Author: Jacob Smith
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Social Science
View: 4224The negative environmental effects of media culture are not often acknowledged: the fuel required to keep huge server farms in operation, landfills full of high tech junk, and the extraction of rare minerals for devices reliant on them are just some of the hidden costs of the contemporary mediascape. Eco-Sonic Media brings an ecological critique to the history of sound media technologies in order to amplify the environmental undertones in sound studies and turn up the audio in discussions of greening the media. By looking at early and neglected forms of sound technology, Jacob Smith seeks to create a revisionist, ecologically aware history of sound media. Delving into the history of pre-electronic media like hand-cranked gramophones, comparatively eco-friendly media artifacts such as the shellac discs that preceded the use of petroleum-based vinyl, early forms of portable technology like divining rods, and even the use of songbirds as domestic music machines, Smith builds a scaffolding of historical case studies to demonstrate how "green media archaeology" can make sound studies vibrate at an ecological frequency while opening the ears of eco-criticism. Throughout this eye-opening and timely book he makes readers more aware of the costs and consequences of their personal media consumption by prompting comparisons with non-digital, non-electronic technologies and by offering different ways in which sound media can become eco-sonic media. In the process, he forges interdisciplinary connections, opens new avenues of research, and poses fresh theoretical questions for scholars and students of media, sound studies, and contemporary environmental history.
Towards a Sustainable Use of Water for Irrigation in India
Author: M.G. Chandrakanth
Category: Business & Economics
View: 7054This book uses resource economics costing approaches incorporating externalities to estimate the returns for the country’s irrigation and demonstrates how underestimating the cost of water leads farmers to overestimate profits. The importance of the subject can be judged in light of the fact that India is the largest user of groundwater both for irrigation and for drinking purposes, pumping twice as much as the United States and six times as much as Europe. Despite water’s vital role in ensuring economic security for the nation and farmers alike by supporting more than 70% of food production, water resource economists are yet to impress upon farmers and policymakers the true value of water and the urgent need for its sustainable extraction, recharge and use. In an endeavor to promote more awareness, the book further delineates the roles of the demand side and supply side in the economics of irrigation, and explains how the cost of water varies with the efforts to recharge it, crop patterns, degrees of initial and premature well failure and degrees of externalities. It also discusses the importance of micro-irrigation in the economics of saving water for irrigation, estimating the marginal productivity of water and how it improves with drip irrigation, the economics of water sharing and water markets, optimal control theory in sustainable extraction of water, payment of ecosystem services for water and how India can effectively recover. In closing, the book highlights the role of socioeconomic and hydrogeological factors in the economics of irrigation, which vary considerably across hard rock areas and the resulting limitations on generalizing.
Classical and Contemporary
Author: E.C. Cuff,W.W. Sharrock,D.W. Francis
Category: Social Science
View: 4979Perspectives in Sociology provides students with a lively and critical introduction to sociology and to the ways in which sociologists are trained to think and work. The subject is presented as a sequence of different perspectives on the social world, all of them interrelated, sometimes in conflict with one another, and all contributing important and necessary insights. The discussion is backed up by extensive reference to empirical studies. This edition has been completely revised. A chapter on critical theory has been added in order to reflect the extensive work and thinking that Marx's basic work continues to stimulate. The chapter on research strategies now takes account of new developments in the philosophy of science that are relevant for sociological approaches. Throughout, the authors have rewritten extensively in their continuing desire to produce clarity, and to respond to the comments of students and teachers.
Objectives, Methods, Applications
Author: Éric Gilli,Christian Mangan,Jacques Mudry
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 3762Hydrogeology, the science of groundwater, requires a multidisciplinary approach involving many other sciences: surface hydrology, climatology, geology, geography, physics, chemistry, biology, and more. This book takes a broad view, considers water as a single entity, and presents many examples illustrating the variety of existing hydrogeological problems and the diverse scientific, technical, and social approaches used in resolving them. It is intended primarily for students of Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, and Physical Geography. It will also be useful to all players involved in water-related issues: hydrogeologists, geologists, soil scientists, agronomists, civil engineers, and developers.
