Understanding and Treating Fear of Pain

Author: Gordon J. G. Asmundson,Johan Wolfgang Silvain Vlaeyen,Johan W. S. Vlaeyen,Geert Crombez

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198525141

Category: Medical

Page: 367

View: 9293

People who suffer from chronic pain are typically found to be more anxious and fearful of pain than those who do not. Recent evidence has shown that the pain itself serves as a mechanism through which chronic pain is maintained over time. Even once the muscle or tissue damage is healed, a fear of further pain can lead to avoidance behavior, which over time, leads to deconditioning (e.g. decreased mobility, weight gain). This in turn leads to further experiences, negative expectancies, and strengthened avoidance. It is the reciprocal relationship between fear and avoidance that is thought to be responsible for maintaining pain behavior and disability. With fear of pain known to cause significant suffering and functional disability, there is a need for a greater understanding of this condition. This is the first book to explore this topic. It starts by introducing the current theoretical positions regarding pain-related fear and anxiety along with relevant empirical findings. It then provides comprehensive coverage of assessment issues and treatment strategies. Finally, the book suggests further areas for investigation. Pain-related fear and anxiety are now receiving considerable attention, and efficient and effective treatments are fast becoming available. This book will help guide and extend our understanding of a condition that has been shown to be associated with substantial suffering and disability.
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Handbook of Health Psychology

Second Edition

Author: Andrew Baum,Tracey A. Revenson,Jerome Singer

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136638288

Category: Psychology

Page: 908

View: 2159

Considered the most comprehensive handbook in the field, this rich resource reviews the biological, psychological, and social factors that affect health, health behavior, and illness. Many chapters review the latest theories and research while others illustrate how research is translated into clinical and community interventions to improve physical health and emotional well-being. Chapters examine health behavior processes within the social contexts in which we live, including family, social, and cultural communities. The handbook cuts across concepts (behavior change), populations (women’s health), risk and protective factors (obesity) and diseases, making it appropriate for a variety of readers from various fields. Featuring contributions from the top researchers and rising stars in the field, each author provides a theoretical foundation, evaluates the empirical evidence, and makes suggestions for future research, clinical practice, and/or policy. Novices to the field appreciate the accessibly written chapters, while seasoned professionals appreciate the book’s deep, cutting edge coverage. Significantly updated throughout, the new edition reflects the latest approaches to health psychology today: greater emphasis on translating research into practice and policy more on the socio-cultural aspects of health including socioeconomic status, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, and aging two new sections on risk and protective factors for disease and another on social and structural influences that affect health more on prevention, interventions, and treatment in the applications section an expansion of the bio-psycho-social model across several levels of analysis, including cultural, macro-social, and cellular factors. The book opens with the field’s central theories, emphasizing the interaction of biological and social systems. Part II reviews the mechanisms that help explain the link between health and behavior across diseases and populations. The all new Part III focuses on variables that lead to the onset of major diseases or that are instrumental in promoting health. Part IV, also new to the second edition, highlights social and structural influences on health. The book concludes with applications of research to specific illnesses and medical conditions. The Handbook serves as a text in graduate or upper level undergraduate courses in health psychology taught in psychology, public health, medical sociology, medicine, nursing, and other social and allied health sciences. Its cutting edge, comprehensive coverage also appeals to researchers and practitioners in these fields.
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From Acute to Chronic Back Pain

Risk Factors, Mechanisms, and Clinical Implications

Author: Monika I. Hasenbring,Adina C. Rusu,Dennis C. Turk

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191625728

Category: Medical

Page: 608

View: 824

Chronic back pain has been and continues to be a major cause of distress (both to people with persistent pain and their significant others), disability, work loss, and a huge cost to society. Moreover, with the aging population, it is becoming even more prevalent and as a consequence is having an escalating impact upon the healthcare systems and society as a whole worldwide. A significant issue concerns understanding why, although the majority of people with acute back symptoms recover in a reasonable time, a significant minority evolve into patients with chronic pain and prolonged pain-related disability. Understanding the variables that contribute to chronicity could serve as a basis for early intervention to prevent the downward spiral. In the past 15 years, psychological and psychobiological mechanisms have been identified as important risk factors in back pain, leading to the development of early screending methods (Yellow Flag diagnostics) and new psychosocial interventions. These work by closely targeting treatment modalities to patients' needs. However, many aspects of how acute pain becomes chronic pain remain unexplained. Recent neurobiological work investigating genetic, neurophysiological, and biomechanical processes has uncovererd important mechanisms involved in chronic and acute back pain. From Acute to Chronic Back Pain examines the risk factors and mechanisms involved in the transition from acute to chronic back pain. It integrates genetic, biomechnanical neurobiological, psychophysiological, psychosocial, and socieconomic risk factors. Moreover, the text examines advances in treatment approaches based on evidence from published studies-ranging from prevention of disability to pharmacological, psychological, and rehabilitative strategies and methods. Broad in scope, and with contributions from leading authorities in their respective fields, this book is a valuable and comprehensive work for the many specialities involved with back pain - including those in the fields of clinical and health psychology, physiology, epidemiology, and pain.
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Anxiety Disorders

