Wicca Book of Spells

A Book of Shadows for Wiccans, Witches, and Other Practitioners of Magic

Author: Lisa Chamberlain

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781535421072

Category:

Page: 124

View: 4117

Do you want to start practicing magic? Not sure where to begin? Want a collection of spells that can transform and enhance your life? The world of magic is full of immeasurable potential. There are literally thousands of spells in existence, for every purpose you could possibly imagine. In this book from best-selling author Lisa Chamberlain, you will find spells and other magical workings that, when applied with focused intention, can bring positive experiences into your life. Divided into four general categories, they are suitable for Witches of all experience levels, without calling for extravagant or hard-to-find ingredients. Each spell contains explicit instructions, but there are also opportunities to personalize the work as you see fit, using your own intuition and style. With the variety of magical opportunities for enhancing the most important areas of life, there''s something for everyone in this book! Love and Relationships Since time immemorial, hopeful lovers have tried spells and potions of all sorts in order to bring them their one true love. In this book you''ll find spells for attracting romantic love into your life, but also workings related to friendship and family relationships, which are equally important sources of love in a balanced life. Wealth and Prosperity Witches know that we can attract money from unforeseen places into our lives through the use of focused intention, and you''ll find spellwork here for doing just that. But cash is not the only form of abundance-opportunities for growing future wealth are also important, as are an abundance of friends, pleasurable activities, and healthy options for nourishing our bodies. To that end, you''ll find spells for increasing business success, abundance in the garden, and even a spell for landing an important job, in addition to money-specific workings. Health and Well-Being Although it can be difficult to maintain a healthy and positive state of well-being in our fast-paced world, it''s relatively easy to balance your own personal energy through spellwork that promotes motivation and endurance. In this section you''ll find a range of approaches to reducing stress and increasing your access to the reservoir of positive energy available to you in your daily life. The energy of your environment is also crucial to your quality of life, so you''ll find a few protection spells to enhance your physical and social environments and keep out unwanted energy. Assorted Spells and Strategies Just as important as spells themselves is a working knowledge of the vast array of magical forms and techniques This section provides a brief introduction to various approaches to magic, including kitchen witchery, making your own spell ingredients, and using timing and the rhythms of the natural world to your advantage. There are also some miscellaneous spells focused around tools sourced directly from nature, new ways to request information from the Universe, recipes for creating your own oil blends, and a set of magical workings based on the Moon''s cycles. Here''s Just a Small Sample of Spells Included in this Book of Shadows: New friendship spell First date confidence charm Releasing negative attachments spell Job interview success spell Successful business spell Anxiety calming spell Speedy recovery healing bath Yellow infusion "pick me up" spell Protection spell for pets The most successful magic is focused, personal, and yes-fun! Enjoy trying out these spells and other workings, and if you wish, let them be a springboard of inspiration for expanding and refining your own magical practice. Take note of your results in your own personal Book of Shadows, and don''t forget to honor your successes with love and gratitude!
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Wicca Book of Crystal Spells

A Book of Shadows for Wiccans, Witches, and Other Practitioners of Crystal Magic

Author: Lisa Chamberlain

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781981497546

Category:

