Unexpected Circumstances in European Contract Law

Author: Ewoud Hondius,Christoph Grigoleit

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139501151

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 498

The recent financial crisis has questioned whether existing contracts may be adapted, terminated or renegotiated as a result of unexpected circumstances. The question is not a new one. In medieval times the notion of clausula rebus sic stantibus was developed to cope with such situations, and Germany introduced the theory of Wegfall der Geschäftsgrundlage. In England, the Coronation cases provided one possible answer. This comparative study explores the possibility of classifying jurisdictions as 'open' or 'closed' in this regard.
Release

Commentaries on European Contract Laws

Author: Nils Jansen,Reinhard Zimmermann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192508016

Category: Law

Page: 2250

View: 4385

The book provides rule-by-rule commentaries on European contract law (general contract law, consumer contract law, the law of sale and related services), dealing with its modern manifestations as well as its historical and comparative foundations. After the collapse of the European Commission's plans to codify European contract law it is timely to reflect on what has been achieved over the past three to four decades, and for an assessment of the current situation. In particular, the production of a bewildering number of reference texts has contributed to a complex picture of European contract laws rather than a European contract law. The present book adopts a broad perspective and an integrative approach. All relevant reference texts (from the CISG to the Draft Common European Sales Law) are critically examined and compared with each other. As far as the acquis commun (ie the traditional private law as laid down in the national codifications) is concerned, the Principles of European Contract Law have been chosen as a point of departure. The rules contained in that document have, however, been complemented with some chapters, sections, and individual provisions drawn from other sources, primarily in order to account for the quickly growing acquis communautaire in the field of consumer contract law. In addition, the book ties the discussion concerning the reference texts back to the pertinent historical and comparative background; and it thus investigates whether, and to what extent, these texts can be taken to be genuinely European in nature, ie to constitute a manifestation of a common core of European contract law. Where this is not the case, the question is asked whether, and for what reasons, they should be seen as points of departure for the further development of European contract law.
Release

Good Faith in European Contract Law

Author: Simon Whittaker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521771900

Category: Law

Page: 720

View: 4620

For some Western European legal systems the principle of good faith has proved central to the development of their law of contracts, while in others it has been marginalized or even rejected. This book starts by surveying the use or neglect of good faith in these legal systems and explaining its historical origins. The central part of the book takes thirty situations which would, in some legal systems, attract the application of good faith, analyses them according to fifteen national legal systems and assesses the practical significance of both the principle of good faith and its relationship to other contractual and non-contractual doctrines and forms of regulation in each situation. The book concludes by explaining how European lawyers, whether from a civil or common law background, may need to come to terms with the principle of good faith. This was the first completed project of The Common Core of European Private Law launched at the University of Trento.
Release

The common core of European private law

Author: Mauro Bussani,Ugo Mattei

Publisher: Kluwer Law Intl

ISBN: 9789041118523

Category: Law

Page: 231

View: 5565

European private law is in the making. Many scholarly and official projects tackle the many issues that are open in the path of the unfolding of a more uniform European legal culture. None of such projects has been as thorough and patient in trying to develop a general knowledge on how things are today in the landscape of European Private Law as the 'Common Core of European Private Law Project', launched in Trento, Italy in 1993 with the direct involvement of the Late Professor R.B. Schlesinger. Within the Common Core Project, over 200 professionals apply a painstaking comparative analysis of European legal systems in the domain of Contracts, Property and Torts. Every year in Trento leading scholars address the plenary session where the active participants convene to discuss methodological and practical problems that emerge from their collective comparative effort. This book is a collection of the views of the importance and stakes of the making of European Private Law as presented in the papers delivered at the Trento plenary sessions.
Release

Common Core, Pecl and Dcfr: Could They Change Shipping and Transport Law?

