Varieties of Capitalism in Post-Communist Countries

Author: D. Lane,M. Myant

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230627579

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 6503

This book sets the experiences of former communist countries as they head towards capitalism against the 'varieties of capitalism' paradigm, and provides a framework for comparing transformation processes, demonstrating how differing heritages of communist and pre-communist pasts are leading to different kinds of capitalist economies.

Business Leaders and New Varieties of Capitalism in Post-Communist Europe

Author: Katharina Bluhm,Bernd Martens,Vera Trappmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136023445

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9159

Business leaders exert extraordinary influence on institution building in market economies but they think and act within institutional settings. This book combines both an elite approach with a varieties-of-capitalism approach. Comparing Poland, Hungary and East and West Germany, we perceive the transformations in East Central Europe and in Germany after 1989 as being intertwined. Based on a joint survey, this book seeks to measure the level of the convergence of ideas among European business leaders, assuming it to be more extensive than the institutional convergence expected under the dominance of neoliberal discourse. Analyzing the institutional framework, organizational features like size, ownership and labour relations, and subjective characteristics like age, social origin, career patterns and attitudes of the recent business elites, we found significant differences between countries and the types of organization. The growing importance of economic degrees and internationalization shows astonishingly little explanatory power on the views of business leaders. The idea of a coordinated market economy is still relatively widespread among Germans, while their Hungarian and Polish counterparts are more likely to display a minimalist view of corporate responsibility to society and adverse attitudes towards employee representation. However, their attitudes frequently tend to be inconsistent, which mirrors the mixed type of capitalism in East Central Europe.

Regional and International Relations of Central Europe

Author: Zlatko Sabic,P. Drulák

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137283459

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 4293

Focused on the role of Central Europe in international politics at the turn of the 20th century, the authors take stock of the knowledge about the discipline of IR, enhance the visibility of scholars from Central Europe, and fill the void which has emerged after several researches on Central Europe were completed in the 1990s.

Fallen heroes in global capitalism

Workers and the Restructuring of the Polish Steel Industry

Author: Vera Trappmann

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137303662

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 8501

This book challenges the one-sided account of Poland as a successful transition case, by exploring the huge social costs for workers in terms of impoverishment and employment precarity. The ambivalent role of the European Union in the economic restructuring of Poland emerges through comparisons to earlier rounds of restructuring of steel in Western Europe, Eastern Europe and other parts of the world. By offering an exemplary case of multi-level analysis, an in-depth case study and biographical research, Fallen Heroes in Global Capitalism provides a compelling read on postsocialism and the restructuring of the Polish steel industry.

The Politics of Europeanization and Post-Socialist Transformations

Author: N. Lindstrom

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137352183

Category: Political Science

Page: 99

View: 1815

This study examines conflicts arising from the dual processes of Europeanization and post-socialist transformations, from gaining independence in 1991 to facing the current economic crisis. Through an in-depth comparison of Estonia and Slovenia over time, it shows how elite actors within these two very different welfare capitalist states resisted EU pressures to change their cohesive and successful national models.

In the Grip of Transition

Economic and Social Consequences of Restructuring in Russia and Ukraine

Author: T. Bruk,Hartmut Lehmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230363598

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 8597

This book provides a detailed picture of the equity and efficiency of economic restructuring, focusing on the two most important successor states to the Soviet Union. Analysis is based on a careful examination of micro level data, documenting the experiences of workers, households and firms.

The Capitalist Transformation of State Socialism

The Making and Breaking of State Socialist Society, and What Followed

Author: David Lane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135008809

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 1536

David Lane outlines succinctly yet comprehensively the development and transformation of state socialism. While focussing on Russia and the countries of Eastern Europe, he also engages in a discussion of the Chinese path. In response to the changing social structure and external demands, he outlines different scenarios of reform. He contends that European state socialism did not collapse but was consciously dismantled. He brings out the West’s decisive support of the reform process and Gorbachev’s significant role in tipping the balance of political forces in favour of an emergent ascendant class. In the post-socialist period, he details developments in the economy and politics. He distinguishes different political and economic trajectories of countries of the former USSR, the New Member States of the European Union, and China; and he notes the attempts to promote further change through ‘coloured’ revolutions. The book provides a detailed account not only of the unequal impact of transformation on social inequality which has given rise to a privileged business and political class, but also how far the changes have fulfilled the promise of democracy promotion, wealth creation and human development. Finally, in the context of globalisation, the author considers possible future political and economic developments for Russia and China. Throughout the author, a leading expert in the field, brings to bear his deep knowledge of socialist countries, draws on his research on the former Soviet Union, and visits to nearly all the former state socialist countries, including China.

