The Truth of Science

Physical Theories and Reality

Author: Roger G. Newton

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674910928

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 4324

Examines the aims and tools of science for creating theories and explanations of phenomena, with an eye to answering the question of whether or not science actually leads to true comprehension of reality
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The Truth of Uncertainty

Beyond Ideology in Science and Literature

Author: Edward L. Galligan

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 9780826211927

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 188

View: 3707

In the last chapter of Walden, Henry David Thoreau proclaims a simple yet profound conviction: "Any truth is better than make- believe." Edward Galligan shares this conviction. In The Truth of Uncertainty: Beyond Ideology in Science and Literature, he argues that contemporary American critics should embrace literary truths with all of their ardent uncertainties rather than cling to the make-believe certainties of ideologies. Postmodern critics fail to ask the truth-seeker's essential question, What does the evidence prove? and instead trust the generalizations and slogans of ideologies to guide their interpretations. Attempting to be up-to-date and profound, these critics lose sight of the literature they are supposed to explore. The Truth of Uncertainty celebrates values commonly associated with modern, not postmodern criticism, applying them to contemporary works in a series of fresh and unusual inquiries. Galligan finds important implications for criticism in work from the physical sciences that are rarely touched on by American intellectuals, such as Gerald M. Edelman's Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind and Roger Penrose's The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics. Likewise, he finds illumination in the works of novelists that American critics have largely ignored--Josef Skvorecky, George V. Higgins, Mary Lee Settle, Robertson Davies. As a consequence of dealing with these "unusual" texts, Galligan presents a refreshing interpretation of a number of important concepts: language is grounded in talk; all literary criticism is subjective and tentative because reading is a highly subjective enterprise; and, most important, the world is real and any truth is indeed better than make-believe. He moves from a rejection of criticism in the service of ideology to an affirmation of criticism in the service of truthfulness. The ideas celebrated in The Truth of Uncertainty are timeless and valuable. Galligan returns to the text and provides a penetrating critique of the state of contemporary criticism, which has abandoned truth for ideology. The result is an eloquent salute to literature itself.
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The Truth of Scientific Medicine

Author: Benjamin Mozes

Publisher: Gefen Books

ISBN: 9789654934664

Category: Medical

Page: 495

View: 4072

The Truth of Scientific Medicine is an attempt to deal with one of the crucial problems in modern medicine: the rapid rate of exchange of truths serving as the foundation of medical practice. Unstable truths are a source of skepticism and concern among many physicians. They are also one of the main reasons for the crisis undermining the trust between patient and physician. The quest for the truth in modern medicine passes through the six core concepts of scientific truth: paradigms, methods, borders, criteria, interpretation and inference. The author deliberates each of these concepts through concrete examples at three levels: the historical, the theoretical and the political. The issues serving as the basis of the discussion are of concern to the medical world, and appear at the core of professional and sometimes the public debate: management of coronary heart disease, treatment of bronchial asthma, hormone replacement in menopausal women, early detection of breast cancer, drug therapy for diabetes, conventional vs. alternative medicine. "I found the book to be a page-turner of profound literary skill combined with historical depth, an extremely readable and fascinating review of clinical epidemiology and its principles, with a case history approach that is absolutely fascinating. Each of the terrific historical vignettes, interesting in its own right, brings with it a lesson in study design or analytic or interpretative methodology that is crucial for the beginning clinical researcher as well as for the experienced researcher.
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Censoring Science

Dr. James Hansen and the Truth of Global Warming

Author: Mark Bowen

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1440619220

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 6819

The dramatic story of global warming, politics, and the scientist Al Gore calls "the most powerful and consistent voice calling for intelligent action to preserve our planet's environment." Censoring Science is the gripping story of the world's preeminent climatologist, Dr. James Hansen, the "pivotal character in the greatest and most politically charged science story of our time" (New Scientist). NASA's leading climate expert, Dr. Hansen first broke the international news on global warming at a Senate hearing in 1988. Little did he expect the rising storm of politically motivated resistance, denial, and obstruction. Revealing the extent of the Bush administration's censorship of Dr. Hansen's findings, Censoring Science sets the record straight with solid scientific facts such as: the hottest years on record have occurred in the last two decades, and ice is melting at record rates all around the planet. Dr. Hansen shows how we can still prevent environmental disaster if the country and the government are willing to face the truth about global warming.
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The Professional Quest for Truth

A Social Theory of Science and Knowledge

Author: Stephan Fuchs

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791409237

Category: Science

Page: 254

View: 623

This book argues that the power of science as the most respected and authoritative world view is based on its superior material and organizational resources, not on its superior rationality. Fuchs approaches science as a social construct, and utilizing a theory of scientific organizations, he analyzes knowledge production in scientific fields how they differ in their resources and how these differences affect how science is conducted. The book explains why certain fields produce science and facts, while others engage in hermeneutics and conversation; why certain specialities change through cumulation rather than fragmentation; and why some fields are relativistic while others are positivist in their self-understanding. This general theory of knowledge is applicable not only to science, but to all varieties of professional groups engaged in knowledge production."
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The Price of Truth