Page: 150

View: 8080

Do you want to start practicing magic? Not sure where to begin? Want a collection of spells that can transform and enhance your life? Crystals are the most delightful magical companions. Their mere presence creates a special ambience wherever they are found. They seem to speak silently of the infinite, creative, living power of the Earth. After all, these beautiful stones have been on the planet for millions and even billions of years! It's no wonder that they've been used in magic for centuries, in many cultures throughout the world. This collection of spells, rituals, and other workings from best-selling author Lisa Chamberlain is devoted to the magical energies of crystals and other mineral stones. It can be used on its own or as a companion to Lisa's book Crystal Magic. Each spell is elegantly simple and suitable for beginners to magic, yet can inspire more seasoned practitioners as well. Featuring a "Witch's dozen" of 13 crystals and mineral stones widely used in the magical arts, the workings in Book of Crystal Spells are organized by stone, rather than by purpose, so that you can get better acquainted with each crystal, one at a time. Each of these stones can easily be found anywhere you purchase magical supplies, and they make wonderful energetic additions to your altar or anywhere else in your home. Transform Your Life from the Inside Out Those who work with crystals understand that these pieces of the Earth are "alive" in their own way, capable of communicating their ancient wisdom with us if we are open and receptive to their messages. Many of the spells in this inspiring collection are focused on aspects of emotional healing and energetic balancing, two purposes that crystals are uniquely suited for. As such, single crystals are often the focus of these spells, with minimal additional ingredients, in order to help you deepen your own magical relationships with these powerful ancient tools. Crystal Spells for Material, Emotional, and Spiritual Well-Being Of course, other more traditional magical goals are also represented here, including protection from various unwanted circumstances and personal empowerment in the face of challenges, as well as prosperity and healthy relationships. Here are just a few life-enhancing changes you can create in your life using the 52 spells, rituals, and magical charms in this crystal-centered Book of Shadows: Boost and maintain financial security Attract and maintain healthy relationships Develop self-love and confidence Reduce anger, stress, and social anxiety Find answers through divination rituals Promote clear thinking and communication skills In short, you will find many useful workings in Book of Crystal Spells, as you learn to further develop your intuitive understanding of these beautiful, magical gifts from the Earth. If you're ready to begin working with magical crystals, scroll to the top of the page and select the buy now button. Readers will also be treated to an exclusive free eBook!
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Wicca Book of Herbal Spells

A Beginner's Book of Shadows for Wiccans, Witches, and Other Practitioners of Herbal Magic

Author: Lisa Chamberlain

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781548760557

Category:

Page: 152

View: 686

Do you want to start practicing magic? Not sure where to begin? Want a collection of spells that can transform and enhance your life? This inspiring collection of spells, rituals, and other workings is devoted to the magical energies of the plant kingdom, and can be used on its own or as a companion to best-selling author Lisa Chamberlain's beginner's guide Wicca Herbal Magic. Each spell is relatively simple and suitable for beginners to magic, yet can inspire more seasoned practitioners as well. A Simple, Straightforward Approach to Herbal Magic Complex spells with multiple ingredients can be very enjoyable and certainly serve a purpose. However, focusing on one or two ingredients provides an opportunity to get better acquainted with herbs you haven't worked with before. In that spirit, single herbs are often the focus of these spells, with minimal additional ingredients, in order to help you deepen your own magical relationships with these powerful herbs. Most of these herbs can actually be found in the spice section of any grocery store, while the rest can easily be found in natural food stores and cooperatives, as well as at metaphysical stores and online. Work Your Magic for Material, Emotional, and Spiritual Well-Being Here are just a few life-enhancing changes you can create in your life using the 52 spells, rituals, magical crafts and recipes in this herb-centered Book of Shadows: Create and maintain a positive, magical atmosphere in your home and sacred space Heal from grief, homesickness, old relationships and unwanted habits Reduce stress and anxiety, resolve sleep issues, and have amazing dreams Attract money, love, and good luck into your experience Improve divination and psychic awareness Manifest courage and self-confidence for any situation In short, you will many useful gems in Book of Herbal Spells, and will hopefully be inspired to develop your own magical workings, using the gifts granted to us all through the abundant generosity of our beloved Earth. If you're ready to begin working with magical herbs, scroll to the top of the page and select the buy now button. Readers will also be treated to an exclusive free eBook!
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Wicca Book of Spells and Witchcraft for Beginners The Guide of Shadows for Wiccans, Solitary Witches, and Other Practitioners of Magic Rituals

