Visual Cultures of Science

Rethinking Representational Practices in Knowledge Building and Science Communication

Author: Luc Pauwels

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781584655121

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 299

View: 4551

A new collection explores the complex role of visual representation in science.
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Visual Cultures in Science and Technology

A Comparative History

Author: Klaus Hentschel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198717873

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 3237

This book offers a broad, comparative survey of a booming field within the history of science: the history, generation, use, and function of images in scientific practice. It explores every aspect of visuality in science, arguing for the concept of visual domains. What makes a good scientific image? What cultural baggage is essential to it? How are imagery and text interwined? The interdisciplinary field of visual studies borders on the history of the arts andculture. Intended for a general audience, the present book is based on an extensive range of historical sources in the natural sciences, technology and medicine, particularly physics, astronomy, andchemistry. The temporal context is the early-modern period up to the late 20th century.
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Figuring it Out

Science, Gender, and Visual Culture

Author: Ann B. Shteir

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781584656036

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 386

View: 545

A collection of fifteen original essays analyzing gender in the imagery of science.
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Visible Empire

Botanical Expeditions and Visual Culture in the Hispanic Enlightenment

Author: Daniela Bleichmar

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226058557

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 5247

Between 1777 and 1816, botanical expeditions crisscrossed the vast Spanish empire in an ambitious project to survey the flora of much of the Americas, the Caribbean, and the Philippines. While these voyages produced written texts and compiled collections of specimens, they dedicated an overwhelming proportion of their resources and energy to the creation of visual materials. European and American naturalists and artists collaborated to manufacture a staggering total of more than 12,000 botanical illustrations. Yet these images have remained largely overlooked—until now. In this lavishly illustrated volume, Daniela Bleichmar gives this archive its due, finding in these botanical images a window into the worlds of Enlightenment science, visual culture, and empire. Through innovative interdisciplinary scholarship that bridges the histories of science, visual culture, and the Hispanic world, Bleichmar uses these images to trace two related histories: the little-known history of scientific expeditions in the Hispanic Enlightenment and the history of visual evidence in both science and administration in the early modern Spanish empire. As Bleichmar shows, in the Spanish empire visual epistemology operated not only in scientific contexts but also as part of an imperial apparatus that had a long-established tradition of deploying visual evidence for administrative purposes.
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Visual Culture Studies

Interviews with Key Thinkers

Author: Marquard Smith

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446202755

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 7351

Visual Culture Studies presents 13 engaging and detailed interviews with some of the most influential intellectuals working today on the objects, subjects, media and environments of visual culture. Exploring historical and theoretical questions of vision, the visual and visuality, this collection reveals the provocative insights of these thinkers as they have contributed in exhilarating ways to disturbing the parameters of more traditional areas of study across the arts, humanities, and social sciences. In so doing they have key roles in establishing Visual Culture Studies as a significant field of inquiry. Each interview draws out the interests and commitments of the interviewee to critically interrogate the past, present and future possibilities of Visual Culture Studies and visual culture itself. The discussions concentrate on three broad areas of deliberation: The intellectual and institutional status of Visual Culture Studies. The histories, genealogies and archaeologies of visual culture and its study. The diverse ways in which the experiences of vision, and the visual, can be articulated and mobilized to political, aesthetic and ethical ends. This book demonstrates the intellectual significance of Visual Culture Studies, and the ongoing importance of the study of the visual. Marquard Smith is Reader in Visual and Material Culture at Kingston University, London, and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Visual Culture.
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An Introduction to Visual Culture

Author: Nicholas Mirzoeff

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415158761

Category: Art

Page: 274

View: 6506

The author traces the history and theory of visual culture asking how and why visual media have become so central to contemporary everday life. He explores a wide range of visual forms, including painting, sculpture, photography, television, cinema, virtual reality, and the Internet while addressing the subjects of race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, the body, and the international media event that followed the death of Princess Diana.
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Visual Culture in the Modern Middle East

Rhetoric of the Image

Author: Christiane Gruber,Sune Haugbolle

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253008948

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 4325

This timely book examines the power and role of the image in modern Middle Eastern societies. The essays explore the role and function of image making to highlight the ways in which the images "speak" and what visual languages mean for the construction of Islamic subjectivities, the distribution of power, and the formation of identity and belonging. Visual Culture in the Modern Middle East addresses aspects of the visual in the Islamic world, including the presentation of Islam on television; on the internet and other digital media; in banners, posters, murals, and graffiti; and in the satirical press, cartoons, and children’s books.
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Visual Cultures of Foundling Care in Renaissance Italy