The Encyclopedia of Clairvoyance, Channeling, and Spirit Communication
Author: Raymond Buckland
Publisher: Visible Ink Press
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
View: 311The fascinating history of Spiritualism is coaxed into the material realm as the object of this perceptive and sweeping overview by that legendary author of the occult and supernatural, Raymond Buckland. Containing more than 500 entries and 100 illustrations, The Spirit Book is the comprehensive encyclopedia to Spiritualism and its related subjects. Plus it provides full biographies of every prominent person connected to the field. Drawing on decades of research, writing, and transcendence, Buckland describes sundry methods of channeling, events associated with Spiritualism, including séances and exorcism, organizations focused on clairvoyance, and a colorful host of mortals—famous and infamous—who delved into Spiritualism. Nostradamus, Helena Blavatsky, and Edgar Cayce receive their due, as well as Joan of Arc, William Blake, Susan B. Anthony, Winston Churchill, Arthur Conan Doyle, Mahatma Gandhi, Harry Houdini, and Mae West (look up and see her sometime). It explores Qabbalah, Sibyls, Fairies, Poltergeists; phenomena such as intuition and karma; objects useful in the attempt to cross the divide, including tarot cards, flower reading, and runes; and related practices such as Shamanism, transfiguration, meditation, and mesmerism.
Author: Joseph John Thomson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 4650Manchester-born Sir Joseph John Thomson (1858-1940), discoverer of the electron, was one of the most important Cambridge physicists of the later nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries. Succeeding Lord Rayleigh as Cavendish Professor of Experimental Physics, he directed the research interests of the laboratory, and eight of his students, including Rutherford, went on to win Nobel Prizes, as Thomson himself did in 1906. He was knighted in 1908, received the Order of Merit in 1912, and became Master of Trinity College in 1918. He also served as President of the Royal Society from 1915 from 1920 and was a government advisor on scientific research during World War I. This autobiography, published in 1936, covers all aspects of his career - his student days in Manchester, arrival in Cambridge, and growing international reputation. It gives a fascinating picture of Cambridge life and science at a dynamic period of development.
Author: Libba Bray
Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag
Category: Juvenile Fiction
View: 5397Sie kennt deine dunkelsten Geheimnisse... New York, 1926: Wegen eines kleinen „Zwischenfalls“ wurde Evie O‘Neill aus ihrer langweiligen Kleinstadt ins aufregende New York verbannt. Dort genießt sie das wilde Partyleben, bis ein seltsamer Ritualmord die Stadt erschüttert – und Evie über ihren Onkel, den Direktor des Museums für Amerikanisches Volkstum, Aberglauben und Okkultes plötzlich mitten in den Mordermittlungen steckt. Schon bald weiß sie mehr als die Polizei. Denn Evie hat eine geheime Gabe, von der niemand wissen darf: Sie kann Gegenständen die intimsten Geheimnisse ihrer Besitzer entlocken. Doch sie hat keine Ahnung, mit welch entsetzlicher Bestie sie es zu tun bekommt ...
Author: John Ankerberg,John Weldon
Publisher: ATRI Publishing
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
View: 9048Dowsing is a practice employing divinatory implements and methods in order to search out information such as a site of water or the nature or location of disease and its proper treatment. Dowsing claims to work through a practitioner's natural sensitivity to nature's geomagnetic phenomena. The influence of dowsing is greater than most people realize and it is even used in the church. People may think that dowsing is harmless but the real dangers in this practice are exposed and a biblical evaluation is shown by the authors.
