Varieties of Capitalism, Types of Democracy and Globalization

Author: Masanobu Ido

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136342702

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5774

This book combines two strands of international political economy; examining how capitalism and democracy shape and are shaped by each other. Although until now considered separately, this path-breaking book proposes an innovative view of a political-economic system that inextricably links the model of capitalism to the type of democracy, where continuation is mutually reinforced. Advanced countries have achieved post-war affluence by adopting one of two contrasting models of capitalism; liberal market economies or coordinated market economies, and two opposing types of democracies: consensus or majoritarian democracies. Expert contributors in the field consider the question of whether and how globalization is transforming the post-war political–economic systems of advanced countries such as Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Japan, as well as the question of how it is shaping democracy and capitalism combinations in former socialist countries in Eastern Europe and the new "capitalist" China. The book examines various topics, including party system change, a political dilemma of the established party, and corporate governance reforms, to posit an original an innovative theory of international political economy. Variety of Capitalism, Types of Democracy and Globalization will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative politics, political economy and globalization.
Release

The Politics of Structural Reforms

Social and Industrial Policy Change in Italy and Japan

Author: Hideko Magara,Stefano Sacchi

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857932934

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 9412

This innovative volume will be an excellent resource for political scientists specialized in political economy and industrial relations, labour economists and sociologists as well as policy practitioners and corporate governance specialists. Moreover,
Release

Trade, Development and Globalization

Author: Syed Javed Maswood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135142319

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 3571

This book provides a longitudinal study of developing country involvement in multilateral trade negotiations. The trade regime established at the end of the Second World War did not cater for, and in some cases excluded, the developmental interests of the newly independent countries. This book offers a detailed analysis of: The first attempts to revise the trade regime in the 1960s through the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and the formation of the Group of 77 to enhance their bargaining potential. The mixed coalition strategy, with the Cairns Group in the Uruguay Round of GATT. The new bargaining coalition, the Group of Twenty, that took on a much more confrontational and assertive bargaining position in the unsuccessful Doha round of the World Trade Organization. In part two, the author explores the possibility that economic globalization may finally deliver to developing countries what they had failed to achieve in five decades of multilateral negotiations - an opportunity to climb the industrialization ladder and achieve development. The book offers a proposal for revising the format of trade negotiations in a way that helps overcome stalemates and deadlocks. Trade, Development and Globalization will be of interest to students and scholars of international trade, trade and development, negotiation, global governance, political economy, international relations and economics.
Release

Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie

Author: Paul Mason

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874478X

Category: Political Science

Page: 500

View: 7431

Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.
Release

Varieties of Capitalism

The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Author: Peter A. Hall,David Soskice

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191647705

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 570

View: 8339

What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offers new explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as to many others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
Release

Are There Varieties of Capitalism in African Political Economies?

Author: Christoph Vogel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656047766

Category:

Page: 64

View: 6750

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: 1,7, University of Cologne (Forschungsinstitut fur Politische Wissenschaft und Europaische Fragen), course: Comparative Political Economy: Varieties of Capitalism, language: English, abstract: Since the last decade scientific research on capitalism has experienced a noticeably grown attention among scholars as well as politicians. One of the most discussed approaches in this field of comparative analysis of political economy is the 'varieties of capitalism' theory1 developed by Peter Hall and David Soskice. Their approach basically focuses on how different actors may behave in a certain politico-economic state configuration and on how far this configuration can determine a national type or variety of capitalism as well as the economic success of a political economy. This approach, though, has been designed with a view to the so-called 'developed economies', which are to be found in Western and Central Europe as well as in North America. In the era of globalization other economies have come into play, with their performances ranging from real success stories, as in several Asian economies, to considerable failure, as in most marginalized Sub-Saharan African economies. After presenting Hall and Soskice's approach and some of its criticisms in order to give a conceptual framework, this paper will provide a very brief overview of the political economy of colonialism, followed by a case-study analysis of the contemporary political economies of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The main research question is to identify to which extent varieties of capitalism imported from colonial powers have fashioned today's economies in the chosen cases as 'economic models' or how far the empirically established colonial economic systems are responsible for post-colonial developments. The former colonial power in Uganda, Great Britain, will be considered as a Libe
Release

Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Thomas Piketty

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406671322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 6708

