Understanding Belarus and how Western Foreign Policy Misses the Mark

Author: Grigoriĭ Viktorovich Ioffe

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742555587

Category: History

Page: 261

View: 4878

In this fascinating study of unfinished nation-building in Belarus, Grigory Ioffe draws on his two dozen research trips to the country to trace Belarus's history, geography, political situation, society, and economy. The ambivalent relationship between Russia and Belarus results in an identity crisis that is not understood by the West, which leads to Western policies toward Belarus that are based on a fallacy of geopolitical thinking. This book will lead readers to a deeper understanding of Belarus, its relationship with Russia, and its still-forming national identity.
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Identities and Foreign Policies in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus

The Other Europes

Author: S. White,V. Feklyunina

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137453117

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 1713

This book maps changing definitions of statehood in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus as a result of their exclusion from an expanding Europe. The authors examine the perceptions of the place of each state in the international political system and its foreign policy choices, and draw comparisons across the region.
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Intermarium

The Land Between the Black and Baltic Seas

Author: Marek Jan Chodakiewicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351511955

Category: History

Page: 568

View: 6600

History and collective memories influence a nation, its culture, and institutions; hence, its domestic politics and foreign policy. That is the case in the Intermarium, the land between the Baltic and Black Seas in Eastern Europe. The area is the last unabashed rampart of Western Civilization in the East, and a point of convergence of disparate cultures. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz focuses on the Intermarium for several reasons. Most importantly because, as the inheritor of the freedom and rights stemming from the legacy of the Polish-Lithuanian/Ruthenian Commonwealth, it is culturally and ideologically compatible with American national interests. It is also a gateway to both East and West. Since the Intermarium is the most stable part of the post-Soviet area, Chodakiewicz argues that the United States should focus on solidifying its influence there. The ongoing political and economic success of the Intermarium states under American sponsorship undermines the totalitarian enemies of freedom all over the world. As such, the area can act as a springboard to addressing the rest of the successor states, including those in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Russian Federation. Intermarium has operated successfully for several centuries. It is the most inclusive political concept within the framework of the Commonwealth. By reintroducing the concept of the Intermarium into intellectual discourse the author highlights the autonomous and independent nature of the area. This is a brilliant and innovative addition to European Studies and World Culture.
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Reassessing Lukashenka

Belarus in Cultural and Geopolitical Context

Author: G. Ioffe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137436751

Category: Political Science

Page: 305

View: 9681

What are the factors of Lukashenka's longevity at the helm of power? This question is addressed in the context of Belarusian history and identity, not as an outcome of a form of government deceitfully imposed on an allegedly benighted people whom better positioned and informed outsiders seek to enlighten and liberate.
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Swords and Sustenance

The Economics of Security in Belarus and Ukraine

Author: Robert Legvold,Celeste A. Wallander

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262263573

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9452

The stability of the former Soviet states is threatened by their precarious geopolitical position within a turbulent economic and political environment. Swords and Sustenance explores the complex economic dimension of national security for two key post-Soviet countries, Belarus and Ukraine -- that is, how they have dealt with the challenges posed by internal economic and political reform and their relationships with Russia and the West.The book first examines how differing commitments to economic and political reform (reform is largely absent in Belarus) affect Belarusian and Ukrainian approaches to security. It then considers the central role of Russia, and how Russian interests and policies toward Belarus and Ukraine limit the two countries' foreign and domestic policy choices. Two chapters discuss the national security implications for Belarus and Ukraine of two key economic factors in their foreign policy: energy trade (in the form of oil, gas, and pipelines) and military-industrial cooperation (including the sale of arms). Finally, the book considers the relationships of Belarus and Ukraine with regional and global institutions and explores the policies of the EU, NATO, and the United States toward Belarus and Ukraine.
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Independent Belarus

Domestic Determinants, Regional Dynamics, and Implications for the West

Author: Margarita Mercedes Balmaceda,James I. Clem,Lisbeth L. Tarlow

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780916458942

Category: History

Page: 483

View: 5693

The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 ushered in a period of democratization and market reform extending across the East-Central European region, with one important exception: Belarus. Ironically, Belarus's fledgling attempts at democracy produced a leader who has suspended the post-Soviet constitution and its institutions and created a personal dictatorship. To discuss developments in Belarus, an international group of scholars and policymakers gathered at Harvard University in 1999. The broad spectrum of issues covered is examined in this volume, providing an understanding of Belarus today and its prospects for the future.
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Belarusans in the United States

