Transatlantic Policymaking in an Age of Austerity

Diversity and Drift

Author: Martin A. Levin,Martin Shapiro

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589014763

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 5457

Transatlantic Policymaking in an Age of Austerity integrates the study of politics and public policy across a broad spectrum of regulatory and social welfare policies in the United States and several nations of Western Europe. The editors and a sterling list of contributors look at policymaking in the 1990s through the present—providing a comparative politics framework—stressing both parallel development and the differences between and among the nations. Similar prevailing ideas and political factors can be identified and transatlantic comparisons made—providing for a clearer understanding of the policymaking process. Faith in regulated markets and the burden of rising welfare costs are concerns found on both sides of the Atlantic. Western democracies also share political climates colored by economic austerity; low trust in government, pressures from interest groups, and a sharply divided electorate. Because of differing political processes and differing policy starting points, a variety of disparate policy decisions have resulted. Real world policymaking in the areas of welfare, health, labor, immigration reform, disability rights, consumer and environmental regulation, administrative reforms, and corporate governance are compared. Ultimately, the last decade is best characterized as one of "drift," sluggish changes with little real innovation and much default to the private sector. In general, policymakers on both sides of the ocean, constrained by economic necessity, have been unable to produce policy outcomes that satisfy the key segments of the electorate. The contributors examine the United States, Great Britain, France, and Germany, as well as a number of other European countries, and study the European Union itself as a policymaking institution. Transatlantic Policymaking in an Age of Austerity distills the prominent issues, politics, and roles played by governmental institutions into a new understanding of the dynamics of policymaking in and among transatlantic nations.
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Routledge Handbook of Policy Design

Author: Michael Howlett,Ishani Mukherjee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351252909

Category: Political Science

Page: 474

View: 6938

Uniting theoretical bases and advancements in practice, the Routledge Handbook of Policy Design brings together leading experts in the academic field of policy design in a pioneering effort of scholarship. Each chapter provides a multi-topic overview of the state of knowledge on how, why, where or when policies are designed and how such designs can be improved. These experts address how a new emphasis on effective policy design has re-emerged ​in public policy studies in recent years ​and ​clarify the role of historical policy decisions, policy capacities and government intentions in promoting a design orientation towards ​policy formulation and policy-making more generally. They examine many previously unexplored aspects of policy designs and designing activities, which focus upon analyzing and improving the sets of policy tools adopted by governments to correct policy problems. Ranging from the fundamentals of policy design and its place in greater policy studies, to new questions regarding policy design content and ​effectiveness, to contemporary design trends such as the use of digital tools and big data, the Routledge Handbook of Policy Design is a comprehensive reference for students and scholars of public policy, public administration and public management, government and business.
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Retirement, Work and Pensions in Ageing Korea

Author: Jae-Jin Yang,Thomas Klassen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135272743

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 8442

Even among the four Asian tigers, with their economic miracles during the past several decades that allowed them to join the ranks of the developed nations, South Korea is extraordinary. As significant as its economic progress, from a dirt poor and devastated nation in the 1960s, is South Korea’s emerging welfare state. Although established in a short time, and still immature in some aspects, its unique East-Asian model now faces a population that is aging at an unprecedented rate. This book introduces readers to the impact of demographic changes in Korea, particularly the impact of these on work, retirement and pensions; and as importantly, provides an explanation for the reforms of public policy in these domains. The chapters provide an up-to-date assessment of aging, retirement, and pension policies in South Korea and give valuable insights into the diverse aspects of the unprecedented rapid aging. The theme of this volume, which brings together the foremost Korean scholars and experts, is how rapid demographic change in Korea has been a central factor in income security policy for the elderly, as well as workplace policies.
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Ageing Populations in Post-Industrial Democracies

Comparative Studies of Policies and Politics

Author: Pieter Vanhuysse,Achim Goerres

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136598766

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 3298

Most advanced democracies are currently experiencing accelerated population ageing, which fundamentally changes not just their demographic composition; it can also be expected to have far-reaching political and policy consequences. This volume brings together an expert set of scholars from Europe and North America to investigate generational politics and public policies within an approach explicitly focusing on comparative political science. This theoretically unified text examines changing electoral policy demands due to demographic ageing, and features analysis of USA, UK, Japan, Germany, Italy and all major EU countries. As the first sustained political science analysis of population ageing, this monograph examines both sides of the debate. It examines the actions of the state against the interests of a growing elderly voting bloc to safeguard fiscal viability, and looks at highly-topical responses such as pension cuts and increasing retirement age. It also examines the rise of ‘grey parties’, and asks what, if anything, makes such pensioner parties persist over time, in the first ever analysis of the emergence of pensioner parties in Europe. Ageing Populations in Post-Industrial Democracies will be of interest to students and scholars of European politics, and to those studying electoral and social policy reform. Official publication date 1st January 2012.
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Executive Politics in Times of Crisis

