Using Political Ideas

Author: Barbara Goodwin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470025522

Category: Political Science

Page: 446

View: 1531

"Comprehensive, and covers the main ideologies in an interesting way . . . takes a critical and engaging perspective . . . framed in the context of debates around the meaning and purpose of theoretical enquiry . . . a more rewarding read than its competitors." --Madeleine Davis, Department of Politics, Queen Mary, University of London. "This book is pitched at a good level for bright and interested undergraduates . . . the combination of ideologies and concepts in one book is a major selling point." --Professor Paul Taggart, Professor of Politics, University of Sussex "Pulls off the enviable coup of being scholarly and yet not scary as well as providing genuinely fresh insights for the more familiar reader." --Dr Peter Handley, School of Political, Social, and International Studies, University of East Anglia "An outstandingly useful text . . . I look forward to a fifth edition being made available" --Mark Donovan, Senior Lecturer in Politics, University of Cardiff Using Political Ideas is a unique blend of political philosophy, political theory and history of political thought. It combines a critique of the major ideologies of recent and contemporary society with an analysis of the ideas that form the very stuff of political debate. By exposing the interplay between ideas and ideologies, it shows why political opponents often speak at cross-purposes and why rational agreement is so hard to achieve in politics. The fifth edition of this well respected and widely known text will be welcomed by all those interested in questions such as: * Is equality more important than personal freedom? * Does the majority have the right to dictate to the minority in multicultural society? * Is nationalism a progressive force in the world? With a new chapter on the political ideologies of the twenty-first century, and greater emphasis on contemporary issues such as multiculturalism, citizenship and identity throughout the book, this new edition is the ideal starting point for students and anyone else who needs an introduction to political thought.
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Using Political Ideas

Author: Barbara Goodwin

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471973430

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 3218

"I asked my students about their views on this book. All of them agreed that its strength is its ?readability? and comprehensive coverage of the main issues in a study of political ideologies and ideas. Goodwin?s was the book to which my students turned first to find out what the questions under discussion were ?all about?. The strengths of the book are such that a fourth edition is most welcome." Lecturer, Aberdeen University Have we a duty to conserve the world?s resources for future generations? Does the majority have the right to dictate to minorities in a multicultural society? Is equality more important than personal freedom? Is nationalism a progressive force in the world? This book is of unique interest for everyone concerned with such questions. It offers a critique of contemporary political ideologies and an analysis of the ideas and concepts which we use in political arguments. By revealing the interplay between ideas and ideologies, it shows us why political opponents so often seem to argue at cross-purposes. The book emphasizes the relationship between ideologies, political ideas and day-to-day politics, and shows how political ideas influence not only argument but also political behaviour. The author stresses the importance of theoretical analysis for understanding the political world and for criticizing the ideas and agencies which govern our lives. Using Political Ideas has been strongly influential in the teaching of political philosophy since it was first published in 1982. Professor Goodwin?s lucid style and avoidance of technical jargon make her work accessible to a wide readership. This fourth edition of the book contains two important new chapters, on feminism and Green political thought, and the whole book has been revised to reflect the effect of contemporary events on political thinking. "It is an immensely valuable and sophisticated book, while also accessible: I?ve been dipping around in it, and shall continue to dip!" Ben Pimlott, Professor of Politics and Contemporary History, University of London.
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Understanding Political Ideas and Movements

Author: Kevin Harrison,Tony Boyd

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719061516

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 1807

Underpinned by the work of major thinkers such as Marx, Locke, Weber, Hobbes and Foucault, the first half of the book looks at political concepts including: the state and sovereignty; the nation; democracy; representation and legitimacy; freedom; equiality and rights; obligation; and citizenship. There is also a specific chapter which addresses the role of ideology in the shaping of politics and society. The second half of the book addresses traditional theoretical subjects such as socialism, Marxism and nationalism, before moving on to more contemporary movements such as environmentalism, ecologism and feminism.
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Modern Political Thinkers and Ideas

