White Sports/Black Sports: Racial Disparities in Athletic Programs

Racial Disparities in Athletic Programs

Author: Lori Latrice Martin Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440800545

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 2645

The racial makeup of sports in the United States serves as a classic example of racism in the 21st century. This book examines the racial disparities in sports and the continuing significance of race in 21st-century America, debunking the myth of a "postracial society." • Examines how race and sports are powerful social constructions • Presents examples of how sports can serve as both a liberating and an oppressive force • Explains how sports influence and are influenced by society and the ways in which institutional barriers and personal practices perpetuate racism in sports and in the society at large • Documents how historic racial stereotypes, such as the "brute" and "sapphire" caricatures, are alive and well in the world of sports
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Out in Sport

The experiences of openly gay and lesbian athletes in competitive sport

Author: Eric Anderson,Rory Magrath,Rachael Bullingham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317295412

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 5275

Research has shown that since the turn of the millennia, matters have rapidly improved for gays and lesbians in sport. Where gay and lesbian athletes were merely tolerated a decade ago, today they are celebrated. This book represents the most comprehensive examination of the experiences of gays and lesbians in sport ever produced. Drawing on interviews with openly gay and lesbian athletes in the US and the UK, as well as media accounts, the book examines the experiences of ‘out’ men and women, at recreational, high school, university and professional levels, in addition to those competing in gay sports leagues. Offering a new approach to understanding this important topic, Out in Sport is essential reading for students and scholars of sport studies, LGBT studies and sociology, as well as sports practitioners and trainers.
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The Race Controversy in American Education [2 volumes]

Author: Lillian Dowdell Drakeford Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440832641

Category: Social Science

Page: 833

View: 3761

In this unique two-volume work, expert scholars and practitioners examine race and racism in public education, tackling controversial educational issues such as the school-to-prison pipeline, charter schools, school funding, affirmative action, and racialized curircula. • Provides essays that are subjective and passionate yet grounded in scholarship and practical experience • Challenges assumptions about the roles race and racism play in educational policy and decision making • Offers ideas, strategies, and solutions aimed at decreasing racial inequality in public education • Addresses concerns related to a variety of historically marginalized student populations, including teen mothers, students with special needs, and immigrant populations • Examines global concerns associated with race, racism, and anti-racist pedagogy
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Racism in American Popular Media: From Aunt Jemima to the Frito Bandito

From Aunt Jemima to the Frito Bandito

Author: Brian D. Behnken,Gregory D. Smithers

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440829772

Category: Social Science

Page: 146

View: 7838

This book examines how the media—including advertising, motion pictures, cartoons, and popular fiction—has used racist images and stereotypes as marketing tools that malign and debase African Americans, Latinos, American Indians, and Asian Americans in the United States. • Addresses the current and important subject of how the powerful and pervasive messages in the media communicate and reinforce common racial stereotypes about people of color to vast audiences—especially children • Examines popular depictions of people of color going back to the 1880s and details how those depictions have changed • Explores "fun" subject matter that student readers find interesting—pop culture and how it shapes our daily experiences—with an analytical, critical edge
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Consumer Equality: Race and the American Marketplace

Race and the American Marketplace

Author: Geraldine Rosa Henderson,Anne-Marie Hakstian,Jerome D. Williams

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 144083377X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 2807

This book provides a vivid examination of the issue of consumer inequality in America—one of society's most under-discussed and critical issues—through the evaluation of real-life cases, the trend of consumers suing companies for discrimination, and the application of novel frameworks to establish legitimate consumer equality. • Provides insights from three of the recognized leading authorities in the field who have collaborated extensively in conducting research on marketplace discrimination • Considers a wide array of lawsuits that document the growing trend of consumers taking companies to court for discrimination and examines the results of these legal cases to draw conclusions that will interest attorneys for plaintiffs and defendants in marketplace discrimination cases, consumer advocates, and public policymakers responsible for amending legislation to address issues of marketplace discrimination • Analyzes national crime reporting databases to gain insight into how law enforcement in the marketplace impacts various racial-ethnic communities
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How Racism and Sexism Killed Traditional Media: Why the Future of Journalism Depends on Women and People of Color

