth analysis of women's experiences in the FMLN guerrilla army in El Salvador, and examines the consequences of those experiences for their post war lives. It also develops a new model for investigating and understanding micro-level mobilization processes that has applications to many social movement settings.
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Women and War in Lebanon

Author: Lamia Rustum Shehadeh

Publisher: University Press of Florida

ISBN: 9780813017075

Category: History

Page: 363

View: 758

"This work is totally original; indeed, it pioneers a new field. . . . A remarkable account of a dimension of war that is much neglected. . . . It is deeply passionate yet non-judgmental. It raises profound questions about the pacific 'nature' of women as they find themselves in the painful circumstance of contradiction and crisis. This book truly becomes an historical record of these tragic years."--Richard A. Lobban, Jr., Rhode Island College These authors examine the impact on women of the 1975-90 civil war in Lebanon, the lengthiest and bloodiest in its recent history. While they describe war as a more potent oppressor of women than of men, they also credit it with offering women liberation from all forms of social strictures. The authors also refute the assumption that women are pacifists by nature, contending that women are as aggressive and militarily active as men, given the same conditions. I. Introduction 1. Introduction 2. History of the War 3. Women before the War II. The Public Sphere 4. Women in the Public Sphere, by Lamia Rustum Shehadeh III. Creative Women 5. Mapping Peace, by Miriam Cooke 6. A Panorama of Lebanese Women Writers, 1975-1995, by Mona Takieddine Amyuni 7. Lebanon Mythologized or Lebanon Deconstructed: Two Narratives of National Consciousness, by Elise Salem Manganaro 8. Art, the Chemistry of Life, by Lamia Rustum Shehadeh IV. Women at War 9. Women in the Lebanese Militias, by Lamia Rustum Shehadeh 10. Lebanese Shii Women and Islamism: A Response to War, by Maria Holt 11. Maman Aida--A Lebanese Godmother of the Combatants, by Kari H. Karame 12. From Gunpowder to Incense, by Jocelyn Khweiri V. Foreign Women 13. Profiles of Foreign Women in Lebanon during the Civil War, by Mary Bentley Abu Saba VI. Psychological Sequelae 14. War Trauma and Women, by Leila Farhood 15. Women and the Lebanon Wars: Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, by Elie G. Karam 16. Gender Dual Diagnosis of Psychiatric Illness and Substance Abuse, by P. Yabroudi, E. G. Karam, A. Chami, A. Karam, M. Majdalani, and V. Zebouni VII. Conclusion A War of Survival, by E. G. Karam, N. Melhem and S. Saliba Lamia Rustum Shehadeh is associate professor of cultural studies at the American University of Beirut. She is the editor of several collections of writings of the Arab historian Asad J. Rustum and has published articles in International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Al-Raida, and Feminist Issues.
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Women and War

Author: Jean Bethke Elshtain

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226206264

Category: History

Page: 301

View: 2985

Jean Elshtain examines how the myths of Man as "Just Warrior" and Woman as "Beautiful Soul" serve to recreate and secure women's social position as noncombatants and men's identity as warriors. Elshtain demonstrates how these myths are undermined by the reality of female bellicosity and sacrificial male love, as well as the moral imperatives of just wars.
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Women and War in Antiquity

Author: Jacqueline Fabre-Serris,Alison Keith

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421417634

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 2579

The martial virtues—courage, loyalty, cunning, and strength—were central to male identity in the ancient world, and antique literature is replete with depictions of men cultivating and exercising these virtues on the battlefield. In Women and War in Antiquity, sixteen scholars reexamine classical sources to uncover the complex but hitherto unexplored relationship between women and war in ancient Greece and Rome. They reveal that women played a much more active role in battle than previously assumed, embodying martial virtues in both real and mythological combat. The essays in the collection, taken from the first meeting of the European Research Network on Gender Studies in Antiquity, approach the topic from philological, historical, and material culture perspectives. The contributors examine discussions of women and war in works that span the ancient canon, from Homer’s epics and the major tragedies in Greece to Seneca’s stoic writings in first-century Rome. They consider a vast panorama of scenes in which women are portrayed as spectators, critics, victims, causes, and beneficiaries of war. This deft volume, which ultimately challenges the conventional scholarly opposition of standards of masculinity and femininity, will appeal to scholars and students of the classical world, European warfare, and gender studies. -- Kurt Raaflaub, Brown University, coeditor of Raymond Westbrook’
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Women and War

