Wastewater Treatment Plants

Planning, Design, and Operation, Second Edition

Author: Syed R. Qasim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351405160

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1128

View: 1391

Step-by-step procedures for planning, design, construction and operation: * Health and environment * Process improvements * Stormwater and combined sewer control and treatment * Effluent disposal and reuse * Biosolids disposal and reuse * On-site treatment and disposal of small flows * Wastewater treatment plants should be designed so that the effluent standards and reuse objectives, and biosolids regulations can be met with reasonable ease and cost. The design should incorporate flexibility for dealing with seasonal changes, as well as long-term changes in wastewater quality and future regulations. Good planning and design, therefore, must be based on five major steps: characterization of the raw wastewater quality and effluent, pre-design studies to develop alternative processes and selection of final process train, detailed design of the selected alternative, contraction, and operation and maintenance of the completed facility. Engineers, scientists, and financial analysts must utilize principles from a wide range of disciplines: engineering, chemistry, microbiology, geology, architecture, and economics to carry out the responsibilities of designing a wastewater treatment plant. The objective of this book is to present the technical and nontechnical issues that are most commonly addressed in the planning and design reports for wastewater treatment facilities prepared by practicing engineers. Topics discussed include facility planning, process description, process selection logic, mass balance calculations, design calculations, and concepts for equipment sizing. Theory, design, operation and maintenance, trouble shooting, equipment selection and specifications are integrated for each treatment process. Thus delineation of such information for use by students and practicing engineers is the main purpose of this book.
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Wastewater Treatment Plants

Planning, Design, and Operation, Second Edition

Author: Syed R. Qasim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566766883

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1126

View: 2777

Step-by-step procedures for planning, design, construction and operation: * Health and environment * Process improvements * Stormwater and combined sewer control and treatment * Effluent disposal and reuse * Biosolids disposal and reuse * On-site treatment and disposal of small flows * Wastewater treatment plants should be designed so that the effluent standards and reuse objectives, and biosolids regulations can be met with reasonable ease and cost. The design should incorporate flexibility for dealing with seasonal changes, as well as long-term changes in wastewater quality and future regulations. Good planning and design, therefore, must be based on five major steps: characterization of the raw wastewater quality and effluent, pre-design studies to develop alternative processes and selection of final process train, detailed design of the selected alternative, contraction, and operation and maintenance of the completed facility. Engineers, scientists, and financial analysts must utilize principles from a wide range of disciplines: engineering, chemistry, microbiology, geology, architecture, and economics to carry out the responsibilities of designing a wastewater treatment plant. The objective of this book is to present the technical and nontechnical issues that are most commonly addressed in the planning and design reports for wastewater treatment facilities prepared by practicing engineers. Topics discussed include facility planning, process description, process selection logic, mass balance calculations, design calculations, and concepts for equipment sizing. Theory, design, operation and maintenance, trouble shooting, equipment selection and specifications are integrated for each treatment process. Thus delineation of such information for use by students and practicing engineers is the main purpose of this book.
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Wastewater Treatment Plants

Planning, Design, and Operation, Second Edition

Author: Syed R. Qasim

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566766883

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1126

View: 4194

Step-by-step procedures for planning, design, construction and operation: * Health and environment * Process improvements * Stormwater and combined sewer control and treatment * Effluent disposal and reuse * Biosolids disposal and reuse * On-site treatment and disposal of small flows * Wastewater treatment plants should be designed so that the effluent standards and reuse objectives, and biosolids regulations can be met with reasonable ease and cost. The design should incorporate flexibility for dealing with seasonal changes, as well as long-term changes in wastewater quality and future regulations. Good planning and design, therefore, must be based on five major steps: characterization of the raw wastewater quality and effluent, pre-design studies to develop alternative processes and selection of final process train, detailed design of the selected alternative, contraction, and operation and maintenance of the completed facility. Engineers, scientists, and financial analysts must utilize principles from a wide range of disciplines: engineering, chemistry, microbiology, geology, architecture, and economics to carry out the responsibilities of designing a wastewater treatment plant. The objective of this book is to present the technical and nontechnical issues that are most commonly addressed in the planning and design reports for wastewater treatment facilities prepared by practicing engineers. Topics discussed include facility planning, process description, process selection logic, mass balance calculations, design calculations, and concepts for equipment sizing. Theory, design, operation and maintenance, trouble shooting, equipment selection and specifications are integrated for each treatment process. Thus delineation of such information for use by students and practicing engineers is the main purpose of this book.
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Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations, Third Edition