Comparative Employment Relations in the Global Economy

Author: Carola Frege,John Kelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135020930

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 488

View: 2689

"Employment Relations" is widely taught in business schools around the world. Increasingly however more emphasis is being placed on the comparative and international dimensions of the relations between employers and workers. It is becoming ever more important to comprehend today’s work and employment issues alongside a knowledge of the dynamics between global financial and product markets, global production chains, national and international employment actors and institutions and the ways in which these relationships play out in different national contexts. This textbook is the first to present a cross-section of country studies, including all four BRIC countries, Brazil, Russia, India and China alongside integrative thematic chapters covering all the important topics needed to excel in this field. The textbook also benefits from the editors' and contributors' experience as leading scholars in Employment Relations. The book is an ideal resource for students on advanced undergraduate and postgraduate comparative programmes across areas such as Employment Relations, Human Resource Management, Political Economy, Labour Politics, Industrial and Economic Sociology, Regulation and Social Policy.

The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 8639

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.

Elites and Classes in the Transformation of State Socialism

Author: David S. Lane

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412846412

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 530

The year 2011 marks the twentieth anniversary of the end of the Soviet Union. This may be an appropriate time to evaluate the adoption by previously state socialist societies of other economic and political models. The transition has sometimes been described in positive terms, as a movement to free societies with open markets and democratic elections. Others have argued that the transition has created weak, poverty-stricken states with undeveloped civil societies ruled by unresponsive political elites. Which is the more accurate assessment? David Lane examines a few of the theoretical approaches that help explain the trajectory of change from socialism to capitalism. He focuses on two main approaches in this volume—elite theories and social class. Theories dwelling on the role of elites regard the transformation from socialism to capitalism as a type of system transfer in which elites craft democratic and market institutions into the space left by state socialism. Lane contrasts this interpretation with class-based theories, which consider transformation in terms of revolution, and explain why such theories have not been considered the best way of framing the transition in the post-socialist states. While recognizing that elites can play important roles and have the capacity to transform societies, Lane contends that elite theories alone are inadequate to explain a system change that brings free markets. In contrast, he proposes a class approach in which two groups characterize state socialism: an administrative class and an acquisition class.

East Asian Transformation

On the Political Economy of Dynamism, Governance and Crisis

Author: Jeffrey Henderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136841121

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 6306

From the re-emergence of Japan as an industrial power in the 1950s through to the contemporary rise of China as a potential economic and political behemoth, the story of East Asian development has been central to any serious analysis of the dynamics and trajectory of the global political economy. Integrated into a coherent, critical narrative, this book examines key political-economic and social dynamics that helped forge the ‘miracle’ economies of East Asia and continue to drive them forward in the volatile circumstances of our current epoch. It analyses the relation between the state and markets; the changing nature of economic governance and its relation to inequality; and the rise of China and its international consequences. Historically informed and comparative in nature, the book contributes to the analysis of the transformations of Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia and China, and is the first to cover the ground in one volume. Written by a leading analyst of East Asian development, the book engages with the relevant issues and debates, in an open, non-technical language, making it useful as an advanced textbook not only for East Asian studies, but more generally in international political economy and development studies.

Open Varieties of Capitalism

Continuity, Change and Performances

Author: Uwe Becker

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan


Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 4513

Presenting capitalisms as open, system-like configurations, this book argues four ideal-typical varieties (liberal, statist, corporatist, meso-communitarian) and analyzes the socio-economic performances of advanced capitalisms.

Politik und Wirtschaft

Ein integratives Kompendium

Author: Karsten Mause,Christian Müller,Klaus Schubert

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658062274

Category: Political Science

Page: 608

View: 648

In diesem Kompendium führen 40 Politik- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftler aus insgesamt 25 Hochschulen gemeinsam in die wichtigsten Bereiche der Politischen Ökonomie ein und beleuchten die verschiedenen Teilbereiche jeweils aus Sicht beider Disziplinen. Damit wird in diesem Handbuch erstmals ein explizit integrativer Ansatz verfolgt. Im ersten Teil geben die interdisziplinären Autorenteams einen Überblick über grundlegende Frage- und Problemstellungen, die das Nachdenken über Politik und Wirtschaft sowie insbesondere die Reflexion über das Zusammenspiel dieser beiden Gesellschaftsbereiche seit Jahrhunderten geprägt haben. Der zweite Teil bietet eine Einführung in zentrale Aufgabenbereiche der Wirtschaftspolitik, während im dritten Teil die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen den beteiligten Fachdisziplinen bei der Analyse verschiedener Politikfelder aufgezeigt werden.


eine vergleichende Darstellung

Author: George Nikolaus Halm

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 6599


The transformation of state socialism

system change, capitalism or something else?

Author: David Stuart Lane

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230520882

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 9391

This book examines the impact of transformation on former state socialist countries, and explores successes, failures and alternative regimes.