The Truth of Scientific Medicine

Author: Benjamin Mozes

Publisher: Gefen Books

ISBN: 9789654934664

Category: Medical

Page: 495

View: 4146

The Truth of Scientific Medicine is an attempt to deal with one of the crucial problems in modern medicine: the rapid rate of exchange of truths serving as the foundation of medical practice. Unstable truths are a source of skepticism and concern among many physicians. They are also one of the main reasons for the crisis undermining the trust between patient and physician. The quest for the truth in modern medicine passes through the six core concepts of scientific truth: paradigms, methods, borders, criteria, interpretation and inference. The author deliberates each of these concepts through concrete examples at three levels: the historical, the theoretical and the political. The issues serving as the basis of the discussion are of concern to the medical world, and appear at the core of professional and sometimes the public debate: management of coronary heart disease, treatment of bronchial asthma, hormone replacement in menopausal women, early detection of breast cancer, drug therapy for diabetes, conventional vs. alternative medicine. "I found the book to be a page-turner of profound literary skill combined with historical depth, an extremely readable and fascinating review of clinical epidemiology and its principles, with a case history approach that is absolutely fascinating. Each of the terrific historical vignettes, interesting in its own right, brings with it a lesson in study design or analytic or interpretative methodology that is crucial for the beginning clinical researcher as well as for the experienced researcher.
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Mediale Medizin

Der wahre Ursprung von Krankheit und Heilung

Author: Anthony William

Publisher: Arkana

ISBN: 3641183901

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 464

View: 2401

Seit seiner Kindheit besitzt Anthony William eine einzigartige Gabe: Ein göttlicher Geist flüstert ihm äußerst präzise Informationen zum Gesundheitszustand seiner Mitmenschen ins Ohr. Diese medialen Botschaften zeigen nicht nur, an welcher Krankheit der Betroffene leidet, sondern auch, wie er wieder vollständig gesund wird – und sind dem heutigen Stand der Medizin oft um Lichtjahre voraus. Dieses Buch enthält erstmals das revolutionäre Heilwissen, das sich Anthony William in seiner langjährigen, erfolgreichen Praxis als medizinisches Medium erwarb. Es zeigt die wahren Ursachen von Krankheiten, die in der Medizinwissenschaft als chronisch oder unheilbar gelten, wie beispielsweise Rheumatoide Arthritis, Multiple Sklerose, Typ-2-Diabetes, hormonelle Erkrankungen, chronisches Müdigkeitssyndrom oder Borreliose. Neben der Ursache benennt William einfache, leicht gangbare Wege der Heilung: Detox, Superfoods, Ernährungstipps und eine reinigende 28-tägige Heilkur.
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Snake Oil Science

The Truth about Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Author: R. Barker Bausell PhD

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199758593

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 4390

Millions of people worldwide swear by such therapies as acupuncture, herbal cures, and homeopathic remedies. Indeed, complementary and alternative medicine is embraced by a broad spectrum of society, from ordinary people, to scientists and physicians, to celebrities such as Prince Charles and Oprah Winfrey. In the tradition of Michael Shermers Why People Believe Weird Things and Robert Parks's Voodoo Science, Barker Bausell provides an engaging look at the scientific evidence for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and at the logical, psychological, and physiological pitfalls that lead otherwise intelligent people--including researchers, physicians, and therapists--to endorse these cures. The books ultimate goal is to reveal not whether these therapies work--as Bausell explains, most do work, although weakly and temporarily--but whether they work for the reasons their proponents believe. Indeed, as Bausell reveals, it is the placebo effect that accounts for most of the positive results. He explores this remarkable phenomenon--the biological and chemical evidence for the placebo effect, how it works in the body, and why research on any therapy that does not factor in the placebo effect will inevitably produce false results. By contrast, as Bausell shows in an impressive survey of research from high-quality scientific journals and systematic reviews, studies employing credible placebo controls do not indicate positive effects for CAM therapies over and above those attributable to random chance. Here is not only an entertaining critique of the strangely zealous world of CAM belief and practice, but it also a first-rate introduction to how to correctly interpret scientific research of any sort. Readers will come away with a solid understanding of good vs. bad research practice and a healthy skepticism of claims about the latest miracle cure, be it St. John's Wort for depression or acupuncture for chronic pain.
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Ethical Consensus and the Truth of Laughter

