The Uses and Misuses of Human Rights

A Critical Approach to Advocacy

Author: G. Andreopoulos,Z. Arat

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137408340

Category: Law

Page: 244

View: 1351

This volume focuses on challenges to the effective and proper use of human rights and tries to identify, through a series of case studies, strategies and contexts in which human rights advocacy can work in favor of human rights, as well as situations in which such advocacy may backfire, or unintentionally cause harm.
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International Human Rights Law and Practice

Author: Ilias Bantekas,Lutz Oette

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316677664

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4098

Human rights law is a complex but compelling subject that fascinates, but often confuses, students. International Human Rights Law and Practice explores the subject from a theoretical and practical perspective, guiding students to a rich understanding of the law. The second edition has been fully revised and updated, including two new chapters on children's rights and international criminal law, and new sections on a variety of topics, including the right to equality, the protection of refugees and the effect of foreign investment and sovereign debt on the enjoyment of human rights. In addition, new case studies and interviews with practitioners, NGO activists and policymakers show how theory is applied in real life. Student learning is supported by questions to stimulate seminar discussion and further reading sections that encourage independent study. The authors' clear and engaging writing style ensures that this new edition will continue to be required reading for all students of human rights law.
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How Immigrants Contribute to the Dominican Republic's Economy

Author: OECD,International Labour Organization

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264301143

Category:

Page: 116

View: 8562

How Immigrants Contribute to the Dominican Republic's Economy is the result of a project carried out by the OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization, with support from the European Union.
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Fray

Author: Julia Bryan-Wilson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226077829

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6097

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The Evolving Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance

Options for Action

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789241503181

Category: Medical

Page: 119

View: 2051

Subject: Antibiotic resistance development is a natural process of adaption leading to a limited lifespan of antibiotics. Unnecessary and inappropriate use of antibiotics favours the emergence and spread of resistant bacteria. A crisis has been building up over decades, so that today common and life-threatening infections are becoming difficult or even impossible to treat. It is time to take much stronger action worldwide to avert an ever increasing health and economic burden. A new WHO publication "The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance--Options for action" describes examples of policy activities that have addressed AMR in different parts of the world. The aim is to raise awareness and to stimulate further coordinated efforts
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Human Rights Obligations of Business

Beyond the Corporate Responsibility to Respect?

Author: Surya Deva,David Bilchitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107036879

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 452

View: 6094

This book critically evaluates the Ruggie Framework and the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, and investigates the normative foundations as well as the nature, extent and enforcement of corporate obligations for the realisation of human rights.
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The Uses and Misuses of Data and Models

The Mathematization of the Human Sciences

Author: W. James Bradley,Kurt C. Schaefer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452251126

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7090

Undeniably, the amount of "information" in our culture has increased by leaps and bounds. At the same time, discussion of values, norms and purpose is often missing from the discourse of social research - especially by those who work within the positivist framework. The authors of this book develop principles to guide the use of data and models in the human sciences. Writing as scholars who are at home with empirical and mathematical social science, yet taking seriously the critiques of this heritage, they propose ways of developing norms without becoming subjective.
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Maternal Transition

A North-South Politics of Pregnancy and Childbirth

Author: Candace Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317704592

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 390

What are the political dimensions that are revealed in women’s preferences for health care during pregnancy and childbirth? The answers to this question vary from one community to the next, and often from woman to the next, although the trends in the Global North and South are strikingly different. Employing three conceptual frames; medicalization, the public-private distinction, and intersectionality, Candace Johnson examines these differences through the narratives of women in Canada, the United States, Cuba, and Honduras. In Canada and the United States, women from privileged and marginalized social groups demonstrate the differences across the North-South divide, and women in Cuba and Honduras speak to the realities of severely constrained decision-making in developing countries. Each case study includes narratives drawn from in-depth interviews with women who were pregnant or who had recently had children. Johnson argues that women’s expressed preferences in different contexts reveal important details about the inequality that they experience in that context, in addition to as various elements of identity. Both inequality and identity are affected by the ways in which women experience the division between public and private lives – the life of the community and the life of the home and family – as well as the consequences of intersectionality – the combinations of various sources of disadvantage and women’s reactions to these, either in the form of resistance or compliance. The rigorous and highly original cross cultural and comparative research on health, gender, poverty and social context makes Maternal Transition an excellent contribution to global maternal health policy debates.
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Digital Citizenship in Schools