Wie entstehen die Akkumulation und die Distribution von Kapital? Welche Dynamiken sind dafür maßgeblich? Fragen der langfristigen Evolution von Ungleichheit, der Konzentration von Wohlstand in wenigen Händen und nach den Chancen für ökonomisches Wachstum bilden den Kern der Politischen Ökonomie. Aber befriedigende Antworten darauf gab es bislang kaum, weil aussagekräftige Daten und eine überzeugende Theorie fehlten. In Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert analysiert Thomas Piketty ein beeindruckendes Datenmaterial aus 20 Ländern, zurückgehend bis ins 18. Jahrhundert, um auf dieser Basis die entscheidenden ökonomischen und sozialen Abläufe freizulegen. Seine Ergebnisse stellen die Debatte auf eine neue Grundlage und definieren zugleich die Agenda für das künftige Nachdenken über Wohlstand und Ungleichheit. Piketty zeigt uns, dass das ökonomische Wachstum in der Moderne und die Verbreitung des Wissens es uns ermöglicht haben, den Ungleichheiten in jenem apokalyptischen Ausmaß zu entgehen, das Karl Marx prophezeit hatte. Aber wir haben die Strukturen von Kapital und Ungleichheit andererseits nicht so tiefgreifend modifiziert, wie es in den prosperierenden Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg den Anschein hatte. Der wichtigste Treiber der Ungleichheit – nämlich die Tendenz von Kapitalgewinnen, die Wachstumsrate zu übertreffen – droht heute extreme Ungleichheiten hervorzubringen, die am Ende auch den sozialen Frieden gefährden und unsere demokratischen Werte in Frage stellen. Doch ökonomische Trends sind keine Gottesurteile. Politisches Handeln hat gefährliche Ungleichheiten in der Vergangenheit korrigiert, so Piketty, und kann das auch wieder tun.
Release

Worlds of Capitalism

Institutions, Economic Performance and Governance in the Era of Globalization

Author: Max Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134274025

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 4995

Efforts to combine the outstanding economic performance in the decades following the Second World War with social security appear to be endangered half way through the first decade of the 21st century. This book draws together an international team of contributors, including Douglass North, Harold Demsetz and Michael Piore to assess the current world order.
Release

National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism

The Danish Experience

Author: John L. Campbell,John A. Hall,Ove Kaj Pedersen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773529977

Category: Political Science

Page: 525

View: 2583

Denmark has out-performed most other advanced capitalist countries since the mid-1980s Contributors to National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism draw from the literature on capitalism and small states and corporatism to explore why this is the case. They find that Danish political and economic institutions facilitate bargaining and consensus building in ways that have enabled the state, businesses, and labour unions to adapt to the challenges of globalization. Moreover, by virtue of its small size, homogeneous population, and response to a variety of international challenges - both economic and geopolitical - Denmark has developed a strong national identity that further bolsters consensus building. The result has been an adaptable and flourishing national political economy.
Release

Postmodernism in a Global Perspective

Author: Samir Dasgupta,Peter Kivisto

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 9351500845

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 4751

During the past three decades, two terms, “postmodernism” and “globalization” have entered not only academic discourse, but everyday discussions outside the groves of academia. This book contains essays assembled with a conviction that both postmodernism and globalization have the potential to be valuable tools for social analysts, this despite the uncertainties and ambiguities that persist. The editors and the contributors make no claim to have found a solution that would overcome the uncertainties and ambiguities. Rather, it is assumed that at some level both the concepts will remain contested. All the essays are expressions of efforts to employ one or both of the concepts in terms of empirically grounded topics. They also add further precision or clarity to the concepts themselves in order to enhance their utility in making sense of the dynamics of social change.
Release

Der Preis der Ungleichheit

Wie die Spaltung der Gesellschaft unsere Zukunft bedroht

Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 364109819X

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 1901

Viele Arme, wenige Reiche - Warum die wachsende Ungleichheit uns alle angeht Die Ungleichheit in der Welt nimmt zu: Immer weniger Menschen häufen immer größeren Reichtum an, während die Zahl der Armen wächst und die Mittelschicht vom Abstieg bedroht ist. Doch diese Entwicklung, so zeigt Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz in seinem neuen Bestseller, ist keine zwangsläufige Folge einer freien Marktwirtschaft, sondern Ergebnis einer globalisierten Ökonomie, die zunehmend vom reichsten einen Prozent der Bevölkerung beherrscht wird.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 3122

