Water Contamination Emergencies

Monitoring, Understanding and Acting

Author: Kenneth Clive Thompson,Ulrich Borchers

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 184973156X

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 8282

This book is the proceedings of the International Conference on Water Contamination Emergencies: Monitoring, Understanding, Acting held in October 2010. The fourth in a series of conference proceedings, this book develops themes from three previous, highly successful Water Contamination Emergencies conferences in addition to dealing specifically with four new principle themes: monitoring, understanding, acting and lessons learned. With contributions from leading scientists and experts in academia and industry it offers a truly international perspective on our ability to deal with water contamination emergencies. Emphasis is given to prevention, strategy and unusual emergency incident situations relating to drinking water. This book should appeal to public health professionals, water companies, regulators, risk and business continuity managers, emergency planners, local authorities, service and support providers, disaster recovery specialists, water security experts, water distribution modellers, and all experts involved in emergency planning and response.
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Water Contamination Emergencies

Monitoring, Understanding and Acting

Author: Ulrich Borchers,John Gray,K Clive Thompson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849733198

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 1740

This book is the proceedings of the International Conference on Water Contamination Emergencies: Monitoring, Understanding, Acting held in October 2010. The fourth in a series of conference proceedings this book develops themes from three previous, highly successful Water Contamination conferences in addition to dealing specifically with four new principle themes: monitoring, understanding, acting and lessons learned. With contributions from leading scientists and experts in academia and industry it offers a truly international perspective on our ability to deal with water contamination emergencies. Emphasis is given to prevention, strategy and unusual emergency incident situations relating to drinking water. The book appeals across the board from public health and environmental professionals to companies, agencies, regulators and experts involved in emergency planning and response.
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Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Standards for Schools in Low-cost Settings

Author: John Adams,Jackie Sims,Jamie Bartram,Yves Chartier

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547790

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 55

View: 7556

"Diseases related to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene are a huge burden in developing countries. It is estimated that 88% of diarrhoeal disease is caused by unsafe water supply, and inadequate sanitation and hygiene (WHO, 2004c). Many schools serve communities that have a high prevalence of diseases related to inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene, and where child malnutrition and other underlying health problems are common. Schools, particularly those in rural areas, often completely lack drinking-water and sanitation and handwashing facilities; alternatively, where such facilities do exist they are often inadequate in both quality and quantity. Schools with poor water, sanitation and hygiene conditions, and intense levels of person-to-person contact, are high-risk environments for children and staff, and exacerbate children's particular susceptibility to environmental health hazards. Children's ability to learn may be affected by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in several ways. These include helminth infections (which affect hundreds of millions of school-age children), long-term exposure to chemical contaminants in water (e.g. lead and arsenic), diarrhoeal diseases and malaria infections, all of which force many schoolchildren to be absent from school. Poor environmental conditions in the classroom can also make both teaching and learning very difficult. Girls and boys are likely to be affected in different ways by inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in schools, and this may contribute to unequal learning opportunities. Sometimes, girls and female teachers are more affected than boys because the lack of sanitary facilities means that they cannot attend school during menstruation. The international policy environment increasingly reflects these issues. Providing adequate levels of water supply, sanitation and hygiene in schools is of direct relevance to the United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals of achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and reducing child mortality. It is also supportive of other goals, especially those on major diseases and infant mortality." - p. iii
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Emerging Issues in Water and Infectious Disease

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789241590822

Category: Communicable diseases

Page: 22

View: 3770

Infectious, water-related diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This publication helps to broaden awareness of emerging issued in water and infectious disease and to guide readers to sources of information that deal with these issues in greater depth.
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Monitoring Bathing Waters

A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Assessments and Monitoring Programmes

Author: Jamie Bartram,Gareth Rees

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203478266

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 5481

This book, which has been prepared by an international group of experts, provides comprehensive guidance for the design, planning and implementation of assessments and monitoring programmes for water bodies used for recreation. It addresses the wide range of hazards which may be encountered and emphasizes the importance of linking monitoring programmes to effective and feasible management actions to protect human health. It also provides details of sampling and analytical methods. This book will be an invaluable source of information for anyone concerned with monitoring and assessing recreational waters, including field staff. It will also be useful for national and regional government departments concerned with tourism and recreation, and for students and special interest groups.
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Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality

