The Upside-Down Constitution

Author: Michael S. Greve

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674063228

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 5345

The Constitution’s vision of federalism in which local, state, and federal government compete to satisfy preferences of individuals has given way to a cooperative, cartelized federalism that enables interest groups to leverage power at every level for their own benefit. Greve traces this inversion and dispels much received wisdom along the way.

Krone, Kirche und Verfassung

Konservatismus in den englischen Unterschichten 1815-1867

Author: Jörg Neuheiser

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525370091

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 4443

"Warum kommt es in England im 19. Jahrhundert zu keiner Revolution? Historiker verbinden die auffällige Stabilität der englischen Gesellschaft mit einem doppelten Problem: Schon sehr früh gab es in England eine Arbeiterbewegung, die gemeinsam mit den Liberalen Reformen forderte und auch revolutionäre Vorstellungen entwickelte. Trotz einer nach 1815 scheinbar stark radikalisierten Bevölkerung blieb eine Revolution aber aus, und eine Arbeiterpartei entstand in England später als in anderen europäischen Staaten. Seit 20 Jahren wird dieser Widerspruch üblicherweise mit der Komplexität sozialer und politischer Identitätsbildung innerhalb der Unterschichten erklärt. Verwiesen wird auf die lange dominante Tradition des englischen Liberalismus und Radikalismus, der auch die Reformbewegungen der Arbeiterschaft prägte. Mit dem vorliegenden Buch müssen solche Erklärungen erweitert werden. Es beschreibt eine bisher ignorierte lange Tradition des Konservatismus, die erhebliche Teile der englischen Unterschichten beeinflusste und zur Stabilität der englischen Gesellschaft beitrug. Dieser "Konservatismus von unten" kreiste um die Popularität der Monarchie, einem loyalistischen Patriotismus und ein protestantisches Selbstverständnis. Damit verbunden waren antikatholische Haltungen und ein paternalistisches Ideal von sozialer Gerechtigkeit, das einen Ausgleich zwischen sozialen Eliten und Unterschichten ermöglichte. In einer vergleichenden Lokalstudie werden bekannte Phänomene wie antikatholische Ausschreitungen neu interpretiert und bisher kaum erforschte Entwicklungen wie die frühen konservativen Arbeitervereine und Feiern im Umfeld der Monarchie untersucht, um das Bild der politischen Vorstellungen innerhalb der englischen Unterschichten um eine konservative Dimension zu erweitern."--Publisher's website.

Interpreting the Constitution

Author: Kent Greenawalt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190606479

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 1598

This third volume about legal interpretation focuses on the interpretation of a constitution, most specifically that of the United States of America. In what may be unique, it combines a generalized account of various claims and possibilities with an examination of major domains of American constitutional law. This demonstrates convincingly that the books major themes not only can be supported by individual examples, but are undeniably in accord with the continuing practice of the United States Supreme Court over time, and cannot be dismissed as misguided. The books central thesis is that strategies of constitutional interpretation cannot be simple, that judges must take account of multiple factors not systematically reducible to any clear ordering. For any constitution that lasts over centuries and is hard to amend, original understanding cannot be completely determinative. To discern what that is, both how informed readers grasped a provision and what were the enactors aims matter. Indeed, distinguishing these is usually extremely difficult, and often neither is really discernible. As time passes what modern citizens understand becomes important, diminishing the significance of original understanding. Simple versions of textualist originalism neither reflect what has taken place nor is really supportable. The focus on specific provisions shows, among other things, the obstacles to discerning original understanding, and why the original sense of proper interpretation should itself carry importance. For applying the Bill of Rights to states, conceptions conceived when the Fourteenth Amendment was adopted should take priority over those in 1791. But practically, for courts, to interpret provisions differently for the federal and state governments would be highly unwise. The scope of various provisions, such as those regarding free speech and cruel and unusual punishment, have expanded hugely since both 1791 and 1865. And questions such as how much deference judges should accord the political branches depend greatly on what provisions and issues are involved. Even with respect to single provisions, such as the Free Speech Clause, interpretive approaches have sensibly varied, greatly depending on the more particular subjects involved. How much deference judges should accord political actors also depends critically on the kind of issue involved.

