When Crime Appears

The Role of Emergence

Author: Jean Marie McGloin,Christopher J. Sullivan,Leslie W. Kennedy,Professor and Dean in the School of Criminal Justice Leslie W Kennedy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113662449X

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 4146

In recent years, the idea of emergence, which suggests that observed patterns in behavior and events are not fully reductive and stem from complex lower-level interactions, has begun to take hold in the social sciences. Criminologists have started to use this framework to improve our general understanding of the etiology of crime and criminal behavior. When Crime Appears: The Role of Emergence is concerned with our ability to make sense of the complex underpinnings of the end-stage patterns and events that we see in studying crime and offers an early narrative on the concept of emergence as it pertains to criminological research. Collectively, the chapters in this volume provide a sense of why the emergence framework could be useful, outlines its core conceptual properties, provides some examples of its potential application, and presents some discussion of methodological and analytic issues related to its adoption.
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Snapshots of Research

Readings in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Richard D. Hartley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452238510

Category: Education

Page: 464

View: 4155

Snapshots of Research: Readings in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a comprehensive, cutting-edge text that provides an introductory overview of the main research methods used in the fields of criminology and criminal justice. This text/reader offers a wide range of modern research examples, as well as several classic articles, including a broad range of readings from the four major branches of the criminal justice system—policing, courts/law, juvenile justice, and corrections—that are relevant to career paths students may be interested in pursuing.
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Race, Crime, and Justice

A Reader

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135398569

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 7915

A comprehensive collection of the essential writings on race and crime, this important Reader spans more than a century and clearly demonstrates the long-standing difficulties minorities have faced with the justice system. The editors skillfully draw on the classic work of such thinkers as W.E.B. DuBois and Gunnar Myrdal as well as the contemporary work of scholars such as Angela Davis, Joan Petersilia, John Hagen and Robert Sampson. This anthology also covers all of the major topics and issues from policing, courts, drugs and urban violence to inequality, racial profiling and capital punishment. This is required reading for courses in criminology and criminal justice, legal studies, sociology, social work and race.
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White-Collar Crime and Criminal Careers

Author: David Weisburd,Walter E Meyer Professor of Law and Criminal Justice David Weisburd,Elin Waring,Ellen F. Chayet

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521777636

Category: Social Science

Page: 189

View: 6785

Weisburd and Waring offer here the first detailed examination of the white-collar criminal career.
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Voices from Criminal Justice

Thinking and Reflecting on the System

Author: Heith Copes,Mark Pogrebin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415887489

Category: Social Science

Page: 513

View: 9485

This innovative text/reader for undergraduate criminal justice courses in the United States provides a companion or alternative to traditional texts. Instead of providing a "catalog of information" this book gives students rich insights into what it is like to work within the system (as practitioners) as well as from those who experience criminal justice as outsiders (as citizens, clients, jurors, probationers, or inmates). By providing qualitative and teachable articles from the perspective of those who experience the three components of the criminal justice system, students will be better informed about the realities of the day-to-day job of criminal justice professionals. A second, but equally important, part of the readings asks that students look beyond the actual content of the articles and use a "critical thinking" perspective to develop their own thoughts about the functions of the criminal justice system on a broader societal level. The Editors have used these articles and this approach very successfully in their large undergraduate criminal justice classes, assigning the readings together with an "essentials" paperback text.
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Advancing Quantitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Travis C. Pratt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317995104

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 8239

Advancing Quantitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice is designed to promote the understanding of various quantitative research methods and to encourage their use among those seeking answers to questions about crime and justice. To this end a number of top scholars have been assembled to provide their insights on a variety of 'cutting edge' quantitative research techniques. The chapters that appear delve into the state of quantitative methods in the discipline, group-based trajectory modeling, spatial dependence models, structural equation models, meta-analysis, social network designs, panel data modeling, and censored regression techniques. This book will be highly beneficial for readers who seek to stay as current as possible as they pursue answers to questions about crime and justice using quantitative research methods. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Criminal Justice Education.
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Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Callie Marie Rennison,Timothy C. Hart

