The transition at the end of compulsory full-time education

Educational and future career aspirations of native and migrant students

Author: Marina Trebbels

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365806241X

Category: Education

Page: 193

View: 7438

Besides different preconditions for educational success in native and migrant families, an important role has been ascribed to students’ educational aspirations in the explanation of ethnic disparities in educational attainment. Based on a sample of several hundred 9th and 10th graders in Hamburg, the study investigates the dimensions along which native and migrant students construct their educational and future career aspirations and expectations at the end of compulsory full-time education. The results provide insight into the applicability of traditional approaches that investigate the mechanisms that shape social disparities in education to explain the ethnic attainment gap, and into the controversial meaning of subjective data in the form of respondent-reported educational aspirations and the interpretation of higher aspirations in migrant families as secondary effects of ethnic origin.

Central Asia at the End of the Transition

Author: Boris Rumer

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765615763

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 5651

The former Soviet republics of Central Asia have largely completed their post-independence transitions. They have established themselves as independent states. The purpose of this volume is to assess both what has been accomplished and the trends of development in the region, especially its leading states.

Managing the Transition to Renewable Energy

Theory and Practice from Local, Regional and Macro Perspectives

Author: Jeroen C. J. M. van den Bergh,Frank Reinier Bruinsma

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782542940

Category: Science

Page: 385

View: 4111

This edited work studies the transition to renewable energy. It offers perspectives from a wide range of disciplines, addressing macro, regional and local scales. Important lessons are also drawn from historical transitions.

Making the Transition

Author: N.A

Publisher: Xulon Press

ISBN: 1613794363


Page: N.A

View: 8217


The Transition to Chaos

Conservative Classical Systems and Quantum Manifestations

Author: Linda Reichl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387987880

Category: Science

Page: 675

View: 6478

Based on courses given at the University of Texas and the University of California, this book deals with the basic mechanisms that determine the dynamic evolution of classical and quantum systems. The book begins with a discussion of: Noether theorem, integrability, KAM theory, and a definition of chaotic behavior, then continues with a thorough look at: area-preserving maps, integrable quantum systems, spectral properties, path integrals, and periodically driven systems. It then concludes by showing how to apply the ideas to stochastic systems. This new edition is updated and contains a new chapter on open quantum systems.

Turf Management in the Transition Zone

Author: John Dunn,Kenneth Diesburg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471476092

Category: Architecture

Page: 280

View: 2204

The transition zone is the toughest area in which to maintain quality turf. It is a zone where temperature and precipitation vary greatly from season to season and where more intensive maintenance of seasonal grasses is required.This is the only book to cover the maintenance of intensive turfgrasses found in such zones. Easy to read and practical this book offers the superintendent or turf manager accessible information in a complex and difficult area. * This is the only book to cover the maintenance of intensive turfgrasses found in the transition zones * It addresses the basic science of growth cycles, nutrients and fertilisers, in an accessible way, so that that turf managers can easily locate and understand the information they need * It covers all aspects of cultural practices including mowing and irrigation * Features information on diseases and insects specific to the transition zone

The Transition to Statehood in the New World

Author: Grant D. Jones,Robert R. Kautz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521172691

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 3812

This 1982 collection of eight original anthropological essays provides an exciting synthesis of theory and practice in one of the key issues of contemporary cultural evolutionary thought. The contributors ask why complex, highly stratified societies emerged at several locations in the New World at the same point in prehistory. Focusing primarily on the initial centers of civilization in Mesoamerica and the Andean region, they consider the sociopolitical, environmental and ideological factors in state formation. The essays discuss the prehistoric conditions and processes that simulated the development of the first state-level societies in Mesoamerica and Peru, and explore the difficulties archaeologists must face in their direct analysis of physical remains. In general, the contributors recognize a growing need for better archaeological solutions to the question of state origin and for more sensitivity to the problems as well as to the possibilities of ethnographic analogy.