Author: Sarah Bruhun

Publisher: Sarah Bruhun

ISBN: 138641705X

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: N.A

View: 8155

Would you like to discover more about Wicca ? With this audiobook you will learn about the history and practice of the Wiccan tradition, discover the incredible power of spellcasting for health, wealth and happiness, and explore the magickal side of herbs & plants to connect with nature, as the earliest shamans did in the ancient world. The world we live in today seems wholly distant from the one our ancestors lived in—a world where humans and Nature were at one, their existence intertwined in the natural cycles of life. Wicca teaches us to appreciate the Earth, celebrating the intricate changes in the seasons and everything they bring. As you'll discover in this book, Wicca is a reincarnation of the very earliest religions, practiced for millennia before the advent of Christianity. Wiccans celebrate and share many of the same beliefs our ancestors held, with practices that honor the old ways while being compatible with contemporary life. For thousands of years, our ancestors believed that the Elements — Earth, Air, Fire, and Water — were the building blocks of the Universe, and their inherent properties and energies could be directed to manifest particular outcomes. Through ritual and magic, Wiccans interact with the primal forces of the Elements in a variety of ways, calling upon them for assistance in the transformation of their realities. Interest in Wicca, Witchcraft, and contemporary magic has increased exponentially over the past few decades. The dramatic rise of this Nature-based religion is due at least in part to the Internet—just twenty years ago, people curious about these subjects often had little access to credible information, especially those without a good New Age or Occult bookstore nearby. But the appeal of Wicca is also growing in tandem with the increasing complexities of our modern, high-pressured mainstream society. Whether you're just looking to learn more about the Wiccan way of life, or you want to start practicing Wicca yourself, you will have a solid understanding of the essence of Wicca after listening to this audiobook. Click the Buy Botton and Start Practicing Witchcraft Today!
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Witchcraft: Wicca for Beginner's, Book of Shadows, Candle Magic, Herbal Magic, Wicca Altar

Author: Valerie W. Holt

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1387058002

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 252

View: 1254

A Beginner's Guide to Witchcraft Valerie has bundled together her best-selling five-book Wicca/Witchcraft series. Learn everything you need to know to begin your Witchcraft journey. When you purchase this book you're getting Wicca for Beginner's, Wicca Book of Shadows, Wicca Herbal Magic, Wicca Candle Magic and Wicca Altar.
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Wicca

A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner

Author: Scott Cunningham

Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide

ISBN: 0738717150

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 240

View: 324

Cunningham’s classic introduction to Wicca is about how to live life magically, spiritually, and wholly attuned with nature. It is a book of sense and common sense, not only about magick, but about religion and one of the most critical issues of today: how to achieve the much needed and wholesome relationship with our Earth. Cunningham presents Wicca as it is today: a gentle, Earth-oriented religion dedicated to the Goddess and God. Wicca also includes Scott Cunningham’s own Book of Shadows and updated appendices of periodicals and occult suppliers.
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Cunningham's Book of Shadows

The Path of An American Traditionalist

Author: Scott Cunningham

Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide

ISBN: 0738721441

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 288

View: 8755

"Wiccan readers will treasure this blast from the past as one final word from the revered teacher."—Library Journal Llewellyn is pleased to present a new Scott Cunningham book—a long-lost Book of Shadows. Recently discovered in a battered manila envelope, this previously unpublished manuscript was penned by Scott in the early 1980s. This rare book includes original spells, rituals, and invocations and an herbal grimoire. Featured in the design are Scott’s actual hand-drawn signs, symbols, and runes. More than ten years after his passing, Scott Cunningham is still an iconic and highly regarded figure in the magical community. His books on Wicca are considered classics, and his writings continue to inspire and inform those new to the Craft.
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Wicca

Einführung in die Spiritualität und Praxis der Neuen Hexenkunst

Author: Scott Cunningham

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548742502

Category:

Page: 239

View: 5912

Was nützen jahrtausendealte Hexenrituale, wenn sie uns fremd und seltsam erseheinen? Der wellweit führende Wicca-Experte Scott Cunningham zeigt, dass es heute viele individuelle Wege gibt, sich mit magischen Kräften zu verbinden. In diesem klassischen Ein
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The Craft

A Witch's Book of Shadows

Author: Dorothy Morrison

Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide

ISBN: 9781567184464

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 213

View: 7787

Beginning with the basics of the Wiccan religion and its practices, this book contains everything needed for successful witchery, including mental theory, magikcal theory, and practical training exercises.
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Der Hexenhammer

