Transitions to the Bronze Age. Interregional Interaction and Socio-Cultural Change in the Third Millennium BC Carpathian Basin and Neighbouring Regions

Author: Volker Heyd,Gabriella Kulcsar,Vajk Szeverenyi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789639911482

Category: History

Page: 358

View: 1105

The meetings of the most significant archaeological association of Europe, the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA), provide each year an outstanding opportunity for dialogues between scholars of various countries and backgrounds. At the 16th meeting, held in September 2010 in The Hague, The Netherlands, Volker Heyd, Gabriella Kulcsar and Vajk Szeverenyi organized a full-day conference session focusing on interregional contacts and social, economic and cultural change in the third millennium BC in and around the Carpathian Basin. This book was prepared based on the papers given at this session. The 13 articles of this volume, all written in English, discuss problems of transition and change from the Late Copper to the Early Bronze Age, that is more than a millennium from the later 4th to the end of the 3rd millennium BC. The book highlights temporal and spatial dynamics in the interregional interactions and communication networks among various societies of that period. Traditional typo-chronological approaches are supplemented by the results of absolute dating, anthropological and biochemical investigations and statistical analyses. Also new finds and materials are presented and new perspectives offered. The publication of the volume will certainly promote communication between the archaeological schools of western and east Central Europe, providing new aspects for future research as well. It will likewise contribute a great deal to our knowledge about the Carpathian Basin in the third millennium BC so important in bridging the prehistoric east and southeast to the west of the Continent.

Blood of the Celts: The New Ancestral Story

Author: Jean Manco

Publisher: Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 0500772967

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 8771

From prehistory to the present day, an unrivaled look deep into the contentious origins of the Celts Blood of the Celts brings together genetic, archaeological, and linguistic evidence to address the often-debated question: who were the Celts? What peoples or cultural identities should that term describe? And did they in fact inhabit the British Isles before the Romans arrived? Author Jean Manco challenges existing accounts of the origins of the Celts, providing a new analysis that draws on the latest discoveries as well as ancient history. In a novel approach, the book opens with a discussion of early medieval Irish and British texts, allowing the Celts to speak in their own words and voices. It then traces their story back in time into prehistory to their deepest origins and their ancestors, before bringing the narrative forward to the present day. Each chapter also has a useful summary in bullet points to aid the reader and highlight the key facts in the story.

Population Dynamics in Prehistory and Early History

New Approaches Using Stable Isotopes and Genetics

Author: Elke Kaiser,Joachim Burger,Wolfram Schier

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311026630X

Category: History

Page: 363

View: 4049

The state of migration research has undergone rapid change since methods of analysis involving stable and radiogen isotopes and molecular genetics have started to be applied. At a conference held in Berlin in March 2010, groups whose research looks at population dynamics in pre and early, or in more recent history presented their insights about methodological approaches, research results and perspectives. The aim of this volume is to conduct a dialogue between archaeologists, geneticists and archaeometrists for the purpose of a reconstruction of (pre)historic population history.

From the ground up

beyond gender theory in archaeology : proceedings of the Fifth Gender and Archaeology Conference, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, October 1998

Author: Nancy L. Wicker,Bettina Arnold

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: 9781841710259

Category: Social Science

Page: 154

View: 8848

A series of papers from the Proceedings of the Fifth Gender and Archaeology Conference held at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, October 1998. These explore recent research in gender: gender theory, gender in archaeology and anthropology, and methodological issues. Case studies range from the Mediterranean, to the Americas, Scandinavia and Madagascar, from the third millennium BC to the present day.

History of Humanity: From the third millennium to the seventh century B.C.

Author: Sigfried J. de Laet,Ahmad Hasan Dani

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9789231028113

Category: Civilization

Page: 569

View: 1617

The second volume covers the first two and a half thousand years of recorded history, from the start of the Bronze Age 5,000 years ago to the beginnings of the Iron Age. Written by a team of over sixty specialists, this volume includes a comprehensive bibliography and a detailed index.