The Organometallic Chemistry of the Transition Metals

Author: Robert H. Crabtree

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470257628

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 6843

"One impressive and compressive book. . . . This review would have to be book size to do full justice to all the insights in this volume." —Journal of Metals Online Fully updated and expanded to reflect recent advances, this Fifth Edition of the classic text provides students and professional chemists with a comprehensive introduction to the principles and general properties of organometallic compounds, as well as including practical information on reaction mechanisms and?detailed descriptions of contemporary applications. With increased focus on organic synthesis applications, nanoparticle science, and green chemistry, the Fifth Edition brings this vital resource up to date. New to the Fifth Edition: Chapters have been updated with relevant examples in the field, modern trends, and new applications; the organic applications chapter has been completely rewritten New end-of-chapter problems, along with their solutions Coverage enhanced with developments in nanoparticle science Increased focus on green chemistry An unparalleled pedagogic resource as well as a valuable working reference for professional chemists, with comprehensive coverage and up-to-date information, students and researchers?in organic and organometallic chemistry will turn to The Organometallic Chemistry of the Transition Metals, Fifth Edition for the critical information they need on organometallic compounds, their preparation, and their use in synthesis.

Structural Adjustment in the Transition

Case Studies from Albania, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyz Republic, and Moldova

Author: Paul Siegelbaum

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821350652

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 3310

Annotation The study reviews the transition efforts of four countries - Albania, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyz Republic, and Moldova, to develop recommendations, which may benefit countries in future transition efforts. These countries have been unable to overcome obstacles to achieve any sustainable success in terms of growth or poverty reduction.

Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture

Author: Ron Pinhasi,Jay T. Stock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119956684

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 5388

A holistic and comprehensive account of the nature of the transition from hunting to farming in prehistory. It addresses for the first time the main bioarchaeological aspects such as changes in mobility, behaviour, diet and population dynamics. This book is of major interest to the relevant audience since it offers for the first time a global perspective on the bioarchaeology of the transition to agriculture. It includes contributions from world-class researchers, with a particular emphasis on advances in methods (e.g. ancient DNA of pathogens, stable isotope analysis, etc.). The book specifically addresses the following aspects associated with the transition to agriculture in various world regions: Changes in adult and subadult stature and subadult growth profiles Diachronic trends in the analysis of functional morphological structures (craniofacial, vault, lower limbs, etc.) and whether these are associated with change in overall sex-specific morphological variability Changes in mobility Changes in behaviour which can be reconstructed from the study of the skeletal record. These include changes in activity patterns, sexual dimorphism, evidence of inter-personal trauma, and the like. Population dynamics and microevolution by examining intra and inter population variations in dental and cranial metric traits, as well as archaeogenetic studies of ancient DNA (e.g. mtDNA markers).

The Transition to Flexibility

Author: Daniel C. Knudsen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792397601

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 186

View: 9900

The advanced capitalist nations are currently undergoing an enormous economic, social, and political transformation. At the heart of this transformation is the transition between large scale, standardized production (Fordism) and new, more flexible approaches to manufacturing (flexibility), and a concomitant extension of manufacturing to include products both concrete (goods) and ephemeral (services). This volume explores the consequences of this transition from the standpoints of technology, labor relations, firm strategy, education, government programs, and geography. The book is a collection of papers by well-known scholars investigating the current global transition from mass consumption and production to flexible production for niche markets. The book is unique in that it not only discusses standard economic concerns, but also investigates the social and political implications of this transition. Each chapter is concerned with a different aspect of the same restructuring process.

Roma and the Transition in Central and Eastern Europe

Trends and Challenges

Author: Dena Ringold

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821348017

Category: Social Science

Page: 54

View: 1197

This report brings together the available evidence from primary and secondary sources, including household surveys and results of recent qualitative studies, to develop a picture of the development challenges facing Roma populations in Central and Eastern Europe. While living standards have declined for all population groups during the transition to a market economy, there are growing indications that conditions have deteriorated more severely for Roma than for others, and that Roma are poorly positioned to take advantage of emerging economic opportunities. This report focuses on five countries in Central and Eastern Europe: Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania the Czech Republic, and the Slovak Republic. The first chapter of the report provides the historical context and an overview of the methodological issues and main data sources; chapter two presents the available evidence on welfare status and living conditions, examining poverty, housing education, employment and health; chapter three considers issues relating to access to social services; and the final chapter reviews the opportunities for Roma participation in the design and implementation of community development policies and programmes, and outlines policy implications.

The Transition Economies After Ten Years

Author: Mr. Stanley Fischer,Ms. Ratna Sahay

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1451892438

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 44

View: 5701

This paper summarizes the macroeconomic performance of the transition economies. We first review the initial conditions confronting these economies, the reform strategy that was proposed, and the associated controversies that arose a decade ago. We then account for the widely different outcomes, highlighting the role of exogenous factors and the macroeconomic and structural policies adopted by the countries. We find that both stabilization policies and structural reforms, particularly privatization, contribute to growth. We also conclude that the faster is the speed of reforms, the quicker is the recovery and the higher is growth.