Author: Jakob Sprenger

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849611426

Category:

Page: 583

View: 1374

Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine detaillierte Abhandlung über die Geschichte der Hexe und der Hexenverfolgung. Der Hexenhammer (lat. Malleus Maleficarum) ist ein Werk zur Legitimation der Hexenverfolgung, das der Dominikaner Heinrich Kramer (lat. Henricus Institoris) nach heutigem Forschungsstand im Jahre 1486 in Speyer veröffentlichte und das bis ins 17. Jahrhundert hinein in 29 Auflagen erschien. Der Hexenhammer muss in engem Zusammenhang mit der sogenannten Hexenbulle des Papstes Innozenz VIII. vom 5. Dezember 1484 gesehen werden. Die päpstliche Bulle Summis desiderantes affectibus markierte zwar nicht den Beginn der Hexenverfolgungen in Europa, jedoch erreichte sie nun mit offizieller Beglaubigung durch das Oberhaupt der römisch-katholischen Kirche eine völlig neue Dimension. Kramer sammelt mit seinem Gehilfe Dr. theol. Johannes Gremper in seinem Buch weit verbreitete Ansichten über die Hexen und Zauberer. Im Hexenhammer werden die bestehenden Vorurteile übersichtlich präsentiert und mit einer vermeintlich wissenschaftlichen Argumentation begründet. Durch klare Regeln wird eine systematische Verfolgung und Vernichtung der vermeintlichen Hexen gefordert.Der Hexenhammer ist als scholastische Abhandlung verfasst und in drei Teile gegliedert. Im ersten Teil definiert Kramer, was unter einer Hexe zu verstehen sei. Gelegentlich spricht er zwar von männlichen Zauberern, bezieht sich aber hauptsächlich auf das weibliche Geschlecht. Seiner Meinung nach sind Frauen für die schwarze Magie anfälliger als Männer. Sie seien schon bei der Schöpfung benachteiligt gewesen, weil Gott Eva aus Adams Rippe schuf. Außerdem warf er den Frauen, die er als „Feind der Freundschaft, eine unausweichliche Strafe, ein notwendiges Übel, eine natürliche Versuchung, eine begehrenswerte Katastrophe, eine häusliche Gefahr, einen erfreulichen Schaden, ein Übel der Natur“ bezeichnet, Defizite im Glauben vor. Dies begründete er mit einer eigenwilligen Etymologie des lateinischen Wortes femina, das er aus lat. fides „Glauben“ und minus „weniger“ ableitete. Er unterstellte den Frauen sexuelle Unersättlichkeit. Deshalb hätten sie auch intimen Kontakt mit speziellen Dämonen (Incubi). Der Teufelspakt bilde zusammen mit der schlechten Veranlagung der Frauen und der göttlichen Zulassung die Grundlage für das gefürchtete Phänomen der Hexe. Die Männer fielen dem Zauber der Frauen zum Opfer. (aus wikipedia.de)
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Witch Crafting