Author: Wouter Verheyen,Marian A. I. H. Hoeks,Frank G. M. Smeele

Publisher: Intersentia

ISBN: 9781780683324

Category: Law

Page: 222

View: 7662

The international character of shipping and transport has always been a great incubator for harmonization of law. There has been an increased interest within the EU on the harmonization of general private law, with different harmonization instruments coming into existence, such as common core, the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL), and the Draft of a Common Frame of Reference (DCFR). Even though both shipping and transport law and these harmonization instruments aim to further harmonize private law, the potential interplay between them has never been examined thoroughly in doctrine. In this book, the possible impact of these private law harmonization instruments on shipping and transport law is assessed. The book investigates whether harmonization instruments can contribute to uniformity of shipping and transport law in fields where such uniformity is currently lacking. Secondly, it looks at whether the current instruments or a future European private law could change (inter)- national shipping and transport law. This cross-fertilization between shipping law and harmonization instruments makes this book not only valuable for shipping lawyers, but also for anyone interested in the harmonization of private law. (Series: Ius Commune Europaeum - Vol. 136) [Subject: European Law, Private Law, Shipping Law, Transportation Law]
Release

Mistake, Fraud and Duties to Inform in European Contract Law

Author: Ruth Sefton-Green

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139442961

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 328

This 2005 examination of twelve case studies about mistake, fraud and duties to inform reveals significant differences about how contract law works in thirteen European legal systems and, despite the fact that the solutions proposed are often similar, what divergent values underlie the legal rules. Whereas some jurisdictions recognise increasing duties to inform in numerous contracts so that the destiny of mistake and fraud (classical defects of consent) may appear to be uncertain, other jurisdictions continue to refuse such duties as a general rule or fail to recognise the need to protect one of the parties where there is an imbalance in bargaining power or information. Avoiding preconceptions as to where and why these differences exist, this book first examines the historical origins and development of defects of consent, then considers the issues from a comparative and critical standpoint.
Release

Transfer of Immovables in European Private Law

Author: Luz M. Martínez Velencoso,Saki Bailey,Andrea Pradi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107187095

Category: Law

Page: 386

View: 1469

This volume explores the law relating to the transfer of immovables in seventeen countries within Europe.
Release

Principles, Definitions and Model Rules of European Private Law

Draft Common Frame of Reference (DCFR)

Author: Study Group on a European Civil Code,Research Group on the Existing EC Private Law

Publisher: sellier. european law publ.

ISBN: 3866530978

Category: Law

Page: 642

View: 1202

The Draft of a Common Frame of Reference (DCFR) is based in part on a revised version of the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL) and contains Principles, Definitions and Model Rules of European Private Law. A year ago, an interim outline edition of the Draft Common Frame of Reference (DCFR) was published by sellier. european law publishers (Germany). It covered the books on contracts and other juridical acts, obligations and corresponding rights, certain specific contracts, and non-contractual obligations. One purpose of the text was to provide material for a possible "political" Common Frame of Reference (CFR) which was called for by the European Commission's Action Plan on a More Coherent European Contract Law of January 2003. Now available for the first time is the final outline edition of the DCFR. This final outline edition covers major new topics and includes a revised and expanded list of definitions. This revision of the interim outline edition takes public discussion into account and also contains an additional section on the principles underlying the model rules. In late 2009, the six-volume full edition of the DCFR, including all comments and notes, will be published.
Release

Causation in European Tort Law

Author: Marta Infantino,Eleni Zervogianni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108418368

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1705

This book takes an original and comparative approach to issues of causation in tort law across many European legal systems.
Release

European Condominium Law

Author: Cornelius Van Der Merwe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107093899

Category: Law

Page: 690

View: 6867

The first comprehensive comparative treatment in English of condominium (apartment ownership, commonhold) law in the 21 most important European jurisdictions.
Release

The Cambridge Companion to European Union Private Law

Author: Christian Twigg-Flesner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107493978

Category: Law

Page: 382

View: 5530

The emergence of EU Private Law as an independent legal discipline is one of the most significant developments in European legal scholarship in recent times. In this 2010 Companion, leading scholars provide a critical introduction to the subject's key areas, while offering original and thought-provoking comment on the field. In addition to several chapters on consumer law topics, the collection has individual chapters on commercial contracts, competition law, non-discrimination law, financial services and travel law. It also discusses the wider issues concerning EU Private Law, such as its historical evolution, the role of comparative law, language and terminology, as well as the implications of the Common Frame of Reference project. A useful 'scene-setting' introduction and further reading arranged thematically make this important publication the student's and scholar's first port of call when exploring the field.
Release

