Variegated Neoliberalism

EU varieties of capitalism and International Political Economy

Author: Huw Macartney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113686282X

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 8240

We know from the cost of the 2007-09 crisis that transnational finance does not operate in a realm removed from our everyday lives. Variegated Neoliberalism explains why its inequalities persist and how they undermine more social-minded policies towards finance in the EU. The book suggests that large financial groups capitalize on broader changes in capitalism and emerging assumptions about what benefits society at large. Those pushing these political-economic projects present policy change to cope with financial globalization as a new common sense. Macartney's argument then contests these assumptions through an analysis of the spatial relations of transnational actors, and the political claims made within finance and research communities. Rather than relying on umbrella concepts like 'transnational capitalist class', Variegated Neoliberalism emphasises the national-domestic foundations for transnationalization and what we commonly understand as neoliberalism. The book provides comparative analyses of global and European banking communities, and economic research centres, in the UK, France, and Germany. It explains the constellations underpinning the current neoliberal order in global finance, and the realms of possibility for challenges to it.
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Neoliberal Spatial Governance

Author: Phil Allmendinger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317385799

Category: Architecture

Page: 240

View: 7257

Neoliberal Spatial Governance explores the changing nature of English town and city planning as it has slowly but clearly transformed. Once a system for regulating and balancing change in the built and natural environments in the public interest, planning now finds itself facilitating development and economic growth for narrow, sectional interests. Whilst there is a lip service towards traditional values, the progressive aims and inclusivity that provided planning’s legitimacy and broad support have now largely disappeared. The result is a growing backlash of distrust and discontent as planning has evolved into neoliberal spatial governance. The tragedy of this change is that at a time when planning has a critical role in tackling major issues such as housing affordability and climate change, it finds itself poorly resourced with low professional morale, lacking legitimacy and support from local communities, accused of bureaucracy and ‘red tape’ from businesses and ministers and subject to regular, disruptive reforms. Yet all is not lost. There is still demand and support for more comprehensive and progressive planning, one that is not purely driven by the needs of developers and investors. Resistance against the idea that planning exists to help roll out development, is growing. Neoliberal Spatial Governance explores the background and implications of the changes in planning under the governments of the past four decades and the ways we might think about halting and reversing this shift.
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Routledge Handbook of the Environment in Southeast Asia

Author: Philip Hirsch

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315474883

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 6722

The environment is one of the defining issues of our times, and it is closely linked to questions and dilemmas surrounding economic development. Southeast Asia is one of the world’s most economically and demographically dynamic regions, and it is also one in which a host of environmental issues raise themselves. The Routledge Handbook of the Environment in Southeast Asia is a collection of 30 chapters dealing with the most significant scholarly debates in this rapidly growing field of study. Structured in four main parts, it gives a comprehensive regional overview of, and insight into, the environment in Southeast Asia. Wide-ranging and balanced, this handbook promotes scholarly understanding of how environmental issues are dealt with from diverse theoretical perspectives. It offers a detailed empirical understanding of the myriad environmental problems and challenges faced in Southeast Asia. This is the first publication of its kind in this field; a helpful companion for a global audience and for scholars of Southeast Asian studies from a variety of disciplines.
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The SAGE Handbook of Social Work

Author: Mel Gray,James Midgley,Stephen A Webb

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446266045

Category: Social Science

Page: 808

View: 8831

This Handbook is the world's first generic major reference work to provide an authoritative guide to the theory, method, and values of social work in one volume. Drawn from an international field of excellence, the contributors each offer a critical analysis of their individual area of expertise. The result is this invaluable resource collection that not only reflects upon the condition of social work today but also looks to future developments. Split into seven parts, the Handbook investigates: - Policy dimensions - Practice - Perspectives - Values and ethics - The context of social work - Research - Future challenges It is essential reading for all students, practitioners, researchers, and academics engaged in social work.
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Policy change, public attitudes and social citizenship

Does neoliberalism matter?