A Spiritual Guide to Making Magic

Author: Phyllis Curott

Publisher: Harmony

ISBN: 0767910974

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 352

View: 4153

Phyllis Curott’s first book, Book of Shadows, was an inspirational, spiritual memoir that chronicled her journey from Ivy League-educated, New York City attorney to Wiccan High Priestess. By inviting readers of all faiths to share in her own personal transformation, Phyllis debunked many of the myths surrounding Wicca and revealed it for what it really is: a spiritual movement whose tenets of Goddess worship and reverence for Nature were a great deal more accessible and familiar than she’d ever expected. In Witch Crafting, Phyllis digs deep into the practices and principles of Witchcraft to provide a comprehensive guidebook that anyone "novices and seasoned practitioners alike" can use to incorporate the beauty and power of Wicca into their own daily lives. Far from being just another mechanical spell book, Witch Crafting is the first book to offer readers not only the how-to of Witchcraft, but also the why-to, explaining the profound spiritual tenets behind Wiccan techniques. Filled with both traditional and innovative shamanic practices, Phyllis also provides an empowering new definition of magic and reexamines the ethics under which Witchcraft is practiced, offering a groundbreaking alternative to the Threefold Law. With enchanting stories from Curott’s own experiences, Witch Crafting will also teach you how to: • Master the secret arts of effective spellcasting • Create sacred space and personal rituals • Perform divinations for spiritual insight and earthly success • Tap into the power of altered states, such as dreaming, meditation, prayer, and trance • Keep a magical journal and create your own Book of Shadows ·Keep a magical Rich with detailed advice for making magic, working with Nature, and finding the Divine within, as well as thought-provoking evaluations of this remarkable spirituality, Witch Crafting is the special volume that you’ve been searching for. Whether you are a beginner or have been practicing Witchcraft for years, whether you worship in a coven or on your own, Witch Crafting is the ideal handbook for you, or anyone seeking to unlock the divine power that makes real magic happen and experience the ecstasy, energy, and gifts of the Universe more fully.
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The Wiccan Spells Book

Author: Dayanara Blue Star

Publisher: Dayanara Blue Star

ISBN: 1506196284

Category: Religion

Page: 24

View: 6489

Wicca is also known as Witchcraft and The Craft. It is a religion that emphasizes nature, peaceful living, and spirituality. As such, it is vastly different than Satanism with which it is sometimes confused or unfairly compared to. Another singular feature of Wicca is its belief in magic. Wiccans practice a vast array of Wiccan spells and rituals such as Wiccan spells for love and Wiccan healing spells. Wiccan spells go beyond protection. Other examples are Wiccan money spells and Wiccan spells for love and healing. Wiccan money spells are meant to grant the spell-caster more money in their life. Money spells will increase a person's luck in earning and receiving money, and make them more overall successful financially. Wiccan love spells may make the spell caster more attractive in general, or they can be catered to make someone attractive to one particular individual. Some Wiccan love spells might even make a person fall in love with the spell user. The Wicca faith has an incredible range of spells and magic that are incredibly interesting to study. Read on to learn more about this fascinating religion and its unique magical features.
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Okkulte Magie

Author: Ferdinand Schmidt

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3864711185

Category:

Page: 96

View: 6660

Ein Brevier f r J nger okkultistischer Weltanschauung, Nachdruck des Originals von 1908. Mit einer bersichtstafel ber die Astralwelt.
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The Wicca Handbook

Author: Eileen Holland

Publisher: Weiser Books

ISBN: 9781578631353

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 309

View: 1702

Witch. What a powerful word it is. It attracts, it repels, it frightens, it fascinates. It offers hope to those who do not know where to turn. Modern witches -- following the traditions of our earliest ancestors -- are the shamans and healers of the 21st century. They practice the ancient art of sacred magic in the modern world. The Wicca Handbook is both a tutorial for new witches and an exceptionally well-organized reference book for experienced practitioners. It guides us through the first steps in becoming a witch, explores many Wiccan traditions, initiations, and magical practices. The Wiccan year -- the eight Sabbats -- along with many of its rituals and ceremonies are examined. You will learn about spell casting, sex magic, and the techniques used to raise power. One of the most outstanding features of this book is Eileen Holland's extensive correspondence tables which cover virtually every facet of witchcraft: creativity, fertility, healing, love, magic, finances, psychic protection, astral projection, wisdom, heavenly bodies, animals, colors, metals, rocks and gemstones, the alphabet, and numbers. With so much information, this is bound to become a dog-eared favorite in any witch's library.
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Living Wicca

A Further Guide for the Solitary Practitioner

Author: Scott Cunningham

Publisher: Llewellyn Worldwide

ISBN: 9780875421841

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 220

View: 9622

The sequel to "Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner, " this book is a step-by-step guide for those who have made the conscious decision to bring their Wiccan spirituality into their everyday lives.
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The Wiccan Book