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.
Release

Human Development in the Era of Globalization

Essays in Honor of Keith B. Griffin

Author: J. K. Boyce,Keith B. Griffin,James K. Boyce

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1845429869

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 6032

This volume provides a very high quality set of papers on the relationship between globalization and human development. . . any one with interest in this wide ranging subject matter would find the volume an interesting and engaging read. Global Business Review Honoring Keith Griffin s more than 40 years of fundamental contributions to the discipline of economics, the papers in this volume reflect his deep commitment to advancing the well-being of the world s poor majority and his unflinching willingness to question conventional wisdom as to how this should be done. Four overarching themes recur in Keith Griffin s work and this book: the need to both eradicate poverty and redress inequalities in the distribution of wealth within and among nations; the impact of growth on inequality, and conversely inequality s impact on growth; the political economy of policy-making; and the need for openness to heterogeneity in both analytic tools and in policy recommendations. The volume begins with an introduction by the editors followed by a paper by Keith Griffin. In succeeding chapters the contributors explore strategies for reducing poverty and inequality, and provide perspectives on issues such as human development, the rural/urban divide in China, and biodiversity and sustainability. Students, researchers, policymakers and NGO analysts exploring issues in development economics, development studies, alternative economic systems, globalization, environmental sustainability, inequality and well-being will find this book of great interest.
Release

Das Globalisierungs-Paradox

die Demokratie und die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft

Author: Dani Rodrik

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406613517

Category:

Page: 415

View: 2328

Ein Plädoyer gegen Hyperglobalisierung und für eine gewisse demokratische Renationalisierung der Wirtschaftspolitik.
Release

Globalization and varieties of capitalism

New Labour, economic policy and the abject state

Author: Dan Coffey,Carole Thornley

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 188

View: 5565

"This study of contemporary Britain as a capitalism poised between American and European models, this innovative book begins with a bold re-interpretation of the economic contexts and bequests of Thatcherism that takes up the 'shock' hypothesis of Naomi Klein and roots it in an alternative economic history, and finishes with a critical assessment of the New Labour project. Pursuing the state in its various policy guises - including its attitudes towards transnational corporations, the public-private interface and gendered employment structures and equalities - it explores themes of legitimation, denial and opportunism via a series of original studies of comparative policy importance capped by a commentary on the early impact of the first great crisis of the 21st century. Building upon a range of recent contributions to both the 'varieties of capitalism' and 'third way' debates, the case is made for a globally and historically aware approach that treats the state as a key actor."--Book cover.
Release

Capitalist Alternatives

Models, Taxonomies, Scenarios

Author: Paul Dragos Aligica,Vlad Tarko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317654730

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 9975

The book's objective is to explore the challenge of thinking methodically - in a theoretically and empirically informed way - about alternative forms of capitalism. What are the most effective ways to conceptualize the existing models of capitalism that have captured the public imagination and are currently floating around in the public debate? How can one mobilize empirical analysis and theory in thinking about the realm of possibilities and about the future of economic order, but avoid the twin perils of scientism and historicism? This book is an attempt to respond to these and related challenges. First, it delves into the substantive aspect of the debate, taking a closer look at a set of particular forms and models of capitalism that are currently discussed both in mass media and in academic circles as plausible, or at least possible, alternatives to the status quo: Crony, State, Regulatory, and Entrepreneurial Capitalisms. By elaborating and clarifying those models, it engages in a heuristic exercise that leads to a better understanding of the task of conceptualizing and assessing, in a theoretically informed way, the diversity of forms of capitalism. Second, the book takes a step further, looking at the epistemic, theoretical and methodological dimensions of the discussion: What is involved, more precisely, in our classifying and theorizing of capitalist systems and their historical evolution? What is the epistemic basis for building plausible conjectures about the future evolution of an economic system? What are the logical and methodological parameters of our endeavors that deal with economic systems, or with the problem of continuity and change in comparative economic systems? Offering an original approach to the problem of alternative forms of capitalism, this book will be of great interest to scholars working in the field of comparative political economy.
Release