Author: Kerry Ressler

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199395128

Category: Medical

Page: 528

View: 2939

The Primer on Anxiety Disorders provides early-stage practitioners and trainees, as well as seasoned clinicians and researchers, with need-to-know knowledge on diagnosis and treatment. Clinical cases are used throughout the book to enhance understanding of and illustrate specific disorders, comorbid conditions and clinical issues. To facilitate an integrative approach, content allows clinicians to understand patient characteristics and tailor interventions.
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Pain

A Textbook for Therapists

Author: Hubert van Griensven,Jenny Strong,Anita M. Unruh

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702059242

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 516

The highly anticipated new edition of Pain: a textbook for health professionals (previous subtitle a textbook for therapists) has undergone a major rewrite in order to reflect the rapid developments in the field of pain management. It highlights an effective and evidence-based method, providing the theoretical basis to help with the assessment and management of persistent pain, while also discussing in depth a range of specific approaches. Pain: a textbook for health professionals is written emphatically from a biopsychosocial perspective. In order to set the scene, the introductory section includes chapters on the patient’s voice and social determinants of pain. This ensures that the deeply personal and social aspects of pain are not lost among the more technical and biological commentary. These aspects provide an overall context, and are revisited in chapters on participation of life roles, work rehabilitation and psychology. The basic science section includes key chapters on the psychology, neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of pain. This provides a basis for subsequent chapters on specific approaches such as pharmacology, physical therapy and complementary medicine. Pain in specific patient groups, including children, the elderly and those with cancer, are dealt with in separate chapters, as are pain problems such as complex regional pain syndrome and chronic spinal pain. Although the emphasis of the book is on long term pain, acute pain is discussed as a possible precursor and determinant of chronicity. Patient-centred approach to care – advocates listening to the patient’s voice Covers social determinants of pain Guides the reader from pain psychology to the practical application of psychological interventions Learning aids – chapter objectives, reflective exercises, case examples, and revision questions Emphasizes an evidence-based perspective Written by an international team of experts topics such as pain in children and the elderly, pain education for professionals, disability and medico-legal aspects expanded focus on complex regional pain syndrome, acupuncture and psychology improved layout for a better learning and studying experience
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The Student's Companion to Physiotherapy E-Book

A Survival Guide

Author: Nick Southorn

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702050679

Category: Medical

Page: 170

View: 6335

The Student's Companion to Physiotherapy is a comprehensive guide to help ease the stresses and strains of studying physiotherapy. It puts a lighter spin on a very challenging time but is very informative, identifying the vital facts in anatomy and physiology; neurological physiotherapy; electrotherapy; respiratory physiotherapy; musculoskeletal physiotherapy; pharmacology; bio-psychosocial approach; paediatrics; portfolio development; and methods of work/assessment. The content here is orchestrated by students wanting to share their knowledge with fellow students and this book will be a trusty companion for all budding physiotherapists. Offers students unique learning and study skills needed for physiotherapy Specifies useful ways to study and offers advice on portfolio development and communication as a clinician Anecdotes, "top tips" boxes and cartoons Handy hints on portfolio development, research and job applications
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Phobias

a handbook of theory, research, and treatment

Author: Graham Davey,Graham C. L. Davey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471969839

Category: Medical

Page: 451

View: 8516

Phobias A Handbook of Theory, Research and Treatment Edited by Graham C. L. Davey University of Sussex, UK * A complete summary of current knowledge about phobias, for the academic and clinician * First comprehensive handbook on the topic for 10 years * The latest research and findings presented in a single source * Contributions from eminent international clinicians and researchers Psychological treatments available for specific phobias have been refined considerably in recent years. This extensive handbook acknowledges these treatments and includes the description and nature of prevalent phobias, details of symptoms, prevalence rates, individual case histories, and a brief review of our knowledge of the aetiology of phobias. Key knowledge about phobias is brought together in this one critical and accessible handbook, which saves the busy clinician time and provides an authoritative guide to the literature. It is systematically compiled to act as a working tool providing an integrated, contemporary account of prevalent specific phobias, their treatment and theoretical issues concerning aetiology. The Handbook also reflects the important role of cognitive factors in psychopathology which generate and maintain phobic disorders, a process that is now recognized as important in their understanding and treatment. "The joy of Davey's book is that it skillfully blends the historical conditioning theory perspective with current cognitive-behaviour theories . the result is a complete summary of current knowledge about phobias, for clinicians and researchers . an invaluable handbook and an essential summary of the status of theory, research and treatment in phobias. It is highly recommended to researchers and to both novice and experienced clinicians." Roz Shafran, Behaviour Research and Therapy
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The Fearful Dental Patient