Nine Elements All Students Should Know

Author: Mike Ribble

Publisher: International Society for Technology in Education

ISBN: 1564845184

Category: Education

Page: 220

View: 929

Students today have always had technology in their lives, so many teachers assume their students are competent tech users — more competent, in fact, than themselves. In reality, not all students are as tech savvy as teachers might assume, and not all teachers are as incompetent as they fear. Even when students are comfortable using technology, they may not be using it appropriately. Likewise, educators of all skill levels may not understand how to use technology effectively. Both students and teachers need to become members of a digital citizenry. In this essential exploration of digital citizenship, Mike Ribble provides a framework for asking what we should be doing with respect to technology so we can become productive and responsible users of digital technologies.
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Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action

Author: Aseem Prakash,Mary Kay Gugerty

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139492489

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3719

Advocacy organizations are viewed as actors motivated primarily by principled beliefs. This volume outlines a new agenda for the study of advocacy organizations, proposing a model of NGOs as collective actors that seek to fulfil normative concerns and instrumental incentives, face collective action problems, and compete as well as collaborate with other advocacy actors. The analogy of the firm is a useful way of studying advocacy actors because individuals, via advocacy NGOs, make choices which are analytically similar to those that shareholders make in the context of firms. The authors view advocacy NGOs as special types of firms that make strategic choices in policy markets which, along with creating public goods, support organizational survival, visibility, and growth. Advocacy NGOs' strategy can therefore be understood as a response to opportunities to supply distinct advocacy products to well-defined constituencies, as well as a response to normative or principled concerns.
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Children, Ethics, and the Law

Professional Issues and Cases

Author: Gerald P. Koocher,Patricia Keith-Spiegel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780803277762

Category: Law

Page: 230

View: 3318

Koocher and Keith-Spiegel introduce the reader to a variety of ethical and legal dilemmas that may arise for mental-health professionals working with children, adolescents, and their families. They offer advice on how to analyze problematic situations and arrive at appropriate decisions. A unique feature of the book is the inclusion of more than 130 vignettes drawn from court decisions and actual clinical incidents. Covering such topics as counseling in schools, psychotherapy in private practice, research in university laboratories, and testifying in court, the authors address a broad spectrum of concerns for professionals who attend to the mental health needs of children. Gerald P. Koocher is chief psychologist at Boston’s Children’s Hospital and an associate professor of psychology at Harvard Medical School. He is editor of the journal Ethics and Behavior and coauthor, with John E. O’Malley, of The Damocles Syndrome: Psycho-social Consequences of Surviving Childhood Cancer.
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A Voice That Could Stir an Army

Fannie Lou Hamer and the Rhetoric of the Black Freedom Movement

Author: Maegan Parker Brooks

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 1626741654

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 5272

A sharecropper, a warrior, and a truth-telling prophet, Fannie Lou Hamer (1917–1977) stands as a powerful symbol not only of the 1960s black freedom movement, but also of the enduring human struggle against oppression. A Voice That Could Stir an Army is a rhetorical biography that tells the story of Hamer’s life by focusing on how she employed symbols— images, words, and even material objects such as the ballot, food, and clothing—to construct persuasive public personae, to influence audiences, and to effect social change. Drawing upon dozens of newly recovered Hamer texts and recent interviews with Hamer’s friends, family, and fellow activists, Maegan Parker Brooks moves chronologically through Hamer’s life. Brooks recounts Hamer’s early influences, her intersection with the black freedom movement, and her rise to prominence at the 1964 Democratic National Convention. Brooks also considers Hamer’s lesser-known contributions to the fight against poverty and to feminist politics before analyzing how Hamer is remembered posthumously. The book concludes by emphasizing what remains rhetorical about Hamer’s biography, using the 2012 statue and museum dedication in Hamer’s hometown of Ruleville, Mississippi, to examine the larger social, political, and historiographical implications of her legacy. The sustained consideration of Hamer’s wide-ranging use of symbols and the reconstruction of her legacy provided within the pages of A Voice That Could Stir an Army enrich understanding of this key historical figure. This book also demonstrates how rhetorical analysis complements historical reconstruction to explain the dynamics of how social movements actually operate.
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Intellectual Privilege

Copyright, Common Law, and the Common Good

Author: Tom W. Bell

Publisher: Mercatus Center at George Mason University

ISBN: 0989219380

Category: Law

Page: 238

View: 6213

A consensus has recently emerged among academics and policymakers that US copyright law has fallen out of balance. Lawmakers have responded by taking up proposals to reform the Copyright Act. But how should they proceed? This book offers a new and insightful view of copyright, marking the path toward a world less encumbered by legal restrictions and yet richer in art, music, and other expressive works. Two opposing viewpoints have driven the debate over copyright policy. One side questions copyright for the same reasons it questions all restraints on freedoms of expression, and dismisses copyright, like other forms of property, as a mere plaything of political forces. The opposing side regards copyrights as property rights that deserve—like rights in houses, cars, and other forms of property—the fullest protection of the law. Each of these viewpoints defends important truths. Both fail, however, to capture the essence of copyright. In Intellectual Privilege, Tom W. Bell reveals copyright as a statutory privilege that threatens our natural and constitutional rights. From this fresh perspective come fresh solutions to copyright’s problems. Published by the Mercatus Center at George Mason University.
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The Social Practice of Human Rights