Author: M. Lodge,K. Wegrich

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137010266

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 1536

Executive Politics in Times of Crisis brings together leading international scholars to consider key trends and challenges that have defined executive politics over the past decade. It showcases key debates in executive politics and contributes to an understanding of the 'executive factor' in political life.
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Federalism and Decentralization in European Health and Social Care

Author: J. Costa-Font,S. Greer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137291877

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 6510

This is the first book to examine the processes of territorial federalization and decentralization of health systems in Europe drawing from an interdisciplinary economics, public policy and political science approach. It contains key theoretical and empirical features that allow an understanding of when health care decentralization is successful.
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Weary Policeman

American Power in an Age of Austerity

Author: Dana Allin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351224247

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 589

As another presidential election looms, the America?s role in global affairs and security has emerged as one of the campaign?s great battle lines. The struggle not just to define but also to preserve American power is no modern phenomenon: questions of intervention and projection have dominated the nation?s politics from the days of the Founding Fathers. Then, as now, the old centres of power were shifting. Nor is economic stress an unfamiliar factor for policymakers. But in 2012 these problems are compounded by the on-going financial crisis in Europe, which, together with the overstretch and fatigue from two wars, has sapped the strength of America?s chief allies. While it may urge its NATO partners to shoulder more of the security burden, the US finds them less willing and occasionally unable to share the strain. This Adelphi examines the myriad challenges America must confront if it is to uphold and spread its values.
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Creating Competitive Markets

The Politics of Regulatory Reform

Author: Marc Karnis Landy,Martin A. Levin,Martin M. Shapiro

Publisher: Brookings Inst Press

ISBN: 9780815751168

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 4132

"Contributors from academia, government, and the private sector evaluate more than a dozen efforts at market design. Analyzing a broad range of sectors, including airlines, electricity, education, and pensions, authors ask critical questions about developments in Canada, the United Kingdom, and Japan, as well as the United States"--Provided by publisher.
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Lessons of disaster

policy change after catastrophic events

Author: Thomas A. Birkland

Publisher: Georgetown Univ Pr

ISBN: 9781589011205

Category: Nature

Page: 216

View: 9863

Even before the wreckage of a disaster is cleared, one question is foremost in the minds of the public: "What can be done to prevent this from happening again?" Today, news media and policymakers often invoke the "lessons of September 11" and the "lessons of Hurricane Katrina." Certainly, these unexpected events heightened awareness about problems that might have contributed to or worsened the disasters, particularly about gaps in preparation. Inquiries and investigations are made that claim that "lessons" were "learned" from a disaster, leading us to assume that we will be more ready the next time a similar threat looms, and that our government will put in place measures to protect us. In Lessons of Disaster, Thomas Birkland takes a critical look at this assumption. We know that disasters play a role in setting policy agendas?in getting policymakers to think about problems?but does our government always take the next step and enact new legislation or regulations? To determine when and how a catastrophic event serves as a catalyst for true policy change, the author examines four categories of disasters: aviation security, homeland security, earthquakes, and hurricanes. He explores lessons learned from each, focusing on three types of policy change: change in the larger social construction of the issues surrounding the disaster; instrumental change, in which laws and regulations are made; and political change, in which alliances are created and shifted. Birkland argues that the type of disaster affects the types of lessons learned from it, and that certain conditions are necessary to translate awareness into new policy, including media attention, salience for a large portion of the public, the existence of advocacy groups for the issue, and the preexistence of policy ideas that can be drawn upon. This timely study concludes with a discussion of the interplay of multiple disasters, focusing on the initial government response to Hurricane Katrina and the negative effect the September 11 catastrophe seems to have had on reaction to that tragedy.
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Contemporary Authors

A Bio-bibliographical Guide to Current Writers in Fiction, General Nonfiction, Poetry, Journalism, Drama, Motion Pictures, Television, and Other Field

Author: Julie Mellors

Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780787678777

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 480

View: 8406

A biographical and bibliographical guide to current writers in all fields including poetry, fiction and nonfiction, journalism, drama, television and movies. Information is provided by the authors themselves or drawn from published interviews, feature stories, book reviews and other materials provided by the authors/publishers.
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The State After Statism