A Guide to Understanding and Managing

Author: Arthur A. Weiner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119949831

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 7768

The Fearful Dental Patient: A Guide to Understanding and Managing helps dental professionals understand the basics of fear, anxiety and phobias and the role these emotions play in creating negative behavior within the dental environment. The text contains a variety of modalities that help identify dental fear and phobia, as well as chair-side techniques and practical advice aimed at improving patient cooperation and ensuring treatment compliance. Chapter topics include the basic origins of patient fear and anxiety, how to indentify dental anxiety and varied approaches to managing fearful patients of any age. Approaches discussed employ behavioral, pharmacological, sedation and even hypnotic techniques, specifying combinations where required. Chapters also include coverage of a wide range of patients, including those with psychiatric comorbidities and special healthcare needs. The entire dental team will greatly benefit from the proven methods and practical guidance presented to better understand and treat fearful dental patients.
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Cutting: Understanding and Overcoming Self-Mutilation

Author: Steven Levenkron

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 039324461X

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 3470

A seminal work on treating self-mutilation, revised and updated with illuminating case studies and newly available resources. Nearly a decade ago, Cutting boldly addressed a traumatic psychological disorder now affecting as many as two million Americans and one in fifty adolescents. More than that, it revealed self-mutilation as a comprehensible, treatable disorder, no longer to be evaded by the public and neglected by professionals. Using copious examples from his practice, Steven Levenkron traces the factors that predispose a personality to self-mutilation: genetics, family experience, childhood trauma, and parental behavior. Written for sufferers, parents, friends, and therapists, Cutting explains why the disorder manifests in self-harming behaviors and describes how patients can be helped.
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Understanding and Treating the Aggression of Children

Fawns in Gorilla Suits

Author: David A. Crenshaw,John B. Mordock

Publisher: Jason Aronson

ISBN: 9780765700346

Category: Psychology

Page: 295

View: 1389

Understanding and Treating the Aggression of Children: Fawns in Gorilla Suits provides a thorough review of the theoretical and research basis of the techniques and interventions in the treatment of aggressive and sometimes violent children. This is not a dry and sterile academic review but rather one that comes from work directly in the therapy room with thousands of hurting and in many cases traumatized children. One cannot read this book without being deeply moved and touched by the pain of these children and yet also be buoyed by their courage and willingness to persevere against formidable barriers. The metaphor of the fawn in a gorilla suit is introduced, followed by chapters covering developmental failures and invisible wounds, profound and unacknowledged losses, the implication of new findings from neuroscience, psychodynamics of aggressive children, risk factors when treating the traumatized child, special considerations when treating children in foster care, strengthening relationships with parents and helping them be more effective, enhancing relationships with direct care and instructional staff, developing mature defenses, and coping skills, creating a therapeutic milieu for traumatized children, and fostering hope and resilience.
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Handbook of Applied Dog Behavior and Training, Procedures and Protocols

Author: Steven R. Lindsay

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118696751

Category: Medical

Page: 816

View: 4455

The Handbook of Applied Dog Behavior and Training series provides a coherent and integrated approach to understanding and controlling dog behavior. In Volume 3, various themes introduced in Volumes 1 and 2 are expanded upon, especially causally significant social, biological, and behavioral influences that impact on the etiology of behavior problems and their treatment. Ethological observations, relevant behavioral and neurobiological research, and dog behavior clinical findings are reviewed and critiqued in detail. Many of the training concepts, procedures, and protocols described have not been previously published, making this book a unique contribution to dog behavior and training literature.
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A Woman's Guide to Overcoming Sexual Fear & Pain

Author: Aurelie Jones Goodwin

Publisher: New Harbinger Publications Incorporated

ISBN: 9781572240896

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 280

View: 7115

Explores the reasons for sexual disorders and advises when professional help is necessary
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International Handbook of Behavior Modification and Therapy

Second Edition

Author: Alan S. Bellack,Michel Hersen,Alan E. Kazdin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461305233

