Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics

World Population, GDP and PPP

Author: Aleksandr Vladimirovich Avakov

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 0875867529

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 390

View: 6006

This statistical volume contains data usually unavailable in other statistical publications. It gives statistics for two groups of countries in their 2007 borders. First, since year 1950 (for 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2007), it provides statistical data for all countries of the world (232 countries). Second, since year 1 AD (for 0001, 1000, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1820, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1900, 1913, 1920, 1929, and 1938), it provides data for a smaller group of countries (133 countries). This book is based on the groundbreaking works of Angus Maddison but it differs from his books in that it gives data up to the most recent year available and calculates GDP (gross and per capita) in the prices of that most recent year. For the recent years, the World Bank, CIA, and Encyclopedia Britannica were principal sources. But, despite the author's great debt to these sources, the preponderance of data in the book is not direct citations from them but rather the result of calculations. Among other computational techniques he uses a new logarithmic interpolation which takes care of cross-country statistical distortions when calculating in the prices of the most recent year. For every line of data (for every country, each year), he provides a note on the technique used in obtaining his estimate (i. e., proxy, exponential interpolation, direct estimate with source citation, etc.). Dr. Avakov's annual title Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons gives a current snapshot of world statistics. This new work, Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, gives the population and current price GDP data in a historical perspective.
Release

Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Years 1 - 2012

Population, GDP at PPP, and GDP Per Capita. Volume 2, by Country

Author: Alexander V. Avakov

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 1628941375

Category: Reference

Page: 438

View: 1122

Who's winning and who's losing? This book provides hard data for all who ponder the shifting sands of power, whether economic, military or demographic, and seek keys to decipher the media news. Going far beyond the major powers and the BRIC countries, this economic statistical work, issued every few years, presents historical statistics in nine sections. This is Volume 2, which lists (1) Population/Growth Rates of Population by country, (2) GDP Per Capita/Growth Rates of GDP Per Capita by country, and (3) GDP/Growth Rates of GDP by country. Volume 1 (sold separately) covers: (1) Population by rank, (2) GDP Per Capita by rank, (3) GDP by rank, (4) Growth Rates of Population by rank, (5) Growth Rates of GDP Per Capita by rank, (6) Growth Rates of GDP by rank. This biennial work contains data generally not available elsewhere, and in ways that help make it possible to draw useful comparisons. First, it provides statistical data for all countries of the world (236 countries, within their 2011 borders) since the year 1950 (by decade, with 2011 in addition), plus forecasts for 2020 and 2030. Second, it provides data for 135 countries since the year 1000 (with data for 1000, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1820, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1900, 1913, 1920, 1929, and 1938). Third, it provides data for 134 countries for the first year AD. In Volume 1 [572 pages], this data is arranged by rank, or size. In this, Volume 2 [438 pages], the countries are listed alphabetically. This book is based on the groundbreaking works of Angus Maddison but it gives data up to the most recent year available and calculates GDP (gross and per capita) in the prices of that year. For recent years, the World Bank, CIA, and Encyclopedia Britannica were principal sources. But, despite the author's great debt to these sources, the preponderance of data in the book is not direct citations from them but rather the result of calculations. Among other computational techniques he uses a new logarithmic interpolation which takes care of cross-country statistical distortions when calculating in the prices of the most recent year. For every line of data (for every country, each year), he provides a note on the technique used in obtaining his estimate (i.e., proxy, exponential interpolation, direct estimate with source citation, etc.). Dr. Avakov's annual title, "Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons," gives a current snapshot of world economic and military statistics. This work, "Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics," gives world population figures and current GDP data in a historical perspective.
Release

Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Years 1-2014, Vol. 2, by Country

Population, GDP at PPP, and GDP Per Capita

Author: Alexander V. Avakov

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 1628942517

Category: Reference

Page: 388

View: 2986

Who's winning and who's losing? This book provides hard data for all who ponder the shifting sands of power, whether economic, military or demographic, and seek keys to decipher the media news. Going far beyond the major powers and the BRIC countries, this economic statistical work, issued every few years, presents historical statistics in nine sections.

This is Volume 2, which lists (1) Population/Growth Rates of Population by country, (2) GDP Per Capita/Growth Rates of GDP Per Capita by country, and (3) GDP/Growth Rates of GDP by country.

Volume 1 (sold separately) covers: (1) Population by rank, (2) GDP Per Capita by rank, (3) GDP by rank, (4) Growth Rates of Population by rank, (5) Growth Rates of GDP Per Capita by rank, (6) Growth Rates of GDP by rank.

This biennial work contains data generally not available elsewhere, and in ways that help make it possible to draw useful comparisons.