Why the Future of Journalism Depends on Women and People of Color

Author: Joshunda Sanders

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440830827

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 639

An evaluative examination that challenges the media to rise above the systematic racism and sexism that persists across all channels, despite efforts to integrate. • Gives a thorough background on the history of minority-produced media • Highlights ideas for improving hiring practices and coverage for minorities • Identifies the growing number of news consumers who are people of color • Provides a chronology of diversity efforts in legacy newsrooms • Includes material derived from interviews with experts like Dori J. Maynard with the Maynard Institute for Journalism Education and veteran journalists like Ellis Cose and Danyel Smith
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Playing While White

Privilege and Power on and off the Field

Author: David J. Leonard

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295741899

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 320

View: 2372

Playing While White argues that whiteness matters in sports culture, both on and off the field. Offering critical analysis of athletic stars such as Johnny Manziel, Marshall Henderson, Jordan Spieth, Lance Armstrong, Josh Hamilton, as well as the predominantly white cultures of NASCAR and extreme sports, David Leonard identifies how whiteness is central to the commodification of athletes and the sports they play. Leonard demonstrates that sporting cultures are a key site in the trafficking of racial ideas, narratives, and ideologies. He identifies how white athletes are frequently characterized as intelligent leaders who are presumed innocent of the kinds of transgressions black athletes are often pathologized for. With an analysis of the racial dynamics of sports traditions as varied as football, cycling, hockey, baseball, tennis, snowboarding, and soccer, as well as the reception and media portrayals of specific white athletes, Leonard examines how and why whiteness matters within sports and what that tells us about race in the twenty-first century United States.
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Sex Segregation in Sports: Why Separate Is Not Equal

Why Separate Is Not Equal

Author: Adrienne N. Milner,Jomills Henry Braddock II

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440838119

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 208

View: 4717

Why isn't segregation based on sex illegal in sports just as race segregation is? This book examines the controversial issue, arguing that "separate but equal" is neither achievable nor constitutional. • Features both current and historical events to support the argument for sex integration in sports • Examines how sex and race are social constructions and considers their connected plights • Presents both legal and social arguments for the elimination of sports-related sex segregation • Challenges legal, biological, and social arguments against sex integration • Analyzes the legal nuances of Title IX legislation and Brown vs. Board of Education and compares the two cases
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When Race, Religion, and Sport Collide

Black Athletes at BYU and Beyond

Author: Darron T. Smith

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442217901

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 230

View: 8505

This book tells the story of Brandon Davies’ dismissal from BYU’s NCAA playoff basketball team to illustrate the thorny intersection of religion, race, and sport in college athletics. Weaving together the history of black athletes and the black Mormon experience, the book offers a powerful analysis of the challenges facing black athletes today.
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The New Plantation

Black Athletes, College Sports, and Predominantly White NCAA Institutions

Author: Billy Hawkins

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137357002

Category: Education

Page: 260

View: 469

The New Plantation examines the controversial relationship between predominantly White NCAA Division I Institutions (PWI's) and black athletes, utilizing an internal colonial model.
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Black and Blue

The Origins and Consequences of Medical Racism

Author: J. Hoberman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520274016

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 3783

Black & Blue is the first systematic description of how American doctors think about racial differences and how this kind of thinking affects the treatment of their black patients. The standard studies of medical racism examine past medical abuses of black people and do not address the racially motivated thinking and behaviors of physicians practicing medicine today. Black & Blue penetrates the physician’s private sphere where racial fantasies and misinformation distort diagnoses and treatments. Doctors have always absorbed the racial stereotypes and folkloric beliefs about racial differences that permeate the general population. Within the world of medicine this racial folklore has infiltrated all of the medical sub-disciplines, from cardiology to gynecology to psychiatry. Doctors have thus imposed white or black racial identities upon every organ system of the human body, along with racial interpretations of black children, the black elderly, the black athlete, black musicality, black pain thresholds, and other aspects of black minds and bodies. The American medical establishment does not readily absorb either historical or current information about medical racism. For this reason, racial enlightenment will not reach medical schools until the current race-aversive curricula include new historical and sociological perspectives.
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Pay to Play: Race and the Perils of the College Sports Industrial Complex