Author: Humpage, Louise

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447323513

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 1264

Neoliberal reforms have seen a radical shift in government thinking about social citizenship rights around the world. But have they had a similarly significant impact on public support for these rights? This unique book traces public views on social citizenship across three decades through attitudinal data from New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia. It argues that support for some aspects of social citizenship diminished more significantly under some political regimes than others, and that limited public resistance following the financial crisis of 2008-2009 further suggests the public ‘rolled over’ and accepted these neoliberal values. Yet attitudinal variances across different policy areas challenge the idea of an omnipotent neoliberalism, providing food for thought for academics, students and advocates wishing to galvanise support for social citizenship in the 21st century.
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Neoliberalism and Global Theatres

Performance Permutations

Author: L. Nielsen,P. Ybarra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137035609

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 316

View: 3290

How do theatre and performance transmit and dispute ideologies of neoliberalism? The essays in this anthology examine the mechanisms and rhetorics of contemporary multinational and transnational organizations, artists, and communities that produce theatre and performance for global audiences.
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Antipode

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2434

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Energie und soziale Ungleichheit

Zur gesellschaftlichen Dimension der Energiewende in Deutschland und Europa

Author: Katrin Großmann,André Schaffrin,Christian Smigiel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658117230

Category: Social Science

Page: 695

View: 3615

Der Sammelband gibt den aktuellen Stand zu Energiearmut, Energiepolitik und sozialer Ungleichheit wider und analysiert grundlegende Zusammenhänge und Determinanten in Deutschland und Europa. Seit Jahren, und nicht erst im Zuge der Energiewende, steigen in Deutschland die Energiekosten privater Haushalte. Dies trifft verschiedene soziale Gruppen in unterschiedlichem Maße, was wiederum unterschiedlich stark von wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Politiken abgefedert wird. Es ist jedoch der anhaltenden Debatte um steigende Strompreise für Privathaushalte im Zuge der Energiewende in Deutschland zu verdanken, dass Themen wie Energiearmut und Kostenbelastungen das Interesse der Öffentlichkeit geweckt haben. Gleichzeitig wurde deutlich, dass die wissenschaftliche Beschäftigung mit den Wechselwirkungen von Energiesystemen und sozialer Ungleichheit in Deutschland bis vor kurzem noch ein völlig unterbelichtetes Forschungsgebiet mit nur wenigen Pionierarbeiten war. Zu zeigen, welche Arbeiten in den vergangenen Jahren stattgefunden haben und welche Erkenntnisse dabei zutage gefördert wurden, ist das Ziel dieses Sammelbandes.
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Sicherheit und Kriminalprävention in urbanen Räumen

Aktuelle Tendenzen und Entwicklungen

Author: Joachim Häfele,Fritz Sack,Volker Eick,Hergen Hillen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658163151

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2420

Der Sammelband liefert Befunde zu aktuellen Forschungsfeldern der (Un-)Sicherheit und Kriminalprävention in europäischen Städten. So lässt sich beobachten, dass insbesondere genuin urbane Formen abweichenden Verhaltens und abweichender Situationen zunehmend problematisiert, kriminalisiert und sanktioniert werden. Die klassisch europäische Utopie von Stadt als Möglichkeitsraum scheint so sukzessive ad absurdum geführt und durch eine Utopie der Sicherheit in prinzipiell unsicheren Räumen ersetzt zu werden. Neben ihrer wissenschaftlichen Bedeutung sind die Ergebnisse der vorliegenden Beiträge vor allem für Praxisfelder relevant, die sich mit den Bereichen (Un-)Sicherheit, Kriminalität und Kriminalprävention in städtischen Räumen auseinandersetzen.
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Neoliberalism, Media and the Political

Author: S. Phelan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137308362

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 4653

Neoliberalism, Media and the Political examines the condition of media and journalism in neoliberal cultures. Emphasizing neoliberalism's status as a political ideology that is simultaneously hostile to politics, the book presents a critical theoretical argument supported by empirical illustrations from New Zealand, Ireland, the UK and the US.
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Neoliberalism and Urban Development in Latin America

The Case of Santiago

Author: Camillo Boano,Francisco Vergara-Perucich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317301803

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 182

View: 5731

In the 1970s and following on from the deposition of Salvador Allende, the Chilean dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet installed a radical political and economic system by force which lent heavy privilege to free market capitalism, reduced the power of the state to its minimum and actively suppressed civil society. Chicago economist Milton Friedman was heavily involved in developing this model, and it would be hard to think of a clearer case where ideology has shaped a country over such a long period. That ideology is still very much with us today and has come to be defined as neoliberalism. This book charts the process as it developed in the Chilean capital Santiago and involves a series of case studies and reflections on the city as a neoliberal construct. The variegated, technocratic and post-authoritarian aspects of the neoliberal turn in Chile serve as a cultural and political milieu. Through the work of urban scholars, architects, activists and artists, a cacophony of voices assemble to illustrate the existing neoliberal urbanism of Santiago and its irreducible tension between polis and civitas in the specific context of omnipresent neoliberalism. Chapters explore multiple aspects of the neoliberal delirium of Santiago: observing the antagonists of this scheme; reviewing the insurgent emergence of alternative and contested practices; and suggesting ways forward in a potential post-neoliberal city. Refusing an essentialist call, Neoliberalism and Urban Development in Latin America offers an alternative understanding of the urban conditions of Santiago. It will be essential reading to students of urban development, neoliberalism and urban theory, and well as architects, urban planners, geographers, anthropologists, economists, philosophers and sociologists.
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Umkämpftes Grün

