The Technology of Nonviolence

Social Media and Violence Prevention

Author: Joseph G. Bock

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262017628

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4523

How technology and community organizing can combine to help prevent violence, with examples from Chicago to Sri Lanka. Tunisian and Egyptian protestors famously made use of social media to rally supporters and disseminate information as the "Arab Spring" began to unfold in 2010. Less well known, but with just as much potential to bring about social change, are ongoing local efforts to use social media and other forms of technology to prevent deadly outbreaks of violence. In The Technology of Nonviolence, Joseph Bock describes and documents technology-enhanced efforts to stop violence before it happens in Africa, Asia, and the United States. Once peacekeeping was the purview of international observers, but today local citizens take violence prevention into their own hands. These local approaches often involve technology--including the use of digital mapping, crowdsourcing, and mathematical pattern recognition to identify likely locations of violence--but, as Bock shows, technological advances are of little value unless they are used by a trained cadre of community organizers. After covering general concepts in violence prevention and describing technological approaches to tracking conflict and cooperation, Bock offers five case studies that range from "low-tech" interventions to prevent ethnic and religious violence in Ahmedebad, India, to an anti-gang initiative in Chicago that uses Second Life to train its "violence interrupters." There is solid evidence of success, Bock concludes, but there is much to be discovered, developed, and, most important, implemented.
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Acts of Conscience

Christian Nonviolence and Modern American Democracy

Author: Joseph Kip Kosek

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231144199

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 1758

In response to the massive bloodshed that defined the twentieth century, American religious radicals developed a modern form of nonviolent protest, one that combined Christian principles with new uses of mass media. Greatly influenced by the ideas of Mohandas Gandhi, these "acts of conscience" included sit-ins, boycotts, labor strikes, and conscientious objection to war. Beginning with World War I and ending with the ascendance of Martin Luther King Jr., Joseph Kip Kosek traces the impact of A. J. Muste, Richard Gregg, and other radical Christian pacifists on American democratic theory and practice. These dissenters found little hope in the secular ideologies of Wilsonian Progressivism, revolutionary Marxism, and Cold War liberalism, all of which embraced organized killing at one time or another. The example of Jesus, they believed, demonstrated the immorality and futility of such violence under any circumstance and for any cause. Tracing the rise of militant nonviolence across a century of industrial conflict, imperialism, racial terror, and international warfare, Kosek recovers radical Christians' remarkable stance against the use of deadly force, even during World War II and other seemingly just causes. His research sheds new light on an interracial and transnational movement that posed a fundamental, and still relevant, challenge to America's political and religious mainstream.
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Cultural Memories of Nonviolent Struggles

Powerful Times

Author: A. Reading,T. Katriel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137032723

Category: History

Page: 259

View: 2510

If societies have only memories of war, of cruelty, of violence, then why are we called humankind? This book marks a new trajectory in Memory Studies by examining cultural memories of nonviolent struggles from ten countries. The book reminds us of the enduring cultural scripts for human agency, solidarity, resilience and human kindness.
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Political Illusion and Reality

Engaging the Prophetic Insights of Jacques Ellul

Author: David W. Gill,David Lovekin

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1532649088

Category: Religion

Page: 318

View: 9007

Are all governments--east and west, Muslim and secular, authoritarian and constitutional, Republican and Democratic--fundamentally the same, all of them under the extraordinary, growing power of "technique" and bureaucracy? Is all politics, then, just an illusory affair of lies, deception, propaganda, partisan passions, and chaos on the surface of government and party? In his vast and penetrating writings, Bordeaux sociologist Jacques Ellul (1912-1994) points in those directions. Political Illusion and Reality is a collection of twenty-three essays on Ellul's political thought. Veteran as well as younger Ellul scholars, political leaders, activists, and pastors, discuss aspects of Ellul's thought as they relate to their own fields of study and political experience. Beginning with his 1936 essay "Fascism, Son of Liberalism," translated and published here in English for the first time, Ellul and these authors will provoke readers to think some new thoughts about politics and government, and think more deeply about the main issues we face in our politically divided and troubled times.
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Nonviolence in Political Theory