Author: Lori Latrice Martin Ph.D.,Kenneth J. Fasching-Varner Ph.D.,Nicholas D. Hartlep Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440843163

Category: Social Science

Page: 207

View: 2341

This book advances the debate about paying "student" athletes in big-time college sports by directly addressing the red-hot role of race in college sports. It concludes by suggesting a remedy to positively transform college sports. • Examines the longstanding controversy regarding whether colleges must "pay to play" when it comes to being competitive in high-profile sports and how this debate intersects with perceptions of race • Suggests a remedy for transforming big-time college sports that can simultaneously benefit colleges and universities, non-revenue generating sports, elite college athletes, and professional sports teams • Presents provocative and insightful information for scholars and students in the fields of sociology, kinesiology, education, gender studies, black history, sports management, urban studies, communications, and labor relations as well as for current athletes, former athletes, and fans of college sports
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The New Plantation

Black Athletes, College Sports, and Predominantly White NCAA Institutions

Author: B. Hawkins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023010553X

Category: Education

Page: 238

View: 3565

The New Plantation examines the controversial relationship between predominantly White NCAA Division I Institutions (PWI s) and black athletes, utilizing an internal colonial model. It provides a much-needed in-depth analysis to fully comprehend the magnitude of the forces at work that impact black athletes experiences at PWI s. Hawkins provides a conceptual framework for understanding the structural arrangements of PWI s and how they present challenges to Black athletes academic success; yet, challenges some have overcome and gone on to successful careers, while many have succumbed to these prevailing structural arrangements and have not benefited accordingly. The work is a call for academic reform, collective accountability from the communities that bear the burden of nurturing this athletic talent and the institutions that benefit from it, and collective consciousness to the Black male athletes that make of the largest percentage of athletes who generate the most revenue for the NCAA and its member institutions. Its hope is to promote a balanced exchange in the athletic services rendered and the educational services received.
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Ballers of the New School

Race and Sports in America

Author: Thabiti Lewis

Publisher: Anchor Books

ISBN: 9780883783115

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 7087

"Ballers of the New School is indeed an apropos title for Thabiti Lewis's Challenging and innovative take on a new generation of black athletes. Punctuated with striking candor and an adroit understanding of contemporary popular cuture, Lewis's Ballers of the New School is a much needed addition to scholarship on race and sports." ---Mark Anthony Neal, author of New Black Man "Coming out of nowhere like a Mike Tyson uppercut, Thabiti Lewis's Ballers of the New School is a shock to the system. Rarely has the intersection of sports and race and race-ISM been discussed with such bracing honesty, such generosity and such anger born of love. It's an absolute stunner." ---Dave Zirin, author of A People's History of Sports in the United States Ballers of the New School is a timely and important work. At once a scholarly triumph, powerful social critique, and moving personal story, it challenges readers to set aside received wisdom that sports are the epitome of racial harmony and progress and reflect seriously on structures of racial inequality and how African Americans have struggled against them. Lewis is to be commended for pairing a penetrating critical analysis with an impassioned call for action directed at players, gatekeepers, and fans." ---Richard King, Washington State University, Ethnic Studies Chairman
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Benching Jim Crow

The Rise and Fall of the Color Line in Southern College Sports, 1890-1980

Author: Charles H. Martin

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252077504

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 9462

"Historians, sports scholars, and students will refer to Benching Jim Crow for many years to come as the standard source on the integration of intercollegiate sport."ùMark S. Dyreson, author of Making the American Team: Sport, Culture, and the Olympic Experience --
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When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America

Author: Ira Katznelson

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393347141

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 8928

A groundbreaking work that exposes the twisted origins of affirmative action. In this "penetrating new analysis" (New York Times Book Review) Ira Katznelson fundamentally recasts our understanding of twentieth-century American history and demonstrates that all the key programs passed during the New Deal and Fair Deal era of the 1930s and 1940s were created in a deeply discriminatory manner. Through mechanisms designed by Southern Democrats that specifically excluded maids and farm workers, the gap between blacks and whites actually widened despite postwar prosperity. In the words of noted historian Eric Foner, "Katznelson's incisive book should change the terms of debate about affirmative action, and about the last seventy years of American history."
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Sports and Inequality

