Understanding Social Anthropology

Revised Edition

Author: David Pocock

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567322564

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 9535

An introduction to social anthropology, dealing chapter by chapter with some of the key topics of the subject, such as kinship, politics and religion. Professor Pocock highlights the moral and intellectual relevance of social anthropology to living in the increasingly complex society of the 20th century, and by means of an interactive approach, he encourages readers to think anthropologically and gain an idea of how anthropology might tell them something about their own lives. The introduction takes stock of the developments in the field since the title's first publication.ON DISK:A comprehensive introduction to social anthropology covering the key topics and setting anthropology firmly in a cross-cultural context. The book highlights the moral and intellectual relevance of social anthropology to living in the increasingly complex society of the Twentieth Century. A new introduction outlines the contemporary value of Pocock's classic text and, with the new Guide to Further Reading, resituates the text within contemporary thought and literature.


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Ethnology

Page: N.A

View: 4742


Anthropology in the Public Arena

Historical and Contemporary Contexts

Author: Jeremy MacClancy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118475526

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4836

This articulate and authoritative survey of both the popular and academic trends in anthropology demonstrates the broad relevance of anthropological knowledge and argues for a more inclusive conception of the discipline that engages the public imagination. Demonstrates the evolving social contexts of British anthropological theory and practice from the mid-19th century Highlights the importance of popular anthropology in forming and sustaining the professional discipline Explores the past and present cross-fertilization of anthropologists, scientists and prominent literary figures Assesses the pioneering efforts online to advance the role of anthropology in public debates Appeals to a broader readership interested in cultural and intellectual history

Politics of Nature

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674039964

Category: Philosophy

Page: 307

View: 5140

A major work by one of the more innovative thinkers of our time, Politics of Nature does nothing less than establish the conceptual context for political ecology--transplanting the terms of ecology into more fertile philosophical soil than its proponents have thus far envisioned. Bruno Latour announces his project dramatically: "Political ecology has nothing whatsoever to do with nature, this jumble of Greek philosophy, French Cartesianism and American parks." Nature, he asserts, far from being an obvious domain of reality, is a way of assembling political order without due process. Thus, his book proposes an end to the old dichotomy between nature and society--and the constitution, in its place, of a collective, a community incorporating humans and nonhumans and building on the experiences of the sciences as they are actually practiced. In a critique of the distinction between fact and value, Latour suggests a redescription of the type of political philosophy implicated in such a "commonsense" division--which here reveals itself as distinctly uncommonsensical and in fact fatal to democracy and to a healthy development of the sciences. Moving beyond the modernist institutions of "mononaturalism" and "multiculturalism," Latour develops the idea of "multinaturalism," a complex collectivity determined not by outside experts claiming absolute reason but by "diplomats" who are flexible and open to experimentation. Table of Contents: Introduction: What Is to Be Done with Political Ecology? 1. Why Political Ecology Has to Let Go of Nature First, Get Out of the Cave Ecological Crisis or Crisis of Objectivity? The End of Nature The Pitfall of "Social Representations" of Nature The Fragile Aid of Comparative Anthropology What Successor for the Bicameral Collective? 2. How to Bring the Collective Together Difficulties in Convoking the Collective First Division: Learning to Be Circumspect with Spokespersons Second Division: Associations of Humans and Nonhumans Third Division between Humans and Nonhumans: Reality and Recalcitrance A More or Less Articulated Collective The Return to Civil Peace 3. A New Separation of Powers Some Disadvantages of the Concepts of Fact and Value The Power to Take into Account and the Power to Put in Order The Collective's Two Powers of Representation Verifying That the Essential Guarantees Have Been Maintained A New Exteriority 4. Skills for the Collective The Third Nature and the Quarrel between the Two "Eco" Sciences Contribution of the Professions to the Procedures of the Houses The Work of the Houses The Common Dwelling, the Oikos 5. Exploring Common Worlds Time's Two Arrows The Learning Curve The Third Power and the Question of the State The Exercise of Diplomacy War and Peace for the Sciences Conclusion: What Is to Be Done? Political Ecology! Summary of the Argument (for Readers in a Hurry...) Glossary Notes Bibliography Index From the book: What is to be done with political ecology? Nothing. What is to be done? Political ecology! All those who have hoped that the politics of nature would bring about a renewal of public life have asked the first question, while noting the stagnation of the so-called "green" movements. They would like very much to know why so promising an endeavor has so often come to naught. Appearances notwithstanding, everyone is bound to answer the second question the same way. We have no choice: politics does not fall neatly on one side of a divide and nature on the other. From the time the term "politics" was invented, every type of politics has been defined by its relation to nature, whose every feature, property, and function depends on the polemical will to limit, reform, establish, short-circuit, or enlighten public life. As a result, we cannot choose whether to engage in it surreptitiously, by distinguishing between questions of nature and questions of politics, or explicitly, by treating those two sets of questions as a single issue that arises for all collectives. While the ecology movements tell us that nature is rapidly invading politics, we shall have to imagine - most often aligning ourselves with these movements but sometimes against them - what a politics finally freed from the sword of Damocles we call nature might be like.