Die Schatten der Globalisierung

Author: Joseph Stiglitz

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641202779

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 9381

Explodierende Aktienkurse und scheinbar nie dagewesenes Wirtschaftswachstum kennzeichneten die »Goldenen Neunziger« – bis der Absturz in eine weltweite, tiefe und bis heute andauernde Rezession folgte. Was ist schief gelaufen? Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz zeigt, welchen Kräften sich der schwindelerregende Boom verdankte und inwiefern in ihm bereits die Saat der Zerstörung angelegt war. Stiglitz, als Berater der ersten Clinton-Administration und später Chefökonom der Weltbank ein intimer Kenner des »Tatorts Washington« (NZZ) und der internationalen Konzernzentralen, weiß von den strategischen Entscheidungen in den innersten Zirkeln von Politik und Wirtschaft zu berichten, aber auch von den hitzigen Debatten, die diesen vorausgingen. Selbstkritisch beleuchtet er die globalen Folgen ihres gemeinsamen Tuns: Wie ist die Fixierung auf den Defizitabbau heute zu bewerten? Wie wirkt sich die von der US-Regierung exzessiv betriebene Deregulierung des Marktes aus? Wohin hat uns die Maxime, Eigennutz diene automatisch auch der Allgemeinheit, geführt? Das Gleichgewicht zwischen Staat und Markt ist verloren gegangen, so Stiglitz’ zentrale These. Um diese Balance wiederherzustellen, entwickelt Stiglitz eine überzeugende Alternative zum Diktat des Marktes – denn das, so zeigt er auf provozierende Weise, ist nicht nur wenig sozial, sondern auf lange Sicht sogar unwirtschaftlich.
Release

Protest and Organization in the Alternative Globalization Era

NGOs, Social Movements, and Political Parties

Author: H. Gautney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230102050

Category: Social Science

Page: 237

View: 421

This study looks at the ongoing efforts of the Alternative Global Movement and World Social Forum to reconcile contests over political organization among three of the most prominent groups on the contemporary left - social and liberal democratic NGOs, anti-authoritarian (anarchist) social movements, and political parties.
Release

Contending with Globalization in World Englishes

Author: Mukul Saxena,Tope Omoniyi

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 233

View: 644

This book engages with English in globalization, re-examining and re-interpreting the contemporary contexts of its acquisition and use. The chapters contained in this book weave together four inter-related themes that define the role of English in the global context: the `centrality of structure', `relationships of interdependence', `social constructions of difference' and `reproduction of inequality'. These themes enable the authors to draw attention to the dynamics of the contemporary realities of the `English-speaking' and `English-using' nations, especially as they compete for cultural, social, economic and symbolic capital in global networks. In engaging World Englishes with the sociolinguistics of globalization, the authors raise some fundamental questions about the status, structure, and functions of World Englishes. "What roles are English and World Englishes playing in globalization? What effect is globalization having on English and World Englishes? What effect is globalization having on other languages? Anyone interested in exploring these crucial questions will find this book a most helpful and stimulating companion. The editors have assembled an appropriately diverse all-star cast of contributors, each of whom approaches the topic from a refreshingly innovative standpoint To paraphrase OmoniyVspoem which opens the book, readers will learn to `waltz, salsa and lion-dance' (and hip-hop) their way through the complex cultural and linguistic steps of globalization."Andy Kirkpatrick, Hong Kong Institute of Education
Release

Empire

Die neue Weltordnung

Author: Michael Hardt,Antonio Negri

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593372304

Category: Political Science

Page: 461

View: 9130

Nach einem Vierteljahrhundert politischer Theoriemüdigkeit haben Hardt und Negri mit ihrer brillanten, provokanten und heiß diskutierten Analyse des postmodernen Kapitalismus im Zeitalter der Globalisierung das Denken wieder in Bewegung gebracht. Der Hoffnung auf die politische Gestaltbarkeit einer neuen, gerechteren Weltordnung haben sie damit ein anspruchsvolles theoretisches Fundament gegeben. "Eine grandiose Gesellschaftsanalyse, die unser Unbehagen bündelt und ihm eine Richtung gibt, für die in der Geschichte der Philosophie das Wort vom 'guten Leben' steht." Die Zeit "Das Jahrzehnt linker Melancholie ist vorüber." Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Release