American Constitutional Law, Volume I

The Structure of Government

Author: Ralph A. Rossum,G. Alan Tarr

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0813350301

Category: Law

Page: 704

View: 828

American Constitutional Law, Volume I provides a comprehensive account of the nation's defining document, examining how its provisions were originally understood by those who drafted and ratified it, and how they have since been interpreted by the Supreme Court, Congress, the President, lower federal courts, and state judiciaries. Clear and accessible chapter introductions and a careful balance between classic and recent cases provide students with a sense of how the law has been understood and construed over the years. The Tenth Edition has been fully revised to include seven new cases, including key decisions National Labor Relations Board v. Noel Canning, Zivotofsky v. Kerry, Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl, Horne v. Department of Agriculture and Comptroller of the Treasure of Maryland v. Wynne. A revamped and expanded companion website offers access to even more additional cases, an archive of primary documents, and links to online resources, making this text essential for any constitutional law course.

Federalism and Subsidiarity


Author: James E. Fleming,Jacob T Levy

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479875554

Category: Law

Page: 464

View: 8591

In Federalism and Subsidiarity, a distinguished interdisciplinary group of scholars in political science, law, and philosophy address the application and interaction of the concept of federalism within law and government. What are the best justifications for and conceptions of federalism? What are the most useful criteria for deciding what powers should be allocated to national governments and what powers reserved to state or provincial governments? What are the implications of the principle of subsidiarity for such questions? What should be the constitutional standing of cities in federations? Do we need to “remap” federalism to reckon with the emergence of translocal and transnational organizations with porous boundaries that are not reflected in traditional jurisdictional conceptions? Examining these questions and more, this latest installation in the NOMOS series sheds new light on the allocation of power within federations.


America's 51 Constitutions and the Crisis of Governance

Author: Sanford Levinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199930872

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 5662

In his widely acclaimed volume Our Undemocratic Constitution, Sanford Levinson boldly argued that our Constitution should not be treated with "sanctimonious reverence," but as a badly flawed document deserving revision. Now Levinson takes us deeper, asking what were the original assumptions underlying our institutions, and whether we accept those assumptions 225 years later. In Framed, Levinson challenges our belief that the most important features of our constitutions concern what rights they protect. Instead, he focuses on the fundamental procedures of governance such as congressional bicameralism; the selection of the President by the electoral college, or the dimensions of the President's veto power--not to mention the near impossibility of amending the United States Constitution. These seemingly "settled" and "hardwired" structures contribute to the now almost universally recognized "dysfunctionality" of American politics. Levinson argues that we should stop treating the United States Constitution as uniquely exemplifying the American constitutional tradition. We should be aware of the 50 state constitutions, often interestingly different--and perhaps better--than the national model. Many states have updated their constitutions by frequent amendment or by complete replacement via state constitutional conventions. California's ungovernable condition has prompted serious calls for a constitutional convention. This constant churn indicates that basic law often reaches the point where it fails and becomes obsolete. Given the experience of so many states, he writes, surely it is reasonable to believe that the U.S. Constitution merits its own updating. Whether we are concerned about making America more genuinely democratic or only about creating a system of government that can more effectively respond to contemporary challenges, we must confront the ways our constitutions, especially the United States Constitution, must be changed in fundamental ways.

The Oxford Handbook of the U.S. Constitution

Author: Mark Tushnet,Mark A. Graber,Sanford Levinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190245778

Category: Political Science

Page: 992

View: 3029

The Oxford Handbook of the U.S. Constitution offers a comprehensive overview and introduction to the U.S. Constitution from the perspectives of history, political science, law, rights, and constitutional themes, while focusing on its development, structures, rights, and role in the U.S. political system and culture. This Handbook enables readers within and beyond the U.S. to develop a critical comprehension of the literature on the Constitution, along with accessible and up-to-date analysis. The historical essays included in this Handbook cover the Constitution from 1620 right through the Reagan Revolution to the present. Essays on political science detail how contemporary citizens in the United States rely extensively on political parties, interest groups, and bureaucrats to operate a constitution designed to prevent the rise of parties, interest-group politics and an entrenched bureaucracy. The essays on law explore how contemporary citizens appear to expect and accept the exertions of power by a Supreme Court, whose members are increasingly disconnected from the world of practical politics. Essays on rights discuss how contemporary citizens living in a diverse multi-racial society seek guidance on the meaning of liberty and equality, from a Constitution designed for a society in which all politically relevant persons shared the same race, gender, religion and ethnicity. Lastly, the essays on themes explain how in a "globalized" world, people living in the United States can continue to be governed by a constitution originally meant for a society geographically separated from the rest of the "civilized world." Whether a return to the pristine constitutional institutions of the founding or a translation of these constitutional norms in the present is possible remains the central challenge of U.S. constitutionalism today.