A Discourse on Myth, Rituals & Religion
Author: Jacob Pandian
Publisher: Vedams eBooks (P) Ltd
View: 5092Contents: Preface. I. Introduction: 1. Objectives and scope of this book: i). Goals of this study. ii). Mytholiminal rationality and supernaturalism. iii). The semiotics of supernaturalism. iv). Prophetism and transcultural supernaturalism. v). Organization of this book. 2. Religion, magic and supernaturalism: i). The Roman-Latin concept of Religio. ii). Definitions of religion. iii). Disciplinary domains in the study of religion. iv). Explanation and interpretation in the study of supernaturalism. v). The future of supernaturalism. II. Theories of supernaturalism: 3. Psychological theories of supernaturalism: i). Projection, anthropomorphism and supernaturalism. ii). The primitive mind and supernaturalism. iii). Projection, neurosis and the quest for protection. iv). Psychosocial theories of supernaturalism. 4. Sociological theories of supernaturalism: i). The social function of supernaturalism. ii). Theophagy and tribal identity. iii). Apotheosis and the worship of society. iv). Sociological racism. v). Social structure and supernaturalism. vi). Historical materialism and supernaturalism. 5. Ecological theories of supernaturalism: i). Culture and environment. ii). Cannibalism, the sacred cow and the polluted pig. iii). The sacred pig. iv). The quest for an ecological millennium. 6. Symbological theories of supernaturalism: i). Phenomenological and hermeneutic studies of supernaturalism. ii). Supernatural symbols and economic action. iii). Supernatural symbols and self-integration. iv). Supernatural symbols and cultural coherence. v). Supernatural symbols of Cosmos. vi). Symbols of supernatural autonomy. vii). Sacred symbols of supernaturalism. viii). Symbols of the liminal self. ix). The supernatural boundaries of self. III. Supernaturalism in myth and ritual: 7. Mythic beliefs and narratives of supernaturalism: i). Myth, mythic beliefs, mythic narratives and mythology. ii). The study of mythic narratives. iii). Mythic narratives of creation. iv). Mythic narratives of after-life. 8. Mythic symbols of supernatural powers and supernatural beings: i). The distinction between supernatural powers and supernatural beings. ii). Mythical symbols of supernatural power. iii). Mythic symbols of supernatural beings. iv). Mythic symbols of Goddesses. v). The conceptual category of the Mother Goddess in a South Indian village. vi). Totems and Guardian spirits. 9. Ritual communication with supernatural beings and ritual acquisition of supernatural power: i). The nature of ritual. ii). The mythology of rituals. iii). Ritual and liminality. iv). The universality of ritual inversion. v). Ritual inversions in North American Indian Societies. vi). Ritual inversion and supernaturalism. 10. Supernaturalism and the rituals of identity-transformation and social integration: i). Supernaturalization of identity-transformation. ii). Supernaturalization of male solidarity. iii). Supernaturalization of the body. iv). Supernaturalization of death. v). Supernaturalization of social solidarity. 11. Supernaturalism and the rituals of witchcraft, divination and healing: i). Supernatural worldview of witchcraft, divination and healing. ii). Rituals of divination: supernaturalization of knowledge. iii). Rituals of witchcraft and sorcery: Supernaturalization of causation. iv). Healing rituals: supernaturalization of health. IV. Icons of supernaturalism and the semiotics of prophetism: 12. Iconic integration of supernaturalism and cultural themes: i). Supernaturalism and iconicity. ii). Iconicity and prophetism. iii). Cultural icons of Hindu supernaturalism. iv). Cultural icons of Islamic supernaturalism. v). Cultural icons of Catholic supernaturalism. 13. Shamans, priests and prophets: i). The professionalization of supernatural mediation. ii). Discourse on the Shaman and Shamanism. iii). The typological characteristics of Shamans and Shamanism. iv). Shamanism in the Hindu tradition. v). The "Celestial journey" of the Shaman. vi). Priesthood and social hierarchy. vii). Hinduism and Brahmanical priesthood. viii). Greco-Roman conceptions of priesthood and patriarchy. ix). The semiotics of prophetism and prophetic supernaturalism. 14. Prophetic supernaturalism: i). Prophetism and the transformation of the supernatural-cultural order. ii). Theories of prophetic supernaturalism. iii). The Seneca prophetic movement. iv). Prophetism and millenarianism. v). Prophetic supernaturalism and communitas. vi). Cults and prophetic supernaturalism. vii). A classification of prophetic supernaturalism. 15. Transcultural supernaturalism and globalization: i). The structure and function of transcultural prophetism. ii). Transcultural prophetism and transcultural supernaturalism. V. Conclusion: 16. Globalization, modernity and pluralistic supernaturalism.