Community, Self and Identity

Educating South African University Students for Citizenship

Author: Brenda Leibowitz,Leslie Swartz,Vivienne Bozalek,Ronelle Carolissen,Lindsey Nicholls

Publisher: Human Sciences Research

ISBN: 9780796923981

Category: Education

Page: 180

View: 8306

Education in South Africa is in crisis. Low literacy and numeracy rates, poor discipline, and a sense of despair pervade the education landscape. At the same time, educators are called upon to achieve more, with universities tasked to produce graduates capable of exercising responsible and reflective citizenship in a competitive and globalising world. However, universities face very complex demands and resource constraints. In this sobering context, this book provides an opportunity to learn from a bold experiment in teaching and learning taking place across two very different South African universities, one historically black, and one historically white and Afrikaans. With a mixture rigorous scholarship, thoughtful self-reflection, and insights which have relevance far beyond their own project , contributors to this ground-breaking volume take the reader systematically through an account of what is and is not possible in transforming higher education in South Africa. The contributors demonstrate thepotential and limitations of imaginative innovations, and invite the reader into an ongoing discussion about the future and potential for higher education in South Africa and beyond--Publisher's note.

Peace and Conflict in Ladakh

The Construction of a Fragile Web of Order

Author: Fernanda Pirie

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004155961

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 4189

This anthropological study of Ladakh analyses the means by which small communities create spaces of order amidst the heterogeneous forces of modernity. In doing so it also filling a conspicuous gap in the secondary literature on Tibetan law.

Heritage or Heresy

Preservation and Destruction of Religious Art and Architecture in Europe

Author: B. Schildgen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230613152

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 6318

This is an account of the roles of local and national movements, and of memory and regret in the destruction or preservation of the architectural, artistic, and historic legacy of Europe in which the author examines what is cultural heritage and why it matters.

Politics of Culture in Iran

Author: Nematollah Fazeli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134200374

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4982

This first full-length study of the history of Iranian anthropology charts the formation and development of anthropology in Iran in the twentieth century. The text examines how and why anthropology and culture became part of wider socio-political discourses in Iran, and how they were appropriated, and rejected, by the pre- and post-revolutionary regimes. The author highlights the three main phases of Iranian anthropology, corresponding broadly to three periods in the social and political development of Iran: *the period of nationalism: lasting approximately from the constitutional revolution (1906-11) and the end of the Qajar dynasty until the end of Reza Shah’s reign (1941) *the period of Nativism: from the 1950s until the Islamic revolution (1979) *the post-revolutionary period. In addition, the book places Iranian anthropology in an international context by demonstrating how Western anthropological concepts, theories and methodologies affected epistemological and political discourses on Iranian anthropology.

Writing, Medium, Machine

Modern Technographies

Author: Sean Pryor,David Trotter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781785420061


Page: N.A

View: 9618

Writing, Medium, Machine: Modern Technographies is a collection of thirteen essays by leading scholars which explore the mutual determination of forms of writing and forms of technology in modern literature.

Cultural Theory: The Key Concepts

Author: Andrew Edgar,Peter Sedgwick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134149069

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 8957

Now in its second edition, Cultural Theory: The Key Concepts is an up-to-date and comprehensive survey of over 350 of the key terms central to cultural theory today. This second edition includes new entries on: colonialism cybercultur globalisation terrorism visual studies. Providing clear and succinct introductions to a wide range of subjects, from feminism to postmodernism, Cultural Theory: The Key Concepts continues to be an essential resource for students of literature, sociology, philosophy and media and anyone wrestling with contemporary cultural theory.

Nation and Identity

Author: Ross Poole

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134800207

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 2089

Nation and Identity provides a concise and comprehensive account of the place of national identity in modern life. Ross Poole argues that the nation became a fundamental organising principle of social, political and moral life during the period of early modernity and that is has provided the organising principle of much liberal, republican and democratic thought. Ross Poole offers us a new and urgently needed analysis of the concept of identity, arguing that we are now in a position to envisage the end of nationalism. We see that the impact of issues like multiculturalism, republicanism, and indigenous rights have made it very difficult to see how the possibility of a postnational cosmopolitanism could not degenerate into a nihilistic moral universe. Nation and Identity will be a fascinating read for all those interested in issues of national identity, both politically and philosophically.