First, it provides statistical data for all countries of the world (236 countries, within their 2011 borders) since the year 1950 (by decade, with 2011 in addition), plus forecasts for 2020 and 2030. Second, it provides data for 135 countries since the year 1000 (with data for 1000, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1820, 1870, 1880, 1890, 1900, 1913, 1920, 1929, and 1938). Third, it provides data for 134 countries for the first year AD.

In Volume 1 [572 pages], this data is arranged by rank, or size. In this, Volume 2 [438 pages], the countries are listed alphabetically.

This book is based on the groundbreaking works of Angus Maddison but it gives data up to the most recent year available and calculates GDP (gross and per capita) in the prices of that year.

For recent years, the World Bank, CIA, and Encyclopedia Britannica were principal sources. But, despite the author's great debt to these sources, the preponderance of data in the book is not direct citations from them but rather the result of calculations. Among other computational techniques he uses a new logarithmic interpolation which takes care of cross-country statistical distortions when calculating in the prices of the most recent year. For every line of data (for every country, each year), he provides a note on the technique used in obtaining his estimate (i.e., proxy, exponential interpolation, direct estimate with source citation, etc.).

Dr. Avakov's annual title, "Quality of Life, Balance of Powers, and Nuclear Weapons," gives a current snapshot of world economic and military statistics. This work, "Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics," gives world population figures and current GDP data in a historical perspective.

Release

On Wisdom

A Philosophical Dialogue

Author: Nicholas J. Pappas

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 1628942487

Category: Reference

Page: 424

View: 8031

What does it mean to live well? Every day we choose how to act, what to believe, and where to place our focus. This thoughtful book draws us into an engaging conversation about topics that we often leave unspoken but which wise people think through as a fundamental part of living. The mystery is really not so great: it is within reach all the time.

Debating the real meaning of strength, weakness, belief, doubt, intelligence, and judgement, we gain a deeper sense of these essential human qualities. Seemingly instinctive reactions like love, insight, even the build-up of habits, can be seen for the part they play in a well-constructed life.

The characters in this dialogue explore the dynamics between apparent opposites like action and self-control, youth and age, faith and knowing, the importance of role models and having someone who believes in you as you believe in them. Together, from the pragmatic perspective, the creative, and the contemplative facets of our personality, they build together a well-rounded understanding of the essence of wisdom as it applies to living our lives.

Release

Wohlstand und Armut der Nationen

Warum die einen reich und die anderen arm sind

Author: David Landes

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641051118

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 3375

Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.
Release

Development Centre Studies The World Economy Historical Statistics

Historical Statistics

Author: Maddison Angus

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264104143

Category:

Page: 274

View: 6026

Following on from his The World Economy: a Millennial Perspective, published by the OECD in 2001, in this book, Angus Maddison offers a rare insight into the history and political influence of national accounts and national accounting.
Release

Economic Growth and Sustainability

Systems Thinking for a Complex World

Author: Karen L. Higgins

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128031085

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 228

View: 6997

How to sustain our world for future generations has perplexed us for centuries. We have reached a crossroads: we may choose the rocky path of responsibility or continue on the paved road of excess that promises hardship for our progeny. Independent efforts to resolve isolated issues are inadequate. Different from these efforts and from other books on the topic, this book uses systems thinking to understand the dominant forces that are shaping our hope for sustainability. It first describes a mental model - the bubble that holds our beliefs - that emerges from preponderant world views and explains current global trends. The model emphasizes economic growth and drives behavior toward short-term and self-motivated outcomes that thwart sustainability. The book then weaves statistical trends into a system diagram and shows how the economic, environmental, and societal contributors of sustainability interact. From this holistic perspective, it finds leverage points where actions can be most effective and combines eight areas of intervention into an integrated plan. By emphasizing both individual and collective actions, it addresses the conundrum of how to blend human nature with sustainability. Finally, it identifies primary three lessons we can learn by applying systems thinking to sustainability. Its metaphor-rich and accessible style makes the complex topic approachable and allows the reader to appreciate the intricate balance required to sustain life on Earth. Highlights the application of system thinking in economics Identifies systemic leveraging actions for achieving sustainability Outlines a comprehensive and integrated plan for achieving sustainable stewardship in the future
Release

growth diagnostics for a resource-rich transition economy: the case of mongolia

Author: Elena Ianchovichina

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4441

This paper uses a growth diagnostics approach à la Hausmann, Rodrik, and Velasco (HRV) to identify the most 'binding' constraints to private sector growth in Mongolia - a small, low-income, mineral-rich, transition economy. The approach of applying the HRV methodology is useful in those cases where a lack of data prevents us from estimating shadow prices to identify the most 'binding' constraint to growth. We find that although Mongolia is not liquidity constrained and has grown rapidly in recent years, economic growth has been narrowly based. Investment has flowed mainly into a small number of firms operating in mining and construction. The low level of private investment in sectors outside mining and construction has been due to low returns - a result of costly and unreliable transportation services; lengthy and complex transit procedures, including customs and trade rules; distortionary taxes; coordination failures, at both domestic and international levels; and growing corruption. Poor financial intermediation is also a problem that has kept the cost of finance high, although lower than in previous years. Alleviating these binding constraints will ensure that Mongolia maintains the path towards sustained, broad-based growth.
Release