Category: Psychology

Page: 908

View: 1415

It is particularly gratifying to prepare a second edition of a book, because there is the necessary impli cation that the first edition was well received. Moreover, now an opportunity is provided to correct the problems or limitations that existed in the first edition as well as to address recent developments in the field. Thus, we are grateful to our friends, colleagues, and students, as well as to the reviewers who have expressed their approval of the first edition and who have given us valuable input on how the revision could best be structured. Perhaps the first thing that the reader will notice about the second edition is that it is more extensive than the first. The volume currently has 41 chapters, in contrast to the 31 chapters that comprised the earlier version. Chapters 3, 9, 29, and 30 of the first edition either have been dropped or were combined, whereas 14 new chapters have been added. In effect, we are gratified in being able to reflect the continued growth of behavior therapy in the 1980s. Behavior therapists have addressed an ever-increasing number of disorders and behavioral dysfunctions in an increasing range of populations. The most notable advances are taking place in such areas as cognitive approaches, geriatrics, and behavioral medicine, and also in the treatment of childhood disorders.
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Understanding and Treating Violent Psychiatric Patients

Author: Martha L. Crowner

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781585628162

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 8104

One of the major challenges for mental health professionals today is to successfully treat violent patients. The mental health professional is obligated to go beyond containment and control to provide understanding, complete assessment and accurate diagnosis, and humane and effective treatment. Understanding and Treating Violent Psychiatric Patients is a one-of-a-kind, comprehensive guide to assessment, management, understanding, and treatment of violent patients. The first section encompasses practical guides to treatment for both children and adults. It discusses commonly encountered problems in the treatment of violent adult inpatients and includes a brief guide to pharmacological treatments. A chapter is devoted to the treatment of abnormal aggression in children and adolescents. The second section delves into a more conceptual and broadly focused approach to understanding violent patients. It covers the relationship between dissociation and violence, as well as the relationship between psychiatric disorders and violence, and addresses impulse control and the treatment of impulsive patients. Heavily researched and clinically focused, this new title is a "must read" for psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric social workers, psychiatric nurses, or any mental health professional needing a better approach to understanding and treating violent patients.
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Cognitive Behavioural Approaches to the Understanding and Treatment of Dissociation

Author: Fiona Kennedy,Helen Kennerley,David Pearson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135050031

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 3628

The study of dissociation is relevant to anyone undertaking research or treatment of mental health problems. Cognitive Behavioural Approaches to the Understanding and Treatment of Dissociation uses a cognitive approach to de-mystify the processes involved in linking traumatic incidents to their effects. Kennedy, Kennerley and Pearson present a full and comprehensive understanding of mental health problems involving dissociative disorders and their treatment, bringing together an international range of experts. Each chapter addresses a single topic in full, including assessment of previous research from a cognitive perspective, recommendations for treatment and case studies to illustrate clinical approaches. Using an evidence-based scientific approach combined with the wisdom of clinical experience, the authors make the relevance of dissociation immediately recognisable to those familiar with PTSD, dissociative identity disorder, eating disorders, hallucinations and a wide range of psychological and non-organic physical health disorders. Designed to provide new perspectives on both research and treatment, Cognitive Behavioural Approaches to the Understanding and Treatment of Dissociation includes a wide range of material that will appeal to clinicians, academics and students.
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Cohen's Pathways of the Pulp Expert Consult - E-Book

Author: Louis H. Berman,Kenneth M. Hargreaves,Steven R. Cohen

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323079075

Category: Medical

Page: 992

View: 768

The definitive endodontics reference, Cohen’s Pathways of the Pulp is known for its comprehensive coverage of leading-edge information, materials, and techniques. It examines all aspects of endodontic care, from preparing the clinician and patient for endodontic treatment to the role the endodontist can play in the treatment of traumatic injuries and to the procedures used in the treatment of pediatric and older patients. Not only does Hargreaves and Cohen’s 10th edition add five chapters on hot new topics, it also includes online access! As an Expert Consult title, Cohen’s Pathways of the Pulp lets you search the entire contents of the book on your computer, and includes five online chapters not available in the printed text, plus videos, a searchable image collection, and more. For evidence-based endodontics research and treatment, this is your one-stop resource!
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Living with Fear

Understanding and Coping with Anxiety

Author: Isaac Meyer Marks

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: 9780077097585

Category: Psychology

Page: 215

View: 9396

This self-help guide gives practical advice to people who are suffering from phobias, panic, obsessions, rituals or traumatic distress. In this second edition the author has also included new phobias such as the fear of AIDs contamination as well as the latest treatments. The case examples in this edition are drawn from many parts of the world. References, examples and case studies are also provided.
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"Camp Pain"

Talking with Chronic Pain Patients

Author: Jean Jackson

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812217155

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 281

View: 5446

Based on fieldwork in a pain treatment center, "Camp Pain" focuses on patients' perspectives—on their experiences of pain and what these experiences mean to them.
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