Author: Iain Atack

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748649670

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 8322

By scrutinising the philosophical and theoretical assumptions of proponents of nonviolent political action, for example the role of the state, the rule of law and the nature of social and political power, Ian Atack establishes nonviolence as a credible th
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Becoming Nonviolent Peacemakers

A Virtue Ethic for Catholic Social Teaching and U.S. Policy

Author: Eli Sasaran McCarthy

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1621898547

Category: Religion

Page: 276

View: 7246

Why do many U.S. residents, Catholics and Catholic leaders among them, too often fall short of adequately challenging the use of violence in U.S. policy? The opportunities and developments in approaches to peacemaking have been growing at a significant rate. However, violent methods continue to hold significant sway in U.S. policy and society as the commonly assumed way to peace. Even when community organizers, policymakers, members of Catholic leadership, and academics sincerely search for alternatives to violence, they too often think about nonviolence as primarily a rule or a strategy. Catholic Social Teaching has been moving toward transcending the limits of these approaches, but it still has significant room for growth. In order to contribute to this growth and to impact U.S. policy, McCarthy draws on Jesus, Gandhi, Ghaffar Khan, and King to offer a virtue-based approach to nonviolent peacemaking with a corresponding set of core practices. This approach is also set in conversation with aspects of human rights discourse to increase its possible impact on U.S. policy. As a whole, Becoming Nonviolent Peacemakers offers an important challenge to contemporary accounts of peacemaking in the U.S.
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International Encyclopaedia of Nonviolence

Theory and practice of nonviolence

Author: S. R. Sharma

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788177550221

Category: Nonviolence

Page: 300

View: 8915

Examines non-violent direct action, political action, economic sanctions, and social movements as alternative remedies in the struggle for better life.
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Gewaltfreie Kommunikation

Eine Sprache des Lebens

Author: N.A

Publisher: Junfermann Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3955713016

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 4195

Wir betrachten unsere Art zu sprechen vielleicht nicht als "gewalttätig", dennoch führen unsere Worte oft zu Verletzung und Leid - bei uns selbst oder bei anderen. Die Gewaltfreie Kommunikation hilft uns bei der Umgestaltung unseres sprachlichen Ausdrucks und unserer Art zuzuhören. Aus gewohnheitsmäßigen, automatischen Reaktionen werden bewusste Antworten. Wir werden angeregt, uns ehrlich und klar auszudrücken und gleichzeitig anderen Menschen unsere respektvolle Aufmerksamkeit zu schenken. Wenn wir die Gewaltfreie Kommunikation in unseren Interaktionen anwenden, ob mit uns selbst, mit einem anderen Menschen oder in einer Gruppe, kommen wir an eine Tür, die auf allen Ebenen der Kommunikation, in allen Altersklassen und in den unterschiedlichsten Situationen im Beruf, im Privatleben und auf dem politischen Parkett erfolgreich geöffnet werden kann. Die Gewaltfreie Kommunikation ist die verlorene Sprache der Menschheit, die Sprache derjenigen, die rücksichtsvoll miteinander umgehen und die die Sehnsucht haben, in Balance mit sich selbst und anderen zu leben. Mit Geschichten, Erlebnissen und beispielhaften Gesprächen macht Marshall Rosenberg in seinem Buch alltägliche Lösungen für komplexe Kommunikationsprobleme anschaulich.
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Gandhi

The Meaning of Mahatma for the Millennium

Author: Kuruvila Pandikattu

Publisher: CRVP

ISBN: 9781565181564

Category: Social Science

Page: 297

View: 7911

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The Lessons of Nonviolence

Theory and Practice in a World of Conflict

Author: Tom H. Hastings

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476608458

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 1444

Beginning back in the waning days of the Civil Rights movement, through the objection to the war in Vietnam, and on to the current global peace movement, this is a personal and professional account offered for the reader curious about whether and how nonviolence works. Topics include Gandhian nonviolence, radical disarmament, war poverty and peace prosperity and movement-building.
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Career Development in Bioengineering and Biotechnology

Author: Guruprasad Madhavan,Barbara Oakley,Luis Kun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387764955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 2972