Microbiological Agents in Drinking Water. Addendum

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241545358

Category: Medical

Page: 142

View: 1496

Annotation This addendum to the second edition of the contains reviews of five types of pathogens that occur widely in water, summarizing current knowledge on transmission, attenuation, and removal of individual pathogens. These documents supersede, and are more comprehensive than, those previously published in vols. 1 and 2 of the . There is no subject index. Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).
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Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

Guidelines for Investigation and Control

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 146

View: 1367

"These guidelines have been written for public health practitioners, food and health inspectors, district and national medical officers, laboratory personnel and others who may undertake or participate in the investigation and control of foodborne disease outbreaks."--P. 4 of cover.
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Manual on the Human Rights to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for Practitioners

Author: Robert Bos

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 1780407432

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 5710

The Manual highlights the human rights principles and criteria in relation to drinking water and sanitation. It explains the international legal obligations in terms of operational policies and practice that will support the progressive realisation of universal access. The Manual introduces a human rights perspective that will add value to informed decision making in the daily routine of operators, managers and regulators. It also encourages its readership to engage actively in national dialogues where the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation are translated into national and local policies, laws and regulations. Creating such an enabling environment is, in fact, only the first step in the process towards progressive realisation. Allocation of roles and responsibilities is the next step, in an updated institutional and operational set up that helps apply a human rights lens to the process of reviewing and revising the essential functions of operators, service providers and regulators.
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Water Treatment and Pathogen Control

Process Efficiency in Achieving Safe Drinking-water

Author: LeChevallier M.W.,Kwok-Keung A.

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241562552

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 112

View: 6040

Annotation This publication provides a critical analysis of the literature on removal and inactivation of pathogenic microbes in water to aid the water quality specialist and design engineer in making decisions regarding microbial water quality.
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Watershed Management for Potable Water Supply

Assessing the New York City Strategy

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee to Review the New York City Watershed Management Strategy

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309172684

Category: Nature

Page: 564

View: 6970

In 1997, New York City adopted a mammoth watershed agreement to protect its drinking water and avoid filtration of its large upstate surface water supply. Shortly thereafter, the NRC began an analysis of the agreement's scientific validity. The resulting book finds New York City's watershed agreement to be a good template for proactive watershed management that, if properly implemented, will maintain high water quality. However, it cautions that the agreement is not a guarantee of permanent filtration avoidance because of changing regulations, uncertainties regarding pollution sources, advances in treatment technologies, and natural variations in watershed conditions. The book recommends that New York City place its highest priority on pathogenic microorganisms in the watershed and direct its resources toward improving methods for detecting pathogens, understanding pathogen transport and fate, and demonstrating that best management practices will remove pathogens. Other recommendations, which are broadly applicable to surface water supplies across the country, target buffer zones, stormwater management, water quality monitoring, and effluent trading.
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The Integrity of Water

Proceedings of a Symposium, March 10-12, 1975, Washington

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Water

Page: 230

View: 1614

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Guidance on Water Supply and Sanitation in Extreme Weather Events

Author: Who Regional Office for Europe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789289002585

Category: Medical

Page: 125

View: 3569

Extreme weather events, including floods and droughts, are increasing in frequency and intensity. They affect the operation of water-supply, drainage and sewerage infrastructure, and the functioning of wastewater treatment plants, thereby affecting the protection of public health. Parties to the Protocol on Water and Health reviewed experience and good practice in Europe through a broad consultative process, to devise the present guidance. This publication describes how adaptation policies should consider the new risks from extreme weather events, how vulnerabilities can be identified and which management procedures can be applied to ensure sustained protection of health. It takes an integrated environment-and-health approach and addresses cross-cutting issues, such as the role of the health and environment sectors in extreme weather, the need for policy dialogue and multisectoral partnership to assess and control risks, and the challenges of different settings (such as urban and rural, small and centralized large-scale supplies). The publication is aimed at a broad audience, including policy-makers; environment, health and water-resources professionals; and water service managers.
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Groundwater Quality