The Structure of Moral Transformations

Author: Hub Zwart

Publisher: Peeters Publishers

ISBN: 9789039004128

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 6119

We participate in moral debate, instead of taking established morality for granted, because of our discontent with the moral discourse already existing. We feel that something is distorted or concealed, that something remains to be said. One of the strategies to expose the deficiencies of established discourse is critical argument, but under certain specific historical circumstances, the apparent self-evidence of established moral discourse has gained such a dominance, has acquired such an ability to conceal its basic vulnerability, that its validity simply seems beyond contestation. Notwithstanding our discontent, we remain unable to challenge the established truth effectively. Then, all of a sudden, its vulnerability is revealed - and this is the experience of laughter. Moral criticism is preceded by laughter. In fact, all crucial transformations that emerged in the history of morality were accompanied by and made possible by laughter and moral criticism is basically and originally a comic genre. After drawing an outline of the present moral regime in chapter one, the moral significance of laughter is recovered with the help of four 'philosophers of laughter' in chapter two, namely Bakhtin, Nietzsche, Bataille and Foucault. Laughter allows reality to appear in a certain light, it contains a basic truth, it is a philosophical principle in its own right that cannot be reduced to or identified with the truth of science. In the subsequent chapters it is shown how three crucial moral transformations, occuring in the fourth century B.C., the sixteenth century A.D. and the nineteenth century A.D. evolved out of an experience of laughter, articulated by three outstanding protagonists of laughter presented in this book: Socrates, Luther and Ibsen. Finally, the significance of the experience of laughter in view of the present is discussed.
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Under the Medical Gaze

Facts and Fictions of Chronic Pain

Author: Susan Greenhalgh

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520223981

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 371

View: 8251

"This is an extraordinary book—riveting story, concise scholarship, experimental ethnography—and it is beautifully told. Greenhalgh makes a cogent and powerful analysis of the sociopolitical sources of pain through feminist, cultural, and political understandings of the nature of medical science and medical practice in the United States."—Sharon Kaufman, author of The Healer's Tale "Far above a simple telling of an illness, Greenhalgh takes the experience as a way to view gendered relations in medical care, the seduction of science for the physician and the patient, and the creation of facts and selves in the treatment of pain. She sets a new standard for the practice of autoethnography."—Virginia Olesen, Professor Emerita of Sociology, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco "A compellingly told story that advances our understanding of the meaning of chronic illness, particularly for women. This work adds a new dimension to the genre of illness narratives."—Susan DiGiacomo, Series Editor, Theory and Practice in Medical Anthropology and International Health "A very useful and very well written book. . . . It states the issues in the culture of biomedicine field effectively and makes them relevant."—Arthur Kleinman, author of Writing at the Margin: Discourse between Anthropology and Medicine "A deeply troubling, meticulous account about the chasm between medical orthodoxy and the subjective experience of chronic illness. This courageous book is essential reading for physicians and the public at large."—Margaret Lock, author of Encounters with Aging: Mythologies of Menopause in Japan and North America
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The Growth of Medical Knowledge

Author: H.A. Ten Have,G.L Kimsma,S.F. Spicker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400920253

