The United Nations and civil society

legitimating global governance--whose voice?

Author: Nora McKeon,United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 7084

"The UN is able to recognize key global challenges but is beset by difficulties in trying to resolve them. It represents the current global political balance but is also the only international institution that can move it forward." "Civil society can be a

Modernizing the United Nations System

Civil Society's Role in Moving from International Relations to Global Governance

Author: John Trent

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3866499108

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 4794

This book contends that civil society must mobilize its capacities to bring a new will to national and international politics and oblige governments to act. It starts by demonstrating the need for institutional change at the UN and then shows how, both in the past and the present, leading individuals and nongovernmental organizations, using their knowledge base and their organizational networks, have lead the fight for international organizations. After a summary of major UN reform proposals over the years, the book concludes by identifying leading global ""reformers"" and elaborating a detailed plan for a global reform movement to spearhead the modernization of the UN system.

Transforming the United Nations System

Designs for a Workable World

Author: Joseph E. Schwartzberg

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9280871994

Category: Political Science

Page: 404

View: 2132

Global problems require global solutions. The United Nations as presently constituted, however, is incapable of addressing many global problems effectively. One nation– one vote decisionmaking in most UN agencies fails to reflect the distribution of power in the world at large, while the allocation of power in the Security Council is both unfair and anachronistic. Hence, nations are reluctant to endow the United Nations with the authority and the resources it needs. Extensive reform is essential. This analysis is rooted in the proposition that the design of decisionmaking systems greatly affects their legitimacy and effectiveness. Joseph Schwartzberg proposes numerous systemic improvements to the UN system, largely through weighted voting formulas that balance the needs of shareholders and stakeholders in diverse agencies. It indicates ways in which the interests of regions can supplement those of nations while voices of nongovernmental organizations and ordinary citizens can also be heard. In numerous contexts, it promotes meritocracy and gender equity. The book's aim is not to create an unrealistic utopia, but rather to establish a workable world in which the force of law supplants the law of force; a world committed to justice and continuous yet sustainable development. The author argues that, given the many existential threats now confronting our planet, the time frame for decisive action is short. The task is daunting and success is not guaranteed, but in view of the urgency of our situation, we can find ways of mustering the will, imagination, and resources to do the job.

Whose world is it anyway?

civil society, the United Nations and the multilateral future

Author: John W. Foster,Anita Anand,United Nations Association in Canada,Charles Stewart Mott Foundation,Canadian International Development Agency,Netherlands. Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken,World Conference on Civil Society

Publisher: United Nations Assn

ISBN: 9780969981671

Category: Political Science

Page: 560

View: 9321

Who decides the shape of the world's future? This work provides detailed information and analysis of the role of civil society organizations -- NGOs and social movements -- in global debates and struggles over equity, sustainability and justice. It examines some of the initiatives of local, national and international NGOs to remake the world, looking specifically at multilateral institutions.

Global Governance and NGO Participation

Shaping the Information Society in the United Nations

Author: Charlotte Dany

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415531365

Category: Law

Page: 182

View: 7759

This book explores the limits of NGO influence and the conditions that constrain NGOs when they participate in international negotiations Through an empirically rich study of the UN World Summits on the Information Society (WSIS) this book conceptualizes structural power mechanisms that shape global ICT governance and analyses the impact of NGOs on communication rights, intellectual property rights, financing, and Internet governance. The institutional framework of UN negotiations makes it easy for states to exclude NGOs from crucial meetings and to neglect their most relevant demands, in part explaining why NGOs had only limited influence on the policy outcomes of the WSIS in Geneva 2003 and Tunis 2005, although high numbers of NGOs participated. Using a critical perspective, Dany demonstrates that despite the far-reaching participation rights for civil society actors, structural power mechanisms continued to limit the influence of participating NGOs and this contradicts the widely held assumption that extensive NGO participation necessarily increases NGO influence on the policy outcomes. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, global governance, the United Nations, and global information and communication politics.

Between Sovereignty and Global Governance?

