Vulnerability, Exploitation and Migrants

Insecure Work in a Globalised Economy

Author: Gary Craig,Louise Waite,Hannah Lewis,Klara Skrivankova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137460415

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 2767

Globalization, the economic crisis and related policies of austerity have led to a growth in extreme exploitation at work, with migrants particularly vulnerable. This book explores the lives of the growing numbers of severely exploited labourers in the world today, questioning how we can respond to such globalized patterns of extreme inequality.
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Labour exploitation and work-based harm

Author: Scott, Sam

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144732207X

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 6415

Labour exploitation is a highly topical though complex issue that has international resonance for those concerned with social justice and social welfare, but there is a lack of research available about it. This book, part of the Studies in Social Harm series, is the first to look at labour exploitation from a social harm perspective, arguing that, as a global social problem, it should be located within the broader study of work-based harm. Written by an expert in policy orientated research, he critiques existing approaches to the study of workplace exploitation, abuse and forced labour. Mapping out a new sub-discipline, this innovative book aims to shift power from employers to workers to reduce levels of labour exploitation and work-based harm. It is relevant to academics from many fields as well as legislators, policy makers, politicians, employers, union officials, activists and consumers.
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South-south Migration and Remittances

Author: Dilip Ratha,William Shaw

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821370731

Category: Social Science

Page: 55

View: 5955

"South-South Migration and Remittances" reports on preliminary results from an ongoing effort to improve data on bilateral migration stocks. It sets out some working hypotheses on the determinants and socioeconomic implications of South-South migration. Contrary to popular perception that migration is mostly a South-North phenomenon, South-South migration is large. Available data from national censuses suggest that nearly half of the migrants from developing countries reside in other developing countries. Almost 80 percent of South-South migration takes place between countries with contiguous borders. Estimates of South-South remittances range from 9 to 30 percent of developing countries' remittance receipts in 2005. Although the impact of South-South migration on the income of migrants and natives is smaller than for South-North migration, small increases in income can have substantial welfare implications for the poor. The costs of South-South remittances are even higher than those of North-South remittances. These findings suggest that policymakers should pay attention to the complex challenges that developing countries face not only as countries of origin, but also as countries of destination.
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Policies on Irregular Migrants: Republic of Armenia, Greece and Russian Federation

Author: N.A

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287164018

Category: Social Science

Page: 95

View: 5593

The insecurity which irregular migrants face on a daily basis because of the unlawfulness of their residence prompted the European Committee on Migration (CDMG) to assess their situation in Council of Europe member states. The aim of the exercise was to pool and evaluate national experience and to draw up proposals on dealing with irregular migrants and improving cooperation between countries of origin and host countries. Five countries volunteered - Armenia, Germany, Greece, Italy and the Russian Federation - and submitted some aspects of their national policies regarding the situation of irregular migrants for evaluation. After Volume I, which contains a summary of the project and the national reports of Italy and Germany, Volume II looks at the situation of irregular migrants in Armenia, Greece and the Russian Federation.
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Migration and Development

How to Make Migration Work for Poverty Reduction, Government Response to the Committee's Sixth Report of Session 2003-04, First Special Report of Session 2004-05

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. International Development Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215021069

Category: Political Science

Page: 29

View: 4042

Government response to the 6th report HCP 79-I of session 2003-04 (ISBN 0215018206)
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Gender and Migration

Author: Caroline Sweetman

Publisher: Oxfam

ISBN: 9780855983994

Category: Social Science

Page: 72

View: 9527

The articles in this collection explore the vast array of different reasons for women and men moving within and outside their native countries, whether it be for employment, upon marriage, or in the midst of conflict. The authors, who include Uma Kothari and Emma Crewe, Ben Rogaly and Alex Jones, stress the importance of seeing an individual migrant in her or his context as a member of a social network, spanning different locations. Understanding these links means that migration can be seen as part of a wider strategy for making a living.
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Weapons of Mass Migration