The Archaeology of Cyprus

From Earliest Prehistory Through the Bronze Age

Author: A. Bernard Knapp

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521897823

Category: Art

Page: 640

View: 5787

"This book treats the archaeology of Cyprus from the first-known human presence during the Late Epipalaeolithic (ca. 11,000 BC) through the end of the Bronze Age (ca. 1000 BC)"--

The Oxford Handbook of Neolithic Europe

Author: Chris Fowler,Jan Harding,Daniela Hofmann

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191666882

Category: History

Page: 856

View: 9233

The Neolithic - a period in which the first sedentary agrarian communities were established across much of Europe - has been a key topic of archaeological research for over a century. However, the variety of evidence across Europe and the way research traditions in different countries (and languages) have developed makes it very difficult for both students and specialists to gain an overview of continent-wide trends. The Oxford Handbook of Neolithic Europe provides the first comprehensive, geographically extensive, thematic overview of the European Neolithic - from Iberia to Russia and from Norway to Malta - offering both a general introduction and a clear exploration of key issues and current debates surrounding evidence and interpretation. Chapters written by leading experts in the field examine topics such as the movement of plants, animals, ideas, and people (including recent trends in the application of genetics and isotope analyses); cultural change (from the first farming to the first metal artefacts); domestic architecture; subsistence; material culture; monuments; and burial and other treatments of the dead. In doing so, the volume also considers the history of research and sets out agendas and themes for future work in the field.

European Societies in the Bronze Age

Author: A. F. Harding

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367295

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 5497

The European Bronze Age, roughly 2500 to 750 BC, was the last fully prehistoric period and crucial to the formation of the Europe emerging in the later first millennium BC. This book provides a detailed account of its material culture, comparing and contrasting evidence from different geographical zones, and drawing out the essential characteristics of the period. It looks at settlement, burial, economy, technology, trade and transport, warfare, and social and religious life. The result is a comprehensive study that will interest specialists and students, and be accessible to non-specialists.

The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age

Author: Harry Fokkens,Anthony Harding

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199572860

Category: History

Page: 979

View: 502

The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age is a wide-ranging survey of a crucial period in prehistory during which many social, economic, and technological changes took place. Written by expert specialists in the field, the book provides coverage both of the themes that characterize the period, and of the specific developments that took place in the various countries of Europe. After an introduction and a discussion of chronology, successive chapters deal with settlement studies, burial analysis, hoards and hoarding, monumentality, rock art, cosmology, gender, and trade, as well as a series of articles on specific technologies and crafts (such as transport, metals, glass, salt, textiles, and weighing). The second half of the book covers each country in turn. From Ireland to Russia, Scandinavia to Sicily, every area is considered, and up to date information on important recent finds is discussed in detail. The book is the first to consider the whole of the European Bronze Age in both geographical and thematic terms, and will be the standard book on the subject for the foreseeable future.

The Lost World of Old Europe

The Danube Valley, 5000-3500 BC

Author: David W. Anthony

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691143880

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 7915

In the prehistoric Copper Age, long before cities, writing, or the invention of the wheel, Old Europe was among the most culturally rich regions in the world. Its inhabitants lived in prosperous agricultural towns. The ubiquitous goddess figurines found in their houses and shrines have triggered intense debates about women's roles. The Lost World of Old Europe is the accompanying catalog for an exhibition at New York University's Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. This superb volume features essays by leading archaeologists as well as breathtaking color photographs cataloguing the objects, some illustrated here for the first time. The heart of Old Europe was in the lower Danube valley, in contemporary Bulgaria and Romania. Old European coppersmiths were the most advanced metal artisans in the world. Their intense interest in acquiring copper, Aegean shells, and other rare valuables gave rise to far-reaching trading networks. In their graves, the bodies of Old European chieftains were adorned with pounds of gold and copper ornaments. Their funerals were without parallel in the Near East or Egypt. The exhibition represents the first time these rare objects have appeared in the United States. An unparalleled introduction to Old Europe's cultural, technological, and artistic legacy, The Lost World of Old Europe includes essays by Douglass Bailey, John Chapman, Cornelia-Magda Lazarovici, Ioan Opris and Catalin Bem, Ernst Pernicka, Dragomir Nicolae Popovici, Michel Séfériadès, and Vladimir Slavchev.