The United Nations and World Politics

Author: Albert J. Paolini,Christian Reus-Smit,Anthony P. Jarvis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349143421

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 8924

This book explores the nature and problems of global governance as we enter the next millennium. It focuses on the United Nations, the most ambitious experiment to date in multilateral management of world society. Leading scholars, policy-makers, and representatives of non-governmental organizations examine the economic, security, and civil political dimensions of governance, exploring the impact of changing global conditions on national, regional, and international institutions and processes of governance. They use the experience of the United Nations system to illuminate the nature and viability of sovereign and non-sovereign forms of governance in an era of rapid political, economic, cultural, strategic, and ecological change.

The United Nations, Peace and Security

From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect

Author: Ramesh Thakur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107176948

Category: Political Science

Page: 444

View: 8917

Explains the United Nations' key roles in underwriting international security, humanitarian protection and the international rule of law.

Religion, NGOs and the United Nations

Visible and Invisible Actors in Power

Author: Jeremy Carrette,Hugh Miall

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350020389

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 5719

How do religious groups, operating as NGOs, engage in the most important global institution for world peace? What processes do they adopt? Is there a "spiritual†? UN today? This book is the first interdisciplinary study to present extensive fieldwork results from an examination of the activity of religious groups at the United Nations in New York and Geneva. Based on a three and half-year study of activities in the United Nations system, it seeks to show how "religion†? operates in both visible and invisible ways. Jeremy Carrette, Hugh Miall, Verena Beittinger-Lee, Evelyn Bush and Sophie-Hélène Trigeaud, explore the way "religion†? becomes a "chameleon†? idea, appearing and disappearing, according to the diplomatic aims and ambitions. Part 1 documents the challenges of examining religion inside the UN, Part 2 explores the processes and actions of religious NGOs - from diplomacy to prayer - and the specific platforms of intervention – from committees to networks – and Part 3 provides a series of case studies of religious NGOs, including discussion of Islam, Catholicism and Hindu and Buddhist NGOs. The study concludes by examining the place of diplomats and their views of religious NGOs and reflects on the place of "religion†? in the UN today. The study shows the complexity of "religion†? inside one of the most fascinating global institutions of the world today.

Global Governance and the United Nations

Author: Simon Oerding

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640307747

Category: Political Science

Page: 32

View: 8923

Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, grade: 1,3, University of Münster (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), course: Hauptseminar: Globalisation and Global Governance, language: English, abstract: [...] Clearly, the paper revolves around the normative concept of global governance. While in scientific literature, the normative concept of global governance has become unfashionable by the time and a rather critical analysis of the implication of international regulation has taken precedence, it will be outlined that there is good reason to investigate the connection between the UN and the normative concept. By no means does this foreclose the importance of critical scrutiny of the establishing governance architecture. The criticism of global governance as the perpetuation of neoliberal hegemony and Western domination is acknowledged but will not be dealt with from this point on. Surprisingly little effort been made so far to systematically link the concept of global governance, be it normative or analytical, to the United Nations system although on a gut level, scholars seem to agree that both are somehow linked. At the start of the analysis, this paper sets out to present a first useful framework put forth by Brühl and Rosert (Brühl/Rosert 2007) and adds a missing category to the analysis, the link between the UN and the normative concept of global governance. In the normative tradition, the developed framework inter alia proposes to consider the UN as a potential activator for global governance as a normative concept. While the connection of global governance and the UN as its activator offers room for gripping research, the ambition of this paper is much downgraded. It only seeks to offer a starting point by investigating whether the UN can actually advance global governance and tries to enable a first cautious approach to the more general hypothesis above. To facilitate this analysis, in a first step a major problem of global governance is selected. The fundamental lack of integration of non-state actors into governance structures serves as a case in point for that matter. The legitimacy of global governance suffers from this lack which in turn impedes reaping the desired benefits of the concept. In a second step, the UN’s capacity to solve the depicted problem is analysed. [...]