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544317859

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 8814

Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology connects key concepts to real field research and practices using contemporary examples and recurring case studies that demonstrate how concepts relate to your life. Authors Callie M. Rennison and Timothy C. Hart introduce practical research strategies used in criminal justice to show you how a research question can become a policy that changes or influences criminal justice practices. The book’s student-driven approach addresses both the why and the how as it covers the research process and focuses on the practical application of data collection and analysis. By demonstrating the variety of ways research can be used and reinforcing the need to discern quality research, the book prepares you to become a critical consumer and ethical producer of research.
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Gender and Crime

Author: Marisa Silvestri,Chris Crowther-Dowey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1849204861

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8058

This text provides a much-needed, comprehensive critical introduction to debates about the relationship between gender and crime. Bringing together both feminist and masculinist perspectives, the book is a 'one stop shop' for gaining knowledge and understanding of the field of gender and crime as a whole. In addition to offering an overview of key themes and issues, Silvestri and Crowther-Dowey breathe new life into existing and well-rehearsed debates by considering the usefulness of drawing on a human rights discourse for making sense of gender, crime and criminal justice. In re-thinking the experiences of women and men as offenders, victims and criminal justice professionals within a human rights framework, the authors encourage a fresh approach to traditional debates about gender and crime. The book integrates empirical, theoretical and policy-related materials in order to encourage a thorough understanding of the field. Complex ideas and debates are grounded with reference to real life examples. The learning process is supported through the use of chapter overviews, key terms, study questions and suggestions for further reading. Gender and Crime is essential reading for students and academics in criminology, sociology, social policy and gender studies. The Key Approaches to Criminology series celebrates the removal of traditional barriers between disciplines and, specifically, reflects criminology’s interdisciplinary nature and focus. It brings together some of the leading scholars working at the intersections of criminology and related subjects. Each book in the series helps readers to make intellectual connections between criminology and other discourses, and to understand the importance of studying crime and criminal justice within the context of broader debates. The series is intended to have appeal across the entire range of undergraduate and postgraduate studies and beyond, comprising books which offer introductions to the fields as well as advancing ideas and knowledge in their subject areas.
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When Crime Waves

Author: Vincent F Sacco,Vincent Sacco

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761927839

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 1568

When Crime Waves offers an in-depth exploration of a large number of social issues involved in the study of crime waves. Issues such as how and why crime rates change over time, why some types of crime and not others come in waves, and the role played by the mass media, politicians, and interest group leaders in the promotion of crime waves are discussed to help students develop analytical skills and apply them to real-world situations. offers an in-depth exploration of a large number of social issues involved in the study of crime waves. Issues such as how and why crime rates change over time, why some types of crime and not others come in waves, and the role played by the mass media, politicians, and interest group leaders in the promotion of crime waves are discussed to help students develop analytical skills and apply them to real-world situations.
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The Handbook of Crime & Punishment

Author: Michael H. Tonry

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195140606

Category: Law

Page: 803

View: 9148

Crime is one of the most significant political issues in contemporary American society. Crime control statistics and punishment policies are subjects of constant partisan debate, while the media presents sensationalized stories of criminal activity and over-crowded prisons. In the highly politicized arena of crime and justice, empirical data and reasoned analysis are often overlook or ignored. The Handbook of Crime and Punishment, however, provides a comprehensive overview of criminal justice, criminology, and crime control policy, thus enabling a fundamental understanding of crime and punishment essential to an informed public. Expansive in its coverage, the Handbook presents materials on crime and punishment trends as well as timely policy issues. The latest research on the demography of crime (race, gender, drug use) is included and weighty current problems (organized crime, white collar crime, family violence, sex offenders, youth gangs, drug abuse policy) are examined. Processes and institutions that deal with accused and convicted criminals and techniques of punishment are also examined. While some articles emphasize American research findings and developments, others incorporate international research and offer a comparative perspective from other English-speaking countries and Western Europe. Editor Michael Tonry, a leading scholar of criminology, introduces the 28 articles in the volume, each contributed by an expert in the field. Designed for a wide audience, The Handbook is encyclopedic in its range and depth of content, yet is written in an accessible style. The most inclusive and authoritative work on the topic to be found in one volume, this book will appeal to those interested in the study of crime and its causes, effects, trends, and institutions; those interested in the forms and philosophies of punishment; and those interested in crime control.
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Encyclopedia of Contemporary American Social Issues [4 volumes]

