Vulnerability, Exploitation and Migrants

Insecure Work in a Globalised Economy

Author: Gary Craig,Louise Waite,Hannah Lewis,Klara Skrivankova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137460415

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5990

Globalization, the economic crisis and related policies of austerity have led to a growth in extreme exploitation at work, with migrants particularly vulnerable. This book explores the lives of the growing numbers of severely exploited labourers in the world today, questioning how we can respond to such globalized patterns of extreme inequality.

Labour Exploitation and Work-based Harm

Author: Sam Scott

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447322037

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 2752

This book provides a critical understanding of contemporary forced labour as a global social problem and argues that it should be located within the broader study of work-based harm.

Labour Migration, Human Trafficking and Multinational Corporations

The Commodification of Illicit Flows

Author: Ato Quayson,Antonela Arhin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136482636

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 5449

Although much literature on human trafficking focuses on sex trafficking, a great deal of human trafficking results from migrant workers, compelled - by economic deprivation in their home countries - to seek better life opportunities abroad, especially in agriculture, construction and domestic work. Such labour migration is sometimes legal and well managed, but sometimes not so – with migrant workers frequently threatened or coerced into entering debt bondage arrangements and ending up working in forced labour situations producing goods for illicit markets. This book fills a substantial gap in the existing literature given that labour trafficking is a much more subtle form of exploitation than sex trafficking. It discusses how far large multinational corporations are involved, whether intentionally or unintentionally, in human trafficking for the purposes of labour exploitation. They explore how far corporations are driven to seek cheap labour by the need to remain commercially competitive and examine how the problem often lies with corporations’ subcontractors, who are not as well controlled as they might be. The essays in the volume also outline and assess measures being taken by governments and international agencies to eradicate the problem.

Equality at Work

Tackling the Challenges : Global Report Under the Follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work

Author: International Labour Office

Publisher: International Labour Organization

ISBN: 9789221181309

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 127

View: 6229

This volume examines established and emerging trends in workplace discrimination and provides a global picture of the struggle to overcome the problem. The report addresses established discrimination issues and the persistence of economic, social, and moral implications caused by chronic racial, ethnic, and sex discrimination in employment. It also investigates recently recognized forms of discrimination, including those based on age and sexual orientation, and emerging forms such as genetic and lifestyle discrimination. Various institutional and policy responses to combat all kinds of discrimination in the workplace are highlighted. The book examines the effectiveness and accessibility of strategies such as affirmative action, procurement policy, and active labor market policies. It presents an action plan for eliminating discrimination and promoting equality as part of the decent work agenda at national and global levels.

Impact of Global Crisis on Migrant Workers and Families

A Survey-Based Analysis with a Gender Perspective

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292540602

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 6627

This publication examines the impact of the crisis among migrant workers and their families---with gender perspective---to provide useful information for better evidence-based policy making. Based on household surveys in Indonesia and the Philippines, the results show that women are in worse condition and are more vulnerable than men. Women migrants still have lower education and skills, reflected in their inferior jobs. They face greater difficulties in reintegration when they return, forcing them to return abroad. Women also bear a heavier burden due to their gendered role in the family, and those who stay are more often unemployed or in vulnerable employment. Moreover, despite strong views that the man should be the breadwinner and the one going abroad, the increasing feminization of current migration indicates that necessity is a strong push factor forcing more women to go abroad. These findings further strengthen the call for considering gender in migration policies.

Migration and Development

How to Make Migration Work for Poverty Reduction, Government Response to the Committee's Sixth Report of Session 2003-04, First Special Report of Session 2004-05

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. International Development Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215021069

Category: Political Science

Page: 29

View: 4101

Government response to the 6th report HCP 79-I of session 2003-04 (ISBN 0215018206)

South-south Migration and Remittances

Author: Dilip Ratha,William Shaw

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821370731

Category: Social Science

Page: 55

View: 846

"South-South Migration and Remittances" reports on preliminary results from an ongoing effort to improve data on bilateral migration stocks. It sets out some working hypotheses on the determinants and socioeconomic implications of South-South migration. Contrary to popular perception that migration is mostly a South-North phenomenon, South-South migration is large. Available data from national censuses suggest that nearly half of the migrants from developing countries reside in other developing countries. Almost 80 percent of South-South migration takes place between countries with contiguous borders. Estimates of South-South remittances range from 9 to 30 percent of developing countries' remittance receipts in 2005. Although the impact of South-South migration on the income of migrants and natives is smaller than for South-North migration, small increases in income can have substantial welfare implications for the poor. The costs of South-South remittances are even higher than those of North-South remittances. These findings suggest that policymakers should pay attention to the complex challenges that developing countries face not only as countries of origin, but also as countries of destination.

