War, Peace and International Relations

An Introduction to Strategic History

Author: Colin S. Gray,Director of National Security Studies Colin S Gray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134169515

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 6860

This new volume explores the theory and practice of war and peace in modern historical context. In fifteen clear and concise chapters, this book hits the high and low points of international politics over a two hundred year period, plus a brief foray into the future out to 2025. War, Peace and International Relations serves as an excellent introduction to the international history of the past two centuries, showing how those two centuries were shaped and reshaped extensively by war. This book takes a broad view of what was relevant to the causes, courses, and consequences of wars. This upper-level textbook is an invaluable resource for students of strategic studies, security studies, international relations and international history.
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Vom Kriege

Author: Carl “von” Clausewitz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2200

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Strategy in the Contemporary World

An Introduction to Strategic Studies

Author: John Baylis,James J. Wirtz,Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198708912

Category: Military policy

Page: 456

View: 6844

With an emphasis on the role of military power in international relations, Strategy in the Contemporary World is the only introduction to strategic studies to cover both the enduring and contemporary issues that dominate strategy. Significantly updated, this fifth edition takes a functionalapproach to strategy, looking at issues from both times of war and of peace.
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Krieg und Frieden

Author: Leo Tolstoi

Publisher: Null Papier Verlag

ISBN: 3954181711

Category: Fiction

Page: 1300

View: 1387

Zwischen 1863 und 1869 schuf Leo Tolstoi dieses Werk, das in seiner erzählerischen Breite auf bis dahin unerreicht kunstfertige Weise einen Historien-, Familien- und Bildungsroman vereinte. Hintergrund ist der Krieg zwischen Russland und Frankreich. Der mit über 200 Figuren überreich bevölkerte Roman schildert die Schicksale dreier Familien über mehrere Generationen hinweg. Tolstoi spring kunstvoll zwischen familiären, privaten Szenen und der Schilderung von Schlachten und kriegerischen Manövergesprächen hin und her und bietet so ein einen einmaligen Einblick in die russisch-aristokratische Seelenlage der damaligen Zeit. Das Buch ist psychologischer Spiegel und kulturphilosophisches Brennglas in einem. Der geschickte Aufbau des Buches und die sprachlich bis ins Letzte ausgefeilte Intensität ließen Tolstois Werk schnell zu einem Klassiker von Weltrang werden. »O Himmel, welch heftiger Überfall!« erwiderte der Fürst, ohne durch diesen Empfang in Aufregung zu geraten. Der Fürst trug die goldgestickte Uniform des Hofes mit Ordenssternen, seidene Strümpfe und Schnallenschuhe. Sein Gesicht zeigte beständig ein liebenswürdiges Lächeln. Er sprach Französisch, jenes gewählte Französisch, in dem unsere Großväter nicht nur sprachen, sondern auch dachten, und in dem gemessenen, herablassenden Ton eines einflußreichen Würdenträgers, der am Hofe alt geworden ist. Er näherte sich Anna Pawlowna, küßte ihr die Hand, indem er sein kahles, parfümiertes Haupt neigte, und ließ sich dann bequem auf einem Sofa nieder. »Vor allem, verehrte Freundin, beruhigen Sie mich über den Zustand Ihrer Gesundheit«, fuhr er in galantem Tone fort, der aber nicht frei von Spott war. Null Papier Verlag www.null-papier.de
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Nuclear Weapons and Cooperative Security in the 21st Century