Power and Protection in the 21st Century

Author: Chantal de Jonge Oudraat

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 160127064X

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 1856

In consideration of UN Resolution 1325 (which called for women's equal participation in promoting peace and security and for greater efforts to protect women exposed to violence during and after conflict), this volume takes stock of the current state of knowledge on women, peace and security issues, including efforts to increase women's participation in post-conflict reconstruction strategies and their protection from wartime sexual violence.
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Women in War

Author: Celia Lee,Paul Strong

Publisher: Pen & Sword

ISBN: 9781848846692

Category: History

Page: 237

View: 6528

"The changing role of women in warfare, a neglected aspect of military history, is the subject of this collection of perceptive, thought-provoking essays. By looking at the wide range of ways in which women have become involved in all the aspects of war, the authors open up this fascinating topic to wider understanding and debate. They discuss how, particularly in the two world wars, women have been increasingly mobilized in all the armed services, originally as support staff, then in intelligence, and defensive combat roles. They consider the tragic story of women as victims of male violence, and how women have often put up a heroic resistance, and they examine how women have been drawn into direct combat roles on an unprecedented level, a trend that is still controversial in the present day. The implications of this radical modern development are explored in depth. The authors also look at the support women have given to servicemen fighting at the front and at the vital contribution they have made at home. The collection brings together the work of noted academics and historians with the wartime experiences of women who have remarkable personal stories to tell. The book will be a milestone in the study of the recent history of the parts women have played in the history of warfare."--publisher.
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Women and War in the Twentieth Century

Enlisted with Or Without Consent

Author: Nicole A. Dombrowski

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415972567

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 2858

First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Listening to the Silences

Women And War

Author: Helen Durham,Tracey Gurd

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004143653

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 8756

Demonstrates that women are taking on increasingly less traditional roles during war, and that these roles are multifaceted, complicated and sometimes contradictory. Reveals that women's requirements during times of war will continue to be inadequate so long as we continue silencing the differing perspectives. Australian editors.
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Women and War

Gender Identity and Activism in Times of Conflict

Author: Joyce P. Kaufman,Kristen P. Williams

Publisher: Kumarian Press

ISBN: 1565493095

Category: Social Science

Page: 159

View: 7037

Women everywhere have long struggled for recognition as equal, productive members of society, worthy of taking part in the political process. These struggles become even more pronounced in times of conflict and war, when the symbolism and myths of womanhood are used to stoke nationalistic ideas about the survival of the state. Yet for all the rhetoric that takes place in their name, it’s men who generally make decisions regarding war. Women and War examines how women respond to situations of conflict. Drawing on both traditional and feminist international relations theory, it explores the roles that women play before, during and after a conflict, how they spur and respond to nationalist and social movements, and how conceptions of gender are deeply intertwined with ideas about citizenship and the state. As Kaufman and Williams show, women do more than respond to conflict situations; they are active agents in their own right shaping political and historical processes. Their conclusions encourage us to rethink the prevalent assumptions of international relations, history and feminist scholarship and theory.
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The Women Behind Rosie the Riveter

Working for the U.S. War Effort

Author: Pamela Jain Dell

Publisher: Capstone

ISBN: 1515779351

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 846

Waging war involves more than just the soldiers on the front line, it take an entire nation. Many women in the U.S. played a pivotal role in the war effort and entered the work force to fill the spots left vacant by the men at war. Rosie the Riveter became a rallying cry for women starting in World War II and continues on to this day.
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War, Women, and Power

From Violence to Mobilization in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina

Author: Marie E. Berry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110824517X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9424