Author: Dayanara Blue Star

Publisher: Dayanara Blue Star

ISBN: 1511559748

Category: Religion

Page: 36

View: 7475

In today's society the fascination with all things supernatural has become a fad among teenagers and young-adults. Movies about witchcraft, covens, Wiccans, and other magical beings have caused the practice of magic to be clumped into the generic term, paganism. The truth is that Wiccan is very different from traditional witchcraft. Wiccan, witchcraft and paganism are not interchangeable terms. If you want to be Wiccan your first journey is to understand: What is Wiccan? In this book you will learn: An Introduction to Wiccan Religion What Is Wicca? Wiccan Beliefs How to Become a Wiccan - The Basic Overview Wiccan Prayers How to Become a Wiccan - The Basic Overview Wiccan God and Goddesses The Wiccan Alphabet: A Lovely Form of Communication Wiccan Runes Wiccan Altar Wiccan Books Wiccan Rituals Wiccan Symbols Wiccan Names All about Wiccan Holidays or Sabbats The Wiccan Rede All about Wiccan Supplies Wiccan Quotes Wiccan Pentagram An Objective Conclusion about the Wiccan Religion Take advantage of this great opportunity to learn more about Wicca and take the next step in your magical journey!
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The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft & Wicca, Rosemary Ellen Guiley, 2008