The New Disorder

Author: Stephen J. Cimbala

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113520280X

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 6002

This book looks at the prospects for international cooperation over nuclear weapons proliferation in the 21st century. Nuclear weapons served as stabilizing forces during the Cold War, or the First Nuclear Age, on account of their capability for destruction, the fear that this created among politicians and publics, and the domination of the nuclear world order by two superpowers: the United States and the Soviet Union. The end of the Cold War, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and the potential for nuclear weapons acquisition among revisionist states, or even non-state actors including terrorists, creates the possibility of a 'wolves eat dogs' phenomenon in the present century. In the 21st century, three forces threaten to undo or weaken the long nuclear peace and fast-forward states into a new and more dangerous situation: the existence of large US and Russian nuclear weapons arsenals; the potential for new technologies, including missile defenses and long-range, precision conventional weapons, and a collapse or atrophy of the nuclear nonproliferation regime, and the opening of the door for nuclear weapons to spread among more than the currently acknowledged nuclear states. This book explains how these three 'weakening' forces interact with one another and with US and Russian policy-making in order to create an environment of large possibilities for cooperative security - but also of considerable danger. Instead, the choices made by military planners and policy-makers will create an early twenty-first century story privileging nuclear stability or chaos. The US and Russia can, and should, make incremental progress in arms control and nonproliferation. This book will be of much interest to students of nuclear proliferation and arms control, strategic studies, international security and IR in general. Stephen J. Cimbala is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at Pennsylvania State University. He is the author of numerous works in the fields of international security, defense studies, nuclear arms control and other topics. He has consulted for various US government agencies and defense contractors.
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World Politics and the Evolution of War

Author: John J. Weltman

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801849497

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 7750

In this comprehensive study, international relations scholar John Weltman explores the many roles of war in world politics. With topics ranging from the development of strategic thought to the effects on war of political and technological change, from the uses of force—and threats of force—to the uses of arms control, from the prominence of war in history to its likely fate in the post-Cold War world, Weltman's analysis offers a detailed, thoroughgoing, and rigorous overview of the subject. Throughout, Weltman questions a number of widely held assumptions. To the conventional argument that the number of players in the international system determines the incidence and character of war, he responds with evidence that suggesting that the social, material, and intellectual context within which conflicts occur is far more influential. Weltman also questions the prevailing wisdom that democracies are inherently peaceful and autocracies inherently warlike, arguing instead that the propensity to wage war—and the effects of war—are largely the products of prevailing expectations: whether or not war offers a means for the cheap, easy, and decisive accomplishment of a government's objectives. And he criticizes the dominant view that conflict—even violent conflict—is psychologically "abnormal." Drawing upon the traditional distinction between wars of "attrition" and wars of "annihilation," Weltman sees the trend toward the former—despite the anomalous Persian Gulf conflict—aslikely to continue. While this trend does not suggest the end of warfare (much less the "end of history"), it does imply the localization of conflict and the minimization of the danger of global conflagration. The "new world order," Weltman concludes, will be far from peaceful, but the conflicts that do arise will be slow-burning and difficult to spread. Outside intervention in these conflicts will be costly.
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War, Clausewitz and the Trinity

Author: Dr Thomas Waldman

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409474119

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 6082

Today, the ideas of Carl von Clausewitz (1780-1831) are employed almost ubiquitously in strategic studies, military history and defence literatures, but often in a manner which distorts their true meaning. In this book, Waldman explores Clausewitz’s central theoretical device for understanding war - the ‘remarkable trinity’ of politics, chance and passion. By situating the great Prussian in historical context, he presents a conception truer to Clausewitz’s intention. Seeking to achieve this through an in-depth reinterpretation of On War and Clausewitz’s other writings, conducted through the prism of the trinity, this book draws on existing studies but argues that there is room for clarification. It presents fresh perspectives into aspects of Clausewitz's thought and emphasises elements of his theory that have often been neglected. Furthermore, it provides a solid basis from which debate on the nature of modern war can move forward.
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Peace and War

A Theory of International Relations

Author: Raymond Aron

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765805041

Category: Political Science

Page: 820

View: 5553

Peace and War by Raymond Aron is one of the greatest books ever written on international relations. Aron's starting point is the state of nature that exists between nations, a condition that differs essentially from the civil state that holds within political communities. Ever keeping this brute fact about the life of nations in mind and ranging widely over political history and many disciplines, Aron develops the essential analytical tools to enable us to think clearly about the stakes and possibilities of international relations. In his first section, “Theory,” Aron shows that, while international relations can be mapped, and probabilities discerned, no closed, global “science” of international relations is anything more than a mirage. In the second part, “Sociology,” Aron studies the many ways various subpolitical forces influence foreign policy. He emphasizes that no rigorous determinism is at work: politics—and thus the need for prudent statesmanship—are inescapable in international relations. In part three, “History,” Aron offers a magisterial survey of the twentieth century. He looks at key developments that have had an impact on foreign policy and the emergence of what he calls “universal history,” which brings far-flung peoples into regular contact for the first time. In a final section, “Praxeology,” Aron articulates a normative theory of international relations that rejects both the bleak vision of the Machiavellians, who hold that any means are legitimate, and the naiveté of the idealists, who think foreign policy can be overcome. This new edition of Peace and War includes an informative introduction by Daniel J. Mahoney and Brian C. Anderson, situating Aron's thought in a new post-Cold War context, and evaluating his contribution to the study of politics and international relations.
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An Introduction to International Relations