Author: Michael Shally-Jensen

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313392056

Category: Social Science

Page: 1707

View: 1843

This single-source reference will help students and general readers alike understand the most critical issues facing American society today. • Four volumes divided by subject area • 225 entries written by experienced researchers and professionals who are experts in their fields • Charts and graphs • Comprehensive bibliographies at the end of each topic volume • Sidebars containing interesting and useful tangents to the main discussion • Further reading section at end of each entry, including Internet links
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Victims, Crime and Society

Author: Pamela Davies,Peter Francis,Chris Greer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1849203504

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 7855

'Focusing on key issues, themes and concepts within victimology, this edited collection provides an accessible and comprehensive critical analysis of crucial areas within victimisation. The main theories are related to, and integrated with, empirical research in an engaging style.' - Dr Anette Ballinger, Keele University 'This book achieves the rare feat of helping its readers without patronising them. The aids to the reader - tables, boxes, glossaries, questions, and suggestions for further reading - will prove genuinely helpful to students and their teachers, but they appear within a text that is theoretically informed as well as comprehensive and up to date in its coverage. It deserves to be widely read and used in the teaching of criminology, victimology, and criminal justice' - Professor David Smith, University of Lancaster, UK. Organized around the intersecting social divisions of class, race, age and gender, the book provides an engaging and authoritative overview of the nature of victimisation in society. In addition to a review of the major theoretical developments in relation to understanding aspects of victimization in society, individual chapters explore the political and social context of victimisation and the historical, comparative and contemporary research and scholarly work on it. Each chapter includes the following: - Background and glossary - Theory, research and policy review - `Thinking critically about...' sections - Reflections and future research directions - Summary and conclusions - Annotated bibliography Victims, Crime and Society is the essential text on victims for students of criminology, criminal justice, community safety, youth justice and related areas.
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Criminal Justice Policy

Author: Stacy L. Mallicoat,Christine L. Gardiner

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322718

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 3186

Criminal Justice Policy provides a thematic overview of criminal justice policy and its relationship to the American criminal justice system. Scholars, practitioners, and politicians continually debate the value of these policies in their evaluations of the current system. As the nature of this subject involves a host of issues (including politics, public sentiment, research, and practice), the authors expertly highlight these concerns on criminal justice policy and address the implications for the overall system and society at large. This text is organized into three parts: Foundations of criminal justice policy focuses on the role of politics, best practices, and street level bureaucracy in criminal justice policy. Criminal justice policy in action provides an analysis of fifteen different policy issues in criminal justice, such as immigration, drugs, mental health and capital punishment. Each section begins with a basic summary of the policy, accompanied by a brief synopsis of the framing issues. This brief, but informative summary, draws students’ attention to essential concepts and ideas, provides a roadmap for what they can expect to learn, and ensures continuity throughout the text. The text concludes with a discussion about the future directions of criminal justice policy.
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Crime and Everyday Life

Author: Marcus Felson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761987611

Category: Social Science

Page: 211

View: 5074

Crime and Everyday Life is written in a clear, concise style and the authors unique approach to crime causation is popular with lecturers and students. This Third Edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to include such new chapters as white-collar crime and the use of technology in crime control. Felson challenges the conventional wisdom and offers his perspective and solutions to reducing crime through such changes as physical environments and patterns of everyday life.
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Magistrates, Police and People

Everyday Criminal Justice in Quebec and Lower Canada

Author: Donald Fyson,Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802092233