Cultural and Social Diversity and the Transition from Education to Work

Author: Guy Tchibozo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400751060

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 3295

This edited volume provides multidisciplinary and international insights into the policy, managerial and educational aspects of diverse students’ transitions from education to employment. As employers require increasing global competence on the part of those leaving education, this research asks whether increasing multiculturalism in developed societies, often seen as a challenge to their cohesion, is in fact a potential advantage in an evolving employment sector. This is a vital and under-researched field, and this new publication in Springer’s Technical and Vocational Education and Training series provides analysis both of theory and empirical data, submitted by researchers from nine nations including the USA, Oman, Malaysia, and countries in the European Union. The papers trace the origins of business demand for diversity in their workforce’s skill set, including national, local and institutional contexts. They also consider how social, demographic, cultural, religious and linguistic diversity inform the attitudes of those seeking work—and those seeking workers. With clear suggestions for future research, this work on a topic of rising profile will be read with interest by educators, policy makers, employers and careers advisors.

The Transition to Parenthood

Current Theory and Research

Author: Gerald Y. Michaels

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521354188

Category: Psychology

Page: 381

View: 3317

This 1988 book brings together leading scholars from a range of disciplines concerned with the study of the transition to parenthood. The text discusses the reasons why some new parents experience an enhanced sense of self and a deepening of important relationships, whereas others experience crisis and conflict.

Financing Government in the Transition--Bulgaria

The Political Economy of Tax Policies, Tax Bases, and Tax Evasion

Author: Bogeti ?c, ?Zeljko,Arye L. Hillman

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821333884

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 6077

The IFC's new Global Agriculture Series features sectoral presentations of industry trends with specific emphasis on the developing countries. The series highlights the increasing importance of developing countries in the world economy as rapidly expanding markets and as competitive production bases. The information reported underlines the strong production assets of those countries and illustrates the investment opportunities this creates. To profile the high-growth poultry industry, the first volume in this series draws on intelligence collected from various public and private sources, including IFC client companies in numerous countries. Consumption of poultry meat has been growing at an exceptional rate over the past decade, spurred by the dietary benefits of this food and an attractive price relative to other meats. Its evolution in recent years epitomizes the emergence of developing countries as global competitors in the agribusiness sector. This report estimates that annual world consumption might grow by another 15-18 million tons by the end of the decade, making poultry the most popular meat in the world. This growth should support additional investments of roughly US$2 billion during this period, including US$0.7 to $0.9 billion for growers' production facilities and US$1 to $1.2 billion for integrators' production facilities. Estimates project that much of this investment will be undertaken in developing countries. The report presents an overview of the poultry production system and the key players in the supply chain, the global poultry market and regional production patterns, the main determinants of competitive advantage in this sector, and an analysis of international trade flows. The final chapter reviews the role of public policies in changes in consumption, production, and trade. Additonal features include color photos, charts, and tables

Retribution and Reparation in the Transition to Democracy

Author: Jon Elster

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107320536

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7679

The contributions in this volume offer a comprehensive analysis of transitional justice from 1945 to the present. They focus on retribution against the leaders and agents of the autocratic regime preceding the democratic transition, and on reparation to its victims. Part I contains general theoretical discussions of retribution and reparation. The essays in Part II survey transitional justice in the wake of World War II, covering Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, and Norway. In Part III, the contributors discuss more recent transitions in Argentina, Chile, Eastern Europe, the former German Democratic Republic, and South Africa, including a chapter on the reparation of injustice in some of these transitions. The editor provides a general introduction, brief introductions to each part, and a conclusion that looks beyond regime transitions to broader issues of rectifying historical injustice.

Making the Transition

Education and Labor Market Entry in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Irena Kogan,Clemens Noelke,Michael Gebel

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804778957

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 9530

After the breakdown of socialism in Central and Eastern Europe, the role of education systems in preparing students for the "real world" changed. Though young people were freed from coercive state institutions, the shift to capitalism made the transition from school to work much more precarious and increased inequality in early career outcomes. This volume provides the first large-scale analysis of the impact social transformation has had on young people in their transition from school to work in Central and Eastern European countries. Written by local experts, the book examines the process for those entering the workforce under socialism, during the turbulent transformation years, in the early 2000s, and today. It considers both the risks and opportunities that have emerged, and reveals how they are distributed across social groups. Only by studying these changes can we better understand the long-term impact of socialism and post-socialist transformation on the problems young people in this part of the world are facing today.