Category: Medical

Page: 196

View: 7533

The growth of knowledge and its effects on the practice of medicine have been issues of philosophical and ethical interest for several decades and will remain so for many years to come. The outline of the present volume was conceived nearly three years ago. In 1987, a conference on this theme was held in Maastricht, the Netherlands, on the occasion of the founding of the European Society for Philosophy of Medicine and Health Care (ESPMH). Most of the chapters of this book are derived from papers presented at that meeting, and for the purpose of editing the book Stuart Spicker, Ph. D. , joined two founding members of ESPMH, Henk ten Have and Gerrit Kimsma. The three of them successfully brought together a number of interesting contribu tions to the theme, and ESPMH is grateful and proud to have initiated the production of this volume. The Society intends that annual meetings be held in different European countries on a rotating basis and to publish volumes related to these meetings whenever feasible. In 1988, the second conference was held in Aarhus, Denmark on "Values in Medical Decision Making and Resource Allocation in Health Care". In 1989, a meeting was held in Czestochowa, Poland, on "European Traditions in Philosophy of Medicine. From Brentano to Bieganski". It is hoped that these conferences and the books to be derived from them, will initiate a new European tradition, lasting well into the 21 st century! P. J.
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Moments of Truth in Genetic Medicine

Author: M. Susan Lindee

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801881757

Category: Medical

Page: 270

View: 5814

Susan Lindee's original study explores the institutions, disciplines, and ideas that initiated the reconfiguration of genetic medicine from a marginal field in the mid-1950s to a core research frontier of biomedicine. Focusing on benchmarks in the field she tracks the emergence of a biomedical consensus that nearly all disease is genetic disease.
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Sterblich sein

Was am Ende wirklich zählt. Über Würde, Autonomie und eine angemessene medizinische Versorgung

Author: Atul Gawande

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104035849

Category: Self-Help

Page: 336

View: 9033

Ein Buch über das Sterben, das das Leben lehrt Die Medizin scheint über Krankheit und Tod zu triumphieren, doch sterben wir so trostlos wie nie zuvor. Der Bestsellerautor und renommierte Arzt Atul Gawande schreibt in seinem beeindruckenden Buch über das, was am Ende unseres Lebens wirklich zählt. Ungewöhnlich offen spricht er darüber, was es bedeutet, alt zu werden, wie man mit Gebrechen und Krankheiten umgehen kann und was wir an unserem System ändern müssen, um unser Leben würdevoll zu Ende zu bringen. Ein mutiges und weises Buch eines großartigen Autors, voller Geschichten und eigener Erfahrungen, das uns hilft, die Geschichte unseres Lebens gut zu Ende zu erzählen. »Dieses Buch ist nicht nur weise und sehr bewegend, sondern gerade in unserer Zeit unbedingt notwendig und sehr aufschlussreich.« Oliver Sacks »Die medizinische Betreuung ist mehr auf Heilung ausgelegt als auf das Sterben. Dies ist Atuls Gawandes stärkstes und bewegendstes Buch.« Malcolm Gladwell
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Underwood's Pathology

Author: Simon Cross

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702053384

Category: Medical

Page: 800

View: 3856

Underwood’s Pathology (formerly General and Systematic Pathology) is an internationally popular and highly acclaimed textbook, written and designed principally for students of medicine and the related health sciences. Pathology is presented in the context of modern cellular and molecular biology and contemporary clinical practice. After a clear introduction to basic principles, it provides comprehensive coverage of disease mechanisms and the pathology of specific disorders ordered by body system. An unrivalled collection of clinical photographs, histopathology images and graphics complement the clear, concise text. For this sixth edition, the entire book has been revised and updated. Well liked features to assist problem-based learning – including body diagrams annotated with signs, symptoms and diseases and a separate index of common clinical problems – have been retained and refereshed. Additional value is provided by the complementary online version – hosted on studentconsult.com - which includes the complete, fully searchable text, downloadable images, clinical case studies and a revised, interactive self-assessment section to check your understanding and aid exam preparation. This all combines to make Underwood’s an unsurpassed learning package in this fascinating and most central medical specialty. Contents perfectly matches needs of medical students. Very clinical approach is ideally suited to integrated courses. Each organ system chapter begins with a brief review of normal structure and function, emphasizing aspects that are important to an understanding of the subsequently discussed disease processes. Offers an unrivalled superb collection of clinical photographs, histopathology images, and graphics, approximately 700 in all, that richly depict the appearance of both healthy and diseased tissues. Extensive International Advisory Board validates contents. New co-editor, Dr Simon Cross. Structure of chapters revised to make the book much easier to use during courses that are problem- or case-based. Several new contributors and re-written chapters. Expanded International Advisory Board.
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The Polish School of Philosophy of Medicine

