Transitions to the Bronze Age. Interregional Interaction and Socio-Cultural Change in the Third Millennium BC Carpathian Basin and Neighbouring Regions

Author: Volker Heyd,Gabriella Kulcsar,Vajk Szeverenyi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789639911482

Category: History

Page: 358

View: 3456

The meetings of the most significant archaeological association of Europe, the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA), provide each year an outstanding opportunity for dialogues between scholars of various countries and backgrounds. At the 16th meeting, held in September 2010 in The Hague, The Netherlands, Volker Heyd, Gabriella Kulcsar and Vajk Szeverenyi organized a full-day conference session focusing on interregional contacts and social, economic and cultural change in the third millennium BC in and around the Carpathian Basin. This book was prepared based on the papers given at this session. The 13 articles of this volume, all written in English, discuss problems of transition and change from the Late Copper to the Early Bronze Age, that is more than a millennium from the later 4th to the end of the 3rd millennium BC. The book highlights temporal and spatial dynamics in the interregional interactions and communication networks among various societies of that period. Traditional typo-chronological approaches are supplemented by the results of absolute dating, anthropological and biochemical investigations and statistical analyses. Also new finds and materials are presented and new perspectives offered. The publication of the volume will certainly promote communication between the archaeological schools of western and east Central Europe, providing new aspects for future research as well. It will likewise contribute a great deal to our knowledge about the Carpathian Basin in the third millennium BC so important in bridging the prehistoric east and southeast to the west of the Continent.
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Blood of the Celts: The New Ancestral Story

Author: Jean Manco

Publisher: Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 0500772967

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 6544

From prehistory to the present day, an unrivaled look deep into the contentious origins of the Celts Blood of the Celts brings together genetic, archaeological, and linguistic evidence to address the often-debated question: who were the Celts? What peoples or cultural identities should that term describe? And did they in fact inhabit the British Isles before the Romans arrived? Author Jean Manco challenges existing accounts of the origins of the Celts, providing a new analysis that draws on the latest discoveries as well as ancient history. In a novel approach, the book opens with a discussion of early medieval Irish and British texts, allowing the Celts to speak in their own words and voices. It then traces their story back in time into prehistory to their deepest origins and their ancestors, before bringing the narrative forward to the present day. Each chapter also has a useful summary in bullet points to aid the reader and highlight the key facts in the story.
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Social Memory and State Formation in Early China

Author: Min Li

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107141451

Category: History

Page: 582

View: 782

A thought-provoking book on archaeology of power, knowledge, social memory, and the emergence of classical tradition in early China.
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From the ground up

beyond gender theory in archaeology : proceedings of the Fifth Gender and Archaeology Conference, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, October 1998

Author: Nancy L. Wicker,Bettina Arnold

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: 9781841710259

Category: Social Science

Page: 154

View: 8031

A series of papers from the Proceedings of the Fifth Gender and Archaeology Conference held at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, October 1998. These explore recent research in gender: gender theory, gender in archaeology and anthropology, and methodological issues. Case studies range from the Mediterranean, to the Americas, Scandinavia and Madagascar, from the third millennium BC to the present day.
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History of Humanity: From the third millennium to the seventh century B.C.

Author: Sigfried J. de Laet,Ahmad Hasan Dani

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9789231028113

Category: Civilization

Page: 569

View: 8440

The second volume covers the first two and a half thousand years of recorded history, from the start of the Bronze Age 5,000 years ago to the beginnings of the Iron Age. Written by a team of over sixty specialists, this volume includes a comprehensive bibliography and a detailed index.
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Population Dynamics in Prehistory and Early History

New Approaches Using Stable Isotopes and Genetics

Author: Elke Kaiser,Joachim Burger,Wolfram Schier

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311026630X

Category: History

Page: 363

View: 5883

The state of migration research has undergone rapid change since methods of analysis involving stable and radiogen isotopes and molecular genetics have started to be applied. At a conference held in Berlin in March 2010, groups whose research looks at population dynamics in pre and early, or in more recent history presented their insights about methodological approaches, research results and perspectives. The aim of this volume is to conduct a dialogue between archaeologists, geneticists and archaeometrists for the purpose of a reconstruction of (pre)historic population history.
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The Lost World of Old Europe