An Historical Introduction

Author: Tudor Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134686536

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 7509

Modern Political Thinkers and Ideas is an exciting new text that provides students with a clearly presented introduction to some of the key areas of modern political thought. Uniquely combining historical and philosophical approaches to the subject, it describes the writings and ideas of the most influential thinkers of the modern era. Modern Political Thinkers and Ideas features: * the main concepts in modern political theory such as: the State and Sovereignty; Political Obligation and Civil Disobedience; Liberty; Rights; Equality and Justice; Democracy * the ideas of key thinkers such as: Machiavelli; Hobbes; Locke; Paine; Rousseau; Burke; Mill; Bentham; Marx; Rawls; Hayek * a clear and instructive framework for each chapter which provides students with: (a) the significance of each concept in modern political thought; (b) what major political thinkers had to say about each concept; and (c) the relevance of key concepts to contemporary argument and debate.
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Discover Entdecke Decouvrir Anarchism IV

Modern civilisation faces three potentially catastrophic crises:

Author: Heinz Duthel

Publisher: neobooks

ISBN: 3742712357

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 994

View: 7547

Discover Entdecke Decouvrir Anarchism IV What is Anarchism? Anarchism is a political theory, which is skeptical of the justification of authority and power, especially political power. Anarchism is usually grounded in moral claims about the importance of individual liberty. Anarchists also offer a positive theory of human flourishing, based upon an ideal of non-coercive consensus building. Anarchism has inspired practical efforts at establishing utopian communities, radical and revolutionary political agendas, and various forms of direct action. This entry primarily describes “philosophical anarchism”: it focuses on anarchism as a theoretical idea and not as a form of political activism. While philosophical anarchism describes a skeptical theory of political legitimation, anarchism is also a concept that has been employed in philosophical and literary theory to describe a sort of anti- foundationalism. Philosophical anarchism can mean either a theory of political life that is skeptical of attempts to justify state authority or a philosophical theory that is skeptical of the attempt to assert firm foundations for knowledge. Anarchism in political philosophy maintains that there is no legitimate political or governmental authority. In political philosophy anarchy is an important topic for consideration—even for those who are not anarchists—as the a-political background condition against which various forms of political organization are arrayed, compared, and justified. Anarchy is often viewed by non-anarchists as the unhappy or unstable condition in which there is no legitimate authority. Anarchism as a philosophical idea is not necessarily connected to practical activism. There are political anarchists who take action in order to destroy what they see as illegitimate states. The popular imagination often views anarchists as bomb-throwing nihilists. But philosophical anarchism is a theoretical standpoint. In order to decide who (and whether) one should act upon anarchist insight, we require a further theory of political action, obligation, and obedience grounded in further ethical reflection. Simmons explains that philosophical anarchists “do not take the illegitimacy of states to entail a strong moral imperative to oppose or eliminate states” (Simmons 2001: 104). Some anarchists remain obedient to ruling authorities; others revolt or resist in various ways. The question of action depends upon a theory of what sort of political obligation follows from our philosophical, moral, political, religious, and aesthetic commitments. Bibliography Bakunin, Mikhail, 1873 [1990], Statism and Anarchy (Gosudarstvennost’ i anarkhii?a), Marshall S. Shatz (trans.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. –––, 1882/1908 [1910/1970], God and the State (Dieu et l’État), New York: Dover Publishing. Ben-Dor, Oren, 2000, Constitutional Limits and the Public Sphere: A Critical Study of Bentham’s Constitutionalism, Oxford: Hart Publishing. Bentham, Jeremy, 1843, “Anarchical Fallacies”, in The Works of Jeremy Bentham, Volume 2. Edinburgh: Tait. [Bentham 1843 available online]
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The Debate Over Slavery

Antislavery and Proslavery Liberalism in Antebellum America

Author: David F. Ericson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814722121