Author: Frank R. Spellman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466553383

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 923

View: 6852

Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations the first thorough resource manual developed exclusively for water and wastewater plant operators has been updated and expanded. An industry standard now in its third edition, this book addresses management issues and security needs, contains coverage on pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), and includes regulatory changes. The author explains the material in layman’s terms, providing real-world operating scenarios with problem-solving practice sets for each scenario. This provides readers with the ability to incorporate math with both theory and practical application. The book contains additional emphasis on operator safety, new chapters on energy conservation and sustainability, and basic science for operators. What’s New in the Third Edition: Prepares operators for licensure exams Provides additional math problems and solutions to better prepare users for certification exams Updates all chapters to reflect the developments in the field Enables users to properly operate water and wastewater plants and suggests troubleshooting procedures for returning a plant to optimum operation levels A complete compilation of water science, treatment information, process control procedures, problem-solving techniques, safety and health information, and administrative and technological trends, this text serves as a resource for professionals working in water and wastewater operations and operators preparing for wastewater licensure exams. It can also be used as a supplemental textbook for undergraduate and graduate students studying environmental science, water science, and environmental engineering.
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Integrated Design and Operation of Water Treatment Facilities

Author: Susumu Kawamura

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471350934

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 691

View: 3199

"This new edition introduces several new subjects, including value engineering, watershed management, dissolved air flotation process, filtered reservoir (clearwell) design, and electrical system design. It provides expanded and updated coverage of objectives for finished water quality, instrumentation and control, disinfection process, ozonation, disinfection by-product control, the GAC process, and the membrane filtration process. A hands-on resource for civil engineers and managers, whether working on new facilities or redesigning and rebuilding existing facilities."--Jacket.
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Wastewater Treatment Plant Design Handbook

Author: Water Environment Federation

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781572782716

Category: Design

Page: 191

View: 8777

"Prepared by the 'Wastewater Treatment Plant Design Handbook' Task Force of the 'Water Environment Federation' --p. [iii]
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Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment and Engineering

Author: Rumana Riffat

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203815718

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 359

View: 9341

As the world’s population has increased, sources of clean water have decreased, shifting the focus toward pollution reduction and control. Disposal of wastes and wastewater without treatment is no longer an option. Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment and Engineering introduces readers to the essential concepts of wastewater treatment, as well as the engineering design of unit processes for the sustainable treatment of municipal wastewater. Filling the need for a textbook focused on wastewater, it first covers history, current practices, emerging concerns, and pertinent regulations and then examines the basic principles of reaction kinetics, reactor design, and environmental microbiology, along with natural purification processes. The text also details the design of unit processes for primary, secondary, and advanced treatment as well as solids processing and removal. Using detailed calculations, it discusses energy production from wastewater. Comprehensive and accessible, the book addresses each design concept with the help of an underlying theory, followed by a mathematical model or formulation. Worked-out problems demonstrate how the mathematical formulations are applied in design. Throughout, the text incorporates recent advances in treatment technologies. Based on a course taught by the author for the past 18 years, the book is designed for undergraduate and graduate students who have some knowledge of environmental chemistry and fluid mechanics. Readers will get a strong grounding in the principles and learn how to design the unit processes used in municipal wastewater treatment operations. Professionals in the wastewater industry will also find this a handy reference.
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NDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT

Author: PATWARDHAN, A.D.