Human Trafficking Around the World

Hidden in Plain Sight

Author: Stephanie Hepburn,Rita J. Simon

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231533314

Category: Law

Page: 552

View: 9652

This unprecedented study of sex trafficking, forced labor, organ trafficking, and sex tourism across twenty-four nations highlights the experiences of the victims, perpetrators, and anti-traffickers involved in this brutal trade. Combining statistical data with intimate accounts and interviews, journalist Stephanie Hepburn and justice scholar Rita J. Simon create a dynamic volume sure to educate and spur action. Hepburn and Simon recount the lives of victims during and after their experience with trafficking, and they follow the activities of traffickers before capture and their outcomes after sentencing. Each chapter centers on the trafficking practices and anti-trafficking measures of a single country: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Niger, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Syria, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Examining these nations' laws, Hepburn and Simon reveal gaps in legislation and enforcement and outline the cultural norms and biases, societal assumptions, and conflicting policies that make trafficking scenarios so pervasive and resilient. This study points out those most vulnerable in each nation and the specific cultural, economic, environmental, and geopolitical factors that contribute to each nation's trafficking issues. Furthermore, the study also highlights common phenomena that governments and international anti-traffickers should consider in their fight against this illicit trade.

Precarious lives

Forced labour, exploitation and asylum

Author: Lewis, Hannah,Dwyer, Peter,Hodkinson, Stuart,Waite, Louise

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447306902

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 5573

This ground breaking book presents the first evidence of forced labour among displaced migrants who seek refuge in the UK. Through a critical engagement with contemporary debates about precarity, unfreedom and socio-legal status, the book explores how asylum and forced labour are linked, and enmeshed in a broader picture of modern slavery produced through globalised working conditions. Drawing on original evidence generated in fieldwork with refugees and asylum seekers, this is important reading for students and academics in social policy, social geography, sociology, politics, refugee, labour and migration studies, and policy makers and practitioners working to support migrants and tackle forced labour.

Depoliticising Migration

Global Governance and International Migration Narratives

Author: A. Pécoud

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137445939

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 404

Migration has become, since the nineties, the subject of growing international discussion and cooperation. By critically analyzing the reports produced by international organisations on migration, this book sheds light on the way these actors frame migration and develop their recommendations on how it should be governed.

Policies on Irregular Migrants: Republic of Armenia, Greece and Russian Federation

Author: N.A

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287164018

Category: Social Science

Page: 95

View: 4030

The insecurity which irregular migrants face on a daily basis because of the unlawfulness of their residence prompted the European Committee on Migration (CDMG) to assess their situation in Council of Europe member states. The aim of the exercise was to pool and evaluate national experience and to draw up proposals on dealing with irregular migrants and improving cooperation between countries of origin and host countries. Five countries volunteered - Armenia, Germany, Greece, Italy and the Russian Federation - and submitted some aspects of their national policies regarding the situation of irregular migrants for evaluation. After Volume I, which contains a summary of the project and the national reports of Italy and Germany, Volume II looks at the situation of irregular migrants in Armenia, Greece and the Russian Federation.

Saudi Arabia, Bad Dreams

Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia

Author: N.A

Publisher: Human Rights Watch


Category: Foreign workers

Page: 135

View: 9075

Methodology -- Key recommendations -- I. Migrant communities in Saudi Arabia. -- II. The foreign labor sponsorship system and its abuses. -- III. Vunerability and exploitation. -- IV. Women workers: forced confinement, labor exploitation, and sexual abuse. -- V. Labor grievances: the government's process for complaints and remedy. -- VI. Deportation of migrant workers. -- VII. Migrant workers in the criminal justice system : rights denied. -- VIII. The death penalty and executions: migrant worker victims. -- IX. Recommendations. -- Appendix A: International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions in force in Saudi Arabia. -- Appendix B. -- Acknowledgements.

