Understanding and Treating Fear of Pain

Author: Gordon J. G. Asmundson,Geert Crombez

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198525141

Category: Medical

Page: 367

View: 6700

People who suffer from chronic pain are typically found to be more anxious and fearful of pain than those who do not. Recent evidence has shown that the fear itself serves as a mechanism through which chronic pain is maintained over time. Even once the muscle or tissue damage is healed, a fear of further pain can lead to avoidance behaviour, which over time, leads to deconditioning (e.g. decreased mobility, weight gain). This in turn leads to further pain experiences, negative expectancies, and strengthened avoidance. It is the reciprocal relationship between fear and avoidance that is thought to be responsible for maintaining pain behaviour and disability.With fear of pain known to cause significant suffering and functional disability, there is a need for a greater understanding of this condition. This is the first book to explore this topic. It starts by introducing the current theoretical positions regarding pain-related fear and anxiety along with relevant empirical findings. It then provides comprehensive coverage of assessment issues and treatment strategies. Finally, the book suggests further areas for investigation. Pain-related fear and anxiety are now receiving considerable attention, and efficient and effective treatments are fast becoming available. This book will help guide and extend our understanding of a condition that has been shown to be associated with substantial suffering and disability.Readership: Researchers, clinicians, and trainees from a variety of disciplines (e.g. clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, general practitioners, dentists and physiotherapists) who treat people with chronic pain conditions
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Relieving Pain in America:

A Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research

Author: Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030921484X

Category: Medical

Page: 382

View: 9951

Chronic pain costs the nation up to $635 billion each year in medical treatment and lost productivity. The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act required the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to enlist the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in examining pain as a public health problem. In this report, the IOM offers a blueprint for action in transforming prevention, care, education, and research, with the goal of providing relief for people with pain in America. To reach the vast multitude of people with various types of pain, the nation must adopt a population-level prevention and management strategy. The IOM recommends that HHS develop a comprehensive plan with specific goals, actions, and timeframes. Better data are needed to help shape efforts, especially on the groups of people currently underdiagnosed and undertreated, and the IOM encourages federal and state agencies and private organizations to accelerate the collection of data on pain incidence, prevalence, and treatments. Because pain varies from patient to patient, healthcare providers should increasingly aim at tailoring pain care to each person's experience, and self-management of pain should be promoted. In addition, because there are major gaps in knowledge about pain across health care and society alike, the IOM recommends that federal agencies and other stakeholders redesign education programs to bridge these gaps. Pain is a major driver for visits to physicians, a major reason for taking medications, a major cause of disability, and a key factor in quality of life and productivity. Given the burden of pain in human lives, dollars, and social consequences, relieving pain should be a national priority.
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Cutting: Understanding and Overcoming Self-Mutilation

Author: Steven Levenkron

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 039324461X

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 3140

A seminal work on treating self-mutilation, revised and updated with illuminating case studies and newly available resources. Nearly a decade ago, Cutting boldly addressed a traumatic psychological disorder now affecting as many as two million Americans and one in fifty adolescents. More than that, it revealed self-mutilation as a comprehensible, treatable disorder, no longer to be evaded by the public and neglected by professionals. Using copious examples from his practice, Steven Levenkron traces the factors that predispose a personality to self-mutilation: genetics, family experience, childhood trauma, and parental behavior. Written for sufferers, parents, friends, and therapists, Cutting explains why the disorder manifests in self-harming behaviors and describes how patients can be helped.
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The Anxious Self

Diagnosis and Treatment of Fears and Phobias

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780898852646

Category: Medical

Page: 236

View: 1926

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Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Developmental Trauma: Calming the Fear-Driven Brain

Author: Sebern F. Fisher,Bessel Van Der Kolk, M.D.

