Theories of the State

The Politics of Liberal Democracy

Author: Patrick Dunleavy

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349186651

Category: State, The

Page: 400

View: 6623

Discusses Pluralist, New Right, Elitist, Marxist and Neo-pluralist theories. Provides summary of intellectual origins, methodology and key strengths and weaknesses with examples from United States, Western Europe, etc.
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Passions and Constraint

On the Theory of Liberal Democracy

Author: Stephen Holmes

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226349688

Category: Philosophy

Page: 337

View: 2910

A historical reconstruction and elegantly written defense of liberalism challenges common assumptions about liberal theory, argues that institutional restraints serve to enable effective democracy, and contends that a liberal constitution increases the state's capacity to focus on specific problems. UP.
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Theories of the Democratic State

Author: John Dryzek,Patrick Dunleavy

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230366457

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 6545

We live in a world governed by states whose enduring importance and domination of contemporary politics has been strikingly underlined by their renewed activism in the face of a global economic crisis. Yet the very nature of states remains deeply contested, with a range of competing theories offering very different views of how they actually do or should operate. In the past this competition has lead to deep ideological conflict – and even to war. In this major new work, John S. Dryzek and Patrick Dunleavy provide a broad-ranging assessment of classical and contemporary theories of the state, focusing primarily on the democratic state form that has come to dominate modern politics. The authors' starting point is the classical theories of the state: pluralism, elite theory, Marxism and market liberalism. They then turn to the contemporary forms of pluralism prevalent in political science, systematically exploring how they address central issues, such as networked governance, globalization, and changing patterns of electoral and identity politics. They proceed to analyse a range of key contemporary critiques of modern states and democracy that have emerged from feminism, environmentalism, neo-conservatism and post-modernism. Each approach is carefully introduced and analysed as far as possible in relation to a common set of issues and headings. Theories of the Democratic State takes the reader straight to the heart of contemporary issues and debates and, in the process, provides a challenging and distinctive introduction to and reassessment of contemporary political science.
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Models of Democracy

Author: David Held

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804754729

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 2015

Models of Democracy provides a critical reassessment of major theories of democracy from ancient Greece to the present, along with the author's own prescription for revitalizing contemporary democratic politics.
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The Ethics and Politics of Asylum

Liberal Democracy and the Response to Refugees

Author: Matthew J. Gibney

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521009379

Category: Law

Page: 287

View: 4184

Over the last two decades, asylum has become a highly charged political issue across developed countries. This book draws upon political and ethical theory and an examination of the experiences of the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom and Australia to consider how to respond to the challenges of asylum. In addition to explaining why asylum has emerged as such a key political issue, it provides a compelling account of how states could move towards implenting morally defensible responses to refugees.
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Theorie der Sozialen Demokratie

Author: Thomas Meyer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322873595

Category: Political Science

Page: 688

View: 2644

Die Demokratietheorie kennzeichnet ein merkwürdiges Paradox. Während die kapitalistische Marktwirtschaft zumeist als ermöglichende Bedingung liberaler Demokratie verstanden wird, gelten die radikalen Ungleichheiten, die sie erzeugt, zugleich auch als eine ihrer zentralen Gefährdungen. Die hier vorgelegte Theorie der sozialen Demokratie klärt die Bedingungen, die erfüllt sein müssen, wenn der Anspruch rechtsstaatlicher Demokratie uneingeschränkt erfüllt sein soll. Sie begründet im Anschluss an die jüngste empirische Forschung die Anforderungen an die Einbettung der Märkte, den grundrechtsgestützten Sozialstaat, die gesellschaftliche Demokratisierung und faire Globalisierung, die dafür erfüllt sein müssen. Nicht die libertäre Demokratie mit ihrer Fixierung auf Markt- und Eigentumsfreiheit, sondern erst die soziale Demokratie gewährleistet die Erfüllung aller Grundrechte des demokratischen Rechtsstaates. Die Theorie der sozialen Demokratie ist theoretisch anspruchsvoll, aber zugleich auf die Bedingungen praktischen Handelns in der globalisierten Gegenwartswelt bezogen.
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“The” Modern State

Theories and Ideologies

Author: Erika Cudworth,Timothy Hall,John McGovern

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 3269

Broad ranging in its coverage of the liberal democratic state and other, non-democratic state formations, the book offers chapters on each of the core theories of the modern state. Each chapter is structured in the same way to allow for ease of cross-referencing and for comparisons to be drawn between theories, with parts on Context, Definition, Theorists and Practical Politics. There are chapters on: -The Emergence of the Modern State -Liberalism -Elite Theories -Marxism-Socialism -Anarchism-Conservatism -Fascism-Feminisms -The New Right-Fundamentalism-Futures The authors work on the premise that theory is relevant to everyday life, helping us to understand current political transitions and institutional formations and practices. Taking a practical view of politics, each chapter illustrates how state theory has been deployed in recent historical contexts and policy initiatives, using examples to bring the theory to life. Key Features: Unique in considering the liberal democratic state and other, non-democratic state formations Includes a wide range of examples, such as Marxist states in Eastern Europe and non-secular, militarist and emergent democratic states in the developing world Covers a wide theoretical range and includes less well-known ideas and approaches such as those of fundamentalism, fascism and anarchism Shows how different theories of the state have affected the framing and implementation of policies, or the history of political parties and movements
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Politics