Author: Joel R. Pruce

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137503777

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 6448

The Social Practice of Human Rights bridges the conventional scholar-practitioner divide by focusing on the space in between. The volume brings together cutting-edge chapters that together set a new agenda for research, grounded in the practice of critical self-reflection on the strategies that drive communities dedicated to the advocacy and implementation of human rights. The social practice of human rights takes place not in front of a judge, but in the streets and alleys, in the backrooms and out-of-the-way places where change occurs. Contributors to this volume investigate the contexts and efforts of activists and professionals devoted to promoting human rights norms. This research takes as its subject the organizations and movements that shoulder the burden of improving respect for human dignity. It argues that through a constructive critique of these patterns and practices, scholarship can have a positive impact on the political world.
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Human Rights, Southern Voices

Francis Deng, Abdullahi An-Na'im, Yash Ghai and Upendra Baxi

Author: William Twining

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521113210

Category: Law

Page: 238

View: 3934

This anthology contains a variety of Southern perspectives on human rights and contemporary issues relating to Islam, African custom, constitution making and abuses of the language of human rights.
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Healthy Lives, Healthy People

Our Strategy for Public Health in England

Author: Great Britain: Department of Health

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780101798525

Category: Political Science

Page: 96

View: 845

The Government recognises that many lifestyle-driven health problems are at alarming levels: obesity; high rates of sexually transmitted infections; a relatively large population of drug users; rising levels of harm from alcohol; 80,000 deaths a year from smoking; poor mental health; health inequalities between rich and poor. This white paper outlines the Government's proposals to protect the population from serious health threats; help people live longer, healthier and more fulfilling lives; and improve the health of the poorest. It aims to empower individuals to make healthy choices and give communities and local government the freedom, responsibility and funding to innovate and develop ways of improving public health in their area. The paper responds to Sir Michael Marmot's strategic review of health inequalities in England post 2010 - "Fair society, healthy lives" (available at http://www.marmotreview.org/AssetLibrary/pdfs/Reports/FairSocietyHealthyLives.pdf) and adopts its life course framework for tackling the wider social determinants of health. A new dedicated public health service - Public Health England - will be created to ensure excellence, expertise and responsiveness, particularly on health protection where a national response is vital. The paper gives a timetable showing how the proposals will be implemented and an annex sets out a vision of the role of the Director of Public Health. The Department is also publishing a fuller story on the health of England in "Our health and wellbeing today" (http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/@dh/@en/@ps/documents/digitalasset/dh_122238.pdf), detailing the challenges and opportunities, and in 2011 will issue documents on major public health issues.
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Youth, Pornography, and the Internet

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee to Study Tools and Strategies for Protecting Kids from Pornography and Their Applicability to Other Inappropriate Internet Content

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309170154

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 6068

The Internet has changed the way we access the world. This is especially true for kids, who soak up new technologies like eager little sponges. They have access to an enormous array of material, including educational links, sports info, chat roomsâ€"and, unfortunately, pornography. But we must approach our need to protect children with care to avoid placing unnecessary restrictions on the many positive features of the Internet. Youth, Pornography, and the Internet examines approaches to protecting children and teens from Internet pornography, threats from sexual predators operating on-line, and other inappropriate material on the Internet. The National Research Council’s Computer Science and Telecommunications Board explores a number of fundamental questions: Who defines what is inappropriate material? Do we control Internet access by a 17-year-old in the same manner as for a 7-year-old? What is the role of technology and policy in solving such a problem in the context of family, community, and society? The book discusses social and educational strategies, technological tools, and policy options for how to teach children to make safe and appropriate decisions about what they see and experience on the Internet. It includes lessons learned from case studies of community efforts to intervene in kids’ exposure to Internet porn. Providing a foundation for informed debate, this very timely and relevant book will be a must-read for a variety of audiences.
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Judicial Dialogue and Human Rights

Author: Amrei Müller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131680254X

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2515

This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the extent, method, purpose and effects of domestic and international courts' judicial dialogue on human rights. The analysis covers national courts' judicial dialogue from different regions of the world, including Eastern Europe, Latin America, Canada, Nigeria and Malaysia. The text is complemented by studies on specific subject matters such as LGTBI people's and asylum seekers' rights that further contribute to a better understanding of factors that stimulate or hold back judicial dialogue, and by first hand insights of domestic and European Court of Human Rights judges into their courts' involvement in judicial dialogue. The book features contributions from leading scholars and judges, whose combined perspectives provide an interesting and timely study.
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