From Tytus Chalubinski (1820–1889) to Ludwik Fleck (1896–1961)

Author: Ilana Löwy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400921357

Category: Medical

Page: 290

View: 2749

My 'discovery' of the Polish School of philosophy of medicine stemmed from my studies in the genesis of Ludwik Fleck's epistemology. These studies, and my interest in the scientific roots of Fleck's epistemology were a nearly 'natural' result of my own biography: like Fleck I had been trained, an had worked as an immunologist, and had later switched to studies in the social history of medicine and biology. Moreover, it so happened that Fleck's book, Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact -the description of a science as it is, not as it should be -was the first epistemological study in which I found echos of my experience in the laboratory. My interest in Fleck was also highlightened by the fact that in his works, and, as I discovered later, in the works of his predecessors of the Polish School of philosophy of medicine, was formulated the problem that had stimulated my interest in the history of medicine and biology, and is still central to my present investigations: the relationships between biological knowledge and clinical practice. The writing of the book was made possible through to the help of many colleagues and friends. The unfailing support for my research, whatever its subject might be, from my colleagues from Unit 158 of INSERM and in particular from its head Patrice Pinell, has made my study of the Polish School possible.
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General and Systematic Pathology E-Book

Author: James C. E. Underwood,Simon S Cross

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 143772874X

Category: Medical

Page: 860

View: 2683

This highly acclaimed textbook is written specifically for students of medicine and related health science subjects. It progresses from a review of general pathology principles and disease mechanisms through detailed discussions of the pathologic entities associated with each organ system. Nearly 700 full-color photographs and pathology slides bring the content to life. The fifth edition features extensive updates throughout to reflect the latest discoveries in cellular and molecular pathology, and offers a web site that presents self-assessment material and illustrated clinical case studies. Contents perfectly matches needs on medical students. Very clinical approach matches integrated courses. Extensive International Advisory Board validates contents. Each organ system chapter begins with a brief review of normal structure and function, emphasizing aspects that are important to an understanding of the subsequently discussed disease processes. Offers a superb collection of clinical photographs, histopathology images, and graphics, approximately 700 in all, that richly depict the appearance of both healthy and diseased tissues. New co-editor, Dr Simon Cross. Structure of chapters revised to make the book much easier to use during courses that are problem- or case-based. Several new contributors and re-written chapters. Expanded International Advisory Board.
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Das Salz-Zucker-Fett-Komplott

Wie die Lebensmittelkonzerne uns süchtig machen

Author: Michael Moss

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641129621

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 624

View: 2150

Essen kann tödlich sein – wie Nestlé, Kellogg’s, Kraft & Co. unsere Gesundheit aufs Spiel setzen Minneapolis, April 1999: Bei einem geheimen Treffen kommen die Geschäftsführer der zwölf größten Nahrungsmittelkonzerne der USA – darunter Nestlé, Coca-Cola und Kraft – zusammen. Auf ihrer Agenda: die weltweit zunehmende Fettleibigkeit. Ihre Sorge: Immer häufiger werden industriell hergestellte Lebensmittel mit ihren Unmengen an Salz, Zucker und Fett für die Gewichtsprobleme der Menschen verantwortlich gemacht. Ein Vorstandsmitglied von Kraft appelliert an das Gewissen seiner Kollegen. Doch unvermittelt ist das Treffen zu Ende ... Fünfzehn Jahre später ist nicht nur die Anzahl der Fettleibigen massiv angestiegen, immer öfter werden auch Krankheiten wie Diabetes, Bluthochdruck, Arthrose, Brust- und Darmkrebs mit unserem immensen Konsum von industriell erzeugten Nahrungsmitteln in Zusammenhang gebracht. Milliarden werden investiert, um die perfekte Mischung an Salz, Zucker und Fett zu finden, die uns süchtig macht nach immer mehr. Michael Moss öffnet uns die Augen für die skrupellosen Geschäftsmethoden der Nahrungsmittel-Multis. Alarmierend, spannend, zukunftsweisend: Sein Buch wird unseren Blick auf unsere Essgewohnheiten für immer verändern.
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Fabulous Science