A Changing United Nations

Multilateral Evolution and the Quest for Global Governance

Author: W. Knight

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0333984420

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 4465

The United Nations is at a critical juncture. It is faced with two distinct choices: to remain a 'decision frozen in time' or to develop a long-term adaptation agenda (and strategy) that would allow it to be a relevant institution of global governance for the twenty-first century. Reform and reflexive institutional adjustments have failed to address underlying problems facing this organization. After fifty-five years of existence it is still considered an inefficient and ineffective world body. Worse yet, its relevance is being questioned. This study offers a critique of existing UN change processes and then shifts focus to considerations of institutional learning strategies that would allow the UN to maintain relevance amidst the evolution of global governance arrangements.

The United Nations in the 21st Century

Author: Karen A. Mingst

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429973934

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 9425

The United Nations in the 21st Century provides a comprehensive yet accessible introduction to the United Nations, exploring the historical, institutional, and theoretical foundations of the UN. This popular text for courses on international organizations and international relations also discusses the political complexities facing the organization today.Thoroughly revised throughout, the fifth edition focuses on major trends since 2012, including changing power dynamics, increasing threats to peace and security, and the growing challenges of climate change and sustainability. It examines the proliferating public-private partnerships involving the UN and the debates over reforming the Security Council and the Secretary-General selection process. This edition also includes new case studies on peacekeeping and the use of force in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Mali, transnational terrorism and the emergence of ISIS, the Security Council's failure to act in Syria, the Syrian and global refugee/migrant crisis, and the conclusion of the Millennium Development Goals and framing of the Sustainable Development Goals.

The United Nations at Work

Author: Martin Ira Glassner

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275959449

Category: Law

Page: 351

View: 6318

Essays contributing to the debate on the United Nations by presenting original, authoritative anaylses of selected UN activities.

The Sustainable Development Goals

Illustrated by Yacine Aït Kaci (YAK)

Author: United Nations Department of Public Information


ISBN: 921362512X

Category: Social Science

Page: 76

View: 2686

On 25 September 2015, countries adopted a set of 17 goals to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda to be achieved by 2030. For the goals to be reached, everyone needs to do their part: governments, the private sector, civil society and people like you. Elyx, the United Nations' digital ambassador, uses various expressions and actions to help demonstrate the meaning of each goal. Created by French artist YAK, Elyx has no race, sex or nationality and is a universal character promoting the importance of the United Nations' work.

Inside the United Nations

Multilateral Diplomacy Up Close

Author: Gert Rosenthal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315301776

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 614

Inside the United Nations illustrates some of the parameters surrounding consensus-building at the United Nations, seeking to provide new insights beyond what is already known. The author spent twelve years as P.R of Guatemala at the UN, offering him privileged observatories in all three of the main inter-governmental organs: the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, and the Security Council. In this book Rosenthal focuses on six case studies that offer the breadth and scope of what the UN does, and illustrate some of the main elements of the dynamics of consensus-building, providing concrete examples of the ingredients that shape decision-making in a multilateral setting. The chapters: cover the origin, preparation, and outcome of two successful international conferences: the 2000 Millennium Summit and the 2002 International Conference on Financing for Development; look at the 2000 negotiation on the scale of assessments to finance the UN’s budget in the General Assembly’s fifth committee (2000-2001); focus on the relevance of the Economic and Social Council; consider the internal politics involved in vying for elected posts in intergovernmental bodies by focusing on the campaign to be elected to the Security Council between Guatemala and Venezuela in 2006; reflect on the peculiarities of decision-making in the Security Council. Providing an insider’s view on the UN and exploring different facets of multilateral diplomacy at the UN, this book will be of great use and interest to scholars of international relations as well as the diplomatic community. ? ? ? ?

The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations

Author: Thomas G. Weiss,Sam Daws

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192524658

Category: Political Science

Page: 816

View: 5371

This Handbook provides in one volume an authoritative and independent treatment of the UN's seventy-year history, written by an international cast of more than 50 distinguished scholars, analysts, and practitioners. It provides a clear and penetrating examination of the UN's development since 1945 and the challenges and opportunities now facing the organization. It assesses the implications for the UN of rapid changes in the world - from technological innovation to shifting foreign policy priorities - and the UN's future place in a changing multilateral landscape. Citations and additional readings contain a wealth of primary and secondary references to the history, politics, and law of the world organization. This key reference also contains appendices of the UN Charter, the Statute of the International Court of Justice, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.