Vulnerability, Exploitation and Migrants

Insecure Work in a Globalised Economy

Author: Gary Craig,Louise Waite,Hannah Lewis,Klara Skrivankova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137460415

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3871

Globalization, the economic crisis and related policies of austerity have led to a growth in extreme exploitation at work, with migrants particularly vulnerable. This book explores the lives of the growing numbers of severely exploited labourers in the world today, questioning how we can respond to such globalized patterns of extreme inequality.

Labour Exploitation and Work-based Harm

Author: Sam Scott

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447322037

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 5179

This book provides a critical understanding of contemporary forced labour as a global social problem and argues that it should be located within the broader study of work-based harm.

Precarious Lives

Forced Labour, Exploitation and Asylum

Author: Lewis, Hannah,Dwyer, Peter,Stuart Hodkinson,Louise Waite

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447306910

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 7008

Engaging with contemporary debates about precarity, unfreedom and socio-legal status, this ground breaking book presents the first evidence of forced labour among displaced migrants who seek refuge in the UK.

South-south Migration and Remittances

Author: Dilip Ratha,William Shaw

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821370731

Category: Social Science

Page: 55

View: 8637

"South-South Migration and Remittances" reports on preliminary results from an ongoing effort to improve data on bilateral migration stocks. It sets out some working hypotheses on the determinants and socioeconomic implications of South-South migration. Contrary to popular perception that migration is mostly a South-North phenomenon, South-South migration is large. Available data from national censuses suggest that nearly half of the migrants from developing countries reside in other developing countries. Almost 80 percent of South-South migration takes place between countries with contiguous borders. Estimates of South-South remittances range from 9 to 30 percent of developing countries' remittance receipts in 2005. Although the impact of South-South migration on the income of migrants and natives is smaller than for South-North migration, small increases in income can have substantial welfare implications for the poor. The costs of South-South remittances are even higher than those of North-South remittances. These findings suggest that policymakers should pay attention to the complex challenges that developing countries face not only as countries of origin, but also as countries of destination.

Transnational Agency and Migration

Actors, Movements, and Social Support

Author: Stefan Köngeter,Wendy Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317397800

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 9684

Migrants, both spatially and mentally, no longer settle in only one national territory but interact or move across borders regularly, profoundly challenging the nation-state and the image of society as a container. This volume explores the ways in which migrants, activists and professionals connect social worlds across national boundaries through a variety of social practices. The contributions from various disciplines - anthropology, economics, political and social sciences, educational studies and social work - illuminate the meaning of agency in situations where the capabilities of transnational actors are constrained by nation-states, their borders and social institutions. Based on a relational understanding of transnational agency which builds upon new insights and developments within transnational studies and network theory, this compilation of chapters presents transnational processes and developments in and across various regions of the globe - in East Asia, the Americas, the EU, Southeast Asia, Africa and Australia, in the borderlands of Mexico and the US, in the transatlantic space of the 19th-century fin de siècle world - in order to demonstrate the importance of gaining, assisting and expanding agency in transnational contexts.

Policies on Irregular Migrants: Republic of Armenia, Greece and Russian Federation

Author: N.A

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287164018

Category: Social Science

Page: 95

View: 6888

The insecurity which irregular migrants face on a daily basis because of the unlawfulness of their residence prompted the European Committee on Migration (CDMG) to assess their situation in Council of Europe member states. The aim of the exercise was to pool and evaluate national experience and to draw up proposals on dealing with irregular migrants and improving cooperation between countries of origin and host countries. Five countries volunteered - Armenia, Germany, Greece, Italy and the Russian Federation - and submitted some aspects of their national policies regarding the situation of irregular migrants for evaluation. After Volume I, which contains a summary of the project and the national reports of Italy and Germany, Volume II looks at the situation of irregular migrants in Armenia, Greece and the Russian Federation.

Women, Migration, and Conflict

Breaking a Deadly Cycle

Author: Susan Forbes Martin,John Tirman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048128259

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 4673

An estimated 35 million people worldwide are displaced by conflict, and most of them are women and children. During their time away from their homes and communities, these women and their children are subjected to a horrifying array of misfortune, including privations of every kind, sexual assaults, disease, imprisonment, unwanted pregnancies, severe psychological trauma, and, upon return or resettlement, social disapproval and isolation. Written by the world’s leading scholars and practitioners, this unique collection brings these problems - and potential solutions - into sharp focus. Based on extensive field research and a broad knowledge of other studies of the challenges facing women who are forced from their homes and homelands by conflict, this book offers in-depth understanding and problem-solving ideas. Derived from a project to advise U.N. agencies, it speaks to a broad array of students, scholars, NGOs, policymakers, government officials, and international organizations.