Fact and Fiction in the History of Scientific Discovery

Author: John Waller

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198609391

Category: Discoveries in science

Page: 308

View: 3182

The great biologist Louis Pasteur suppressed 'awkward' data because it didn't support the case he was making. John Snow, the 'first epidemiologist' was doing nothing others had not done before. Gregor Mendel, the supposed 'founder of genetics' never grasped the fundamental principles of'Mendelian' genetics. Joseph Lister's famously clean hospital wards were actually notorious dirty. And Einstein's general relativity was only 'confirmed' in 1919 because an eminent British scientist cooked his figures. These are just some of the revelations explored in this book. Drawing on current history of science scholarship, Fabulous Science shows that many of our greatest heroes of science were less than honest about their experimental data and not above using friends in high places to help get their ideas accepted. It also reveals that the alleged revolutionaries ofthe history of science were often nothing of the sort. Prodigiously able they may have been, but the epithet of the 'man before his time' usually obscures vital contributions made their unsung contemporaries and the intrinsic merits of ideas they overturned. These distortions of the historicalrecord mostly arise from our tendency to read the present back into the past. But in many cases, scientists owe their immortality to a combination of astonishing effrontery and their skills as self-promoters.
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Rats in Science and Medicine

Reflections of an Ombudsman

Author: Richard Hansford

Publisher: Richard Hansford

ISBN: 1432743147

Category: Fiction

Page: 174

View: 1348

Scientific research is the search for truth and this is a noble pursuit. Yet the scientists who power this endeavor are all-too human; they are driven by desire for fame, for power, for money and in many cases they will not be denied. For a few, the path leads to uncollegiality, deceit and even crime. Results may be manipulated, competitors may be obstructed even destroyed.You will meet some of these villains in this group of short stories, which are based upon real-life occurrences which came to the ears of the author during his many years in the trenches of Science and through his work as an ombudsman. Read with care! Not all of the people whom you will meet will be White Knights!
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Medicine from Art to Science

The Role of Complexity and Evolution

Author: G. F. Azzone

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9789051993905

Category: Science

Page: 197

View: 3890

A psychology text that you'll actually want to read! PSYCHOLOGY: A JOURNEY is guaranteed to spark your curiosity, insight, imagination, and interest. Using the proven SQ4R (Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Reflect, and Review) active learning system to help you study smarter, Coon leads you to an understanding of major concepts as well as how psychology relates to the challenges of everyday life. Each chapter of this book takes you into a different realm of psychology, such as personality, abnormal behavior, memory, consciousness, and human development. Each realm is complex and fascinating, with many pathways, landmarks, and detours to discover. Take the journey and find yourself becoming actively involved with the material as you develop a basic understanding of psychology that will help you succeed in this course and enrich your life. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.
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Der Healing Code

Die 6-Minuten-Heilmethode

Author: Alex Loyd,Ben Johnson

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644458219

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 352

View: 1203

In nur 6 Minuten zur Heilung – was unmöglich erscheint, haben die beiden Ärzte Alex Loyd und Ben Johnson, die gemeinsam eine Krebsklinik mit alternativen Heilverfahren leiteten, geschafft. Ihre Methode half Alex Loyds Frau, ihre jahrelange Depression zu überwinden, und Johnson befreite sich von einer amyotrophen Lateralsklerose, einer Krankheit, die eigentlich unheilbar ist und zum Tode führt. In ihrem Buch schildern sie weitere sensationelle Heilungsergebnisse – doch wirklich frappierend ist die Einfachheit dieser Methode: Man führt zweimal pro Tag eine Folge von vier Handpositionen aus, was gerade mal sechs Minuten dauert – das schafft jeder. Und die Ergebnisse sind einfach überwältigend! «Dr. Alex Loyd hat die ultimative Heilmethode entwickelt – sie ist revolutionär. Der einfachste Weg, gesund zu werden und es zu bleiben.» (Marc Victor Hansen, «Hühnersuppe für die Seele»)
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Methods in Medicine