Crops, Jobs and Livelihood
Author: Detlef Virchow,Joachim von Braun
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Political Science
View: 337Life in rural communities is bound to change with historically unprecedented speed in the coming decades. How will this change be guided by local, national and global policies in order to enhance the livelihoods of rural inhabitants and to overcome the growing division of rural and urban areas? The contributions in this publication, ranging from scientific papers to short reports from practitioners, are grouped around 4 major themes: political and institutional frameworks to foster rural development; natural resources management; broadening the technological base of rural economies; and improved linkages between urban and rural areas. The overall message is unanimous: there is a promising future for the rural areas worldwide if adequate policies can be enforced and more efficient and fair institutions can be created.
Religious Healing in East Africa
Author: Katharina Wilkens
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Category: Social Science
View: 3433In Tanzania, the Marian Faith Healing Ministry offers Catholic healing rituals under the patronage of the Virgin Mary. Exorcism and a special water service are central to the healing process. People bring physical, spiritual, and social afflictions before the group's leader, Felicien Nkwera. Combining the perspectives of the study of religions and medical anthropology, this book analyzes Nkwera's pastoral texts and the personal healing narratives of the members. Thus, a complex image of the healing process is created and framed within its Tanzanian interreligious context and its global conservative Catholic context. (Series: Beitrage zur Afrikaforschung - Vol. 47)
A Participatory Research Project
Author: Laura Habgood
Category: Political Science
View: 669An account of an Oxfam project with a dual aim: to find out more about how rural communities use health services and to involve communities in the research. The author evaluates the limitations as well as the advantages of participatory research methods.
A Guided Tour Through Magnetic Fields
Author: Wallace Hall Campbell
Publisher: Academic Press
View: 6429An introductory guide to global magnetic field properties, Earth Magnetism addresses, in non-technical prose, many of the frequently asked questions about Earth's magnetic field. Magnetism surrounds and penetrates our Earth in ways basic science courses can rarely address. It affects navigation, communication, and even the growth of crystals. As we observe and experience an 11-year solar maximum, we may witness spectacular satellite-destroying solar storms as they interact with our magnetic field. Written by an acknowledged expert in the field, this book will enrich courses in earth science, atmospheric science, geology, meteorology, geomagnetism, and geophysics. Contains nearly 200 original illustrations and eight pages of full-color plates. * Largely mathematics-free and with a wide breadth of material suitable for general readers * Integrates material from geomagnetism, paleomagnetism, and solar-terrestrial space physics. * Features nearly 200 original illustrations and 4 pages of colour plates
The History of a Genre
Author: Hermann Fischer,Sue Bollans
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
View: 3123Hermann Fischer's lively and original 1991 study of Romantic verse narrative traces in comprehensive detail the origins and development of this poetic form in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It brings together the longer epic verse tales of Scott, Byron and Southey and the more lyrical forms of Romantic narrative poetry, thus presenting familiar poems such as Shelley's 'Alastor' and Keats's 'The Eve of St Agnes' in the revealing but neglected context of the genre and its history. Professor Fischer addresses the question of genre from a viewpoint that is both theoretical and historical, and his study also proves illuminating in many areas of Romantic literature, covering issues such as the role of the medieval revival and the decline of neoclassicism, the relative importance of popular and more literary sources, and questions of changing taste and the reading public. This translation, extensively revised and updated, makes Hermann Fischer's acclaimed study available for the first time in English.