The Enforceability of Promises in European Contract Law

Author: James Gordley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139428637

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4599

Civil law and common law systems are held to enforce promises differently: civil law, in principle, will enforce any promise, while common law will enforce only those with 'consideration'. In that respect, modern civil law supposedly differs from the Roman law from which it descended, where a promise was enforced depending on the type of contract the parties had made. This 2001 volume is concerned with the extent to which these characterizations are true, and how these and other differences affect the enforceability of promises. Beginning with a concise history of these distinctions, the volume then considers how twelve European legal systems would deal with fifteen concrete situations. Finally, a comparative section considers why legal systems enforce certain promises and not others, and what promises should be enforced. This is the second completed project of The Common Core of European Private Law launched at the University of Trento.
Release

Opening up European law

the Common Core Project towards Eastern and South Eastern Europe

Author: Mauro Bussani,Ugo Mattei

Publisher: Sellier European Law Pub

ISBN: 9783866530225

Category: Law

Page: 283

View: 6429

Release

Foundations of Private Law

Property, Tort, Contract, Unjust Enrichment

Author: James Gordley

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021717

Category: Law

Page: 496

View: 2735

Foundations of Private Law is a treatise on the Western law of property, contract, tort and unjust enrichment in both common law systems and civil law systems. The thesis of the book is that underlying these fields of law are common principles, and that these principles can be used to explain the history and development of these areas. These underlying common principles are matters of common sense, which were given their archetypal expression by older jurists who wrote in the Aristotelian tradition. These principles shaped the development of Western law but can resolve legal problems which these older writers did not confront.
Release

Pure Economic Loss

New Horizons in Comparative Law

Author: Vernon V. Palmer,Mauro Bussani

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415775647

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 326

View: 6513

Pure economic loss is one of the most-discussed problems in the fields of tort and contract. How do we understand the various differences and similarities between these systems and what is the extent to which there is a common-core of agreement on this question? This book takes a comparative approach to the subject, exploring the principles, policies and rules governing tortious liability for pure economic loss in a number of countries and legal systems across the world. The countries covered are USA, Canada, Japan, Israel, South Africa, Japan, Romania, Croatia, Denmark and Poland, with the contributors taking a comparative fact-based approach through the use of hypothetical problems to analyze and then summarize the individual country’s tort approach. Using a fact-based questionnaire, a tested taxonomy, and a sophisticated comparative law methodology, the authors convincingly demonstrate that there are liberal, pragmatic and conservative regimes throughout the world. The recoverability of pure economic loss poses a generic question for these legal systems - it is not just a civil law versus common law issue. It will be of interest to students and academics studying tort law and comparative law in the different countries covered.
Release

Security Rights in Movable Property in European Private Law

Author: Eva-Maria Kieninger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139454759

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9006

For every transnational lawyer, it is vital to know the differences between national secured transactions laws. Since the applicable law is determined by the place where the collateral is situated, it may change when movables are brought from one state to another. Introductory essays from comparative lawyers set the scene. The book then presents a survey of the law relating to secured transactions in the member states of the European Union. Following the Common Core approach, the national reports are centred around fifteen hypothetical cases dealing with the most important issues of secured transactions law, such as the creation of security rights in different business situations, the relationship between debtor and secured creditor, the nature of the creditor's rights and their enforcement as against third parties. each case is followed by a comparative summary. A general report evaluates the possibilities of European harmonisation in the field of secured transactions law.
Release

The Principles of European Contract Law

Author: Ole Lando,Hugh Beale,Commission on European Contract Law

Publisher: Kluwer Law International

ISBN: 9041113053

Category: Law

Page: 561

View: 8811

Throughout Europe there is great interest in developing a common European legal culture. The European Parliament has twice called for the creation of a European Civil Code. The principles of European contract law are essential steps in these projects.
Release