How Money Affects the Norms of Science

Author: David B. Resnik

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198042303

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 3050

Modern science is big business. Governments, universities, and corporations have invested billions of dollars in scientific and technological research in the hope of obtaining power and profit. For the most part, this investment has benefited science and society, leading to new discoveries, inventions, disciplines, specialties, jobs, and career opportunities. However, there is a dark side to the influx of money into science. Unbridled pursuit of financial gain in science can undermine scientific norms, such as objectivity, honesty, openness, respect for research participants, and social responsibility. In The Price of Truth, David B. Resnik examines some of the important and difficult questions resulting from the financial and economic aspects of modern science. How does money affect scientific research? Have scientists become entrepreneurs bent on making money instead of investigators searching for the truth? How does the commercialization of research affect the public's perception of science? Can scientists prevent money from corrupting the research enterprise? What types of rules, polices, and guidelines should scientists adopt to prevent financial interests from adversely affecting research and the public's opinion of science?
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The Truth about Science and Religion

From the Big Bang to Neuroscience

Author: Fraser Fleming

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 149822329X

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 7620

Religion has influenced the development of science over the past two millennia. The Truth about Science and Religion tells the story of their interaction. The book examines the origin of the universe, evolutionary processes, Christian beliefs, the history of science, what being human really means, and what science and religion have to say about these ideas. The Truth about Science and Religion is designed to help explore personal views on science and religion, offering questions for discussion at the end of each chapter. The book provides the historical and scientific background and the philosophical insight needed to think through issues of science and religion and their influences on personal beliefs. Metaphors, analogies, and comparisons are used to simplify complex topics so that any reader can engage with the key concepts. Unlike other books in this field, The Truth about Science and Religion follows a chronological scheme, treating increasingly personal topics as the book moves through cosmology, evolution, the life of Jesus, and the lives of several great scientists to regain a unified view of science and religion in today's world.
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Truth and Tension in Science and Religion

Author: Varadaraja V. Raman

Publisher: Beech River Books

ISBN: 0979377862

Category: Religion and science

Page: 390

View: 1475

"An examination of the frameworks of science and religion that provides a multi-cultural view of how they affect our perception of the truth"--Provided by publisher.
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Defenders of the Truth

The Battle for Science in the Sociobiology Debate and Beyond

Author: Ullica Christina Olofsdotter Segerstråle

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198505051

Category: Psychology

Page: 493

View: 6587

For the last twenty-five years, sociobiologists have come under continuous attack by a group of left-wing academics, who have accused the former of dubious and politically dangerous science. Many have taken the critics' charges at face value. But have the critics been right? And what are their own motivations? This book strives to set the record straight. It shows that the criticism has typically been unfair. Still, it cannot be dismissed as "purely politically motivated". It turnsout that the critics and the sociobiologists live in different worlds of taken-for-granted scientific and moral convictions. The conflict over sociobiology is best interpreted as a drawn-out battle about the nature of "good science" and the social responsibility of the scientist, while it touches on such grand themes as the unity of knowledge, the nature of man, and free will and determinism. The author has stepped right into the hornet's nest of claims and counterclaims, moral concerns, metaphysical beliefs, political convictions, strawmen, red herrings, and gossip, gossip, gossip. She listens to the protagonists - but also to their colleagues. She checks with "arbiters". She plays the devil's advocate. And everyone is eager to tell her the truth - as they see it. The picture that emerges is a different one from the standard view of the sociobiology debate as a politically motivated nature-nurture conflict. Instead, we are confronted with a world of scientific and moral long-term agendas, for which the sociobiology debate became a useful vehicle. Behind the often nasty attacks, however, were shared Enlightenment concerns for universal truth, morality and justice. The protagonists were all defenders of the truth - it was just that everyone's truth was different. Defenders of the Truth provides a fascinating insight into the world of science. It follows the sociobiology controversy as it erupted at Harvard in 1975 until today, both in the US and the UK. But the story goes more deeply, for instance in its account of the circumstances surrounding W.D. Hamilton's famous 1964 paper on inclusive fitness, and in the connections of the sociobiology debate to the Human Genome project and the Science Wars. General readers and academics alike will find much to savour in this book.
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The Science of the X-files

Author: Michael White

Publisher: Orbit Books

ISBN: 9780099224525

Category: Life on other planets

Page: 256

View: 4469

Exploring the truth of the science behind The X-Files, this book examines aliens, telepathy, spontaneous combustion, firewalking, possession and many other supernatural phenomena.
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Merchants of Doubt