Forced Displacement, Coercion, and Foreign Policy

Author: Kelly M. Greenhill

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801457424

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 5176

At first glance, the U.S. decision to escalate the war in Vietnam in the mid-1960s, China's position on North Korea's nuclear program in the late 1990s and early 2000s, and the EU resolution to lift what remained of the arms embargo against Libya in the mid-2000s would appear to share little in common. Yet each of these seemingly unconnected and far-reaching foreign policy decisions resulted at least in part from the exercise of a unique kind of coercion, one predicated on the intentional creation, manipulation, and exploitation of real or threatened mass population movements. In Weapons of Mass Migration, Kelly M. Greenhill offers the first systematic examination of this widely deployed but largely unrecognized instrument of state influence. She shows both how often this unorthodox brand of coercion has been attempted (more than fifty times in the last half century) and how successful it has been (well over half the time). She also tackles the questions of who employs this policy tool, to what ends, and how and why it ever works. Coercers aim to affect target states' behavior by exploiting the existence of competing political interests and groups, Greenhill argues, and by manipulating the costs or risks imposed on target state populations. This "coercion by punishment" strategy can be effected in two ways: the first relies on straightforward threats to overwhelm a target's capacity to accommodate a refugee or migrant influx; the second, on a kind of norms-enhanced political blackmail that exploits the existence of legal and normative commitments to those fleeing violence, persecution, or privation. The theory is further illustrated and tested in a variety of case studies from Europe, East Asia, and North America. To help potential targets better respond to-and protect themselves against-this kind of unconventional predation, Weapons of Mass Migration also offers practicable policy recommendations for scholars, government officials, and anyone concerned about the true victims of this kind of coercion-the displaced themselves.
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Impact of Global Crisis on Migrant Workers and Families

A Survey-Based Analysis with a Gender Perspective

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292540602

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 5578

This publication examines the impact of the crisis among migrant workers and their families---with gender perspective---to provide useful information for better evidence-based policy making. Based on household surveys in Indonesia and the Philippines, the results show that women are in worse condition and are more vulnerable than men. Women migrants still have lower education and skills, reflected in their inferior jobs. They face greater difficulties in reintegration when they return, forcing them to return abroad. Women also bear a heavier burden due to their gendered role in the family, and those who stay are more often unemployed or in vulnerable employment. Moreover, despite strong views that the man should be the breadwinner and the one going abroad, the increasing feminization of current migration indicates that necessity is a strong push factor forcing more women to go abroad. These findings further strengthen the call for considering gender in migration policies.
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Migrating Alone

Unaccompanied and Separated Children's Migration to Europe

Author: Jyothi Kanics,Daniel Senovilla Hernández,Kristina Touzenis

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 923104091X

Category: Social Science

Page: 187

View: 4342

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Children and Migration

At the Crossroads of Resiliency and Vulnerability

Author: Marisa O. Ensor,Elzbieta Gozdziak

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 287

View: 7245

Providing a comprehensive analysis of the increasingly common phenomenon of child migration, this volume examines the experiences of children in a wide variety of migratory circumstances including economic child migrants, transnational students, trafficked, stateless, fostered, unaccompanied and undocumented children.
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Gender, Law and Justice in a Global Market

Author: Ann Stewart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500368

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9177

Theories of gender justice in the twenty-first century must engage with global economic and social processes. Using concepts from economic analysis associated with global commodity chains and feminist ethics of care, Ann Stewart considers the way in which 'gender contracts' relating to work and care contribute to gender inequalities worldwide. She explores how economies in the global north stimulate desires and create deficits in care and belonging which are met through transnational movements and traces the way in which transnational economic processes, discourses of rights and care create relationships between global south and north. African women produce fruit and flowers for European consumption; body workers migrate to meet deficits in 'affect' through provision of care and sex; British-Asian families seek belonging through transnational marriages.
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Saudi Arabia, Bad Dreams

Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia

Author: N.A

Publisher: Human Rights Watch

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign workers

Page: 135

View: 5093

Methodology -- Key recommendations -- I. Migrant communities in Saudi Arabia. -- II. The foreign labor sponsorship system and its abuses. -- III. Vunerability and exploitation. -- IV. Women workers: forced confinement, labor exploitation, and sexual abuse. -- V. Labor grievances: the government's process for complaints and remedy. -- VI. Deportation of migrant workers. -- VII. Migrant workers in the criminal justice system : rights denied. -- VIII. The death penalty and executions: migrant worker victims. -- IX. Recommendations. -- Appendix A: International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions in force in Saudi Arabia. -- Appendix B. -- Acknowledgements.
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Concealed Chains