New State Activities in the Age of Liberalization

Author: Jonah D. Levy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674022775

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 469

View: 3310

Assesses the changing nature of state intervention in the economies of the affluent democracies. Against a widespread understanding that globalization and new technologies are pressing for a rollback of state regulation in the economy, this book shows that these same forces are also creating new demands and opportunities for state intervention. This book assesses the changing nature of state intervention in the economies of the affluent democracies. Against a widespread understanding that contemporary developments, such as globalization and new technologies, are pressing for a rollback of state regulation in the economy, the book shows that these same forces are also creating new demands and opportunities for state intervention. Thus, state activism has shifted, rather than simply eroded. State authorities have shifted from a market-steering orientation to a market-supporting one. Chief among the new state missions are: repairing the main varieties of capitalism (liberal, corporatist, and statist); making labour markets and systems of social protection more employment-friendly; recasting regulatory frameworks to permit countries to cross major economic and technological divides; and expanding market competition at home and abroad. Because the changes from market steering to market support are so controversial and far-reaching, state officials often find themselves making choices that produce clear winners and losers
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Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 4388

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The Politics of Precaution

Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Author: David Vogel

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691124167

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 8237

"This is comparative politics at its very best. Vogel takes the reader on a fascinating transatlantic journey to show how and why regulatory leadership shifts with political pressures, elite preferences, and new views on risk management. His book should be required reading for everyone concerned about the safety of man and environment."--Lennart J. Lundqvist, University of Gothenburg, Sweden "Written by an eminent and eloquent scholar in the field, "The Politics of Precaution" addresses a major issue in risk regulation and transatlantic relations. The book's central claim is that there has been an overall shift from greater American to greater European relative precaution and stringency in risk regulation. Whether one agrees with that claim or not, one must contend with Vogel's argument."--Jonathan B. Wiener, Duke University and coeditor of "The Reality of Precaution: Comparing Risk Regulation in the United States and Europe" ""The Politics of Precaution" challenges some commonly held views about the political economy of regulation. The book will serve as a useful counter to those given to easy assumptions about the differences in how Europeans and Americans regulate similar consumer and environmental risks."--Keith Hawkins, professor emeritus of law and society, University of Oxford ""The Politics of Precaution" addresses an intriguing transatlantic topic, contains a wealth of interesting case studies, and is written by a seasoned and perceptive scholar. It is a serious contribution to the literature."--John D. Graham, Indiana University
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Encyclopedia of Global Health

Author: Yawei Zhang

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781412941860

Category: Medical

Page: 2288

View: 3440

"A general reference for topics related to health worlwide, this encyclopedia is ambitious in its scope, with entries for specific diseases and conditions, geographical areas, health issues, biographical information, and organizations related to world health policy." —CHOICE "A useful, one-stop reference for health professionals and the general population alike that speaks to important changes and issues in global health; a foundation of knowledge essential for any library." —Library Journal The contemporary understanding of global health is complicated and extends to all ends of the Earth and beyond. From the health effects of global warming to the implications of single nucleotide differences on disease, the factors that impact global health are extremely diverse and are changing constantly. As new scientific advances are made, as new policies are implemented, as wars are waged and peace agreements signed, or as new strains of infectious diseases evolve, the state of global health changes. The Encyclopedia of Global Health is a comprehensive, one stop reference to a broad array of health topics worldwide. Encompassing four volumes with more than 1,200 articles, the Encyclopedia covers all aspects of health, including physical and mental health entries, biographies of major doctors and researchers, profiles of medical institutions, organizations, and corporations, descriptions of drugs and operations, articles on national health policies, and thematic health topics in the humanities. Key Features Offers a truly global approach by giving the current health status in each country of five continents Compares the mortality rates of infectious diseases and non-communicable diseases in developing and developed countries Presents a historical context for important changes and issues in global health and serves as a foundation of knowledge Examines how mental health and related conditions in developing countries are increasing toward the level in developed countries Ties the curriculum in related health disciplines from biology, to psychology, to psychopharmacology Provides a glossary of health definitions, extensive cross-references to related topics, and thorough bibliographic citations Key Themes · Children’s Health Countries: Africa Countries: Americas Countries: Asia Countries: Europe Countries: Pacific Diseases, Cancers Diseases, Localized Diseases, Systemic Drugs and Drug Companies Health Sciences Men’s Health Mental Health Organizations and Associations People Procedures and Therapies Research Society and Health Women’s Health The Encyclopedia of Global Health is a useful reference for health professionals, as well as for general populations, making it a must-have resource for any library.
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