Category: Law

Page: 467

View: 3690

Based on extensive research in judicial and official sources, Donald Fyson offers the first comprehensive study of the everyday workings of criminal justice in Quebec and Lower Canada. Focusing on the justices of the peace and their police, Fyson examines both the criminal justice system itself, and the system in operation as experienced by those who participated in it. Fyson contends that, although the system was fundamentally biased, its flexibility provided a source of power for ordinary citizens. At the same time, the system offered the colonial state and its elites a powerful, though often faulty, means of imposing their will on Quebec society. This study will challenge many received historical interpretations, providing new insight into criminal justice in early Quebec.
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Crime and Criminal Justice

Concepts and Controversies

Author: Stacy L. Mallicoat

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544339011

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 8553

“The text is logically organized and easy to read and understand. Students will find the text intriguing as they move through the coverage of the controversies from the text.” —Michelle L. Foster, Kent State University Updated with new content and current controversies that facilitate critical thinking, debate, and application of the concepts, Stacy L. Mallicoat’s Crime and Criminal Justice, Second Edition, provides you with accessible and concise coverage of all relevant aspects of the criminal justice system, as well as unique chapters on victims and criminal justice policy. Using an innovative format designed to increase student engagement and critical thinking, each chapter is followed by two Current Controversy debates that dive into a critical issue in criminal justice. These features challenge misconceptions by providing a balanced debate of both the pros and the cons of each issue and are followed by probing questions to help you think critically about timely topics. With contemporary examples that you can easily apply and a broad range of effective learning tools, this practical text helps you go beyond the surface toward a deeper understanding of the criminal justice system. New to the Second Edition: Nearly 50% of the Current Controversy essays have been updated to expand your engagement and critical thinking skills by exploring the pros and cons of key issues in criminal justice, such as Is the Media a Credible Source on Crime?, Should the United States Increase Its Laws About Gun Control?, and Are Colleges and Universities the Best Place to Respond to Campus Sexual Assault? New Spotlight boxes provide additional examples to engage you and inform you about important topics, such as Sexual Harassment in Hollywood, Mandatory Arrest Policies, Lynching and Mass Incarceration, Michelle Carter, and The Boston Marathon Bombings. Some boxes include critical thinking questions that will help you apply the material and make important connections. New content enables you to explore crucial topics in today’s field, such as feminist criminology, the juvenile justice process, transnational crime, and the policies of the Trump administration. Updated statistics, graphs, and tables demonstrate to you the most recent data and trends in criminal justice.
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Women and Crime

A Text/Reader

Author: Stacy L. Mallicoat

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412987504

Category: Social Science

Page: 641

View: 8950

Women and Crime: A Text/Reader, part of the text/reader series in criminology and criminal justice, incorporates contemporary and classic readings (some including policy implications) accompanied by student-friendly authored text. This unique format provides a theoretical framework and context for students. The comprehensive coverage of the book includes the history and theories of female offending, offenders and their crimes, processing and sentencing of female offenders, women in prison, women and victimization, women and work in the criminal justice system, juveniles and crime, and international crime. Race and diversity will be an underlying theme throughout the text.
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The Socio-economics of Crime and Justice

Author: Brian Forst

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563240744

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 9903

This book on crime and justice is motivated primarily by the idea that individual behaviour is influenced both by self-interest and by conscience, or by a sense of community responsibility. Forst has assembled a collection of authors who are writing in four parts: (1) the philosophical foundations and the moral dimension of crime and punishment; (2) the sense of community and the way it influences the problem of crime; (3) on offenders and offences; and (4) on the response of the criminal justice system.
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The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452258198

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 3731

Like its predecessors, this Fifth Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice (by Ronet Bachman and Russell K. Schutt) provides complete coverage of the use and results of the contemporary methods employed in criminology and criminal justice research today. Specifically designed for undergraduate and beginning graduate criminal justice courses and programs, this text teaches research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students who will become professionals in the field. Students learn about the wide realm of research methods available to them, delve deeper into topics relevant to their field of study, and benefit from the wide variety of exercises included in the text and on the student study website that help them practice as they learn.
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