Anthropology in the City

Methodology and Theory

Author: Dr Giuliana B Prato,Dr Italo Pardo

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409461181

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 4000

With half of humanity already living in towns and cities and that proportion expected to increase in the coming decades, society - both Western and non-Western - is fast becoming urban and even mega-urban. As such, research in urban settings is evidently timely and of great importance. Anthropology in the City brings together a leading team of anthropologists to address the complex methodological and theoretical challenges posed by field-research in urban settings, clearly identifying the significance of the anthropological paradigm in urban research and its centrality both to mainstream academic debates and to society more broadly. With essays from experts on wide-ranging ethnographic research from fields as diverse as China, Europe, India, Latin and North America and South East Asia, this book demonstrates the contribution that empirically-based anthropological analysis can make to our understanding of our increasingly urban world.

Raw Histories

Photographs, Anthropology and Museums

Author: Elizabeth Edwards

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859734971

Category: Art

Page: 270

View: 6763

Photographs have been the most significant medium for recording and displaying information collected by anthropologists and ethnologists since the 19th century and, as such, have an important place in museum collections and archives. This theoretical yet highly readable study explores the theatricality of photographs and assesses their validity as records of history. Subjects include the processes of collecting an archive, the potential role of photographs in museums, the relationship between photographs and objects and the nature of specific anthropological photographic archives and projects. These include Thomas Henry Huxley's 19th-century plan to photograph every race, colonial photographs from Samoa and the Cambridge Torres Strait Expedition of 1898.

Household Politics

Conflict in Early Modern England

Author: Don Herzog

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300180780

Category: History

Page: 209

View: 9769

Contends that, though early modern English canonical sources and sermons often urge the subordination of women, this was not indicative of public life, and that husbands, wives and servants often struggled over authority in the household.

Wandering with Sadhus

Ascetics in the Hindu Himalayas

Author: Sondra L. Hausner

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253349834

Category: Religion

Page: 247

View: 3036

In this moving ethnographic portrait of Hindu renouncers--sadhus or ascetics--in northern India and Nepal, Sondra L. Hausner considers a paradox that shapes their lives: while ostensibly defined by their solitary spiritual practice, the stripping away of social commitments, and their break with family and community, renouncers in fact regularly interact with "householder" society. They form a distinctive, alternative community with its own internal structure, but one that is not located in any single place. Highly mobile and dispersed across the subcontinent, its members are regularly brought together through pilgrimage circuits on festival cycles. Drawing on many years of fieldwork, Hausner presents intimate portraits of individual sadhus as she examines the shared views of space, time, and the body that create the ground for everyday experience. Written with an extraordinary blend of empathy, compassion, and anthropological insight, this study will appeal to scholars, students, and general readers alike.


The New Shape of Global Power

Author: John A. Agnew

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781592137671

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 9619

How American hegemony came about, its effects on the world, and how it now haunts its creators.


Social Differentiation in the Austronesian World

Author: Michael P. Vischer

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921536462

Category: Differentiation (Sociology)

Page: 277

View: 4744

This collection of papers is the sixth volume in the Comparative Austronesian series. The papers that comprise this volume examine the concept of precedence as a form of local discourse and as a mechanism for ordering status, at different levels, within specific Austronesian-speaking societies. This is the first volume of its kind to focus entirely on precedence and to provide an explication of its social uses and the way in which it is contested. Each paper is ethnographically-focused and offers its own distinctive approach to the examination of precedence. The papers, however, relate closely to one another and are thus able to proffer a variety of comparative reflections.

Religion and Anthropology

A Critical Introduction

Author: Brian Morris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521852418

Category: Religion

Page: 350

View: 5678

This important textbook provides a critical introduction to the social anthropology of religion, focusing on more recent classical ethnographies. Comprehensive, free of scholastic jargon, engaging, and comparative in approach, it covers all the major religious traditions that have been studied concretely by anthropologists - Shamanism, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Christianity and its relation to African and Melanesian religions and contemporary Neopaganism. Eschewing a thematic approach and treating religion as a social institution and not simply as an ideology or symbolic system, the book follows the dual heritage of social anthropology in combining an interpretative understanding and sociological analysis. The book will appeal to all students of anthropology, whether established scholars or initiates to the discipline, as well as to students of the social sciences and religious studies, and for all those interested in comparative religion.

Experiencing Śiva

Encounters with a Hindu Deity

Author: Fred W. Clothey,J. Bruce Long

Publisher: South Asia Books


Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 218

View: 9158

Papers presented at a workshop held at the University of Pennsylvania.