Author: DianaBullen Presciutti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351537490

Category: Art

Page: 284

View: 7142

The social problem of infant abandonment captured the public?s imagination in Italy during the fifteenth century, a critical period of innovation and development in charitable discourses. As charity toward foundlings became a political priority, the patrons and supporters of foundling hospitals turned to visual culture to help them make their charitable work understandable to a wide audience. Focusing on four institutions in central Italy that possess significant surviving visual and archival material, Visual Cultures of Foundling Care in Renaissance Italy examines the discursive processes through which foundling care was identified, conceptualized, and promoted. The first book to consider the visual culture of foundling hospitals in Renaissance Italy, this study looks beyond the textual evidence to demonstrate that the institutional identities of foundling hospitals were articulated by means of a wide variety of visual forms, including book illumination, altarpieces, fresco cycles, institutional insignia, processional standards, prints, and reliquaries. The author draws on fields as diverse as art history, childhood studies, the history of charity, Renaissance studies, gender studies, sociology, and the history of religion to elucidate the pivotal role played by visual culture in framing and promoting the charitable succor of foundlings.
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Tokyo Cyberpunk

Posthumanism in Japanese Visual Culture

Author: Steven T. Brown

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230110061

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4317

Engaging some of the most canonical and thought-provoking anime, manga, and science fiction films, Tokyo Cyberpunk offers insightful analysis of Japanese visual culture. Steven T. Brown draws new conclusions about the cultural flow of art, as well as important technological issues of the day.
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Visual Culture

Author: Chris Jenks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134844808

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6476

In Visual Culture the 'visual' character of contemporary culture is explored in original and lively essays. The contributors look at advertising, film, painting and fine art, journalism, photography, television and propaganda. They argue that there is only a social, not a formal relation between vision and truth.
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Sensible Politics

The Visual Culture of Nongovernmental Activism

Author: Meg McLagan,Yates McKee

Publisher: Zone Books (NY)

ISBN: 9781935408246

Category: Art

Page: 662

View: 1175

Political acts are encoded in medial forms--punch holes on a card, images on a live stream, tweets about events unfolding in real time--that have force, shaping people as subjects and forming the contours of what is sensible, legible, and visible. In doing so they define the terms of political possibility and create terrain for political acts. Sensible Politics considers the constitutive role played by aesthetic and performative techniques in the staging of claims by nongovernmental activists. Attending to political aesthetics means focusing not on a disembodied image that travels under the concept of art or visual culture, nor on a preformed domain of the political that seeks subsequent expression in media form. Instead it requires bringing the two realms together into the same analytic frame. A diverse group of contributors, from art historians, anthropologists, and political theorists to artists, filmmakers, and architects, considers the interaction of politics and the visual in such topics as the political consequences of a photograph taken by an Israeli soldier in a Palestinian house in Ramallah; AIDS activism; images of social suffering in Iran; the "forensic architecture" of claims to truth; and the "Make Poverty History" campaign. Transcending disciplines, they trace a broader image complex whereby politics is brought to visibility through the mediation of specific cultural forms that mix the legal and the visual, the hermeneutic and the technical, the political and the aesthetic. Their contributions offer critical insight into the practices of mediation whereby the political becomes manifest.
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Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

Author: Catelijne Coopmans,Janet Vertesi,Michael E. Lynch

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262525380

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 6366

Representation in Scientific Practice, published by the MIT Press in 1990, helped coalesce a long-standing interest in scientific visualization among historians, philosophers, and sociologists of science and remains a touchstone for current investigations in science and technology studies. This volume revisits the topic, taking into account both the changing conceptual landscape of STS and the emergence of new imaging technologies in scientific practice. It offers cutting-edge research on a broad array of fields that study information as well as short reflections on the evolution of the field by leading scholars, including some of the contributors to the 1990 volume. The essays consider the ways in which viewing experiences are crafted in the digital era; the embodied nature of work with digital technologies; the constitutive role of materials and technologies -- from chalkboards to brain scans -- in the production of new scientific knowledge; the metaphors and images mobilized by communities of practice; and the status and significance of scientific imagery in professional and popular culture. ContributorsMorana Alac, Michael Barany, Anne Beaulieu, Annamaria Carusi, Catelijne Coopmans, Lorraine Daston, Sarah de Rijcke, Joseph Dumit, Emma Frow, Yann Giraud, Aud Sissel Hoel, Martin Kemp, Bruno Latour, John Law, Michael Lynch, Donald MacKenzie, Cyrus Mody, Natasha Myers, Rachel Prentice, Arie Rip, Martin Ruivenkamp, Lucy Suchman, Janet Vertesi, Steve Woolgar
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Digitizing Race