Author: Vitaŭt Kipelʹ

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761813064

Category: Social Science

Page: 569

View: 9868

Belarusans in the United States traces the history and describes the lives and activities of the over half-million Belarusans who have entered the United States over the last century. Vitaut Kipel presents extensive statistics and documentation on these immigrants so that they can be understood within the socio-political contexts that prevailed in Belarus and the United States. He clarifies the complex terms necessary to understand the Belarusan settlers because of the constantly changing names and rulers of this land now known as the Republic of Belarus. Kipel demonstrates the growing sense of nationalism felt by the Belarusans as the end of the Soviet Union neared and the eventual independence of Belarus became imminent. He notes the effects of the events in Belarus on those who moved to the United States, while chronicling the actions of the people as a group in a new country.
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Historical Dictionary of Belarus

Author: Grigory Ioffe,Vitali Silitski, Jr.

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538117061

Category: History

Page: 476

View: 6271

This third edition of Historical Dictionary of Belarus contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 500 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.
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Belarus

The Last European Dictatorship

Author: Andrew Wilson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300177585

Category: Belarus

Page: 304

View: 9176

This book is the first in English to explore both Belarus's complicated road to nationhood and to examine in detail its politics and economics since 1991, the nation's first year of true independence. Andrew Wilson focuses particular attention on Aliaksandr Lukashenka's surprising longevity as president, despite human rights abuses and involvement in yet another rigged election in December 2010. Wilson looks at Belarusian history as a series of false starts in the medieval and pre-modern periods, and at the many rival versions of Belarusian identity, culminating with the Soviet Belarusian project and the establishment of Belarus's current borders during World War II. He also addresses Belarus's on-off relationship with Russia, its simultaneous attempts to play a game of balance in the no-man's-land between Russia and the West, and how, paradoxically, Belarus is at last becoming a true nation under the rule of Europe's "last dictator."
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Bloodlands

Europe Between Hitler and Stalin

Author: Timothy Snyder

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465032974

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 3775

From the bestselling author of On Tyranny, the definitive history of Hitler's and Stalin's wars against the civilians of Europe in World War Two Americans call the Second World War "The Good War."But before it even began, America's wartime ally Josef Stalin had killed millions of his own citizens--and kept killing them during and after the war. Before Hitler was finally defeated, he had murdered six million Jews and nearly as many other Europeans. At war's end, both the German and the Soviet killing sites fell behind the iron curtain, leaving the history of mass killing in darkness. Bloodlands is a new kind of European history, presenting the mass murders committed by the Nazi and Stalinist regimes as two aspects of a single history, in the time and place where they occurred: between Germany and Russia, when Hitler and Stalin both held power. Assiduously researched, deeply humane, and utterly definitive, Bloodlands will be required reading for anyone seeking to understand the central tragedy of modern history. Bloodlands won twelve awards including the Emerson Prize in the Humanities, a Literature Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the Leipzig Award for European Understanding, and the Hannah Arendt Prize in Political Thought. It has been translated into more than thirty languages, was named to twelve book-of-the-year lists, and was a bestseller in six countries.
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Civilization

The West and the Rest

Author: Niall Ferguson

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101548029

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 4000

From the bestselling author of The Ascent of Money and The Square and the Tower Western civilization’s rise to global dominance is the single most important historical phenomenon of the past five centuries. How did the West overtake its Eastern rivals? And has the zenith of Western power now passed? Acclaimed historian Niall Ferguson argues that beginning in the fifteenth century, the West developed six powerful new concepts, or “killer applications”—competition, science, the rule of law, modern medicine, consumerism, and the work ethic—that the Rest lacked, allowing it to surge past all other competitors. Yet now, Ferguson shows how the Rest have downloaded the killer apps the West once monopolized, while the West has literally lost faith in itself. Chronicling the rise and fall of empires alongside clashes (and fusions) of civilizations, Civilization: The West and the Rest recasts world history with force and wit. Boldly argued and teeming with memorable characters, this is Ferguson at his very best.
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Russia and the World