Legislated Inequality

Temporary Labour Migration in Canada

Author: Patti Tamara Lenard,Christine Straehle

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773586938

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 482

Historically, Canada has adopted immigration policies focused on admitting migrants who were expected to become citizens. A dramatic shift has occurred in recent years as the number of temporary labourers admitted to Canada has increased substantially. Legislated Inequality critically evaluates this radical development in Canadian immigration, arguing that it threatens to undermine Canada’s success as an immigrant nation. Assessing each of the four major temporary labour migration programs in Canada, contributors from a range of disciplines - including comparative political science, philosophy, and sociology - show how temporary migrants are posed to occupy a permanent yet marginal status in society and argue that Canada's temporary labour policy must undergo fundamental changes in order to support Canada's long held immigration goals. The difficult working conditions faced by migrant workers, as well as the economic and social dangers of relying on temporary migration to relieve labour shortages, are described in detail. Legislated Inequality provides an essential critical analysis of the failings of temporary labour migration programs in Canada and proposes tangible ways to improve the lives of labourers. Contributors include Abigail B. Bakan (Queen's University), Tom Carter (University of Manitoba), Sarah D'Aoust (University of Ottawa), Christina Gabriel (Carleton University), Jill Hanley (McGill University), Jenna Hennebry (Wilfrid Laurier University), Christine Hughes (Carleton University), Karen D. Hughes (University of Alberta), Jahhon Koo (McGill University), Patti Tamara Lenard (University of Ottawa), Laura Macdonald (Carleton University), Janet McLaughlin (Wilfrid Laurier University), Delphine Nakache (University of Ottawa), Jacqueline Oxman-Martinez (Université de Montréal), Kerry Priebisch (University of Guelph), André Rivard (University of Windsor), Nandita Sharma (University of Hawaii), Eric Shragge (Concordia University), Denise Spitzer (University of Ottawa), Daiva Stasuilus (Carleton University) Christine Straehle (University of Ottawa), Patricia Tomic (University of British Columbia, Okanagan), Sarah Torres (University of Ottawa), and Richard Trumper (University of British Columbia, Okanagan).

Preventing Human Trafficking

Education and NGOs in Thailand

Author: Robert W. Spires

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472443047

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 9197

This book explores human trafficking, examining the work of grass-roots, non-profit organizations who educate and rehabilitate human trafficking victims and at-risk youth. Through interviews with staff and children, the author compares the work of two NGOs on-the-ground in Thailand with the work of similar organizations overseas, shedding light on the ways in which they combine educational work with shelter settings to prevent human trafficking, protect young people and attempt to provide a future free of exploitation. Concentrating less on the details of exploitation itself than the work that is being done to prevent exploitation and protect those who have experienced human trafficking, Preventing Human Trafficking explores the many challenges faced by the organizations, their staff and the children they serve. Drawing on rich qualitative research to address significant gaps in our knowledge of the work of NGOs and propose solutions to the problems of trafficking and how to protect its victims, this book will appeal to social scientists and policy makers with interests in criminology, exploitation, people trafficking, non-formal education and the work of NGOs.

Gender and Migration

Author: Caroline Sweetman

Publisher: Oxfam

ISBN: 9780855983994

Category: Social Science

Page: 72

View: 2358

The articles in this collection explore the vast array of different reasons for women and men moving within and outside their native countries, whether it be for employment, upon marriage, or in the midst of conflict. The authors, who include Uma Kothari and Emma Crewe, Ben Rogaly and Alex Jones, stress the importance of seeing an individual migrant in her or his context as a member of a social network, spanning different locations. Understanding these links means that migration can be seen as part of a wider strategy for making a living.

Gender, Law and Justice in a Global Market

Author: Ann Stewart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500368

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7400

Theories of gender justice in the twenty-first century must engage with global economic and social processes. Using concepts from economic analysis associated with global commodity chains and feminist ethics of care, Ann Stewart considers the way in which 'gender contracts' relating to work and care contribute to gender inequalities worldwide. She explores how economies in the global north stimulate desires and create deficits in care and belonging which are met through transnational movements and traces the way in which transnational economic processes, discourses of rights and care create relationships between global south and north. African women produce fruit and flowers for European consumption; body workers migrate to meet deficits in 'affect' through provision of care and sex; British-Asian families seek belonging through transnational marriages.

International Migration, Development and Human Wellbeing

Author: Katie Wright

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284854

Category: Social Science

Page: 155

View: 2819

Katie Wright explores how human wellbeing is constructed and how it 'travels' across spatial boundaries. She draws on empirical research, undertaken with Peruvian migrants based in London and Madrid and their Peru-based relatives and close friends to explore how human wellbeing is constructed and how it 'travels' transnationally.

Asian migration

Pacific Rim dynamics

Author: Chilla Bulbeck,Yen-Fen Tseng,Guo li Taiwan da xue. Aozhou yan jiu xiao zu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789570248586

Category: Asian women

Page: 258

View: 458


The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645885

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 3499

Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterise this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.