Author: Richard Devetak,Jim George,Sarah Percy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316631559

Category: Political Science

Page: 620

View: 8133

An Introduction to International Relations is a comprehensive introduction to the history, theories, developments and debates that shape the dynamic discipline of international relations and contemporary world politics. Bringing together an expert author team comprising leading academics from Australia and around the world, it allows readers to explore the discipline from both Australian and global perspectives. Known for its clear, easy-to-read style and relevant, real-world examples, the text has been fully updated and revised to reflect current research and the changing global political climate. This edition features extensive new material on: international history from World War I to World War II; international law; the globalisation of international society; and terrorism. A companion website for instructors offers additional case studies, critical thinking questions and links to relevant video and web materials that bring international relations theory to life.
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Weltordnung

Author: Henry A. Kissinger

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641155487

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 4507

Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.
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Strategie

die Logik von Krieg und Frieden

Author: Edward Luttwak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783934920125

Category:

Page: 355

View: 8223

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Always Strategic

Jointly Essential Landpower

Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Department of the Army

ISBN: 9781584876656

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 5092

American Landpower is a strategic instrument of state policy and needs to be considered as such. This monograph explores and explains the nature of Landpower, both in general terms and also with particular regard to the American case. The monograph argues that: (1) Landpower is unique in the character of the quality it brings to the American joint team for national security; (2) the U.S. has a permanent need for the human quality in Landpower that this element provides inherently; (3) Landpower is always and, indeed, necessarily strategic in its meaning and implications--it is a quintessentially strategic instrument of state policy and politics; (4) strategic Landpower is unavoidably and beneficially joint in its functioning, this simply is so much the contemporary character of American strategic Landpower that we should consider jointness integral to its permanent nature; and (5) strategic Landpower has an enduring position of dominance on the joint military team because conflict, war, and warfare have demonstrated all too convincingly over the course of 2,500 years that they do not register much of great relative significance with respect to change over time. In short, the strategic Landpower maintained today safely can be assumed to be necessary for security long into the future. No matter how familiar the concept of strategic Landpower is when identified and expressed thus, it is a physical and psychological reality that has persisted to strategic effect through all of the strategic history to which we have access. Other products pertaining to this topic include the following: The Future of American Landpower: Does Forward Presence Still Matter?: The Case of the Army in the Pacific can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01099-4 Senior Conference 50, The Army We Need: The Role of Landpower in an Uncertain Strategic Environment, June 1-3, 2014 can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01102-8 A Russian View on Landpower can be found at this link: https: //bookstore.gpo.gov/products/sku/008-000-01142-7
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Reviewing the Cold War

Approaches, Interpretations, and Theory

Author: Norway) Nobel Symposium 1998 (Lysebu,Nobel Symposium

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714650722

Category: Political Science

Page: 382

View: 8590

Revised papers of a symposium organized by the Norwegian Nobel Institute at Lysebu in 1998.
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Principles of International Politics

Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1483304663

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 1695

Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition of Principles of International Politics, based on extensive reviewer feedback and newly guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility. What hasn't changed is Principles' coverage of the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics are given sustained treatment: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations and law, human rights, and the global environment. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn to mobilize the key concepts and models.
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Recent Themes in Military History

Historians in Conversation

Author: Donald A. Yerxa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 141

View: 4875

"This collection of forums, interviews, and individual essays drawn from Historically Speaking provides contrasting views on such topics in military history as the existence and function of military revolutions in the past and present, the experience of soldiering and combat, the particularly violent and gruesome nature of twentieth-century warfare, and projections of the nature of future wars." --from back cover.
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