Energy Statistics in Asia and the Pacific (1990–2006)

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292547305

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 433

View: 7116

This publication shows the historical energy trends and the latest energy structures of 48 regional members, both the developed and developing members, of the Asian Development Bank. It contains energy demand and supply analysis, country energy profiles, and energy balance tables of each member country in the Asia and Pacific region.
Release

Understanding Global Strategy

Author: Susan Segal-Horn,David Faulkner

Publisher: Cengage Learning EMEA

ISBN: 1844801497

Category: Political Science

Page: 504

View: 610

Understanding Global Strategy is the eagerly anticipated new textbook from Susan Segal-Horn and David Faulkner for international strategy courses at all levels. Exploring strategic decision-making on a global scale from multinational corporations through to small enterprises, Segal-Horn and Faulkner cover globalization, networking, culture barriers and benefits, ethics and emerging economies to provide the complete introduction for today's global strategy courses.Key learning features include:Premium Case Studies - a selection of in-depth international case studies from premium case study authors provide practical illustrations of key issues in real-life situations Strategies in Action - a wealth of shorter case studies to reinforce principles outlined in each chapter Discussion Questions - are provided at the end of each chapter to test knowledge and understanding, and provide a basis for group discussions and activitiesThis textbook is essential reading for all international or global strategy modules on advance undergraduate or postgraduate (particularly MBA) programmes, in addition to broader strategic management and professional courses.
Release

The Growth Report

Strategies for Sustained Growth and Inclusive Development

Author: World Bank,Commission on Growth and Development

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821374917

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 180

View: 8709

- Why have only 13 developing world economies achieved sustained, high growth since World War II? - Why is engagement with the global economy necessary to achieve high growth? - Why do some countries' growth strategies fail to win the public's confidence? - Why are equity and equality of opportunity important components of successful growth strategies? - Why do many countries, blessed with natural resource wealth, not achieve high growth? - Why has no country ever sustained rapid growth without high rates of public investment? - Why does it not always pay to devalue the exchange rate? When does it? - Why is childhood nutrition so important to economic growth? - Why do some economies lose momentum when others keep on growing? - Why has no country ever sustained long-term growth without urbanizing? - Why should there be an end to energy subsidies? - Why do global warming and the rising prices of food, energy and minerals pose challenges to potential future growth in developing countries? - Why does the aging of the world population matter for developing countries growth and employment prospects? 'The Growth Report' does not have all the answers, but it does identify some of the key insights and policy levers to help countries achieve high, sustainable and inclusive growth. The result of two years work by 19 experienced policymakers and two Nobel prize-winning economists, 'The Growth Report' is the most complete analysis to date of the ingredients which, if used in the right country-specific recipe, can deliver growth and help lift populations out of poverty. About the Commission on Growth and Development Launched in April 2006, the Commission on Growth and Development brings together twenty-one leading practitioners from government, business, and the policymaking arenas, mostly from the developing world. The Commission is chaired by Nobel Laureate Michael Spence, former Dean of the Stanford Graduate Business School, and Danny Leipziger, Vice-President, World Bank, is the Commission's Vice-Chair. Over a period of two years the Commission sought to gather the best understanding there is about the policies and strategies that underlie rapid and sustained economic growth and poverty reduction. The Commission's audience is the leaders of developing countries. The Commission is supported by the Governments of Australia, Sweden, the Netherlands, and United Kingdom, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, and the World Bank.
Release

Factfulness

Wie wir lernen, die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist

Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843717451

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 5276

Es wird alles immer schlimmer, eine schreckliche Nachricht jagt die andere: Die Reichen werden reicher, die Armen ärmer. Es gibt immer mehr Kriege, Gewaltverbrechen, Naturkatastrophen. Viele Menschen tragen solche beängstigenden Bilder im Kopf. Doch sie liegen damit grundfalsch. Unser Gehirn verführt uns zu einer dramatisierenden Weltsicht, die mitnichten der Realität entspricht, wie der geniale Statistiker und Wissenschaftler Hans Rosling erklärt. Wer das Buch gelesen hat, wird • ein sicheres, auf Fakten basierendes Gerüst besitzen, um die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist • die zehn gängigsten Arten von aufgebauschten Geschichten erkennen • bessere Entscheidungen treffen können • wahre Factfulness erreichen – jene offene, neugierige und entspannte Geisteshaltung, in der Sie nur noch Ansichten teilen und Urteile fällen, die auf soliden Fakten basieren
Release