Category: History

Page: 241

View: 8642

In 1914, H. Rider Haggardadventure novelist, diplomat, farmer, lawyer, and, above all, renowned author of such classic and influential bestsellers asKing Solomon's MinesandShereturned to South Africa, the country that had fired his literary imagination, for the first time in a quarter century. Haggard, whose work is today considered a prototype of colonial literature, barely recognized the Africa of his youth. The discovery of gold, the destruction of the Zulu kingdom, and the aftermath of the Anglo-Boer war had all radically transformed the political, cultural, and often physical landscape. No longer the diehard imperialist of his youth, when conquest and colonization were the order of the day, Haggard toured southern Africa extensively during this trip, acquiring an impression of black politics and even meeting the first president of the African National Congress, John Dube. This is the chronicle, in Haggard's own hand, of that journey. A remarkable literary find, written by a man who helped shape Western perceptions of Africa, this hitherto unpublished manuscript presents a portrait both surprising and in some ways familiar of Africa and of a central figure in the literature of African colonialism.
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Von der Freiheit des Migranten

Einsprüche gegen den Nationalismus

Author: Vilém Flusser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783863930417

Category:

Page: 142

View: 8567

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Reforming Law and Economy for a Sustainable Earth

Critical Thought for Turbulent Times

Author: Paul Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317704533

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 7731

Few concerns preoccupy contemporary progressive thought as much as the issue of how to achieve a sustainable human society. The problems impeding this goal include those of how to arrest induced global environmental change (GEC), persistent disagreements about the contribution of economic activities to GEC and further differences in views on how these activities can be reformed in order to reduce the rate of change and thus to mitigate threats to much life on Earth. Reforming Law and Economy for a Sustainable Earth aims to help resolve these problems in two ways. Since addressing GEC will require global coordination, the book first clarifies the conditions necessary to achieve this effectively. Paul Anderson explores these conditions with the aid of a sustained analysis of key concepts in influential disciplines, particularly in social and political theory and law, relating to the transition to a sustainable economy. Second, Anderson tackles the problem of how to arrest GEC by incisively evaluating two leading theoretical positions in terms of their capacity to support the conditions required for effective global coordination. From this basis, the book offers an extensive critique of the idea that global environmental problems can be solved within the framework of global capitalism. It also critically reviews and advances the proposition that global sustainability can be achieved only by changing the capitalist form of organizing the economy. Enriched by a genuinely interdisciplinary approach, the originality of Reforming Law and Economy for a Sustainable Earth lies in the manner it combines a rigorous analysis of the requirements for global sustainability with decisive conclusions as to what are, and what are not, viable means of fulfilling those requirements. The book advances research on sustainability within key disciplines, among them political theory, law and social science, by offering a timely and insightful statement about the global environmental predicament in the 21st century.
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The Politics of Utopia

A Study in Theory and Practice

Author: Barbara Goodwin,Keith Taylor

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039110803

Category: Political Science

Page: 325

View: 2696

This book provides both an introduction to utopianism and a general perspective on radical political thought. Vigorously disputing the widespread conviction that utopianism is a fantasy with no relevance to modern political life and thought, the authors argue that it is a concept whose special virtue lies in its capacity to transcend the limitations of present circumstances, to inspire alternative thinking and to open up new directions for political action. This book develops an approach which relates social causes to political theory and practice. The first part discusses utopianism as a form of political theory with unique characteristics and the ability to transcend the present. The second part considers utopianism as an expression of fundamental social impulses and as an ingredient of modern political movements. The third part offers a defence of utopianism as both theory and practice, and argues for its use to counteract the pragmatism and narrow empiricism which often passes for political -realism- in modern societies. This reissue of a popular and well-received landmark text contains a new preface."
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Modernist Nowheres

Politics and Utopia in Early Modernist Writing, 1900-1920

Author: N. Waddell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113726506X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 234

View: 2413

Modernist Nowheres explores connections in the Anglo-American sphere between early literary modernist cultures, politics, and utopia. Foregrounding such writers as Conrad, Lawrence and Wyndham Lewis, it presents a new reading of early modernism in which utopianism plays a defining role prior to, during and immediately after the First World War.
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Der Report der Magd