A Descriptive Study of Physicians’ Behaviour

Author: J. Ridderikhoff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400910975

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 7577

Clinicians spend their working lives making decisions. such decisions are usually made in interlocking streams rather than in the discrete circumscribed contexts so beloved of scientists. When the clinician encounters a patient a complex interactive process is initiated in which the clinician searches his memory to match the symptoms and signs indicated by the patient with the complex disease models which he carries in his head. He then makes choices about further questions or tests in order to clarify his understanding of the patient's problem and to formulate a management or treatment plan. In recent years there has been increasing interest in how clinicians make such decisions and a realization that decision-making in clinical medicine is virtually the same as that in many other professional contexts. The scientific study and formal teaching of clinical decision-making is a relatively young discipline. Less than 20 books have so far appeared which take explicit account of the theoretical and experimental decision-making literature in medicine and other related disciplines. This book is a distinctive and important contribution to this growing field. It combines a comprehensive critical analysis of a wide range of relevant philo sophical, statistical, psychological and medical literature with an interesting set of experimental observations of primary care physicians. Dr. Ridderikhoff shows great erudition and wide command of a large reference literature. Dr. Ridderikhoff takes a firmly descriptive rather than prescriptive viewpoint on understanding clinical decision-making.
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What Doctors Don't Tell You

The Truth About The Dangers Of Modern Medicine

Author: Lynne Mctaggart

Publisher: Harper Perennial

ISBN: 9780380796076

Category: Medical

Page: 388

View: 6015

Discusses the potential dangers of cholesterol-lowering medications, steroids, antibiotics, and Ritalin, and reveals the potentially life-threatening risks of certain medical procedures and tests
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Der Medicus

Roman

Author: Noah Gordon

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 3641119200

Category: Fiction

Page: 864

View: 820

Der Waisenjunge Rob findet bei einem Bader Schutz und wird sein gelehriger Schüler. Nach dem Tod seines Meisters bricht er nach Persien auf, denn dort, im fernen Isfahan, lehrt Avicenna, der berühmteste aller Ärzte. Rob trotzt mutig den Gefahren seiner weiten Reise, Hunger, Pest und den Überfällen religiöser Fanatiker. Unbeirrt folgt er seiner Berufung als Arzt und Heiler.
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The Universities of the Italian Renaissance

Author: Paul F. Grendler

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801880551

Category: Education

Page: 616

View: 7413

Italian Renaissance universities were Europe's intellectual leaders in humanistic studies, law, medicine, philosophy, and science. Employing some of the foremost scholars of the time -- including Pietro Pomponazzi, Andreas Vesalius, and Galileo Galilei -- the Italian Renaissance university was the prototype of today's research university. This is the first book in any language to offer a comprehensive study of this most influential institution. In this magisterial study, noted scholar Paul F. Grendler offers a detailed and authoritative account of the universities of Renaissance Italy. Beginning with brief narratives of the origins and development of each university, Grendler explores such topics as the number of professors and their distribution by discipline, student enrollment (some estimates are the first attempted), famous faculty members, budget and salaries, and relations with civil authority. He discusses the timetable of lectures, student living, foreign students, the road to the doctorate, and the impact of the Counter Reformation. He shows in detail how humanism changed research and teaching, producing the medical Renaissance of anatomy and medical botany, new approaches to Aristotle, and mathematical innovation. Universities responded by creating new professorships and suppressing older ones. The book concludes with the decline of Italian universities, as internal abuses and external threats -- including increased student violence and competition from religious schools -- ended Italy's educational leadership in the seventeenth century. -- Anthony F. D'Elia
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