Understanding International Relations

Author: Natalia Tsvetkova

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498541852

Category: Political Science

Page: 430

View: 7385

Understanding International Relations: Russia and the World examines world politics through the lens of Russia and its effects on the international system. Contributors to this volume examine Russian politics, economics, global and regional policies, and history in order to better understand Russia’s place in world politics. This book explores the impact Russia has on international politics in three parts: how current theories in international relations studies treat Russia, the primary disputes in modern world politics relating to Russia, and Russian policies and their effects around the world. This collection offers a comprehensive view of Russia’s place in the global political system by exploring Russian foreign policy, the economy and statecraft, the Arctic, global organizations, arms control, national security, the environment, soft power, and Russian relations with the United States, Europe, and Eurasia.
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The 9/11 Commission Report

Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States

Author: N.A

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 0160891809

Category: Political Science

Page: 587

View: 8940

This edition has been designated as the only official U.S. Government edition of the 9-11 Commission’s Final Report. It provides a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response to the attacks. It also includes recommendations designed to guard against future attacks.
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Half the Sky

Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide

Author: Nicholas D. Kristof,Sheryl WuDunn

Publisher: Knopf

ISBN: 9780307267146

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 1942

A Pulitzer Prize-winning husband-and-wife team speaks out against the oppression of women in the developing world, sharing example stories about victims and survivors who are working to raise awareness, counter abuse, and campaign for women's rights.
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Dissolution

Sovereignty and the Breakup of the Soviet Union

Author: Edward W. Walker

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742524538

Category: Political Science

Page: 203

View: 4371

In December 1991, the Soviet Union passed into history as a legal entity, breaking apart into 15 successor states. This clear and convincing book explains why. It emphasizes the critical role of Soviet ethno-federalism, as well as the normative claims and legitimizing myths of Soviet nationality policy. Institutional constraints and legitimizing myths, Walker argues, empowered the anti-union opposition even in republics where it had limited popular support. He also shows how they helped bring about an outcome-the full dissolution of the USSR-that surprisingly few desired.
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The Road to Unfreedom

Russia, Europe, America

Author: Timothy Snyder

Publisher: Tim Duggan Books

ISBN: 0525574484

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 7719

With the end of the Cold War, the victory of liberal democracy was thought to be absolute. Observers declared the end of history, confident in a peaceful, globalized future. But we now know this to be premature. Authoritarianism first returned in Russia, as Putin developed a political system dedicated solely to the consolidation and exercise of power. In the last six years, it has creeped from east to west as nationalism inflames Europe, abetted by Russian propaganda and cyberwarfare. While countries like Poland and Hungary have made hard turns towards authoritarianism, the electoral upsets of 2016 revealed the citizens of the US and UK in revolt against their countries’ longstanding policies and values. But this threat to the West also presents the opportunity to better understand the pillars of our own political order. In this forceful and unsparing work of contemporary history, Snyder goes beyond the headlines to expose the true nature of the threat to democracy. By showcasing the stark choices before us—between equality or oligarchy, individuality or totality, truth and falsehood—Snyder restores our understanding of the basis of our way of life, offering a way forward in a time of terrible uncertainty.
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The Politics of Eurasianism

Identity, Culture and Russia's Foreign Policy

Author: Mark Bassin,Gonzalo Pozo

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield International

ISBN: 9781786601629

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 7183

This collection explores Eurasianism and its interactions with and effects on political discourses, identity debates, and popular culture.
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What You Did Not Tell

A Russian Past and the Journey Home

Author: Mark Mazower

Publisher: Other Press, LLC

ISBN: 1590519078

Category: Historians

Page: 379

View: 7363

Uncovering their remarkable and moving stories, Mark Mazower recounts the sacrifices and silences that marked a generation and their descendants. In the centenary of the Russian Revolution, What You Did Not Tell revitalises the history of a socialism erased from memory - humanistic, impassioned, and broad-ranging in its sympathies. But it is also an exploration of the unexpected happiness that may await history's losers, of the power of friendship and the love of place that made his father at home in an England that no longer exists.
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Pacific Currents

The Responses of U.S. Allies and Security Partners in East Asia to China's Rise

Author: Evan S. Medeiros

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833044648

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 6033

China1s importance in the Asia-Pacific has been on the rise, raising concerns about competition the United States. The authors examined the reactions of six U.S. allies and partners to China1s rise. All six see China as an economic opportunity. They want it to be engaged productively in regional affairs, but without becoming dominant. They want the United States to remain deeply engaged in the region.
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The Global Gender Gap Report 2009

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Economic Forum

ISBN: 9295044282

Category: Sex discrimination

Page: 196

View: 7149

"The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparions across regions and income groups, over time"-- Page 3.
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