Author: Harriet Nash,G.J. McCall

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0412586207

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 8768

Groundwater quality monitoring and testing is of paramount importance both in the developed and developing world. This book presents a series of papers illustrating the varied nature of current research into groundwater quality. Urban and rural supplies are covered through a case history approach, and the importance of remedial action to prevent deterioration is emphasized.
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Child Friendly Schools Manual

Author: N.A

Publisher: UNICEF

ISBN: 9280643762

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 204

View: 3085

This Child-Friendly Schools (CFS) Manual was developed during three-and-a-half years of continuous work, involving the United Nations Children's Fund education staff and specialists from partner agencies working on quality education. It benefits from fieldwork in 155 countries and territories, evaluations carried out by the Regional Offices and desk reviews conducted by headquarters in New York. The manual is a part of a total resource package that includes an e-learning package for capacity-building in the use of CFS models and a collection of field case studies to illustrate the state of the art in child-friendly schools in a variety of settings.
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Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning

Author: Goss

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788148293

Category:

Page: 264

View: 4098

Meant to aid State & local emergency managers in their efforts to develop & maintain a viable all-hazard emergency operations plan. This guide clarifies the preparedness, response, & short-term recovery planning elements that warrant inclusion in emergency operations plans. It offers the best judgment & recommendations on how to deal with the entire planning process -- from forming a planning team to writing the plan. Specific topics of discussion include: preliminary considerations, the planning process, emergency operations plan format, basic plan content, functional annex content, hazard-unique planning, & linking Federal & State operations.
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World Report on Ageing and Health

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241565047

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 246

View: 5430

The WHO World report on ageing and health is not for the book shelf it is a living breathing testament to all older people who have fought for their voice to be heard at all levels of government across disciplines and sectors. - Mr Bjarne Hastrup President International Federation on Ageing and CEO DaneAge This report outlines a framework for action to foster Healthy Ageing built around the new concept of functional ability. This will require a transformation of health systems away from disease based curative models and towards the provision of older-person-centred and integrated care. It will require the development sometimes from nothing of comprehensive systems of long term care. It will require a coordinated response from many other sectors and multiple levels of government. And it will need to draw on better ways of measuring and monitoring the health and functioning of older populations. These actions are likely to be a sound investment in society's future. A future that gives older people the freedom to live lives that previous generations might never have imagined. The World report on ageing and health responds to these challenges by recommending equally profound changes in the way health policies for ageing populations are formulated and services are provided. As the foundation for its recommendations the report looks at what the latest evidence has to say about the ageing process noting that many common perceptions and assumptions about older people are based on outdated stereotypes. The report's recommendations are anchored in the evidence comprehensive and forward-looking yet eminently practical. Throughout examples of experiences from different countries are used to illustrate how specific problems can be addressed through innovation solutions. Topics explored range from strategies to deliver comprehensive and person-centred services to older populations to policies that enable older people to live in comfort and safety to ways to correct the problems and injustices inherent in current systems for long-term care.
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Climate Change and Human Health

Risks and Responses

Author: Anthony J. McMichael,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241562485

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 322

View: 4708

This publication, prepared jointly by the WHO, the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, considers the public health challenges arising from global climate change and options for policy responses, with particular focus on the health sector. Aspects discussed include: an overview of historical developments and recent scientific assessments; weather and climate change; population vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of public health systems; the IPCC Third Assessment report; tasks for public health scientists; the health impacts of climate extremes; climate change, infectious diseases and the level of disease burdens; ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation and health; and methodological issues in monitoring health effects of climate change.
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Water Recreation and Disease

Plausibility of Associated Infections : Acute Effects, Sequelae, and Mortality

Author: Kathy Pond,World Health Organization,United States Environmental Protection Agency

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241563055

Category: Medical

Page: 239

View: 716

This publication gives a comprehensive review and analysis of potential diseases associated with recreational water activities in marine, freshwater, spas/whirlpools and swimming pools, drawing on information on the ecology and health aspects of a variety of pathogens. Issues discussed include: the factors related to infection and disease severity, susceptible sub-populations, the credibility of association with recreational water use, a severity rating system for prioritising public health protection measures, and pathogen summaries. It will be useful to all those concerned with recreational water quality, including environmental and public health professionals, local authorities and user groups.
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The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309133180

Category: Medical

Page: 536

View: 9579

The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation’s public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation’s health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public’s health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists.
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