The Danube Valley, 5000-3500 BC

Author: David W. Anthony

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691143880

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 3161

In the prehistoric Copper Age, long before cities, writing, or the invention of the wheel, Old Europe was among the most culturally rich regions in the world. Its inhabitants lived in prosperous agricultural towns. The ubiquitous goddess figurines found in their houses and shrines have triggered intense debates about women's roles. The Lost World of Old Europe is the accompanying catalog for an exhibition at New York University's Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. This superb volume features essays by leading archaeologists as well as breathtaking color photographs cataloguing the objects, some illustrated here for the first time. The heart of Old Europe was in the lower Danube valley, in contemporary Bulgaria and Romania. Old European coppersmiths were the most advanced metal artisans in the world. Their intense interest in acquiring copper, Aegean shells, and other rare valuables gave rise to far-reaching trading networks. In their graves, the bodies of Old European chieftains were adorned with pounds of gold and copper ornaments. Their funerals were without parallel in the Near East or Egypt. The exhibition represents the first time these rare objects have appeared in the United States. An unparalleled introduction to Old Europe's cultural, technological, and artistic legacy, The Lost World of Old Europe includes essays by Douglass Bailey, John Chapman, Cornelia-Magda Lazarovici, Ioan Opris and Catalin Bem, Ernst Pernicka, Dragomir Nicolae Popovici, Michel Séfériadès, and Vladimir Slavchev.
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The Archaeology of Cyprus

From Earliest Prehistory Through the Bronze Age

Author: A. Bernard Knapp

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521897823

Category: Art

Page: 640

View: 7684

"This book treats the archaeology of Cyprus from the first-known human presence during the Late Epipalaeolithic (ca. 11,000 BC) through the end of the Bronze Age (ca. 1000 BC)"--
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The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean

Author: A. Bernard Knapp,Peter van Dommelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131619406X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 8576

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean offers new insights into the material and social practices of many different Mediterranean peoples during the Bronze and Iron Ages, presenting in particular those features that both connect and distinguish them. Contributors discuss in depth a range of topics that motivate and structure Mediterranean archaeology today, including insularity and connectivity; mobility, migration, and colonization; hybridization and cultural encounters; materiality, memory, and identity; community and household; life and death; and ritual and ideology. The volume's broad coverage of different approaches and contemporary archaeological practices will help practitioners of Mediterranean archaeology to move the subject forward in new and dynamic ways. Together, the essays in this volume shed new light on the people, ideas, and materials that make up the world of Mediterranean archaeology today, beyond the borders that separate Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.
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Emerging Complexity

The Later Prehistory of South-East Spain, Iberia and the West Mediterranean

Author: Robert Chapman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521232074

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 8277

At the heart of Emerging Complexity is the thesis that complex societies developed independently during the Copper and Bronze Ages in south-east Spain.
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The earliest Bronze Age in the Carpathian Basin

Author: Jan Machnik

Publisher: David Brown Book Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 209

View: 9608

A survey of the cultural material - pottery, bronze tools and weapons, flint and stone objects - distinguishing localised groups and regional cultures in the transition from the late Neolithic to the Bronze Age. Edited by J H Ottaway.
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Prehistoric Mobility and Diet in the West Eurasian Steppes 3500 to 300 BC

An Isotopic Approach

Author: Claudia Gerling

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110311216

Category: History

Page: 414

View: 7882

The West Eurasian steppes in the Eneolithic, the Early Bronze and the Iron Age were largely inhabited by communities believed to show an elevated level of spatial mobility that is often linked to their subsistence economy. Questions concerning the mobility and migration as well as the diet and economy of these communities were approached by applying isotope analysis, resulting in a greater understanding of the lifeways they led.
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The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age

Author: Anthony Harding,Harry Fokkens

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191007331

Category: Social Science

Page: 750

View: 8508

The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age is a wide-ranging survey of a crucial period in prehistory during which many social, economic, and technological changes took place. Written by expert specialists in the field, the book provides coverage both of the themes that characterize the period, and of the specific developments that took place in the various countries of Europe. After an introduction and a discussion of chronology, successive chapters deal with settlement studies, burial analysis, hoards and hoarding, monumentality, rock art, cosmology, gender, and trade, as well as a series of articles on specific technologies and crafts (such as transport, metals, glass, salt, textiles, and weighing). The second half of the book covers each country in turn. From Ireland to Russia, Scandinavia to Sicily, every area is considered, and up to date information on important recent finds is discussed in detail. The book is the first to consider the whole of the European Bronze Age in both geographical and thematic terms, and will be the standard book on the subject for the foreseeable future.
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European Societies in the Bronze Age