Visual Cultures of the Internet

Author: Lisa Nakamura

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452913307

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 3080

Lisa Nakamura refers to case studies of popular yet rarely evaluated uses of the Internet, such as pregnancy websites, instant messaging, and online petitions and quizzes, to look at the emergence of race-, ethnic-, and gender-identified visual cultures.
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Visual Culture

The Reader

Author: Jessica Evans,Stuart Hall

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761962489

Category: Art

Page: 478

View: 6975

`This collection of classic essays in the study of visual culture fills a major gap in this new and expanding intellectual field. Its major strength is its insistence on the importance of three central aspects of the study of visual culture: the sign, the institution and the viewing subject. It will provide readers, teachers and students with an essential text in visual and cultural studies' - Janet Wolff, University of Rochester Visual Culture provides an invaluable resource of over 30 key statements from a wide range of disciplines, including four editorial essays which place the readings in their historical and theoretical context. Although underpinned by a focus on contemporary cultural theory, this Reader puts the study of visual culture and the rhetoric of the image at centre stage. Divided into three parts: Cultures of the Visual; Regulating Photographic Meaning; and Looking and Subjectivity, the Reader enables students to make hitherto unmade connections between art, film and photography history and theory, history, semiotics and communications, media studies, and cultural theory. Visual Culture sets the agenda for the study of Visual Culture and will be essential reading for researchers and students alike.
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The Educated Eye

Visual Culture and Pedagogy in the Life Sciences

Author: Nancy Anderson,Michael R. Dietrich

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 1611680441

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 318

View: 3671

A study of visual culture in the teaching of the life sciences
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Seen and Unseen: Visual Cultures of Imperialism

Author: Sanaz Fotouhi,Esmail Zeiny

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004357017

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 4244

In recent years much attention has been paid to the ways Muslims are represented and how they are representing themselves visually. This book offers a number of new perspectives on visual cultures and representations of Muslims.
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Reframing Visual Social Science

Towards a More Visual Sociology and Anthropology

Author: Luc Pauwels

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131636822X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2494

The burgeoning field of 'visual social science' is rooted in the idea that valid scientific insight into culture and society can be acquired by observing, analyzing and theorizing its visual manifestations: visible behavior of people and material products of culture. Reframing Visual Social Science provides a well-balanced, critical-constructive and systematic overview of existing and emerging modes of visual social and cultural research. The book includes integrated models and conceptual frameworks, analytical approaches to scrutinizing existing imagery and multimodal phenomena, a systematic presentation of more active ways and formats of visual scholarly production and communication, and a number of case studies which exemplify the broad fields of application. Finally, visual social research is situated within a wider perspective by addressing the issue of ethics; by presenting a generic approach to producing, selecting and using visual representations; and through discussing the specific challenges and opportunities of a 'more visual' social science.
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Screening the Body

Tracing Medicine's Visual Culture

Author: Lisa Cartwright

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816622900

Category: Medical

Page: 199

View: 8568

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Image Science

Iconology, Visual Culture, and Media Aesthetics

Author: W. J. T. Mitchell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022656584X

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 5292

Almost thirty years ago, W. J. T. Mitchell’s Iconology helped launch the interdisciplinary study of visual media, now a central feature of the humanities. Along with his subsequent Picture Theory and What Do Pictures Want?, Mitchell’s now-classic work introduced such ideas as the pictorial turn, the image/picture distinction, the metapicture, and the biopicture. These key concepts imply an approach to images as true objects of investigation—an “image science.” Continuing with this influential line of thought, Image Science gathers Mitchell’s most recent essays on media aesthetics, visual culture, and artistic symbolism. The chapters delve into such topics as the physics and biology of images, digital photography and realism, architecture and new media, and the occupation of space in contemporary popular uprisings. The book looks both backward at the emergence of iconology as a field and forward toward what might be possible if image science can indeed approach pictures the same way that empirical sciences approach natural phenomena. Essential for those involved with any aspect of visual media, Image Science is a brilliant call for a method of studying images that overcomes the “two-culture split” between the natural and human sciences.
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