Prehistoric Mobility and Diet in the West Eurasian Steppes 3500 to 300 BC

An Isotopic Approach

Author: Claudia Gerling

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110311216

Category: History

Page: 414

View: 1051

The West Eurasian steppes in the Eneolithic, the Early Bronze and the Iron Age were largely inhabited by communities believed to show an elevated level of spatial mobility that is often linked to their subsistence economy. Questions concerning the mobility and migration as well as the diet and economy of these communities were approached by applying isotope analysis, resulting in a greater understanding of the lifeways they led.

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean

Author: A. Bernard Knapp,Peter van Dommelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131619406X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3814

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean offers new insights into the material and social practices of many different Mediterranean peoples during the Bronze and Iron Ages, presenting in particular those features that both connect and distinguish them. Contributors discuss in depth a range of topics that motivate and structure Mediterranean archaeology today, including insularity and connectivity; mobility, migration, and colonization; hybridization and cultural encounters; materiality, memory, and identity; community and household; life and death; and ritual and ideology. The volume's broad coverage of different approaches and contemporary archaeological practices will help practitioners of Mediterranean archaeology to move the subject forward in new and dynamic ways. Together, the essays in this volume shed new light on the people, ideas, and materials that make up the world of Mediterranean archaeology today, beyond the borders that separate Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