Effects of Minimum Wage Policy on Poverty in Argentina

Author: Stefan Legge

Publisher: diplom.de

ISBN: 3836629844

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 58

View: 1371

Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: In 1886, when New Zealand passed the New Zealand Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act it was the first modern country to enact a minimum wage. Half a century later on June 25, 1938, US-President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law America's first minimum wage: 25 cents an hour. Since that time minimum wages are a frequent topic of international economic science. Many economists have discussed the question whether or not a statutory wage floor is a useful tool for achieving social goals. Especially the Chicago School of Economics and its representatives like Milton Friedman or George Stigler rejected minimum wage policies. They were supported by ordoliberal economists like Walter Eucken or Friedrich Hayek. On the other side, supporters of Keynesian theories have often been in favor of statutory wage floors. For a long time most economists restricted research about the impact of minimum wages to its employment effects in industrial countries. By doing that, there was an astonishing accordance that the effects are insignificant if the minimum wage is low and employment-reducing if it is above a certain threshold. But in the last twenty years, there has been a new discussion about whether or not this result can be proved with recent data and new econometric methods. Especially the study by Card and Krueger in 1994 called the negative employment effects into question. However, minimum wages are not intended to stimulate employment but to increase the welfare of poor workers. Therefore, economic research should focus on the welfare effects of institutional wage floors. This includes employment and price effects as well as the impact on human capital accumulation. In other words, analyses about minimum wages must comprise a couple of indicators for welfare. Another weak point of minimum wage research is its focus on industrial countries. There is little evidence about minimum wages' impact on poverty in developing or emerging economies. Since a large share of the population in poor countries still suffers from enormous destitution and minimum wages are intended to alleviate poverty, it is of great interest whether or not this goal has be achieved. Argentina is an upper-middle income country and experienced a severe economic crisis in 2001/2002 with a dramatic downfall of the GDP. Since then the country has rebounded and poverty rates have decreased substantially. At the same time, the Argentine government raised [...]
Release

Handbook of the Economics of International Migration

Author: Barry Chiswick,Paul Miller

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044463388X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1702

View: 1228

The economic literature on international migration interests policymakers as well as academics throughout the social sciences. These volumes, the first of a new subseries in the Handbooks in Economics, describe and analyze scholarship created since the inception of serious attention began in the late 1970s. This literature appears in the general economics journals, in various field journals in economics (especially, but not exclusively, those covering labor market and human resource issues), in interdisciplinary immigration journals, and in papers by economists published in journals associated with history, sociology, political science, demography, and linguistics, among others. Covers a range of topics from labor market outcomes and fiscal consequences to the effects of international migration on the level and distribution of income – and everything in between. Encompasses a wide range of topics related to migration and is multidisciplinary in some aspects, which is crucial on the topic of migration Appeals to a large community of scholars interested in this topic and for whom no overviews or summaries exist
Release

Development Centre Studies The World Economy Volume 1: A Millennial Perspective and Volume 2: Historical Statistics

Volume 1: A Millennial Perspective and Volume 2: Historical Statistics

Author: Maddison Angus

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264022627

Category:

Page: 656

View: 7399

The World Economy brings together two reference works by Angus Maddison: The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective (2001) and The World Economy: Historical Statistics (2003). This new edition contains Statlinks, so that readers can access the underlying data in Excel format.
Release

International Finance and Income Convergence: Europe is Different

Author: Abdul Abiad,Daniel Leigh,Ashoka Mody

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category: Balance of payments

Page: 36

View: 1311

Recent studies conclude that the ongoing global financial integration may have had little or no value in advancing economic growth, especially in poor countries. Capital is often found to flow "uphill" from poor to rich countries. And, when it does flow into the less developed economies, it is negatively correlated with growth, calling into question the desirability of foreign capital. In this paper we report that Europe-including the new member states of the European Union-provides a counterexample to these global anomalies. With increasing financial integration, capital in Europe has traveled "downhill" from rich to poor countries, and has done so with gathering strength. These inflows have been associated with significant acceleration of income convergence.
Release

China's Employment Challenges and Strategies After the WTO Accession

Author: Douglas Zhihua Zeng

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Manpower policy

Page: 34

View: 2522

"Although China has made impressive progress in economic development and improving social well-being, it is facing many daunting challenges while transforming toward a knowledge and service-based economy and further opening up to international competition after its WTO accession in the context of knowledge revolution. One of the biggest challenges is how to create 100--300 million new jobs in the coming decade to absorb the millions of laid-offs, rural emigrants, and newly added labor force. China has been successful in building high-technology parks and information and communications technology (ICT) industries, but they are limited in terms of employment generation, while most of the traditional labor-intensive industries are losing competitiveness due to low productivity. To combat the unprecedented employment challenge, China must implement a systemic and sustained strategy ... " -- Cover verso.
Release