Das große Ayurveda-Heilbuch

die umfassende Einführung in das Ayurveda ; mit praktischen Anleitungen zur Selbstdiagnose, Therapie und Heilung

Author: Vasant Lad

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783893854288


Page: 156

View: 4311


Verfassungsänderungen in etablierten Demokratien

Motivlagen und Aushandlungsmuster

Author: Astrid Lorenz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531911937

Category: Political Science

Page: 450

View: 6128

Verfassungen sind Macht-Ordnungen. Sie befugen und bändigen, verleihen Rechte und setzen Grenzen – den Bürgern ebenso wie dem Staat. Ihre Kombination mit dem demok- tischen Prinzip regelmäßiger Wahlen gilt als intelligenteste Methode, das menschliche Zusammenleben zum Vorteil aller langfristig zu organisieren und heterogene Interessen in einer Gemeinschaft zu integrieren. So einleuchtend die Relevanz von Verfassungen, so wenig wissen wir doch über ihr Schicksal nach der Verabschiedung. Die Politikwiss- schaft fiel offensichtlich auf ihre eigenen Deutungen herein: Es war ja sie selbst, die seit Mitte des vergangenen Jahrhunderts nach überstandenen Weltkriegen und der Anomie des Neuanfangs die Systeme des Westens als besonders fest gefügt bewertete und im Eindruck der Blockkonfrontation den hohen Respekt vor den Verfassungen als wesensbestimmend für die Demokratie. Als die Akteure längst flügge geworden waren und die Verfassungen bereits viel häufiger änderten, als angenommen, banden dann der weltumspannende for- le „Triumph des Konstitutionalismus“ (Kay 2001: 16; Herrmann/Schaal/Vorländer 2003) und die Debatte um eine europäische Verfassung die Aufmerksamkeit und lenkten von klassisch-nationalen Verfassungsentwicklungen ab. Solche klassisch-nationalen Verfassungsänderungen können als größere Reformen - fentliche Aufmerksamkeit erregen, wie die deutsche Föderalismusreform im Jahr 2006. Sie können sich sogar in der Einführung einer neuen Verfassung manifestieren, sofern diese die Identität bzw. Legitimationsgrundlage des politischen Systems nicht völlig abschafft (denn dann wäre von einer Revolution zu sprechen). Sie können aber auch marginal erscheinen und trotzdem als „steter Tropfen den Stein höhlen“, also in ihrer Summe unbemerkt Inhalt und Funktionsweise einer Verfassung erheblich verändern.


Wie zehn Jahre Finanzkrise die Welt verändert haben

Author: Adam Tooze

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641192773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 800

View: 4820

Zehn Jahre danach: Der Finanzcrash und seine dramatischen Folgen Als die US-Großbank Lehman Brothers im September 2008 zusammenbrach, war dies der Tiefpunkt der Banken- und Finanzkrise. Und obwohl der totale Kollaps der Weltwirtschaft damals verhindert wurde, ist die Finanzkrise noch lange nicht Geschichte, wie der britische Historiker Adam Tooze zeigt. Er schildert, wie es zu dieser Krise der Finanzmärkte kam und welche dramatischen Folgen sie bis heute hat. Denn nicht nur ist durch die Finanzkrise die Stabilität Europas ins Wanken geraten, sie hat auch das Vertrauen in die Kraft der globalen Wirtschaftsordnung erschüttert – und so zum Aufstieg der Populisten beigetragen.

The Constitution and Criminal Procedure

First Principles

Author: Akhil Reed Amar

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300074888

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 9171

Under the banner of the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Amendments, the Supreme Court of America has constitutionalized vast areas of criminal procedure law in ways that often reward the guilty whilst hurting the innocent. This book reconceptualizes the basic foundations of the criminal procedure field.

The Constitution Under Social Justice

Author: Antonio Rosmini

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739107256

Category: Philosophy

Page: 191

View: 2971

Antonio Rosmini-Serbati (1797D1855) was one of the first natural law scholars to bring natural law thinking into a conversation with the market economic order that was beginning to emerge in Europe in the 19th century. His reflections on matters such as the origin, nature, and limits of private property, the role of the state, and the nature of human reason show him to be a unique, innovative thinker who nonetheless was determined to work within the parameters of Catholic doctrine. Many of these ideas are concretized in his seminal work The Constitution Under Social Justice, a text that has profound instights to offer those today seeking to integrate theology, philosophy, and economics into their conceptions of a social order that aspires to be both free and just.