An Introduction to the Modern Democratic State

Author: Larry Johnston

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442600409

Category: Political Science

Page: 579

View: 6309

Politics offers a comprehensive, comparative, and interdisciplinary approach to the essential components of democratic politics in today's states. The book begins by addressing ways of thinking about politics, community, and society. Broad outlines of political theory are sketched; political ideas are treated by moving from an introduction, to political philosophers and their particular historical contexts, to the working out of their ideas in practical form as ideologies, and finally to the diffusion of political ideas within the culture of mass society. The institutions of constitutional government and the processes of electoral democracy are also covered. A special effort has been made to explore alternative features such as proportional representation, multi-party systems, and coalition government, as well as the variations of presidentialism, federalism, and direct democracy. A section on the nature of governing examines the public policy process, the evolving role of the courts in interpreting and reviewing policy, and the economic and social policies associated with the welfare state and its dismantlement. The book concludes by critically considering the unique political and demographic situation of the world's liberal democracies and the privileged economic position they occupy in the face of globalization, modernization, and technological transformation. Updated to reflect recent developments in North American elections and world events, Politics continues to provide students of political science with a foundation for future study within the discipline and the tools for a more informed practice of democratic citizenship. Politics is accompanied by a free CD-ROM for instructors that contains test questions and answers for each chapter of the book (approximately 300 questions in total).
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Identität

Wie der Verlust der Würde unsere Demokratie gefährdet

Author: Francis Fukuyama

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455005292

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 4950

In den letzten zehn Jahren ist die Anzahl der demokratischen Staaten weltweit erschreckend schnell zurückgegangen. Erleben wir gerade das Ende der liberalen Demokratie? Der US-amerikanische Politikwissenschaftler Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Weltbestsellers Das Ende der Geschichte, sucht in seinem neuen Buch nach den Gründen, warum sich immer mehr Menschen antidemokratischen Strömungen zuwenden und den Liberalismus ablehnen. Er zeigt, warum die Politik der Stunde geprägt ist von Nationalismus und Wut, welche Rolle linke und recht Parteien bei dieser Entwicklung spielen, und was wir tun können, um unsere gesellschaftliche Identität und damit die liberale Demokratie wieder zu beleben. »Intelligent und klar – wir brauchen mehr Denker, die so weise sind wie Fukuyama.« THE NEW YORK TIMES »Einer der bedeutendsten Politikwissenschaftler der westlichen Welt.« DIE WELT
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Political Theory Today

Author: David Held

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804718981

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 4187

What is the proper subject matter for political theory? Uncertainty about the most appropriate way of answering these questions provides the key rationales for this volume: to provide a comprehensive overview of the central questions and debates in contemporary political thought and to offer guidelines for the reformulation of political theory made necessary by the philosophical and substantive problems it faces today. The twelve essays in this book examine some of the classic traditional questions of political theory: the nature of obligation, equality, liberty, the public, the private, democracy, and justice. They also examine questions that relate these notions to a broader framework encompassing the many recent changes in the nation-state, forms of sovereignty, domestic and international law, violence and warfare, and domestic and international political economy. The contributors are leading scholars in political theory from the United States, Europe, and Africa: Samir Amin, Charles Beitz, Antonio Cassese, John Dunn, Jon Elster, David Held, Agnes Heller, Steven Lukes, Iain McLean, Claus Offe, Susan Moller Okin, Onora O'Neill and Ulrich K. Preuss.
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Demands of Citizenship

Author: Catriona McKinnon,Iain Hampsher-Monk

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826477552

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 7070

Since the seventeenth century liberal thinkers have been interested in the rights of individuals and their capacities to engage as free equals in the political activity of their community. However, as many in the republican tradition have noted, the maintenance of certain types of communities - predicated on broadly shared ethical expectations, modes of communication and patterns of activity - is a precondition of the meaningful exercise of citizenship rights.This volume presents essays from many of the major names in the field, exploring citizenship from a fresh perspective. After two decades of strident individualism, in the light of claims that the liberal democratic state is under threat of collapse from the forces of globalization, and in the midst of a theoretical debate about the possible and desirable limits of individual autonomy, they argue that it is high time to go beyond the standard concern of what can be ascribed to citizens. We must ask what should be demanded of them, in the name of the protection of liberty, equality and stability.
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Deliberative Democracy in Australia