How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming

Author: Naomi Oreskes,Erik M. Conway

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1408828774

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 4763

The U.S. scientific community has long led the world in research on such areas as public health, environmental science, and issues affecting quality of life. These scientists have produced landmark studies on the dangers of DDT, tobacco smoke, acid rain, and global warming. But at the same time, a small yet potent subset of this community leads the world in vehement denial of these dangers. Merchants of Doubt tells the story of how a loose-knit group of high-level scientists and scientific advisers, with deep connections in politics and industry, ran effective campaigns to mislead the public and deny well-established scientific knowledge over four decades. Remarkably, the same individuals surface repeatedly-some of the same figures who have claimed that the science of global warming is "not settled" denied the truth of studies linking smoking to lung cancer, coal smoke to acid rain, and CFCs to the ozone hole. "Doubt is our product," wrote one tobacco executive. These "experts" supplied it. Naomi Oreskes and Erik M. Conway, historians of science, roll back the rug on this dark corner of the American scientific community, showing how ideology and corporate interests, aided by a too-compliant media, have skewed public understanding of some of the most pressing issues of our era.
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Science of Science and Reflexivity

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 074563060X

Category: Science

Page: 129

View: 3595

This book is based on the last course of lectures that Pierre Bourdieu delivered at the College de France. In it he presents a highly illuminating 'Sketch for a self-analysis', applying his theories to himself to show how his social origins and educational capital influenced his academic trajectory and the course of his thinking. It is a book that will be of great interest to students and scholars throughout the social sciences, natural sciences and humanities.
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Where the Truth Lies

Franz Moewus and the Origins of Molecular Biology

Author: Jan Sapp

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367516

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 3824

Where the Truth Lies is an absorbing account of a case of suspected fraud involving the tragic career of the molecular biologist Franz Moewus that illustrates all that can go wrong in scientific knowledge-making. Jan Sapp follows Moewus' meteoric flight among the greatest scientists of the twentieth century, to his denunciation as the perpetrator of one of the most ambitious cases of fraud in the history of science. The author reopens the case not to vindicate Moewus, but to show the lessons that the controversy reveals to the scientist. Professor Sapp demonstrates how what counts as evidence is negotiated in science, and reveals the difficulties scientists face in objectively testing the validity of their results. The author emphasizes the creative nature of science, the rhetorical nature of scientific reports, and the fictitious elements inherent in the construction and maintenance of scientific knowledge-making and knowledge-breaking claims.
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The Truth of Ecology

Nature, Culture, and Literature in America

Author: Dana Phillips

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195137699

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 300

View: 8591

A wide-ranging appraisal of environmental thought. It explores such topics as the history of ecology, radical science studies and ecology, the need for greater theoretical sophistication in ecocriticism, the dubious legacy of Thoreau, and the contradictions of contemporary nature writing.
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Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact

Author: Ludwik Fleck

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226253251

Category: Philosophy

Page: 203

View: 2981

The sociological dimension of science is studied using the discovery of the Wasserman reaction and its accidental application as a test for syphilis as a basis, and examining the role of cultural conditioning and error in scientific discovery
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Phenomenology of the Truth Proper to Religion

Critical Essays and Interviews

Author: Daniel Guerrière

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791401705

Category: Religion

Page: 323

View: 3719

The question is, what constitutes truth in religion? Represented here is the whole spectrum of phenomenology--transcendental, existential, hermeneutic, ethical, and deconstructive--presented by some of the most respected names in the philosophy of religion today: Louis Dupré, Merold Westphal, and Edward Farley. Here is also engagement with a wide variety of twentieth-century thinkers such as Husserl, Scheler, and Heidegger; Ricoeur, Gadamer, and Derrida; Freud, van der Leeuw, and Eliade; and Rosenzweig, Tillich, and Schillebeeks. This volume provides unique sources for anyone interested in the philosophical, theological, or scientific study of religion.
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Faith in Science

Scientists Search for Truth

Author: Mark Richardson,Gordy Slack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134516568

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 4426

Through intimate conversations with some of the world's most distinguished scientists (including two Nobel Laureates), Faith in Science invites us to explore the connections between scientific and religious approaches to truth. Subjects range from the existence and nature of God to the role of spirituality in modern science. The result is a clear account of how two major cultural forces can work together to offer unique insights into questions of existence.
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A New Science of Politics

Hans Kelsen's Reply to Eric Voegelin's 'New Science of Politics'. A Contribution to the Critique of Ideology

Author: Hans Kelsen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110327716

Category: Philosophy

Page: 137

View: 4022

Eric Voegelin is famous as a philosopher of history and a as one of the most eminent political scientists of the 20th century. His most fundamental work on political theory, the "New Science of Politics, is nowadays considered a classic in ist field. While the "New Science" has always been a very controversial book, ist critics have hardly ever taken the pain to pinpoint the weaknesses they condemmed Voegelins book for. There is, however, one exception: Only shortly after the appearance of Voegelins "New Science" in 1954, Hans Kelsen has written a most detailed reply to this book of his former student. This reply, which was known to Voegelin and is mentioned in his autobiography, is now being published by the ontos verlag. Being a distinguished philosopher himself of an erudition and breadth of knowledge that matches that of Eric Voegelin, Hans Kelsen is able to support the critical stance he takes on Voegelin "New Science" by clear and well founded argument. This critical reply to Voegelins "New Science" is not only an important contribution to the dispute about the foundations of political order in modern society, but will also prove valuable to readers generally interested in Voegelins life and work.
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