Lehrbuch des Āyurveda

Die Grundprinzipien

Author: Vasant Lad

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783941706491


Page: 378

View: 2875


Wo die Liebe beginnt


Author: Emily Giffin

Publisher: Diana Verlag

ISBN: 3641090261

Category: Fiction

Page: 448

View: 7796

Eine große Liebe, ein dunkles Geheimnis, ein entferntes Leben Marian lebt ihren Traum: Sie ist erfolgreiche Fernsehproduzentin mit einem tollen Mann an ihrer Seite und einem schicken Appartement in Manhattan – als plötzlich eine junge Frau vor ihrer Tür steht. Kirby ist das Kind, das Marian damals, als sie selbst noch ein Teenager war, zur Adoption freigab. Achtzehn lange Jahre hat Marian geschwiegen – nun muss sie sich ihrer Vergangenheit stellen.

Preamble to the U.S. Constitution (ENHANCED eBook)

Author: Douglas M. Rife

Publisher: Lorenz Educational Press

ISBN: 1429111429

Category: History

Page: 32

View: 8938

Introduce students to the reasons why the framers wrote the Constitution, learn about the arguments that shaped this amazing document and discover the importance of these concepts to society today. Includes time lines, activities and a card game.

Toleration and the Constitution

Author: David A. J. Richards

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195363081

Category: Philosophy

Page: 348

View: 3103

Why have the issues of religious liberty, free speech and constitutional privacy come to figure so prominently in our society? What are the origins of the basic principles of our constitutional law? This work develops a general theory of constitutional interpretation based on an original synthesis of political theory, history, law, and a larger approach to the interpretation of culture. Presenting both historical and theoretical arguments in support of a theory that affirms the moral sovereignty of the people, Richards maintains that toleration, or respect for conscience and individual freedom, is the central constitutional ideal. He discusses such current topics of constitutional controversy as church-state relations, the scope of free speech, and the application of the constitutional right to privacy, to abortion, and consensual adult sexual relations.

We Live In Upside Down Land Session 3

Author: Publius Marcus


ISBN: 131208927X

Category: History

Page: 122

View: 5460

This book will be all about the unconstitutional and political hack "rezident" at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave, one Barack Hussein Obama, who resides at the Old White House, which is now the New Marxist House. This book will be all about the Ubermessias Obama because he himself has been proclaimed to be the Messiah by the Muslim Brotherhood in this nation and many in Hollywood. The Scriptures never make the claim that we are to be nice to the enemy, ever. Prove me wrong and I will beg to differ. I consider myself to be a serious writer and most of my writings are at The Snooper Report, which I am now placing many blog entries into this series of books, We Live In Upside Down Land, (this is the third book in this regard). Each chapter of this book will be an entry from The Snooper Report and the footnotes will make sure that you have the links if you so choose to go there. On a personal note, I am a Grunt so at times there will be Grunt Speak within this book.

The Revolutionary Constitution

Author: David J. Bodenhamer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019991303X

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 6953

The framers of the Constitution chose their words carefully when they wrote of a more perfect union--not absolutely perfect, but with room for improvement. Indeed, we no longer operate under the same Constitution as that ratified in 1788, or even the one completed by the Bill of Rights in 1791--because we are no longer the same nation. In The Revolutionary Constitution, David J. Bodenhamer provides a comprehensive new look at America's basic law, integrating the latest legal scholarship with historical context to highlight how it has evolved over time. The Constitution, he notes, was the product of the first modern revolution, and revolutions are, by definition, moments when the past shifts toward an unfamiliar future, one radically different from what was foreseen only a brief time earlier. In seeking to balance power and liberty, the framers established a structure that would allow future generations to continually readjust the scale. Bodenhamer explores this dynamic through seven major constitutional themes: federalism, balance of powers, property, representation, equality, rights, and security. With each, he takes a historical approach, following their changes over time. For example, the framers wrote multiple protections for property rights into the Constitution in response to actions by state governments after the Revolution. But twentieth-century courts--and Congress--redefined property rights through measures such as zoning and the designation of historical landmarks (diminishing their commercial value) in response to the needs of a modern economy. The framers anticipated just such a future reworking of their own compromises between liberty and power. With up-to-the-minute legal expertise and a broad grasp of the social and political context, this book is a tour de force of Constitutional history and analysis.