This indispensable guide provides a roadmap to the broad and varied career development opportunities in bioengineering, biotechnology, and related fields. Eminent practitioners lay out career paths related to academia, industry, government and regulatory affairs, healthcare, law, marketing, entrepreneurship, and more. Lifetimes of experience and wisdom are shared, including "war stories," strategies for success, and discussions of the authors’ personal views and motivations.
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Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, Three-Volume Set

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080544142

Category: Social Science

Page: 2598

View: 545

The Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, a three-volume set written by more than 200 eminent contributors from around the world, takes advantage of increasing, worldwide awareness in the public, private, commercial, and academic sectors about manifestations of violence in all segments of society. While the contributors do not use these volumes to make specific arguments, they do describe and clarify the developments in thought that have led to current theories about and positions on violence and peace. Our reviewers consistently note that while many in-depth studies of war, peace, and aggression exist, the attendant specialization keeps scholars from learning about related fields. No publication competing with the Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict can satisfy their need for a vast introductory work to such a diverse and socially-important field. This major work includes more than 190 multidisciplinary articles with over 1,000 cross-references and more than 2,000 bibliography entries for further reading which are arranged alphabetically for easy access. Key Features * More than 190 multidisciplinary articles with over 1,000 cross-references * Article outline and glossary of key terms begin each article * Entries arranged alphabetically for easy access * Three-volume set with subject index of over 750 entries * Articles written by more than 200 eminent contributors from around the world
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India of My Dreams

Author: Dr. Surendra Kumar

Publisher: Academic Foundation

ISBN: 9788171886890

Category: History

Page: 229

View: 482

Collection of lectures by eminent personalities.
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Fifty Key Thinkers on Development

Author: David Simon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134304889

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 4416

The essential guide to the world’s most influential development thinkers, this authoritative text presents a unique guide to the lives and ideas of leading contributors to the contested terrain of development studies. Reflecting the diverse, interdisciplinary nature of the area, the book includes entries on: * modernisers like Hirshman, Kindleberger and Rostow * dependencistas such as Frank, Cardoso and Amin * progressives like Prebisch, Helleiner and Streeten * political leaders enunciating radical alternative visions of development, such as Mao, Nkrumah and Nyerere * progenitors of religiously or spiritually inspired development, such as Gandhi and Ariyaratne * development-environment thinkers like Blaikie, Brookfield and Shiva. This is a fascinating and readable introduction to the major figures that have shaped the field, ideal for anyone studying or working in the area.
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Information and Communication Technology and Peacebuilding

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Academy of Engineering

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309178509

Category: Computers

Page: 58

View: 9486

Those who would use information and communication technology (ICT) in the cause of peace need to be cognizant of the risks as well as the benefits. ICT can facilitate positive dialogue but also hate speech. It can be used to fight corruption but also facilitate it. Simply giving people more information does not necessarily lead to predictable or positive results. As people become more informed, they may become more motivated to change their circumstances and to do so violently. On December 14, 2007, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) convened a group of experts in diverse fields to consider the role of ICT in promoting peace and conflict resolution. The one-day workshop was designed to consider current and emerging technologies and strategies for employing them in conflict management and diplomacy. It also aimed to explore how organizations with a role in promoting peace, like the U.S. Institute of Peace, can most effectively leverage technology in carrying out their missions. Information and Communication Technology and Peacebuilding: Summary of a Workshop reviews the group's discussions on number of key issues, illuminates certain practitioner needs, and suggests possible next steps.
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A New Era of Nonviolence

The Power of Civil Society Over War

Author: Tom H. Hastings

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 078649431X

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 5602

This book is an exploration of nonviolent strategies and tactics that have been used to prevent and end civil wars, invasions, and occupations. The problem of war is examined in light of efforts to transform destructive conflict into constructive conflict. Research into alternatives has produced a corpus of knowledge that enables civil society increasingly to expect success when it engages decision-makers in peaceful conflict resolution. The book asks the reader to consider the questions of social conflict using a cost-benefit analysis--which can reveal the advisability of strategic nonviolence. Research into the causes and correlates of war is robust, and when that research is applied to comparisons of conflict management methods, numerous conclusions about potential strategies for ending war emerge.
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