Rwanda and Bosnia both experienced mass violence in the early 1990s. Less than ten years later, Rwandans surprisingly elected the world's highest level of women to parliament. In Bosnia, women launched thousands of community organizations that became spaces for informal political participation. The political mobilization of women in both countries complicates the popular image of women as merely the victims and spoils of war. Through a close examination of these cases, Marie E. Berry unpacks the puzzling relationship between war and women's political mobilization. Drawing from over 260 interviews with women in both countries, she argues that war can reconfigure gendered power relations by precipitating demographic, economic, and cultural shifts. In the aftermath, however, many of the gains women made were set back. This book offers an entirely new view of women and war and includes concrete suggestions for policy makers, development organizations, and activists supporting women's rights.
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Wings, Women, and War

Soviet Airwomen in World War II Combat

Author: Reina Pennington

Publisher: Modern War Studies (Paperback)

ISBN: 9780700615544

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 5569

The Soviet Union was the first nation to allow women pilots to fly combat missions. This book tells the story of these young, fearless, and patriotic women pilots and their substantial contribution to the Soviet Air Force's success on the Eastern Front.
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Images of Women in Peace and War

Cross-cultural and Historical Perspectives

Author: Sharon Macdonald,Pat Holden,Shirley Ardener

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299117641

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 9617

As warriors, freedom fighters and victims, as mothers, wives and prostitutes, and as creators and members of peace movements, women are inevitably caught up in the net of war. Yet women's participation in warfare and peace campaigns has often been underestimated or ignored. Images of Women in Peace and War explores women's relationships to war, peace, and revolution, from the Amazons, Inka and Boadicea, to women soldiers in South Africa, Mau Mau freedom fighters and the protestors at Greenham Common. The contributors consider not only the reality of women's participation but also look at how their actions have been perceived and represented across cultures and through history. They examine how sexual imagery is constructed, how it is used to delineate women's relation to warfare and how these images have sometimes been subverted in order to challenge the status quo. The book raises important questions about whether women have a special prerogative to promote peace and considers whether the experience of motherhood leads to a distinctive women's position on war. The authors find that their analyses lead them to deal with arguments on the basic nature of the sexes and to reevaluate our concepts of "peace," "war," and "gender."
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Feminism and War

Confronting US Imperialism

Author: Robin Riley,Chandra Talpade Mohanty,Minnie Bruce Pratt

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848136684

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6789

Women across the globe are being dramatically affected by war as currently waged by the USA. But there has been little public space for dialogue about the complex relationship between feminism, women, and war. The editors of Feminism and War have brought together a diverse set of leading theorists and activists who examine the questions raised by ongoing American military initiatives, such as: What are the implications of an imperial nation/state laying claim to women's liberation? What is the relation between this claim and resulting American foreign policy and military action? Did American intervention and invasion in fact result in liberation for women in Afghanistan and Iraq? What multiple concepts are embedded in the phrase "women’s liberation"? How are these connected to the specifics of religion, culture, history, economics, and nation within current conflicts? What is the relation between the lives of Afghan and Iraqi women before and after invasion, and that of women living in the US? How do women who define themselves as feminists resist or acquiesce to this nation/state claim in current theory and organizing? Feminism and War reveals and critically analyzes the complicated ways in which America uses gender, race, class, nationalism, imperialism to justify, legitimate, and continue war. Each chapter builds on the next to develop an anti-racist, feminist politics that places imperialist power, and forms of resistance to it, central to its comprehensive analysis.
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The Unwomanly Face of War

An Oral History of Women in World War II

Author: Светлана Алексиевич

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0399588728

Category: History

Page: 331

View: 1399

"Bringing together dozens of voices ... [this is a] collection of stories of women's experiences in World War II, both on the front lines, on the home front, and in occupied territories"--Provided by publisher.
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Women and the Great War

Femininity under Fire in Italy

Author: A. Belzer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230113613

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 4080

This book examines women's experiences along the Italian Front during World War I to understand how the war affected cultural ideas about femininity.
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