The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft & Wicca

Author: N.A

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 449

View: 7723

Centuries ago, the inquisitors and witch-hunters who executed witches as servants of the Devil believed they were doing a service to God and humanity. They envisioned a society free of witchcraft, which they viewed as heresy, a scourge, an evil and a blight. They would be astonished today to find that Witchcraft—with a capital W—has become one of the fastest-growing religions in Western culture. How did this 180-degree turn take place? The road from sorcery to spirituality is a colorful one, full of secrets, twists, rituals and compelling personalities. In its short half century as a religion, Witchcraft has a history rivaling that of any of the world’s great faiths in drama, intrigue, pathos and triumph. Witchcraft has taken its place in the ecumenical religious theater. Traditionally, witchcraft—with a small w—is a form of sorcery, concerned with spells and divination. The magical witch, the sorcerer witch, was not practicing a religion of witchcraft, but was practicing a magical art, passed down through families or taught by adepts. Witches have never enjoyed a good reputation. Almost universally since ancient times, witchcraft has been associated with malevolence and evil. Witches are thought to be up to no good, interested in wreaking havoc and bringing misery to others. Individuals who used the magical arts to divine and to heal often took great pains to call themselves something other than “witch.” In Christianity, witchcraft became interpreted as serving the Devil in his plan to subvert and destroy souls. A witch hysteria mounted in Europe, Britain and even the American colonies and was seized upon by the church as a way of eliminating rival religious sects, political enemies and social outcasts. From the 14th to 18th centuries, thousands of people—perhaps hundreds of thousands— were tortured, jailed, maimed and executed on charges of witchcraft. Many of them were innocent, framed by personal enemies or tortured into confessions. They told lurid stories of signing pacts with the Devil in blood, of being given demons in the form of animal familiars that would do their malevolent bidding and of attending horrid feasts called sabbats, where they would kiss the anus of the Devil and roast babies for a meal. None of these tales was ever substantiated by fact, but they served as sufficient evidence to condemn those who confessed to them. The accused also admitted to doing evil to their families, friends, neighbors, rivals and enemies. How much of that was true is uncertain. Folk magic practices were part of everyday life, and casting a spell against someone, especially to redress a wrong, was commonplace. Since most confessions were extracted under fear and torture, it is likely that a great deal of untruth and exaggeration spilled out. In the American colonies, the Puritans were obsessed with evil and believed the Devil had followed them across the ocean from England to destroy them. No wonder this paranoia erupted into witch hunts, including those in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692, when the tales of hysterical girls were enough to send people to their deaths. The stigma upon witchcraft left by the Inquisition and witch hunts lingers to this day, perpetuated by lurid films S Introduction S xii The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca and novels of baby-eating hags and Satan worshipers gathered in candlelit circles intoning ominous chants. Witchcraft as a religion was born in Britain after World War II and came out of the closet when the anti-witchcraft laws there were repealed in 1953. It is argued that Gerald B. Gardner, the man who more or less invented the religion, should have chosen another term besides witchcraft for the mix of pagan, ceremonial magic and occult material he assembled. Perhaps witchcraft sounded secretive, exotic and forbidden. It certainly struck the right chord with the public, who suddenly could not get enough of witches. Gardner may not have envisioned a worldwide religious movement, but that is what unfolded, first with the export of Witchcraft to the United States, Canada and Europe, and then around the world. The “Gardner tradition,” as it became known, quickly mutated into offshoots. A spiritual tradition that reinvented pagan deities and rituals, combined with folk magic and ceremonial magic, proved to be what many people wanted. Alienated by the dry, crusty rituals and somber dogma of patriarchal mainstream Christianity and Judaism, people were hungry for a spirituality that was fresh and creative. Witchcraft— as well as reborn Paganism, reconstructions of pre-Christian and non-Christian traditions—offered just that, along with independence, autonomy, a connection to Nature and direct contact with the Divine. No need for meddling priests, ministers and clergy to guard the gates to the Godhead—or the afterlife. Another appeal was the top billing given to the feminine aspect of deity—the Goddess. And, sensuality was honored and celebrated, not punished. Witchcraft the religion, along with its Pagan cousins, flourished in the blooming New Age counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s and then took hold on the edges of mainstream society. In the years since its birth, Witchcraft has solidified some in uniform codes, values and core beliefs. But at heart it remains fluid, constantly evolving in practice and interpretation. Practitioners find Witchcraft empowering and believe it provides a powerful spiritual path on a par with all other mystical, spiritual and religious paths. Dozens and dozens of Witchcraft and Pagan traditions exist, and new ones are born all the time. Witchcraft and Paganism have survived the first tests of time. The movements took hold in the baby boom generation. Now, the children and grandchildren of those people are growing up Wiccan and Pagan, and new young people are attracted to the fold in increasing numbers. But there remains that pesky word witchcraft, which still evokes Satan, evil and black magic to many outsiders. For decades now, Witches have argued about whether or not Witch ought to be replaced with a term that doesn’t come with so much negative baggage. Some have adopted the terms Wicca and Wiccan to describe themselves and their religion and also to distinguish who they are and what they do from folk magic. Today, most Witches stand firm by the terms Witch and Witchcraft, believing that the public can and should be reeducated about both. They have made headway, for Witchcraft/Wiccan churches are recognized legally, Witch holidays have gained some official recognition, and, in the United States, Wiccan military veterans have won the right to have the pentacle, their religious symbol, placed on their tombstones. The different kinds and definitions of witchcraft present a challenge in putting together an encyclopedia. First, there is witchcraft the magical art, which deals with sorcery, spell-casting for good or ill, healing and divination. Then there is the Inquisition witchcraft, the alleged Devil worship. And then there is Witchcraft the religion. All three overlap, and all three are covered in this volume. Most of the topics deal with the history and evolution of witchcraft in the West, though there are entries of crosscultural interest. I have used a lower-case w to describe folk and Inquisition witches and witchcraft, and a capital W to refer to the modern religion. I have also used the terms Wicca and Wiccan for the modern religion. Likewise, a lowercase p in pagan and paganism are used for pre- and non-Christian references, while a capital P refers to modern religious traditions. Witchcraft the modern religion is considered a form of Paganism, but there are many forms of Paganism that are not Witchcraft. Topics include folklore, historical cases and events, biographies, descriptions of beliefs, rites and practices and related topics. For the third edition, I have added entries in all categories and have updated entries to reflect changes and developments. Students of the Salem witch hysteria will find individual biographies on the key victims. Witchcraft is a topic of enduring interest and study. In one respect, it peeks into a shadow side of the occult and the dark underbelly of human nature. In another respect, it opens into a realm of spiritual light. The church may never officially apologize for the Inquisition, which destroyed many people other than accused witches. Perhaps the success of Witchcraft the religion is karmic payback for a campaign of terror in the name of religion. —Rosemary Ellen Guiley
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