The Changing Place of Parliament

Author: John Uhr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521624657

Category: History

Page: 265

View: 2420

Parliament is central to the democratic claims of our system of governance. This 1998 book evaluates the role and performance of this centrepiece of Australian government. It explores the institutional design of the parliament, and its principles and practices, presenting a compelling case for reform. Uhr discusses parliament's representative and legislative roles, and the issue of accountability. He looks at the place of representative assemblies in liberal political theory and assesses current institutional performance. He argues that republicanism can be seen as a form of deliberative democracy, examining ways in which such democracy might be made more effective and meaningful in Australia. Combining an authoritative knowledge of political theory with a familiarity with the inner-workings of the Australian parliament, the author makes an important contribution to debates in Australia and internationally.
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Political Theory in Transition

Author: Noël O'Sullivan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781857288551

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 9513

During the past two decades there has been increasing dissatisfaction with established political categories, on the grounds that they no longer fit many of the facts of contemporary life, or adequately express many contemporary political ideals. Political Theory in Transition explores the principal reasons for this dissatisfaction and outlines some of the most influential responses to it. Key features of this textbook: * covers many of the important areas in political theory including: Communitarianism; Identity; Feminism; Liberalism; Citizenship; Democracy; Power; Authority; Legitimacy; Nationalism; Globalization; and the Environment * includes chapters written by some of the foremost authorities in the field of political theory * divided into four useful sections, beginning with the concept of the individual, and progressing to beyond the nation-state.
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Pluralism and Liberal Democracy

Author: Richard E. Flathman

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801882159

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 4006

Turns to the task of how to explain, justify, and encourage the concept, practice, and institutionalization of pluralism. By examining and analyzing the accounts and explanations of four philosophers, the author augments the theories of pluralism familiar to students and scholars of politics and political theory.
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A Theory of Universal Democracy

Beyond the End of History

Author: L. Ali Khan

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041120038

Category: Law

Page: 274

View: 8731

A Theory of Universal Democracy empowers cultures and communities across the world to custom design democracy in consonance with their traditional values. For example, the book makes concrete proposals for Muslim countries to democratize their constitutions without accepting Western values and without violating the principles of Islamic law. More importantly, Universal Democracy further develops the idea of Free State, which the author first presented in his previous book, The Extinction of Nation-States (Kluwer, 1996). The proposed fusion of Universal Democracy and Free State is designed to revolutionize the classical theory of government and to offer a new paradigm that accommodates both universality and uniqueness. Scholars, teachers and students of international law, constitutional law, legal theory, and Islamic law will find this book a source of valuable ideas.
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Ökonomische Theorie der Demokratie

Author: Anthony Downs

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783165290523

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 303

View: 456

English summary: It was Anthony Downs' objective to create a model dealing with voter and government behavior. In order to do so, he established goals which governments, parties and lobbyists as well as the voters can pursue. To motivate all those concerned, he introduced the self-interest axiom and called for rationality in order to attain these goals. With the help of marginal analysis, each voter determines his/her party differential, which will help to determine each voter's choice at the ballot box and to decide which party's rule will give him/her greater utility in the future. Downs describes how crucial the concept of ideology is to his theory. He maintains that a two-party democracy could not provide stable and effective government unless there is a large measure of ideological consensus amongst its citizens, and that political parties encouraged voters to be irrational by remaining vague and ambiguous. German description: Anthony Downs' inzwischen klassisches Demokratie-Modell des Wahler- und Regierungsverhaltens orientiert sich an der okonomischen Theorie. Er nimmt an, dass politische Parteien und Wahler in der Verfolgung bestimmter, deutlich spezifizierter Ziele optimal handeln. So treffen die Wahler unter Ungewissheit uber den Wahlvorgang und die zukunftige Regierungsbildung ihre Wahl nach dem mutmasslichen Nutzen. Die Regierung versucht, mit Hilfe der Manipulation des Budgets ihre Wiederwahl zu erreichen.Ideologien der Parteien auf der einen Seite, Interessengruppen auf der anderen stellen den Wahlern bzw. der Regierung Informationen zur rationalen Entscheidungsfindung zur Verfugung. Dabei wird deutlich, dass Mehrparteiensysteme und Verhaltniswahlrecht jedes Wahl-Kalkul unlosbar werden lassen. Auf die weiteren Folgerungen fur Demokratie-Forschung und -Verstandnis geht Downs im letzten Teil seines Werkes ausfuhrlich ein.
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States of Emergency in Liberal Democracies

Author: Nomi Claire Lazar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521449693

Category: History

Page: 179

View: 6404

This book shows how emergency powers can be justifiable in liberal democracies without suspending liberal norms.
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The Crisis of Liberal Democracy

A Straussian Perspective

Author: Kenneth L. Deutsch,Walter Soffer

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887063886

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 8993

Explores Strauss's teaching on natural right and the tradition of political philosophy and how his perspectives have influenced European and American liberal theory.
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The Oxford Handbook of Political Theory

Author: John S. Dryzek,Bonnie Honig,Anne Phillips

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199548439

Category: Philosophy

Page: 883

View: 4632

Oxford Handbooks of Political Science are the essential guide to the state of political science today. With engaging contributions from 51 major international scholars, the Oxford Handbook of Political Theory provides the key point of reference for anyone working in political theory and beyond.
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