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120353323

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 5710

Industries use a large number of substances in their manufacturing processes and also generate solid residues, liquid effluents and gaseous emissions as wastes. These may be organic, inorganic, inert or toxic compounds but are hazardous in nature and thus need to be treated and disposed off suitably in order to maintain ecological balance of the environment. Also, wherever feasible, recovery of useful by-products, recycling of water and reuse of wastewater (with or without treatment) save resources and reduce production cost. In view of the above, the book has been written, and now updated in the second edition to discuss sources, characteristics and treatment of wastewater produced in industries such as textiles, dairy, tanneries, pulp and paper, fertilizer, pesticide, organic and inorganic chemicals, engineering and fermentation. Many flow diagrams have been included to illustrate industrial processes and to indicate the sources of wastewater. After describing treatment for individual factories, the author discusses the more advanced and economical common effluent plants. The text uses simple and straightforward language and makes the presentation attractive. This book should prove extremely useful to undergraduate students of civil and chemical engineering and postgraduate students of environmental science and engineering. Industrial design consultants will also find the book very handy. To the Greens, it may offer some of the solutions to their concerns. NEW TO THE SECOND EDITION • Includes the concept of Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) in Chapter 1 and provides further information in Appendix A. • Incorporates brief information about plasma gasification technique in Appendix B and advanced oxidation technique in Chapter 3. • Includes ecological aspects of pollution control and a reference on benthal load in Chapter 4. • Provides information on jute retting in Chapter 6. • Incorporates topics such as photocatalytic degradation of phenols from coke oven wastes, HCl recovery from pickling operations and e-waste handling and disposal in Chapter 13.
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Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems, Second Edition

Author: Ronald W. Crites,E. Joe Middlebrooks,Robert K. Bastian

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466583266

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 549

View: 5508

Calling for ecologically and economically sound wastewater treatment systems, the authors of Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems explore the use of wetlands, sprinkler or deep irrigation, groundwater recharge, and other natural systems as sustainable methods for the treatment and management of wastewater. Based on work by prominent experts in natural waste treatment, this text provides a thorough explanation on how soil and plants can successfully sustain microbial populations in the treatment of wastewater. Determining that natural systems cost less to construct and operate, and require less energy than mechanical treatment alternatives, this book also explains how these processes produce lower amounts of residual solids, and use little or no chemicals. What’s New in the Second Edition: This revised edition includes current design and regulatory and operational developments in the natural wastewater treatment field. It provides detailed examples and analyses along with significant operational data in each chapter. It also considers how processes provide passive treatment with a minimum of mechanical elements, and describes new approaches to partially mixed ponds, including dual-powered aeration ponds. Introduces the planning procedures and treatment mechanisms responsible for treatment in ponds, wetlands, land application, and soil absorption systems Provides new case studies of constructed wetlands and water reuse systems Presents design criteria and methods of pond treatment and pond effluent upgrading Describes constructed wetlands design procedures, process applications, treatment performance data, and land treatment concepts and design equations Includes information on constituents of emerging concern (CEC) and their fate in natural systems The text discusses wastewater pond systems, free water surface constructed wetlands, subsurface and vertical flow constructed wetlands, land treatment, sludge management, and onsite wastewater systems. It describes residuals and biosolids management, including nitrogen removal pretreatment methods, and uses U.S. customary and metric units in all chapters. It presents case studies of new applications of natural systems and includes worked examples of design equations for ponds and land treatment. It also provides a biosolids regulatory update from a top EPA scientist, and algae reduction technologies for ponds and wetlands. Designed for practicing wastewater engineers and scientists involved in the planning, design, and operation of ponds, wetlands, land treatment, biosolids, and onsite soil-based treatment systems, the book integrates many natural treatment systems into one single source.
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The MBR Book

Principles and Applications of Membrane Bioreactors for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Author: Simon Judd

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465104

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 4242

The use of membranes is increasing throughout industry, and particularly the water industry.The municipal water industry, which is concerned with the provision of clean drinking water to the population, is a big user and developer of membrane technology which helps it to provide water free of pathogens, chemicals, odours and unwanted tastes. Municipal authorities also have to process sewage and waste water, and membranes are used extensively in these processes. The MBR Book covers all important aspects of Membrane BioReactors in water and waste water treatment, from the fundamentals of the processes via design principles to MBR technologies. Industrial case studies help interpret actual results and give pointers for best practice. Useful appendices provide data on commercial membranes and international membrane organisations. * Major growth area in the water industries * Internationally-known author * Principles and practice, backed by case studies
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Simplified Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations Workbook

Author: Edward Haller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351416502

