Street Justice

Retaliation in the Criminal Underworld

Author: Bruce A. Jacobs,Richard Wright

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521617987

Category: Social Science

Page: 154

View: 9348

This study examines the structure, process and forms of retaliation in contemporary urban America where street criminals employ it instead of recourse to the criminal justice system. It explores retaliation from a first hand perspective, based on interviews with currently active street criminals rather than prisoners.
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Police Research in the Federal Republic of Germany

15 Years Research Within the “Bundeskriminalamt”

Author: Edwin Kube,Hans U. Störzer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642741762

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 1925

In 1973, the central office of the German police, the Federal Criminal Police Office, was legally obliged "to maintain the necessary facilities for...research in forensic science", "to monitor crime trends and compile analytical reports and statistics on this basis", and "to conduct research with a view to developing police methods and procedures for crime control". This task is undertaken in the Research and Training Institute by the research units on criminology and criminal investigation and on technological development. In this volume, researchers from the Institute present their latest projects as well as report on the activities undertaken since 1973. This gives you a comprehensive picture of their wide-ranging work. They also examine the role that specialized police research plays for crime policy-makers, detectives and criminologists. A list of publications from the Federal Criminal Police Office completes the book.
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What Works in Corrections

Reducing the Criminal Activities of Offenders and Deliquents

Author: Doris Layton MacKenzie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521001205

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 2588

What Works in Corrections, first published in 2006, examines the impact of correctional interventions, management policies, treatment and rehabilitation programs on the recidivism of offenders and delinquents. The book reviews different strategies for reducing recidivism and describes how the evidence for effectiveness is assessed. Thousands of studies were examined in order to identify those of sufficient scientific rigor to enable conclusions to be drawn about the impact of various interventions, policies and programs on recidivism. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were performed to further examine these results. This book assesses the relative effectiveness of rehabilitation programs (e.g., education, life skills, employment, cognitive behavioral), treatment for different types of offenders (e.g. sex offenders, batterers, juveniles), management and treatment of drug-involved offenders (e.g., drug courts, therapeutic communities, outpatient drug treatment) and punishment, control and surveillance interventions (boot camps, intensive supervision, electronic monitoring). Through her extensive research, MacKenzie illustrates which of these programs are most effective and why.
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Criminological Approaches to International Criminal Law

Author: Ilias Bantekas,Emmanouela Mylonaki

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107060036

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 3345

This volume is one of the few books to explain in-depth the international crimes behind the scenes of substantive or procedural law. The contributors place a particular focus on what motivates participation in international crime, how perpetrators, witnesses and victims see their predicament and how international crimes should be investigated at local and international level, with an emphasis on context. The book engages these questions with a broad interdisciplinary approach that is accessible to both lawyers and non-lawyers alike. It discusses international crime through the lens of anthropology, neuroscience, psychology, state crime theory and information systems theory and draws upon relevant investigative experience from experts in international and domestic law prosecutions.
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Reconstructing Restorative Justice Philosophy

Author: Dr Theo Gavrielides,Professor Vasso Artinopoulou

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409470733

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 1797

This book takes bold steps in forming much-needed philosophical foundations for restorative justice through deconstructing and reconstructing various models of thinking. It challenges current debates through the consideration and integration of various disciplines such as law, criminology, philosophy and human rights into restorative justice theory, resulting in the development of new and stimulating arguments. Topics covered include the close relationship and convergence of restorative justice and human rights, some of the challenges of engagement with human rights, the need for the recognition of the teachings of restorative justice at both the theoretical and the applied level, the Aristotelian theory on restorative justice, the role of restorative justice in schools and in police practice and a discussion of the humanistic African philosophy of Ubuntu. With international contributions from various disciplines and through the use of value based research methods, the book deconstructs existing concepts and suggests a new conceptual model for restorative justice. This unique book will be of interest to academics, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners.
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Out-of-Control Criminal Justice

The Systems Improvement Solution for More Safety, Justice, Accountability, and Efficiency

Author: Daniel P. Mears

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110716169X

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 6735

This book shows how to reduce out-of-control criminal justice and create greater public safety, justice, and accountability at less cost.
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Understanding Criminal Justice in Hong Kong

Author: Eric Wing Hong Chui,T. Wing Lo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317497295

Category: Social Science

Page: 418

View: 1813

In recent years law, crime and justice have become increasingly politicised in Hong Kong. Understanding Criminal Justice in Hong Kong, 2nd Edition offers a detailed and comprehensive overview of and introduction to the criminal justice system in Hong Kong, building upon recent events and controversies. This book provides a much-needed overview of the criminal justice system in Hong Kong, including new chapters on criminological research methods, defining crime, fear of crime, the criminal court system, police power and discretion, and plea bargaining. This revised and expanded second edition: Outlines the basic concepts of criminal law in Hong Kong, Analyses the process of the criminal justice system, ranging from the reporting of a crime through to the correctional system, Examines how criminal justice personnel work in practice, and how they deal with the offenders and victims during the criminal justice process, Invites readers to consider arguments and debates that surround the controversial issues in the Hong Kong criminal justice system. This book is a comprehensive resource for students studying this subject as part of a wider course in criminal justice, police studies, law or social work, and for practitioners working in Hong Kong in the police, prisons, probation, voluntary agencies and other criminal justice personnel. Text features include review questions, lists of cases cited, and useful websites.
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Trends and Issues in Victimology