Zwischen neoliberaler Stadtentwicklung und Stadtgestaltung von unten

Author: Sarah Kumnig,Marit Rosol,Andreas Exner

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839435897

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 7285

Urbane Gärten sind aus vielen Städten nicht mehr wegzudenken. Gemeinschaftlicher Gemüseanbau wird dabei oft als rebellischer Akt der Stadtgestaltung von unten verstanden. Gleichzeitig taucht »urban gardening« immer häufiger in Stadtentwicklungsplänen und Werbebroschüren auf. Die Beiträger_innen des Bandes liefern eine kritische Analyse grüner urbaner Aktivitäten und ihrer umkämpften und widersprüchlichen Rolle in aktuellen Prozessen der Neoliberalisierung des Städtischen.
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Quartiersentwicklung im globalen Süden

Jahrbuch Stadterneuerung 2018

Author: Uwe Altrock,Detlef Kurth,Ronald Kunze,Holger Schmidt,Gisela Schmitt

Publisher: Springer VS

ISBN: 9783658241520

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 3629

Die Texte des Bandes befassen sich schwerpunktmäßig mit den Erfahrungen der Quartiersentwicklung im Globalen Süden und der Frage, wie es gelingen kann, selbst in Situationen geringster Ressourcenverfügbarkeit und größter Not menschenwürdige Lebensbedingungen auf der Quartiersebene zu verwirklichen. Von diesen Beispielen können wir für unsere eigenen Herausforderungen auf unterschiedlichste Weise profitieren: zum einen in methodischer Hinsicht, stellen sie doch höchste Anforderungen an die Mobilisierung von Selbsthilfekräften und die Beteiligung von Bewohnerinnen und Bewohnern, wenn sie überhaupt ernsthaft an einer schrittweisen Aufwertung interessiert sind; zum anderen hinsichtlich des Umgangs mit den Einflüssen des globalen und lokalen Immobilienkapitals, das auf eine maximale Verwertung insbesondere von günstig gelegenen Lagen mit Quartieren geringer Dichte und immobilienwirtschaftliche Erträge abzielt und dabei nicht selten die Lebensbedingungen der ärmsten Städter fundamental in Frage stellt.
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The Neoliberal State, Recognition and Indigenous Rights

New paternalism to new imaginings

Author: Deirdre Howard-Wagner,Maria Bargh,Isabel Altamirano-Jiménez

Publisher: ANU Press

ISBN: 1760462217

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 3538

The impact of neoliberal governance on indigenous peoples in liberal settler states may be both enabling and constraining. This book is distinctive in drawing comparisons between three such states—Australia, Canada and New Zealand. In a series of empirically grounded, interpretive micro-studies, it draws out a shared policy coherence, but also exposes idiosyncrasies in the operational dynamics of neoliberal governance both within each state and between them. Read together as a collection, these studies broaden the debate about and the analysis of contemporary government policy. The individual studies reveal the forms of actually existing neoliberalism that are variegated by historical, geographical and legal contexts and complex state arrangements. At the same time, they present examples of a more nuanced agential, bottom-up indigenous governmentality. Focusing on intense and complex matters of social policy rather than on resource development and land rights, they demonstrate how indigenous actors engage in trying to govern various fields of activity by acting on the conduct and contexts of everyday neoliberal life, and also on the conduct of state and corporate actors.
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Governmentality after Neoliberalism