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 676

In a simple, straightforward manner, this book presents most of the major process units for wastewater treatment, addressing what the unit is and how it basically works. Along with that it provides some of the math problems associated with each unit. Each math problem, presented in English units, is usually followed by a nearly identical problem in metric units. It also presents new concepts, such as information on process microbiology, in a comfortable language so the reader can concentrate on the subject matter instead of the language used to present it. Simplified Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations provides comprehensive and technically accurate wastewater information in a clear and concise manner. The related workbook provides readers with a place to write in answers and work out problem solutions.
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Treatment Wetlands

Author: Robert H. Kadlec,Scott Wallace,Robert L. Knight

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873719308

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 928

View: 2057

This outstanding new book examines the planning, design, construction, and operation of wetlands used for water quality treatment. Treatment Wetlands is the first comprehensive book to systematically describe all aspects of this new technology. Topics include all major wetland configurations, wastewater sources, and combinations of climatic conditions. This complete reference contains detailed information on wetland ecology, wetland water quality, selection of appropriate technology, design for consistent performance, construction guidance, and operational control through effective monitoring. Design approaches that can be tailored to specific wetland treatment projects are also included. Rule-of-thumb methods, regression-based empirical design approaches, and rational methods are explained facilitating wetland design based on multi-parameter input conditions.
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Small and decentralized wastewater management systems

Author: Ronald W. Crites,George Tchobanoglous

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1084

View: 797

This text presents a comprehensive design of both conventional and innovative systems for the treatment and disposal or reuse of the treated effluent. Decentralized Wastewater Management focuses on smaller treatment plants, which most new engineers will deal with early in their professional careers.
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WASTEWATER TREATMENT

Concepts and Design Approach

Author: G. L. KARIA,R.A. CHRISTIAN

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120347358

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 5844

This thoroughly revised Second Edition presents a comprehensive account of the principles of operation and design of wastewater treatment plants. Beginning with the basic concepts of treatment of wastewater and the design considerations required of an efficient treatment plant, the book moves on to spotlight the design criteria for domestic wastewater treatment units. In essence, the text gives the detailed procedures for design computations of all units of a wastewater treatment plant. It also describes the most common types of reactors used for physical operations and biological processes in wastewater treatment plants. Besides additional examples and exercises, this edition also includes a new chapter on “Disinfection of Wastewater”. The book is intended for the undergraduate students of Civil and Environmental Engineering. It will also be useful to the practising professionals involved in the design of wastewater treatment plants. Key Features • Provides several examples supported by graphs and sketches to highlight the various design concepts of wastewater treatment units. • Encapsulates significant theoretical and computational information, and useful design hints in Note and Tip boxes. • Includes well-graded practice exercises to help students develop the skills in designing treatment plants.
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MWH's Water Treatment

Principles and Design

Author: John C. Crittenden,R. Rhodes Trussell,David W. Hand,Kerry J. Howe,George Tchobanoglous

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118103777

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1920

View: 8746

the definitive guide to the theory and practice of water treatment engineering THIS NEWLY REVISED EDITION of the classic reference provides complete, up-to-date coverage of both theory and practice of water treatment system design. The Third Edition brings the field up to date, addressing new regulatory requirements, ongoing environmental concerns, and the emergence of pharmacological agents and other new chemical constituents in water. Written by some of the foremost experts in the field of public water supply, Water Treatment, Third Edition maintains the book's broad scope and reach, while reorganizing the material for even greater clarity and readability. Topics span from the fundamentals of water chemistry and microbiology to the latest methods for detecting constituents in water, leading-edge technologies for implementing water treatment processes, and the increasingly important topic of managing residuals from water treatment plants. Along with hundreds of illustrations, photographs, and extensive tables listing chemical properties and design data, this volume: Introduces a number of new topics such as advanced oxidation and enhanced coagulation Discusses treatment strategies for removing pharmaceuticals and personal care products Examines advanced treatment technologies such as membrane filtration, reverse osmosis, and ozone addition Details reverse osmosis applications for brackish groundwater, wastewater, and other water sources Provides new case studies demonstrating the synthesis of full-scale treatment trains A must-have resource for engineers designing or operating water treatment plants, Water Treatment, Third Edition is also useful for students of civil, environmental, and water resources engineering.
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Water Treatment Plant Design 5/E