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393707865

Category: Medical

Page: 382

View: 9597

Working with the circuitry of the brain to restore emotional health and well-being. Neurofeedback, a type of "brain training" that allows us to see and change the patterns of our brain, has existed for over 40 years with applications as wide-ranging as the treatment of epilepsy, migraines, and chronic pain to performance enhancement in sports. Today, leading brain researchers and clinicians, interested in what the brain can tell us about mental health and well being, are also taking notice. Indeed, the brain's circuitry—its very frequencies and rhythmic oscillations—reveals much about its role in our emotional stability and resilience. Neurofeedback allows clinicians to guide their, clients as they learn to transform brain-wave patterns, providing a new window into how we view and treat mental illness. In this cutting-edge book, experienced clinician Sebern Fisher keenly demonstrates neurofeedback’s profound ability to help treat one of the most intractable mental health concerns of our time: severe childhood abuse, neglect, or abandonment, otherwise known as developmental trauma. When an attachment rupture occurs between a child and her or his primary caregiver, a tangle of complicated symptoms can set in: severe emotional dysregulation, chronic dissociation, self-destructive behaviors, social isolation, rage, and fear. Until now, few reliable therapies existed to combat developmental trauma. But as the author so eloquently presents in this book, by focusing on a client's brain-wave patterns and "training" them to operate at different frequencies, the rhythms of the brain, body, and mind are normalized, attention stabilizes, fear subsides, and, with persistent, dedicated training, regulation sets in. A mix of fundamental theory and nuts-and-bolts practice, the book delivers a carefully articulated and accessible look at the mind and brain in developmental trauma, what a “trauma identity” looks like, and how neurofeedback can be used to retrain the brain, thereby fostering a healthier, more stable state of mind. Essential clinical skills are also fully covered, including how to introduce the idea of neurofeedback to clients, how to combine it with traditional psychotherapy, and how to perform assessments. In his foreword to the book, internationally recognized trauma expert Bessel van der Kolk, MD, praises Fisher as “an immensely experienced neurofeedback practitioner [and] the right person to teach us how to integrate it into clinical practice.” Filled with illuminating client stories, powerful clinical insights, and plenty of clinical "how to," she accomplishes just that, offering readers a compelling look at exactly how this innovative model can be used to engage the brain to find peace and to heal.
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Yoga Therapy for Fear

Treating Anxiety, Depression and Rage with the Vagus Nerve and Other Techniques

Author: Beth Spindler

Publisher: Singing Dragon

ISBN: 0857013319

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 224

View: 3579

Uncover fearlessness through yoga's methods and disciplines with this guide. This book offers a medically-proven approach to help students and clients uncover their own radiance that is hidden by fear and anxiety. Yoga offers a readily-accessible system for courageous living, and this book explains how to use simple and quick yoga therapy methods for accessing the vagus nerve, resulting in instant relief from symptoms of fear, including depression, anxiety and rage. It offers asana, pranayama and dhyana exercises that help to eliminate 'worry chatter', directly affecting the amygdala, the part of the brain responsible for fearful thoughts. Addressing many components of fear, the book explains when fear is useful and when it is not, and teaches how to reprogram responses to uncertain circumstances so that they can be dealt with in a healthy way.
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Wounded By Reality

Understanding and Treating Adult Onset Trauma

Author: Ghislaine Boulanger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113687304X

Category: Psychology

Page: 202

View: 9322

The culmination of three decades of studying and treating survivors of adult onset trauma, Wounded by Reality is the first systematic attempt to differentiate adult onset trauma from childhood trauma, with which it is frequently confused. When catastrophic events overtake adult lives, they often scar the psyche in ways that psychodynamically oriented clinicians struggle to understand. For Ghislaine Boulanger, the enormous challenge of working with these patients is unsurprising. Survivors of major catastrophe, whether a natural disaster, a life-threatening assault, a serious accident, or an act of terrorism, experience a near-fatal disruption of fundamental aspects of self experience. The sense of agency, of affectivity, of bodily integrity, the capacity for self-reflection, the sense of time, and the ability to relate to others - all are called into question.
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From Acute to Chronic Back Pain

Risk Factors, Mechanisms, and Clinical Implications

Author: Monika I. Hasenbring,Adina C. Rusu,Dennis C. Turk

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191625728

Category: Medical

Page: 608

View: 833

Chronic back pain has been and continues to be a major cause of distress (both to people with persistent pain and their significant others), disability, work loss, and a huge cost to society. Moreover, with the aging population, it is becoming even more prevalent and as a consequence is having an escalating impact upon the healthcare systems and society as a whole worldwide. A significant issue concerns understanding why, although the majority of people with acute back symptoms recover in a reasonable time, a significant minority evolve into patients with chronic pain and prolonged pain-related disability. Understanding the variables that contribute to chronicity could serve as a basis for early intervention to prevent the downward spiral. In the past 15 years, psychological and psychobiological mechanisms have been identified as important risk factors in back pain, leading to the development of early screending methods (Yellow Flag diagnostics) and new psychosocial interventions. These work by closely targeting treatment modalities to patients' needs. However, many aspects of how acute pain becomes chronic pain remain unexplained. Recent neurobiological work investigating genetic, neurophysiological, and biomechanical processes has uncovererd important mechanisms involved in chronic and acute back pain. From Acute to Chronic Back Pain examines the risk factors and mechanisms involved in the transition from acute to chronic back pain. It integrates genetic, biomechnanical neurobiological, psychophysiological, psychosocial, and socieconomic risk factors. Moreover, the text examines advances in treatment approaches based on evidence from published studies-ranging from prevention of disability to pharmacological, psychological, and rehabilitative strategies and methods. Broad in scope, and with contributions from leading authorities in their respective fields, this book is a valuable and comprehensive work for the many specialities involved with back pain - including those in the fields of clinical and health psychology, physiology, epidemiology, and pain.
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Phobias