Author: A. F. Harding

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367295

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 3090

The European Bronze Age, roughly 2500 to 750 BC, was the last fully prehistoric period and crucial to the formation of the Europe emerging in the later first millennium BC. This book provides a detailed account of its material culture, comparing and contrasting evidence from different geographical zones, and drawing out the essential characteristics of the period. It looks at settlement, burial, economy, technology, trade and transport, warfare, and social and religious life. The result is a comprehensive study that will interest specialists and students, and be accessible to non-specialists.
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Ancient Interactions

East and West in Eurasia

Author: Katherine V. Boyle,Colin Renfrew,Marsha Ann Levine

Publisher: McDonald Inst of Archeological

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 1133

The history and archaeology of the Scythians and other steppe peoples are relatively familiar, but what of their predecessors who colonized and occupied this vast region, from the Carpathians to China, before the Iron Age? The papers in this volume provide an overview and reassessment of our knowledge of the period from Neolithic to Iron Age in an area which covers approximately one-sixth of the earth's land surface. The subject matter of the papers ranges broadly from East to West on a number of major themes: the development of pastoral eonomies; the diffusion of ideas, and the movement of peoples. The authors too come from geographically diverse regions and different traditions and methods of research and their evolution are outlined and debated. New analytical techniques are highlighted. Arising from a symposium held at the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research (Cambridge, UK) in 2000, this volume helps to fill an important gap in the literature on the later prehistory of Central Asia.
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Europe Before History

Author: Kristian Kristiansen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521784368

Category: History

Page: 505

View: 2639

The societies of the European Bronze Age produced elaborate artifacts and were drawn into a wide trade network extending over the whole of Europe, yet they were economically and politically undiversified. Kristian Kristiansen attempts to explain this paradox using a world-systems analysis, and provides a rich body of evidence to support his case. The result is a coherent overview of this period of European prehistory that addresses some of the larger questions raised in the study of the period.
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Of Odysseys and Oddities

Scales and Modes of Interaction Between Prehistoric Aegean Societies and their Neighbours

Author: Barry Molloy

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785702343

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 2929

Of Odysses and Oddities is about scales and modes of interaction in prehistory, specifically between societies on both sides of the Aegean and with their nearest neighbours overland to the north and east. The 17 contributions reflect on tensions at the core of how we consider interaction in archaeology, particularly the motivations and mechanisms leading to social and material encounters or displacements. Linked to this are the ways we conceptualise spatial and social entities in past societies (scales) and how we learn about who was actively engaged in interaction and how and why they were (modes). The papers provide a broad chronological, spatial and material range but, taken together, they critically address many of the ways that scales and modes of interaction are considered in archaeological discourse. Ultimately, the intention is to foreground material culture analysis in the development of the arguments presented within this volume, informed, but not driven, by theoretical positions.
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Analysis of the Economic Foundations Supporting the Social Supremacy of the Beaker Groups

Proceedings of the XVII UISPP World Congress (1-7 September, Burgos, Spain): Volume 6 / Session B36

Author: Elisa Guerra Doce,Corina Liesau von Lettow-Vorbeck

Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN: 9781784913076

Category:

Page: 164

View: 2232

The Bell Beaker phenomenon is one of the most fascinating horizons in European Later Prehistory, due to its vast geographical distribution, the intrinsic value of some of the artefacts comprising the Beaker package, or its supposed links to certain kinds of ritual ceremonies as shown by the frequent deposition of Beaker items in burial contexts. At present, the idea that the Beaker package is best interpreted as a symbol of power common to socially-prominent individuals by the mid-to-late third millennium BC is widely acknowledged by scholars in this field. From this point of view, the Beaker phenomenon is seen as the archaeological evidence representing an ideology which was shared by a number of prehistoric societies geographically scattered throughout much of Western and Central Europe, or, more specifically, was only shared by elite individuals within these territories. The strategies employed by these individuals to attain such privileged statuses, however, are poorly known. Therefore, in the framework of the XVII World UISPP Congress, held in September 2014 in Burgos (Spain), a session entitled 'Analysis of the economic foundations supporting the social supremacy of the Beaker groups' (B36) was organised by this volume's two editors. The session focused mostly on examining this issue at a European level, and less on the study of the Beaker package itself, as a way of looking at the economic foundations that helped these individuals attain their higher social statuses. The proximity of Beaker sites to natural routes of communication highlights the importance of exchange networks through which people, objects and ideas may have circulated through Europe during this time. The Amesbury Archer in southern England is one of the best examples of interaction within Beaker territories. Having said this, considering that Beaker pots themselves were not exchanged over long distances, attention must be paid to other mechanisms of diffusion. The present volume comprises the papers presented at this session suggesting that Beaker groups may have controlled certain products and technologies.
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