Roman

Author: Margaret Atwood

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492970591

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 430

Die provozierende Vision eines totalitären Staats, in dem Frauen keine Rechte haben: Die Dienerin Desfred besitzt etwas, was ihr alle Machthaber, Wächter und Spione nicht nehmen können, nämlich ihre Hoffnung auf ein Entkommen, auf Liebe, auf Leben ... Margaret Atwoods »Report der Magd« wurde zum Kultbuch einer ganzen Generation und von Volker Schlöndorff unter dem Titel »Die Geschichte der Dienerin« verfilmt.
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21 Lektionen für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406727794

Category: History

Page: 459

View: 1992

Yuval Noah Harari ist der Weltstar unter den Historikern. In «Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit» erzählte er vom Aufstieg des Homo Sapiens zum Herrn der Welt. In «Homo Deus» ging es um die Zukunft unserer Spezies. Sein neues Buch schaut auf das Hier und Jetzt und konfrontiert uns mit den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit. Wie unterscheiden wir Wahrheit und Fiktion im Zeitalter der Fake News? Was sollen wir unseren Kindern beibringen? Wie können wir in unserer unübersichtlichen Welt moralisch handeln? Wie bewahren wir Freiheit und Gleichheit im 21. Jahrhundert? Seit Jahrtausenden hat die Menschheit über den Fragen gebrütet, wer wir sind und was wir mit unserem Leben anfangen sollen. Doch jetzt setzen uns die heraufziehende ökologische Krise, die wachsende Bedrohung durch Massenvernichtungswaffen und der Aufstieg neuer disruptiver Technologien unter Zeitdruck. Bald schon wird irgendjemand darüber entscheiden müssen, wie wir die Macht nutzen, die künstliche Intelligenz und Biotechnologie bereit halten. Dieses Buch will möglichst viele Menschen dazu anregen, sich an den großen Debatten unserer Zeit zu beteiligen, damit die Antworten nicht von den blinden Kräften des Marktes gegeben werden.
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Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient India

Author: Ram Sharan Sharma

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.

ISBN: 9788120808270

Category: Social Science

Page: 454

View: 767

The present work Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient Indian discusses different views on the origin and nature of the state in ancient India. It also deals with stages and processes of state formation and examines the relevance of caste and kin-based collectivities to the construction of polity. The Vedic assemblies are studied in some detail, and developments in political organisation are presented in relation to their changing social and economic background. The book also shows how religion and rituals were brought in the service of the ruling class.
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History of Political Ideas

The Later Middle Ages

Author: Eric Voegelin

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 9780826211545

Category: History

Page: 283

View: 1810

In The Later Middle Ages, the third volume of his monumental History of Political Ideas, Eric Voegelin continues his exploration of one of the most crucial periods in the history of political thought. Illuminating the great figures of the high Middle Ages, Voegelin traces the historical momentum of our modern world in the core evocative symbols that constituted medieval civilization. These symbols revolved around the enduring aspiration for the sacrum imperium, the one order capable of embracing the transcendent and immanent, the ecclesiastical and political, the divine and human. The story of the later Middle Ages is that of the "civilizational schism"--the movement in which not only the reality but the aspiration for the sacrum imperium gradually disappeared and the unification of faith and reason dissolved. His recognition of this civilizational schism provides Voegelin with a unique perspective on medieval society. William of Ockham, Dante, Giles of Rome, and Marsilius of Padua all emerge in Voegelin's study as predecessors to modern thought; each turns to personal authority and intellectual analysis in an attempt to comprehend the loss of the sacrum imperium as an authoritative ideal. Voegelin is further drawn into investigations that, despite insufficient attention by scholars, still bear relevance to the study of the later Middle Ages. The mysticism apparent in Piers Plowman and the apocalyptic revolt of Cola di Rienzo are merely two reactions to the disintegration of wholeness. Yet the story of the later Middle Ages does not merely revolve around disintegration. Voegelin recognizes the emergence of the constitutional political tradition as the most positive development of this period. He is at his best when explaining the difference between the presence of a representative institution and the growth of communal consciousness. Voegelin's study of the English political pattern is matched only by his unique perspective on the German imperial zone, culminating in a fitting conclusion on Nicholas of Cusa--the one political thinker with the ability to evoke the unity of mankind beyond fragmentation. The Later Middle Ages is at once a brilliant examination of the symbols that characterized medieval society and a remarkable predecessor to Voegelin's study of the modern world, beginning with the Renaissance and the Reformation.
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"Weil wir es so sagen"