Author: American Water Works Association,American Society of Civil Engineers

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071745726

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1376

View: 1208

THE MOST TRUSTED AND UP-TO-DATE WATER TREATMENT PLANT DESIGN REFERENCE Thoroughly revised to cover the latest standards, technologies, regulations, and sustainability practices, Water Treatment Plant Design, Fifth Edition, offers comprehensive guidance on modernizing existing water treatment facilities and planning new ones. This authoritative resource discusses the organization and execution of a water treatment plant project--from planning and permitting through design, construction, and start-up. A joint publication of the American Water Works Association (AWWA) and the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), this defi nitive guide contains contributions from renowned international experts. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Sustainability Master planning and treatment process selection Design and construction Intake facilities Aeration and air stripping Mixing, coagulation, and flocculation Clarification Slow sand and diatomaceous earth filtration Oxidation and disinfection Ultraviolet disinfection Precipitative softening Membrane processes Activated carbon adsorption Biological processes Process residuals Pilot plant design and construction Chemical systems Hydraulics Site selection and plant arrangement Environmental impacts and project permitting Architectural design HVAC, plumbing, and air supply systems Structural design Process instrumentation and controls Electrical systems Design reliability features Operations and maintenance considerations during plant design Staff training and plant start-up Water system security and preparedness Construction cost estimating
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Water and Wastewater Calculations Manual, Third Edition

Author: Shun Dar Lin

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 007182720X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 944

View: 7721

Step-by-step water and wastewater calculations-- updated for the latest methods and regulations Water and Wastewater Calculations Manual, Third Edition, provides basic principles, best practices, and detailed calculations for surface water, groundwater, drinking water treatment, and wastewater engineering. The solutions presented are based on practical field data and the most current federal and state rules and regulations. Designed for quick access to essential data, the book contains more than 100 detailed illustrations and provides both SI and U.S. customary units. This up-to-date environmental reference contains new and revised information on: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency maximum contaminant levels for public water systems and protection from waterborne organisms Membrane filtration processes Clarification systems Ultraviolet disinfection Ozonation SNAD--simultaneous partial nitrification, ANAMMOX (anaerobic ammonium oxidation), and denitrification Membrane bioreactors Lake evaporation mathematical models Comprehensive coverage includes: Stream and river sanitation Lake and reservoir management Groundwater regulations and protection Fundamental and treatment plant hydraulics Public water supply Wastewater engineering Macro-invertebrate tolerance list Well function for confined aquifers Solubility product constants for solution at or near room temperature Freundlich adsorption isotherm constants for toxic organic compounds Factors for conversion
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Process Plant Layout

Author: Sean Moran

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128033568

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 756

View: 8688

Process Plant Layout, Second Edition, explains the methodologies used by professional designers to layout process equipment and pipework, plots, plants, sites, and their corresponding environmental features in a safe, economical way. It is supported with tables of separation distances, rules of thumb, and codes of practice and standards. The book includes more than seventy-five case studies on what can go wrong when layout is not properly considered. Sean Moran has thoroughly rewritten and re-illustrated this book to reflect advances in technology and best practices, for example, changes in how designers balance layout density with cost, operability, and safety considerations. The content covers the ‘why’ underlying process design company guidelines, providing a firm foundation for career growth for process design engineers. It is ideal for process plant designers in contracting, consultancy, and for operating companies at all stages of their careers, and is also of importance for operations and maintenance staff involved with a new build, guiding them through plot plan reviews. Based on interviews with over 200 professional process plant designers Explains multiple plant layout methodologies used by professional process engineers, piping engineers, and process architects Includes advice on how to choose and use the latest CAD tools for plant layout Ensures that all methodologies integrate to comply with worldwide risk management legislation
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Wastewater Engineering

Treatment and Resource Recovery

Author: Metcalf & Eddy Inc,Metcalf & Eddy,George Tchobanoglous,Franklin Louis Burton,H. David Stensel

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9781259010798

Category: Sewage

Page: 1856

View: 9957

This update of a popular book for civil and environmental engineering majors describes the technological and regulatory changes that have occurred over the last ten years in the discipline.
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