Between the Aegean and the Baltic Seas

Prehistory Across Borders

Author: Ioanna Galanaki,Helena Tomas,Yannis Galanakis,Robert Laffineur

Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN: 9781935488200

Category: History

Page: 493

View: 3923

Preface and Acknowledgments List of abbreviations KEYNOTE LECTURE; Joseph MARAN; Seaborne Contacts between the Aegean, the Balkans and the Central Mediterranean in the 3rd Millennium BC: The Unfolding of the Mediterranean World THEORETICAL ISSUES; Kristian KRISTIANSEN and Thomas LARSSON; Contacts and Travels during the 2nd Millennium BC. Warriors on the Move;; Birgitta EDER; The Power of Seals: Palaces, Peripheries and Territorial Control in the Mycenaean World;; Anthony F. HARDING; Interconnections between the Aegean and Continental Europe in the Bronze and Early Iron Ages: Moving beyond Scepticism;; Staa BABIC; Translation Zones or Gateway Communities Revisited: The Case of Trebenite and Sindos;; Stefanie A.H. KENNELL; Schliemann's Comparative Approach to European Prehistory: The Personal Element EARLY ENCOUNTERS; Vassiliki ADRYMI-SISMANI; Le site chalcolithique de Microthebes au carrefour du monde egeen et des Balkans du Nord;; Jorg RAMBACH; Olympia and Andravida-Lechaina: Two Bronze Age Sites in the Northwest Peloponnese; with Far-reaching Overseas Cultural Connections;; Volker HEYD; When the West Meets the East: The Eastern Periphery of the Bell Beaker Phenomenon; and its Relation with the Aegean Early Bronze Age;; Jacqueline BALEN and Sanjin MIHELIC; Silver Axes from Stari Jankovci and the Problem of Finds of Precious Metals during the Early Bronze Age in Continental Croatia;; Cristina ENACHESCU; The Cernavoda III-Boleraz Phenomenon: Eneolithic, Kupferzeit, Jungsteinzeit or Early Bronze Age; Viktoria KISS; Contacts along the Danube: A Boat Model from the Early Bronze Age RECENT FIELDWORK; Michael GALATY; There Are Prehistoric Cities Up There: The Bronze and Iron Ages in Northern Albania;; Gilles TOUCHAIS et Petrika LERA; L'Albanie meridionale et le monde egeen a l'age du Bronze: problemes chronologiques et rapports culturels;; Bernhard HANSEL; Agaische Siedlungsstrukturen in Monkodonja/Istrien?;; Biba TERAN; Cultural Connections between Caput Adriae and the Aegean in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age;; Anastasia CHRYSOSTOMOU und Anastasia GEORGIADOU; Siedlungen und Nekropolen der spaten Bronze- und fruhen Eisenzeit in Almopia und aussere Einflusse BURIAL, IDEOLOGY AND SOCIETY; Sylvie MULLER-CELKA; L'origine balkanique des tumuli helladiques (HA-HM): reflexions sur l'etat de la question;; Elisabetta BORGNA and Paola CASSOLA GUIDA; At the Fringe of the Tumulus Culture: Bronze Age Tumuli of North-Eastern Italy between Europe and the Aegean;; Lorenc BEJKO; Expression of Identities in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Southeastern Albania;; Zlatko VIDESKI; Mycenaean Influences in the Fyro Macedonia Identified in the Late Bronze Age Cemeteries;; Reinhard JUNG; Woher kamen die Brandbestattungsriten der spatbronzezeitlichen Agais?;; Nona PALINCAS; Contacts With the Aegean and Their Social Impact in the Late Bronze Age in the Lower Danube;; Skender ALIU; Les bijoux de la periode du bronze recent et de la periode du fer ancien dans la region de Kolonja;; Mariya Ivanova; Things Unfound: Patterns of Warfare in the Early Bronze Age Aegean and Thrace;; Konstantinos KALOGEROPOULOS; Miniature Clay Anthropomorphic Representations in Greece and Europe through the Late Mycenaean Period: Similarities and Differences;; Hrvoje POTREBICA; Aegean Concepts in the Eastern Hallstatt Culture? INTERACTION; Soultana Maria VALAMOTI; Food Across Borders: A Consideration of the Neolithic and Bronze Age; Archaeobotanical Evidence from Northern Greece;; Barbara HOREJS; Macedonia: Mediator or Buffer Zone between Cultural Spheres?;; Neculai BOLOHAN; New Stories about Buffer Territories in the Balkans;; Daria LONJAK DIZDAR; A Contribution to Understanding the Relations (or Lack of Relations) between the Croatian Danube Region; and the Aegean at the Beginning of the Second Millennium BC;; S?awomir KADROW; North of the Carpathians - The Outskirts of the Aegean World?;; Magnus ARTURSSON and Franco NICOLIS; Cultural Relations between the Mediterranean and the Baltic Seas during the Bronze Age?; The Evidence from Northern Italy and Southern Scandinavia;; Kristina MIHOVILIC; Istrian Contacts with the Aegean throughout the Early Iron Age AMBER ROUTE;; Aleksandar PALAVESTRA; Was there an Amber Route?;; Jan BOUZEK; The Amber Route, Apollo and the Hyperboreans;; Janusz CZEBRESZUK; Amber between the Baltic and the Aegean in the Third and Second Millennia BC; (An Outline of Major Issues);; Katarzyna SLUSARSKA; Some Remarks on the Possibility that there existed an Eastern Branch; in the System of Amber Routes in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages;; Massimo CULTRARO; Evidence of Amber in Bronze Age Sicily: Local Sources and the Balkan-Mycenaean Connection LITHICS, WEAPONS, BEADS AND BONE ARTIFACTS; Ivan GATSOV and Lia KARIMALI; Lithic Assemblages of the Northeastern and Southern Aegean during the Bronze Age: A Comparison;; Eleni ANDRIKOU; New Evidence on Mycenaean Bronze Corselets from Thebes in Boeotia; and the Bronze Age Sequence of Corselets in Greece and Europe; Wolfgang DAVID; Gold and Bone Artefacts as Evidence of Mutual Contact between the Aegean; the Carpathian Basin and Southern Germany in the Second Millennium BC;; Georg NIGHTINGALE; Lefkandi. An Important Node in the International Exchange Network; of Jewellery and Personal Adornment METALS; Constantinos PASCHALIDIS; Euboea at the Crossroads of the Metal Trade: The Aegean and the Black Sea; in the Late Bronze Age;; Krassimir LESHTAKOV; The Eastern Balkans in the Aegean Economic System during the LBA.; Ox-Hide and Bun Ingots in Bulgarian Lands;; Evangelia PAPADOPOULOU; Western Greece and the North in the Late Bronze Age: The Evidence of Metalwork and Objects of Exotic Material POTTERY; Marta GUZOWSKA and Assaf YASUR-LANDAU; Handmade Burnished Ware in the Levant;; Clarissa BELARDELLI and Marco BETTELLI; Different Technological Levels of Pottery Production: Barbarian and Grey Ware; between the Aegean and Europe in the Late Bronze Age;; Aleksandra PAPAZOVSKA SANEV; Matt-Painted Pottery from the Iron Age in the FYR Macedonia.