Gender and Migration

Feminist Interventions

Author: Khatidja Chantler,Professor Erica Burman,Ingrid Palmary,Peace Kiguwa

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848138725

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1712

Provocative and intellectually challenging, Gender and Migration critically analyses how gender has been taken up in studies of migration and its theories, practices and effects. Each essay uses feminist frameworks to highlight how more traditional tropes of gender eschew the complexities of gender and migration. In tackling this problem, this collection offers students and researchers of migration a more nuanced understanding of the topic.

Human Smuggling and Border Crossings

Author: Gabriella Sanchez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134483090

Category: Social Science

Page: 146

View: 7657

Graphic narratives of tragedies involving the journeys of irregular migrants trying to reach destinations in the global north are common in the media and are blamed almost invariably on human smuggling facilitators, described as rapacious members of highly structured underground transnational criminal organizations, who take advantage of migrants and prey upon their vulnerability. This book contributes to the current scholarship on migration by providing a window into the lives and experiences of those behind the facilitation of irregular border crossing journeys. Based on fieldwork conducted among coyotes in Arizona - the main point of entry for irregular migrants in the United States by the turn of the 21st Century - this project goes beyond traditional narratives of victimization and financial exploitation and asks: who are the men and women behind the journeys of irregular migrants worldwide? How and why do they enter the human smuggling market? How are they organized? How do they understand their roles in transnational migration? How do they explain the violence and victimization so many migrants face while in transit? This book is suitable for students and academics involved in the study of migration, border enforcement and migrant and refugee criminalization.

Migration and Development

How to Make Migration Work for Poverty Reduction, Government Response to the Committee's Sixth Report of Session 2003-04, First Special Report of Session 2004-05

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. International Development Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215021069

Category: Political Science

Page: 29

View: 8289

Government response to the 6th report HCP 79-I of session 2003-04 (ISBN 0215018206)

Gender and Migration

Author: Caroline Sweetman

Publisher: Oxfam

ISBN: 9780855983994

Category: Social Science

Page: 72

View: 9086

The articles in this collection explore the vast array of different reasons for women and men moving within and outside their native countries, whether it be for employment, upon marriage, or in the midst of conflict. The authors, who include Uma Kothari and Emma Crewe, Ben Rogaly and Alex Jones, stress the importance of seeing an individual migrant in her or his context as a member of a social network, spanning different locations. Understanding these links means that migration can be seen as part of a wider strategy for making a living.

Trafficked Children and Youth in the United States

Reimagining Survivors

Author: Elzbieta M. Gozdziak

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813569710

Category: Political Science

Page: 194

View: 3409

Trafficked children are portrayed by the media—and even by child welfare specialists—as hapless victims who are forced to migrate from a poor country to the United States, where they serve as sex slaves. But as Elzbieta M. Gozdziak reveals in Trafficked Children in the United States, the picture is far more complex. Basing her observations on research with 140 children, most of them girls, from countries all over the globe, Gozdziak debunks many myths and uncovers the realities of the captivity, rescue, and rehabilitation of trafficked children. She shows, for instance, that none of the girls and boys portrayed in this book were kidnapped or physically forced to accompany their traffickers. In many instances, parents, or smugglers paid by family members, brought the girls to the U.S. Without exception, the girls and boys in this study believed they were coming to the States to find employment and in some cases educational opportunities. Following them from the time they were trafficked to their years as young adults, Gozdziak gives the children a voice so they can offer their own perspective on rebuilding their lives—getting jobs, learning English, developing friendships, and finding love. Gozdziak looks too at how the children’s perspectives compare to the ideas of child welfare programs, noting that the children focus on survival techniques while the institutions focus, not helpfully, on vulnerability and pathology. Gozdziak concludes that the services provided by institutions are in effect a one-size-fits-all, trauma-based model, one that ignores the diversity of experience among trafficked children. Breaking new ground, Trafficked Children in the United States offers a fresh take on what matters most to these young people as they rebuild their lives in America.

Impact of Global Crisis on Migrant Workers and Families

A Survey-Based Analysis with a Gender Perspective

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292540602

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 7689

This publication examines the impact of the crisis among migrant workers and their families---with gender perspective---to provide useful information for better evidence-based policy making. Based on household surveys in Indonesia and the Philippines, the results show that women are in worse condition and are more vulnerable than men. Women migrants still have lower education and skills, reflected in their inferior jobs. They face greater difficulties in reintegration when they return, forcing them to return abroad. Women also bear a heavier burden due to their gendered role in the family, and those who stay are more often unemployed or in vulnerable employment. Moreover, despite strong views that the man should be the breadwinner and the one going abroad, the increasing feminization of current migration indicates that necessity is a strong push factor forcing more women to go abroad. These findings further strengthen the call for considering gender in migration policies.

Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age

Author: Jacqueline Bhabha

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691143606

Category: Law

Page: 374

View: 1237

Why, despite massive public concern, is child trafficking on the rise? Why are unaccompanied migrant children living on the streets and routinely threatened with deportation to their countries of origin? Why do so many young refugees of war-ravaged and failed states end up warehoused in camps, victimized by the sex trade, or enlisted as child soldiers? This book provides the first comprehensive account of the widespread but neglected global phenomenon of child migration, exploring the complex challenges facing children and adolescents who move to join their families, those who are moved to be exploited, and those who move simply to survive. Spanning several continents and drawing on the actual stories of young migrants, the book shows how difficult it is for children to reunite with parents who left them behind to seek work abroad. It looks at the often-insurmountable obstacles we place in the paths of adolescents fleeing war, exploitation, or destitution; the contradictory elements in our approach to international adoption; and the limited support we give to young people brutalized as child soldiers. Part history, part in-depth legal and political analysis, this powerful book challenges the prevailing wisdom that widespread protection failures are caused by our lack of awareness of the problems these children face, arguing instead that our societies have a deep-seated ambivalence to migrant children--one we need to address head-on. Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age offers a road map for doing just that, and makes a compelling and courageous case for an international ethics of children's human rights.

Gender, Law and Justice in a Global Market

Author: Ann Stewart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500368

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4732

Theories of gender justice in the twenty-first century must engage with global economic and social processes. Using concepts from economic analysis associated with global commodity chains and feminist ethics of care, Ann Stewart considers the way in which 'gender contracts' relating to work and care contribute to gender inequalities worldwide. She explores how economies in the global north stimulate desires and create deficits in care and belonging which are met through transnational movements and traces the way in which transnational economic processes, discourses of rights and care create relationships between global south and north. African women produce fruit and flowers for European consumption; body workers migrate to meet deficits in 'affect' through provision of care and sex; British-Asian families seek belonging through transnational marriages.

Saudi Arabia, Bad Dreams

Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia

Author: N.A

Publisher: Human Rights Watch


Category: Foreign workers

Page: 135

View: 2857

Methodology -- Key recommendations -- I. Migrant communities in Saudi Arabia. -- II. The foreign labor sponsorship system and its abuses. -- III. Vunerability and exploitation. -- IV. Women workers: forced confinement, labor exploitation, and sexual abuse. -- V. Labor grievances: the government's process for complaints and remedy. -- VI. Deportation of migrant workers. -- VII. Migrant workers in the criminal justice system : rights denied. -- VIII. The death penalty and executions: migrant worker victims. -- IX. Recommendations. -- Appendix A: International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions in force in Saudi Arabia. -- Appendix B. -- Acknowledgements.

Concealed Chains

Labour Exploitation and Chinese Migrants in Europe

Author: Yun Gao

Publisher: International Labour Organisation


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 8852

This groundbreaking book exposes the hidden world of Chinese irregular migrants in France, Italy, and the UK. Chinese workers migrating to Europe pay huge sums of money to intermediaries, often leaving them trapped in debt before they even begin their journey. Exposed to various risks during their migratory process, they can arrive in the destination country vulnerable to extreme exploitation and sometimes even forced labor. The book seeks to understand the links that connect vulnerable Chinese workers to European labor markets and a complex international production chain. Presenting detailed case studies, a clear explanation of the relevant international and national legal frameworks, and an overview of the migration mechanism between China and Europe, this book makes an important contribution to understanding how to break these patterns of labor exploitation.

Revisiting the Law and Governance of Trafficking, Forced Labor and Modern Slavery

Author: Prabha Kotiswaran

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107160545

Category: Law

Page: 534

View: 3819

"Trafficking typically involves the movement of persons for exploitation for a third party's benefit. Inspired by the Palermo protocols, several states today criminalize trafficking, and it is perceived as an issue of serious organized crime. This edited volume brings together academics, activists and officials from international organizations who believe that the choice of a criminal law response arose from a particular alignment of geo-political interests of developed countries in the wake of globalization. Adopting an inter-disciplinary, multi-stakeholder approach, contributors to this volume instead understand trafficking through the lens of labor migration and extreme exploitation and consequently rethink both the law and governance of trafficking. This volume considers many key factors, including the evolving international law on trafficking, the relationship between trafficking and domestic migration law and policy, as well as newly emergent techniques of governance including indicators, with a view to exploring prospects for economic justice in a globalized world"--

Asian migration

Pacific Rim dynamics

Author: Chilla Bulbeck,Yen-Fen Tseng,Guo li Taiwan da xue. Aozhou yan jiu xiao zu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789570248586

Category: Asian women

Page: 258

View: 3481