a handbook of theory, research, and treatment

Author: Graham Davey,Graham C. L. Davey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471969839

Category: Medical

Page: 451

View: 4543

Phobias A Handbook of Theory, Research and Treatment Edited by Graham C. L. Davey University of Sussex, UK * A complete summary of current knowledge about phobias, for the academic and clinician * First comprehensive handbook on the topic for 10 years * The latest research and findings presented in a single source * Contributions from eminent international clinicians and researchers Psychological treatments available for specific phobias have been refined considerably in recent years. This extensive handbook acknowledges these treatments and includes the description and nature of prevalent phobias, details of symptoms, prevalence rates, individual case histories, and a brief review of our knowledge of the aetiology of phobias. Key knowledge about phobias is brought together in this one critical and accessible handbook, which saves the busy clinician time and provides an authoritative guide to the literature. It is systematically compiled to act as a working tool providing an integrated, contemporary account of prevalent specific phobias, their treatment and theoretical issues concerning aetiology. The Handbook also reflects the important role of cognitive factors in psychopathology which generate and maintain phobic disorders, a process that is now recognized as important in their understanding and treatment. "The joy of Davey's book is that it skillfully blends the historical conditioning theory perspective with current cognitive-behaviour theories . the result is a complete summary of current knowledge about phobias, for clinicians and researchers . an invaluable handbook and an essential summary of the status of theory, research and treatment in phobias. It is highly recommended to researchers and to both novice and experienced clinicians." Roz Shafran, Behaviour Research and Therapy
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Pain

A Textbook for Therapists

Author: Hubert van Griensven,Jenny Strong,Anita M. Unruh

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702059242

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 5803

The highly anticipated new edition of Pain: a textbook for health professionals (previous subtitle a textbook for therapists) has undergone a major rewrite in order to reflect the rapid developments in the field of pain management. It highlights an effective and evidence-based method, providing the theoretical basis to help with the assessment and management of persistent pain, while also discussing in depth a range of specific approaches. Pain: a textbook for health professionals is written emphatically from a biopsychosocial perspective. In order to set the scene, the introductory section includes chapters on the patient’s voice and social determinants of pain. This ensures that the deeply personal and social aspects of pain are not lost among the more technical and biological commentary. These aspects provide an overall context, and are revisited in chapters on participation of life roles, work rehabilitation and psychology. The basic science section includes key chapters on the psychology, neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of pain. This provides a basis for subsequent chapters on specific approaches such as pharmacology, physical therapy and complementary medicine. Pain in specific patient groups, including children, the elderly and those with cancer, are dealt with in separate chapters, as are pain problems such as complex regional pain syndrome and chronic spinal pain. Although the emphasis of the book is on long term pain, acute pain is discussed as a possible precursor and determinant of chronicity. Patient-centred approach to care – advocates listening to the patient’s voice Covers social determinants of pain Guides the reader from pain psychology to the practical application of psychological interventions Learning aids – chapter objectives, reflective exercises, case examples, and revision questions Emphasizes an evidence-based perspective Written by an international team of experts topics such as pain in children and the elderly, pain education for professionals, disability and medico-legal aspects expanded focus on complex regional pain syndrome, acupuncture and psychology improved layout for a better learning and studying experience
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Guilt, Shame, and Anxiety

Understanding and Overcoming Negative Emotions

Author: Peter Roger Breggin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1616141492