Texte gegen die amerikanische Weltherrschaft im 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Promedia Verlag

ISBN: 3853718310

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 5562

Was immer die Welt denken mag, die Handlungen der USA sind gerechtfertigt. Weil wir es so sagen", schreibt Noam Chomsky und demaskiert damit die imperiale Attitüde der Großmacht. Es ist diese US-amerikanische Herrschaftsmentalität, die den weltweit prominenten Kritiker immer noch dazu antreibt, mit messerscharfen und teilweise ironisierenden Kommentaren gegen die Zustände auf dieser Welt anzuschreiben. Der Band "Weil wir es so sagen" versammelt die wichtigsten Schriften Chomskys, die er seit 2011 verfasst hat. Er beschäftigt sich darin u.a. mit dem Kampf um Libyen, der Sanktionspolitik gegen den Iran, der israelischen Bombardierung Gazas, dem Krieg in der Ukraine oder auch dem Zusammenbruch des öffentlichen Bildungssystems in den USA und der Verfolgung des Aufdeckers Edward Snowden.
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Love and Politics

Women Politicians and the Ethics of Care

Author: Fiona Mackay

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826447838

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 8870

This volume is the first to use insights from recent feminist theory on the "ethic of care" to study the slow progress women have made toward political equality.Using empirical case-study materials, including her own interviews with female politicians, Mackay examines "care" as both a political practice and a political idea, using it to explain the current situation with regard to women's representation and to offer a prescription and resource for change.
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Individualism in the United States

A Transformation in American Political Thought

Author: Stephanie M. Walls

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1623563488

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 1295

Of the many ideas that inspired and shaped the American Founding Fathers' thought, individualism and a commitment to individual rights were primary among them. The American emphasis on the individual in politics and society and the protection he receives in the US Constitution established the United States as an ideological trailblazer in this regard. However the individualism that inspired the Founders, has transformed over time to reflect the changing economic and social landscape in the United States. Individualism in the United States provides a comprehensive introduction to the idea of individualism in American political development, and a well-grounded argument about the social and political implications of our current understanding of this alleged ideal.
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The Four

Die geheime DNA von Amazon, Apple, Facebook und Google

Author: Scott Galloway

Publisher: Plassen Verlag

ISBN: 3864705436

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 603

"Die vier apokalyptischen Reiter" – so bezeichnet Marketing-Guru Galloway Amazon, Apple, Facebook und Google. Diese Tech-Giganten haben nicht nur neue Geschäftsmodelle entwickelt. Sie haben die Regeln des Wirtschaftslebens und die Voraussetzungen für Erfolg neu definiert. In dem respektlosen Stil, der Galloway zu einem der gefeiertsten Wirtschaftsprofessoren der Welt gemacht hat, zerlegt er die Strategien der Vier. Er führt vor, wie sie unsere grundlegenden emotionalen Bedürfnisse mit einer Schnelligkeit und in einem Ausmaß manipulieren, an die andere nicht herankommen. Und er zeigt, wie man die Lehren aus ihrem Aufstieg auf sein eigenes Unternehmen oder seinen eigenen Job anwenden kann. Ob man mit ihnen konkurrieren will, mit ihnen Geschäfte machen oder einfach in der Welt leben will, die von ihnen beherrscht wird – man muss die Vier verstehen.
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