Labour Exploitation and Chinese Migrants in Europe

Author: Yun Gao

Publisher: International Labour Organisation

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 9203

This groundbreaking book exposes the hidden world of Chinese irregular migrants in France, Italy, and the UK. Chinese workers migrating to Europe pay huge sums of money to intermediaries, often leaving them trapped in debt before they even begin their journey. Exposed to various risks during their migratory process, they can arrive in the destination country vulnerable to extreme exploitation and sometimes even forced labor. The book seeks to understand the links that connect vulnerable Chinese workers to European labor markets and a complex international production chain. Presenting detailed case studies, a clear explanation of the relevant international and national legal frameworks, and an overview of the migration mechanism between China and Europe, this book makes an important contribution to understanding how to break these patterns of labor exploitation.
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Precarious Lives

Forced labour, exploitation and asylum

Author: Lewis, Hannah,Dwyer, Peter

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447320999

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 2738

This ground breaking book presents the first evidence of forced labour among displaced migrants who seek refuge in the UK. Through a critical engagement with contemporary debates about precarity, unfreedom and socio-legal status, the book explores how asylum and forced labour are linked, and enmeshed in a broader picture of modern slavery produced through globalised working conditions. Drawing on original evidence generated in fieldwork with refugees and asylum seekers, this is important reading for students and academics in social policy, social geography, sociology, politics, refugee, labour and migration studies, and policy makers and practitioners working to support migrants and tackle forced labour.
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The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645885

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 6175

Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterise this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
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Saudi Arabia, Bad Dreams

Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia

Author: N.A

Publisher: Human Rights Watch

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign workers

Page: 135

View: 6527

Methodology -- Key recommendations -- I. Migrant communities in Saudi Arabia. -- II. The foreign labor sponsorship system and its abuses. -- III. Vunerability and exploitation. -- IV. Women workers: forced confinement, labor exploitation, and sexual abuse. -- V. Labor grievances: the government's process for complaints and remedy. -- VI. Deportation of migrant workers. -- VII. Migrant workers in the criminal justice system : rights denied. -- VIII. The death penalty and executions: migrant worker victims. -- IX. Recommendations. -- Appendix A: International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions in force in Saudi Arabia. -- Appendix B. -- Acknowledgements.
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Asian migration

Pacific Rim dynamics

Author: Chilla Bulbeck,Yen-Fen Tseng,Guo li Taiwan da xue. Aozhou yan jiu xiao zu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789570248586

Category: Asian women

Page: 258

View: 1756

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Human Smuggling and Border Crossings

Author: Gabriella Sanchez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134483163

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 6833

Graphic narratives of tragedies involving the journeys of irregular migrants trying to reach destinations in the global north are common in the media and are blamed almost invariably on human smuggling facilitators, described as rapacious members of highly structured underground transnational criminal organizations, who take advantage of migrants and prey upon their vulnerability. This book contributes to the current scholarship on migration by providing a window into the lives and experiences of those behind the facilitation of irregular border crossing journeys. Based on fieldwork conducted among coyotes in Arizona - the main point of entry for irregular migrants in the United States by the turn of the 21st Century - this project goes beyond traditional narratives of victimization and financial exploitation and asks: who are the men and women behind the journeys of irregular migrants worldwide? How and why do they enter the human smuggling market? How are they organized? How do they understand their roles in transnational migration? How do they explain the violence and victimization so many migrants face while in transit? This book is suitable for students and academics involved in the study of migration, border enforcement and migrant and refugee criminalization.
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Transnational Migration and Work in Asia

Author: Kevin Hewison,Ken Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134204086

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1281

Focusing on the issues associated with migrating for work both in and from the Asian region, this book sheds light on the debate over migration and trafficking. With contributions from an international team of well-known scholars, the book sets labour migration firmly within the context of globalization, providing a focused, contemporary discussion of what is undoubtedly a major twenty-first century concern. Transnational Migration and Work in Asia analyzes workers motivations and rationalities, highlighting the similarities of migration experiences throughout Asia. Presenting in-depth case studies of the real-life experiences and problems faced by migrant workers, the book discusses migrants’ relations with the state and their vulnerability to exploitation, as well as the major policy issues now facing governments, employers, NGOs and international agencies.
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