Category: Psychology

Page: 317

View: 3663

With the first unified theory of guilt, shame, and anxiety, this pioneering psychiatrist and critic of psychiatric diagnoses and drugs examines the causes and effects of psychological and emotional suffering from the perspective of biological evolution, child development, and mature adult decision-making. Drawing on evolution, neuroscience, and decades of clinical experience, Dr. Breggin analyzes what he calls our negative legacy emotions-the painful emotional heritage that encumbers all human beings. The author marshals evidence that we evolved as the most violent and yet most empathic creatures on Earth. Evolution dealt with this species-threatening conflict between our violence and our close-knit social life by building guilt, shame, and anxiety into our genes. These inhibiting emotions were needed prehistorically to control our self-assertiveness and aggression within intimate family and clan relationships. Dr. Breggin shows how guilt, shame, and anxiety eventually became self-defeating and demoralizing legacies from our primitive past, which no longer play any useful or positive role in mature adult life. He then guides the reader through the Three Steps to Emotional Freedom, starting with how to identify negative legacy emotions and then how to reject their control over us. Finally, he describes how to triumph over and transcend guilt, shame, and anxiety on the way to greater emotional freedom and a more rational, loving, and productive life.
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Handbook of Health Psychology

Second Edition

Author: Andrew Baum,Tracey A. Revenson,Jerome Singer

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136638288

Category: Psychology

Page: 908

View: 1987

Considered the most comprehensive handbook in the field, this rich resource reviews the biological, psychological, and social factors that affect health, health behavior, and illness. Many chapters review the latest theories and research while others illustrate how research is translated into clinical and community interventions to improve physical health and emotional well-being. Chapters examine health behavior processes within the social contexts in which we live, including family, social, and cultural communities. The handbook cuts across concepts (behavior change), populations (women’s health), risk and protective factors (obesity) and diseases, making it appropriate for a variety of readers from various fields. Featuring contributions from the top researchers and rising stars in the field, each author provides a theoretical foundation, evaluates the empirical evidence, and makes suggestions for future research, clinical practice, and/or policy. Novices to the field appreciate the accessibly written chapters, while seasoned professionals appreciate the book’s deep, cutting edge coverage. Significantly updated throughout, the new edition reflects the latest approaches to health psychology today: greater emphasis on translating research into practice and policy more on the socio-cultural aspects of health including socioeconomic status, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, and aging two new sections on risk and protective factors for disease and another on social and structural influences that affect health more on prevention, interventions, and treatment in the applications section an expansion of the bio-psycho-social model across several levels of analysis, including cultural, macro-social, and cellular factors. The book opens with the field’s central theories, emphasizing the interaction of biological and social systems. Part II reviews the mechanisms that help explain the link between health and behavior across diseases and populations. The all new Part III focuses on variables that lead to the onset of major diseases or that are instrumental in promoting health. Part IV, also new to the second edition, highlights social and structural influences on health. The book concludes with applications of research to specific illnesses and medical conditions. The Handbook serves as a text in graduate or upper level undergraduate courses in health psychology taught in psychology, public health, medical sociology, medicine, nursing, and other social and allied health sciences. Its cutting edge, comprehensive coverage also appeals to researchers and practitioners in these fields.
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Getting Past Your Past

Take Control of Your Life with Self-Help Techniques from EMDR Therapy

Author: Francine Shapiro

Publisher: Rodale

ISBN: 1609619951

Category: Self-Help

Page: 352

View: 4969

A totally accessible user's guide from the creator of a scientifically proven form of psychotherapy that has successfully treated millions of people worldwide. Whether we've experienced small setbacks or major traumas, we are all influenced by memories and experiences we may not remember or don't fully understand. Getting Past Your Past offers practical procedures that demystify the human condition and empower readers looking to achieve real change. Shapiro, the creator of EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing), explains how our personalities develop and why we become trapped into feeling, believing and acting in ways that don't serve us. Through detailed examples and exercises readers will learn to understand themselves, and why the people in their lives act the way they do. Most importantly, readers will also learn techniques to improve their relationships, break through emotional barriers, overcome limitations and excel in ways taught to Olympic athletes, successful executives and performers. An easy conversational style, humor and fascinating real life stories make it simple to understand the brain science, why we get stuck in various ways and what to do about it. Don't let yourself be run by unconscious and automatic reactions. Read the reviews below from award winners, researchers, academics and best selling authors to learn how to take control of your life.
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Why We Hurt

The Natural History of Pain

Author: Frank T. Vertosick, Jr.