Author: Mark Bevir

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317411099

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 7325

Neoliberalism has had a major impact on public policy but it has also perhaps obscured the equally dramatic spread of other policy tools based on significantly different forms of social science. This book therefore explores the mixture of social technologies that have arisen since neoliberalism, sometimes alongside and sometimes in conflict with it, but generally as attempts to address problems created by the market reforms of a high neoliberalism. These have included attempts to spread networks, joining-up, and long term partnerships, and to build state capacity, social capital, and resilient communities. Thematically, each chapter is defined by its engagement with governmentality, specifically challenging governmentality theory to pay more attention to practices. The book also develops a complex and variegated account of neoliberalism and its afterlife as chapters highlight the different ways in which a range of market mechanisms and other technologies now coexist in different policy areas. Finally, the book moves beyond abstract discussions of both governmentality and neoliberalism to concrete demonstrations of this approach in action. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of governance, public policy, governmentality theory and more broadly to British Politics, social policy, and sociology.
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Political Economy and Sociolinguistics

Neoliberalism, Inequality and Social Class

Author: David Block

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474281451

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 6988

This book explores how political economy intersects with sociolinguistics, specifically how neoliberalism, inequality and social class mediate language in society issues. After the preface, in which the author sets the scene for the content of the book, Chapter 1 is an extensive, though selective, review of sociolinguistics research which has been framed as political economic in orientation. The chapter concludes that such research generally contains little in the way of thorough and in-depth coverage of the key ideas and conceptual frameworks said to undergird it. With this consideration in mind, Chapters 2, 3 and 4 are organised around in-depth discussions of, respectively, political economy as a general disciplinary frame; neoliberalism as the variegated variety of capitalism dominant in the world today; and stratification, inequality and social class, as phenomena intrinsic to capitalism, which in the neoliberal era have come to the fore as key issues. Drawing directly on the background provide in Chapters 2-4, Chapters 5 and 6 explore two distinct political economy-informed lines of research, on the one hand, the 'neoliberal citizen', and on the other hand, 'discursive class warfare'. The book ends with an epilogue addressing issues arising around political economy in sociolinguistics.
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Critical International Political Economy

Dialogue, Debate and Dissensus

Author: Stuart Shields,Ian Bruff,Huw Macartney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230299407

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 1937

Amidst the continued debate surrounding the foundations of IPE, coupled with recent methodological and theoretical divides this book argues that an attempt should be made to re-visit the notion of the 'critical'. The challenge posed by contributors to this volume is to assess the development of so-called critical IPE and interrogate whether the theoretical foundations it was built upon have reached their potential. The essays in this volume take up this challenge in a number of different ways but all share a common concern - to re-assess the purpose of critical approaches, reflect on why certain social theorists have been favoured as a point of departure, yet others have largely been ignored. In light of recent debates on the notion of a 'trans-Atlantic divide' within IPE the collection the contributors aim demonstrates how the distinction between the 'critical' and the 'orthodox' (or 'empirical') is only significant if the 'critical' is geared towards a larger, more substantial body of critical social enquiry and engages with what it means to conduct such enquiry.
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Über das befremdliche Überleben des Neoliberalismus

Postdemokratie II

Author: Colin Crouch

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518760904

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7916

Spätestens als Lehman Brothers im September 2008 Insolvenz anmelden mußte, hatte es für einen kurzen Moment den Anschein, als habe die letzte Stunde des Neoliberalismus geschlagen: Nachdem das Mantra vom Markt und von der Privatisierung seit den siebziger Jahren in aller Munde war, sollten nun die Regierungen eingreifen, um systemrelevante Banken zu retten. Die Kompetenz der Wirtschaftsführer stand massiv in Frage. Heute, nur drei Jahre später, bekommen die Manager wieder riesige Boni. Zur Refinanzierung der Rettungspakete werden Sozialleistungen gekürzt. Die Logik des radikalen Wettbewerbs und des unternehmerischen Selbst prägt nach wie vor unsere Mentalität. Wie ist das möglich? Diese Frage stellt Colin Crouch in seinem großen neuen Essay. Der Autor des vielbeachteten Bestsellers »Postdemokratie« zeichnet die Ideengeschichte des Neoliberalismus nach und betont, daß der Konflikt Staat vs. Markt zu kurz greift: Es sind die gigantischen transnationalen Konzerne, unter denen die Demokratie »und« das Marktmodell leiden. Doch wir können uns wehren, indem wir uns auf unsere Werte und unsere Macht als Verbraucher besinnen. Das ist Crouchs optimistische Vision einer sozialen und demokratischen Marktwirtschaft.
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Post-Neoliberalism in the Americas

Author: Laura MacDonald,Arne Ruckert

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230202078

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 7303

This collection brings together a diverse range of analyses to interrogate policy changes and to grapple with the on-going transformations of neoliberalism in both North America and various Latin American states.
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