Author: Michael J. Cozzillio,Robert L. Hayman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 1074

View: 5803

Sports and Inequality is a comprehensive collection of annotated writings examining the legal and social implications of discrimination in both the professional and amateur sports contexts. The text examines the full scope of sports discrimination issues, specifically, the history of and contemporary experience with discrimination based on race, gender, disability, ethnic background, age, religion, and sexual orientation.Topics embrace the paradigmatic discrimination issues, including disparities in employment and educational contexts and the exclusion of persons from public facilities or services based on race, gender, or disability. A considerable portion of the book is devoted to the absence of racial and gender diversity both on the playing fields and in the front office, with particular emphasis on hiring, advancement, and compensation. The book also addresses less obvious examples of inequality, such as the effect of offensive logos on trademark certification; private clubs and the extent to which their systematic exclusion of minorities and women can and should be combated; NCAA eligibility criteria; abuse of spouses or partners by athletes and mistreatment of athletes, particularly young women, by coaches and other authority figures; and a score of related subjects.The text considers its topics from a broad spectrum of perspectives, utilizing both legal and non-legal resources — judicial opinions, statutory provisions, and articles and book excerpts from a variety of disciplines — to offer a wide-ranging survey of views on sports and inequality. The writings are supplemented with extensive notes, questions, references, and in-class exercises.
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Out of Bounds: Racism and the Black Athlete

Author: Lori Latrice Martin Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313399387

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 1403

This collection of essays highlights the controversies surrounding racism in sports and African American athletes, examining the racial discrimination that exists in one of the most public arenas in the 21st century. • Enables readers to comprehend how sports influence—and are influenced by—society, and grasp that both race and sports are powerful social constructions • Contains contributions from sociologist and social theorist Joe Feagin, a highly respected authority on the subject of race • Identifies and discusses the institutional barriers and personal practices regarding African Americans that perpetuate racism in sports and our society at large
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Blacks and Whites in Christian America

How Racial Discrimination Shapes Religious Convictions

Author: Jason E. Shelton,Michael O. O. Emerson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814722784

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 8735

2012 Winner of the C. Calvin Smith Award presented by the Southern Conference on African American Studies, Inc. 2014 Honorable Mention for the Distinguished Book Award presented by the American Sociological Association's Sociology of Religion Section Conventional wisdom holds that Christians, as members of a “universal” religion, all believe more or less the same things when it comes to their faith. Yet black and white Christians differ in significant ways, from their frequency of praying or attending services to whether they regularly read the Bible or believe in Heaven or Hell. In this engaging and accessible sociological study of white and black Christian beliefs, Jason E. Shelton and Michael O. Emerson push beyond establishing that there are racial differences in belief and practice among members of American Protestantism to explore why those differences exist. Drawing on the most comprehensive and systematic empirical analysis of African American religious actions and beliefs to date, they delineate five building blocks of black Protestant faith which have emerged from the particular dynamics of American race relations. Shelton and Emerson find that America’s history of racial oppression has had a deep and fundamental effect on the religious beliefs and practices of blacks and whites across America.
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Scandals in College Sports

Author: Shaun R. Harper,Jamel K. Donnor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317569415

Category: Education

Page: 254

View: 8410

This timely book highlights the impact that sports have on institutions of higher education and guides college leaders and educators in informed discussions of policy and practice. Scandals in College Sports includes 21 classic and contemporary case studies and ethical dilemmas showcasing challenges that threatened the integrity and credibility of intercollegiate sports programs at a range of institutional types across the country. Cases cover NCAA policy violations and ethical dilemmas involving student-athletes, coaches, and other stakeholders, including scandals of academic misconduct, illegal recruiting practices, sexual assault, inappropriate sexual relationships, hazing, concussions, and point shaving. Each chapter author explores the details of the specific case, presents the dilemma in a broader sociocultural context, and ultimately offers an alternative ending to help guide future practice.
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