Publisher: Harvest Books

ISBN: 9780156014038

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 312

View: 8820

Using stories of patients in pain, a neursurgeon and author of When the Air Hits Your Brain explains how pain evolved and why it functions the way it does, providing a mixture of medicine, history, anthropology and inspiration. Reprint. 20,000 first printing.
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Relieving Pain in America

A Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research

Author: Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309214858

Category: Medical

Page: 347

View: 2350

Chronic pain costs the nation up to $635 billion each year in medical treatment and lost productivity. The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act required the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to enlist the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in examining pain as a public health problem. In this report, the IOM offers a blueprint for action in transforming prevention, care, education, and research, with the goal of providing relief for people with pain in America. To reach the vast multitude of people with various types of pain, the nation must adopt a population-level prevention and management strategy. The IOM recommends that HHS develop a comprehensive plan with specific goals, actions, and timeframes. Better data are needed to help shape efforts, especially on the groups of people currently underdiagnosed and undertreated, and the IOM encourages federal and state agencies and private organizations to accelerate the collection of data on pain incidence, prevalence, and treatments. Because pain varies from patient to patient, healthcare providers should increasingly aim at tailoring pain care to each person's experience, and self-management of pain should be promoted. In addition, because there are major gaps in knowledge about pain across health care and society alike, the IOM recommends that federal agencies and other stakeholders redesign education programs to bridge these gaps. Pain is a major driver for visits to physicians, a major reason for taking medications, a major cause of disability, and a key factor in quality of life and productivity. Given the burden of pain in human lives, dollars, and social consequences, relieving pain should be a national priority.
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The Student's Companion to Physiotherapy E-Book

A Survival Guide

Author: Nick Southorn

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702050679

Category: Medical

Page: 170

View: 3234

The Student's Companion to Physiotherapy is a comprehensive guide to help ease the stresses and strains of studying physiotherapy. It puts a lighter spin on a very challenging time but is very informative, identifying the vital facts in anatomy and physiology; neurological physiotherapy; electrotherapy; respiratory physiotherapy; musculoskeletal physiotherapy; pharmacology; bio-psychosocial approach; paediatrics; portfolio development; and methods of work/assessment. The content here is orchestrated by students wanting to share their knowledge with fellow students and this book will be a trusty companion for all budding physiotherapists. Offers students unique learning and study skills needed for physiotherapy Specifies useful ways to study and offers advice on portfolio development and communication as a clinician Anecdotes, "top tips" boxes and cartoons Handy hints on portfolio development, research and job applications
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Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia

Author: Borwin Bandelow,Katharina Domschke,David Baldwin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199562296

Category: Medical

Page: 80

View: 3306

Part of the Oxford Psychiatry Library series, this pocketbook provides a user-friendly introduction to the diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of patients with panic disorder.
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Brainblocks

Overcoming the 7 Hidden Barriers to Success

Author: Theo Tsaousides

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698190157

Category: Self-Help

Page: 272

View: 5075

Brainblocks are the mental obstacles that keep people from achieving success, defined as setting, pursuing, and achieving a goal. Managing the brain is the solution to preventing mental blocks from interfering with achieving your goals. And neuropsychologist Dr. Theo Tsaousides gives you the tools to improve: Awareness: • the seven brainblocks to success (self-doubt, procrastination, impatience, multitasking, rigidity, perfectionism, negativity) • the characteristic feelings, thoughts, and actions associated with each brainblock • the brain functions involved in goal-oriented action • brain glitches and how they create setbacks • the cost of not removing brainblocks • the best strategies to remove the blocks Engagement: • actively search for brainblocks in your actions, thoughts, and feelings • recognize and label each brainblock as soon as it is identified • practice each strategy consistently until it becomes second nature • track your progress toward a goal Through these strategies you will learn to overcome these cognitive obstacles and harness the power of the brain to achieve success in any endeavor.
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100 Ways to Overcome Shyness

Go From Self-Conscious to Self-Confident

Author: Barton Goldsmith,Marlena Hunter

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 1601633831

Category: Self-Help

Page: 224

View: 4986

100 Ways to Overcome Shyness is a powerful collection of useful information, case studies, and exercises on how to manage your shyness so you can communicate with people you don’t know very well (or at all) in a wide range of personal and professional settings and circumstances. Easy-to-use conversation starters are interspersed with lists and exercises throughout the book. There are also chapters on getting out of awkward conversations graciously, plus valuable tips and insights for those with social anxiety or on the Autism spectrum on how to deal with their particular type of shyness. Each chapter also contains talking points to give you springboards for discussion. 100 Ways to Overcome Shyness will show you how to: Feel more comfortable at parties, meetings, and group gatherings Navigate your way through awkward situations Deal positively with the fear of rejection Communicate more effectively at work and in your daily life Handle arguments and other emotional situations Deal effectively with difficult people If you feel your shyness has held you back and prevented you from living a full life, 100 Ways to Overcome Shyness will give you the tools you need to change your life, once and for all.
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