Prehistoric Figurines

Representation and Corporeality in the Neolithic

Author: Douglass Bailey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134323298

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6570

Fully illustrated, Prehistoric Figurines brings a radical new approach to one of the most exciting, but poorly understood artefacts from our prehistoric past. Studying the interpretation of prehistoric figurines from Neolithic southeast Europe, Bailey introduces recent developments from the fields of visual culture studies and cultural anthropology, and investigates the ways in which representations of human bodies were used by the pre-historic people to understand their own identities, to negotiate relationships and to make subtle political points. Bailey examines four critical conditions: * figurines as miniatures * figurines as three-dimensional representations * figurines as anthropomorphs * figurines as representations. Through these conditions, the study travels beyond the traditional mechanisms of interpretation and takes the debate past the out-dated interpretations of figurines as Mother-Goddess as Bailey examines individual prehistoric figurines in their original archaeological contexts and views them in the light of modern exploitations of the human form. Students and scholars of History and Archaeology will benefit immensely from Bailey's close understanding of the material culture and pre-history of the Balkans.

The Rise of Bronze Age Society

Travels, Transmissions and Transformations

Author: Kristian Kristiansen,Thomas B. Larsson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521843638

Category: Social Science

Page: 449

View: 5738

This 2005 book presents a significant interpretation of the social transformation in Bronze Age Europe.

Background to Beakers

Inquiries Into the Regional Cultural Background to the Bell Beaker Complex

Author: Harry Fokkens,Franco Nicolis

Publisher: Sidestone Press

ISBN: 9088900841

Category: Art

Page: 203

View: 5996

Background to Beakers is the result of an inspiring session at the yearly conference of European Association of Archaeologists in The Hague in September 2010. The conference brought together thirteen speakers on the subject Beakers in Transition. Together we explored the background to the Bell beaker complex in different regions, departing from the idea that migration is not the comprehensive solution to the adoption of bell Beakers. Therefore we asked the participants to discuss how in their region Beakers were incorporated in existing cultural complexes, as one of the manners to understand the processes of innovation that were undoubtedly part of the Beaker complex. In this book eight of the speakers have contributed papers, resulting in a diverse and interesting approach to Beakers. We can see how scholars in Scandinavia, the Low Countries, Poland, Switzerland, France, Morocco even, struggle with the same problems, but have different solutions everywhere. The book reads as an inspiration for new approaches and for a discussion of cultural backgrounds in stead of searching for the oldest Beaker. The authors are all established scholars in the field of Bronze Age research.

Of Odysseys and Oddities

Scales and Modes of Interaction Between Prehistoric Aegean Societies and their Neighbours

Author: Barry Molloy

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785702343

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 1094

Of Odysses and Oddities is about scales and modes of interaction in prehistory, specifically between societies on both sides of the Aegean and with their nearest neighbours overland to the north and east. The 17 contributions reflect on tensions at the core of how we consider interaction in archaeology, particularly the motivations and mechanisms leading to social and material encounters or displacements. Linked to this are the ways we conceptualise spatial and social entities in past societies (scales) and how we learn about who was actively engaged in interaction and how and why they were (modes). The papers provide a broad chronological, spatial and material range but, taken together, they critically address many of the ways that scales and modes of interaction are considered in archaeological discourse. Ultimately, the intention is to foreground material culture analysis in the development of the arguments presented within this volume, informed, but not driven, by theoretical positions.