Author: Natti Ronel,K. Jaishankar,Moshe Bensimon

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443814539

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 6124

This book focuses on varied practical and theoretical issues of the science of victims, Victimology. Featuring a foreword and epilogue by leading victimologists, and fifteen original essays by leading as well as by young international victimologists, Trends and issues in Victimology, illustrates how victimization is currently perceived. This edited collection describes how the victim’s right for privacy is deprived for the benefit of the accused and the public interest, and how special needs populations are exposed to revictimization during criminal proceedings. It also delineates specific characteristics of stalking victims, sexual abused victims, and victims in work place. Several recommendations and solutions in order to balance the justice system and improve the victims of crime situation are presented in this book. Practical modifications such as the adoption of the principle of restitution in the penal code as a framework for building evidence of victim legislation and policy, and the incorporation of the victim’s therapy and restorative justice proceedings into the criminal justice system, are suggested. Theoretical aspects discuss the rhetoric of victimization and the social construction of victimization and empirical aspects of the focus on the impact of victimization. This book is a valuable addition to the growing literature on Victimology and Victimization. This book offers versatile authors of multidisciplinary fields of law, victimology, psychology and criminology. It is suitable to use in courses across social sciences, criminology, victimology and law. ”I have read this book with a kind of breathless tension and with an intellectual joy. Its contributions triggered many theoretical questions. This book not only reflects the current intellectual climate in social science, but it has also posed certain challenges.” —Prof. Gerd Ferdinand Kirchhoff (from the Foreward).
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The Penal System

An Introduction

Author: Michael Cavadino,James Dignan

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 405

View: 9418

Praise for the First Edition: `The authors appear to do an excellent job of describing the criminal justice system of England, and how the penal system fits into, and is affected by it' - Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice The Third Edition of this highly successful textbook provides an accessible introduction to the penal system of England and Wales. Now fully revised and updated it includes an examination of the direction of penal policy under New Labour.
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Victims of Crime in 22 European Criminal Justice Systems

The Implementation of Recommendation (85) 11 of the Council of Europe on the Position of the Victim in the Framework of Criminal Law and Procedure : Proefschrift

Author: Marion Eleonora Ingeborg Brienen,Ernestine Henriëtte Hoegen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Page: 1178

View: 9188

The implementation of recommendation (85) 11 of the Council of Europe on the position of the victim in the framework of criminal law and procedure.
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Victim-offender Mediation in Europe

Making Restorative Justice Work

Author: European Forum for Victim-Offender Mediation and Restorative Justice

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 382

View: 8941

This publication is an initiative of the European Forum for Victim-Offender Mediation and Restorative Justice, and results from its first conference which was held in Leuven, Belgium, from 27-29 October 1999. The first six chapters consider victim-offender mediation and restorative justice from a more theoretical point of view. These analyses of theoretical, legal, policy, ethical and societal aspects of mediation and restorative justice have been written by well-known scholars in this field. The second part of the book consists of overviews of the situation with regard to victim-offender mediation in the eight European countries in which it is currently the most developed (Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Poland and the United Kingdom). For these last chapters, a multitude of information was collected in each of these countries, and this is presented and analysed comparatively. The following topics are discussed for each of the countries: the history of victim-offender mediation in that particular country, the legal context, policy and implementation, the number of programmes and the way they function, the practice of mediation, the number and characteristics of cases, evaluation and research, and finally challenges, obstacles and expectations for the future. This is probably the first time that such extensive reports on the practice of victim-offender mediation in Europe have been brought together in this way.In publishing this book the European Forum is seeking to contribute to the realisation of one of its objectives, namely providing people all over Europe - and beyond - with information on victim-offender mediation and restorative justice in other countries. Restorative justice is a relatively new field and is still very much evolving. A full exchange of information and ideas will contribute to this process.
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International Crime and Justice

Author: Mangai Natarajan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139492373

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9269

International crime and justice is an emerging field that covers international and transnational crimes that have not been the focus of mainstream criminology or criminal justice. This book examines the field from a global perspective. It provides an introduction to the nature of international and transnational crimes and the theoretical perspectives that assist in understanding the relationship between social change and the waxing and waning of the crime opportunities resulting from globalization, migration, and culture conflicts. Written by a team of world experts, it examines the central role of victim rights in the development of legal frameworks for the prevention and control of transnational and international crimes. It also discusses the challenges to delivering justice and obtaining international cooperation in efforts to deter, detect, and respond to these crimes.
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Handbook of Restorative Justice

A Global Perspective

Author: Dennis Sullivan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 574

View: 4856

The Handbook of Restorative Justice is a collection of original, cutting-edge essays that offer an insightful and critical assessment of the theory, principles and practices of restorative justice around the globe. This much-awaited volume is a response to the cry of students, scholars and practitioners of restorative justice, for a comprehensive resource about a practice that is radically transforming the way the human community responds to loss, trauma and harm. Its diverse essays not only explore the various methods of responding nonviolently to harms-done by persons, groups, global corporations and nation-states, but also examine the dimensions of restorative justice in relation to criminology, victimology, traumatology and feminist studies. In addition, they contain prescriptions for how communities might re-structure their family, school and workplace life according to restorative values. This Handbookis an essential tool for every serious student of criminal, social and restorative justice.
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Negotiating Domestic Violence

Police, Criminal Justice and Victims

Author: Carolyn Hoyle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198299301

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 8216

This book examines the factors which shape the criminal justice response to domestic violence in the light of policy changes at the beginning of the 1990s which aimed to increase arrest rates. In particular, the book discusses the needs and expectations of victims and examines how their choices impact on decisions made by police and prosecutors. Many books on the criminal justice response to domestic violence start from the premise that withdrawal of complaints by victims and the subsequent discontinuance of cases, represents some kind of failure on the part of the agencies involved and that victims would benefit from greater determination by police to prosecute offenders wherever possible. Implicit in this approach is the assumption that the criminal justice system as it presently operates is capable of responding effectively to the needs of victims of domestic violence. This book throws doubt on the validity of these assumptions.
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