The Social Gospel in Black and White

American Racial Reform, 1885-1912

Author: Ralph E. Luker

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807863106

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 5754

In a major revision of accepted wisdom, this book, originally published by UNC Press in 1991, demonstrates that American social Christianity played an important role in racial reform during the period between Emancipation and the civil rights movement. As organizations created by the heirs of antislavery sentiment foundered in the mid-1890s, Ralph Luker argues, a new generation of black and white reformers--many of them representatives of American social Christianity--explored a variety of solutions to the problem of racial conflict. Some of them helped to organize the Federal Council of Churches in 1909, while others returned to abolitionist and home missionary strategies in organizing the NAACP in 1910 and the National Urban League in 1911. A half century later, such organizations formed the institutional core of America's civil rights movement. Luker also shows that the black prophets of social Christianity who espoused theological personalism created an influential tradition that eventually produced Martin Luther King Jr.

Redeeming the South

Religious Cultures and Racial Identities Among Southern Baptists, 1865-1925

Author: Paul Harvey

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807861952

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 6782

Together, and separately, black and white Baptists created different but intertwined cultures that profoundly shaped the South. Adopting a biracial and bicultural focus, Paul Harvey works to redefine southern religious history, and by extension southern culture, as the product of such interaction--the result of whites and blacks having drawn from and influenced each other even while remaining separate and distinct. Harvey explores the parallels and divergences of black and white religious institutions as manifested through differences in worship styles, sacred music, and political agendas. He examines the relationship of broad social phenomena like progressivism and modernization to the development of southern religion, focusing on the clash between rural southern folk religious expression and models of spirituality drawn from northern Victorian standards. In tracing the growth of Baptist churches from small outposts of radically democratic plain-folk religion in the mid-eighteenth century to conservative and culturally dominant institutions in the twentieth century, Harvey explores one of the most impressive evolutions of American religious and cultural history.

Race, Religion, and the Pulpit

Rev. Robert L. Bradby and the Making of Urban Detroit

Author: Julia Marie Robinson

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 0814340377

Category: Religion

Page: 216

View: 7576

During the Great Migration of African Americans from the South to the cities of the Northeast, Midwest, and West, the local black church was essential in the making and reshaping of urban areas. In Detroit, there was one church and one minister in particular that demonstrated this power of the pulpit—Second Baptist Church of Detroit (“Second,” as many members called it) and its nineteenth pastor, the Reverend Robert L. Bradby. In Race, Religion, and the Pulpit: Rev. Robert L. Bradby and the Making of Urban Detroit, author Julia Marie Robinson explores how Bradby’s church became the catalyst for economic empowerment, community building, and the formation of an urban African American working class in Detroit. Robinson begins by examining Reverend Bradby’s formative years in Ontario, Canada; his rise to prominence as a pastor and community leader at Second Baptist in Detroit; and the sociohistorical context of his work in the early years of the Great Migration. She goes on to investigate the sometimes surprising nature of relationships between Second Baptist, its members, and prominent white elites in Detroit, including Bradby’s close relationship to Ford Motor Company and Henry Ford. Finally, Robinson details Bradby’s efforts as a “race leader” and activist, roles that were tied directly to his theology. She looks at the parts the minister played in such high-profile events as the organizing of Detroit’s NAACP chapter, the Ossian Sweet trial of the mid-1920s, the Scottsboro Boys trials in the 1930s, and the controversial rise of the United Auto Workers in Detroit in the 1940s. Race, Religion, and the Pulpit presents a full and nuanced picture of Bradby’s life that has so far been missing from the scholarly record. Readers interested in the intersections of race and religion in American history, as well as anyone with ties to Detroit’s Second Baptist Church, will appreciate this thorough volume.

The Search for Social Salvation

Social Christianity and America, 1880-1925

Author: Gary Scott Smith

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739101964

Category: History

Page: 545

View: 2245

In their studies of social Christianity, scholars of American religion have devoted critical attention to a group of theologically liberal pastors, primarily in the Northeast. Gary Scott Smith attempts to paint a more complete picture of the movement. Smith's ambitious and thorough study amply demonstrates how social Christianity--which included blacks, women, Southerners, and Westerners--worked to solve industrial, political, and urban problems; reduce racial discrimination; increase the status of women; curb drunkenness and prostitution; strengthen the family; upgrade public schools; and raise the quality of public health. In his analysis of the available scholarship and case studies of individuals, organizations, and campaigns central to the movement, Smith makes a convincing case that social Christianity was the most widespread, long-lasting, and influential religious social reform movement in American history.

Benjamin Elijah Mays, Schoolmaster of the Movement

A Biography

Author: Randal Maurice Jelks

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807869872

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 7454

In this first full-length biography of Benjamin Mays (1894-1984), Randal Maurice Jelks chronicles the life of the man Martin Luther King Jr. called his "spiritual and intellectual father." Dean of the Howard University School of Religion, president of Morehouse College, and mentor to influential black leaders, Mays had a profound impact on the education of the leadership of the black church and of a generation of activists, policymakers, and educators. Jelks argues that Mays's ability to connect the message of Christianity with the responsibility to challenge injustice prepared the black church for its pivotal role in the civil rights movement. From Mays's humble origins in Epworth, South Carolina, through his doctoral education, his work with institutions such as the National Urban League, the NAACP, and the national YMCA movement, and his significant career in academia, Jelks creates a rich portrait of the man, the teacher, and the scholar. Benjamin Elijah Mays, Schoolmaster of the Movement is a powerful portrayal of one man's faith, thought, and mentorship in bringing American apartheid to an end.

The Burden of Black Religion

Author: Curtis J. Evans

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019988692X

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 9984

Religion has always been a focal element in the long and tortured history of American ideas about race. In The Burden of Black Religion, Curtis Evans traces ideas about African American religion from the antebellum period to the middle of the twentieth century. Central to the story, he argues, was the deep-rooted notion that blacks were somehow "naturally" religious. At first, this assumed natural impulse toward religion served as a signal trait of black people's humanity -- potentially their unique contribution to American culture. Abolitionists seized on this point, linking black religion to the black capacity for freedom. Soon, however, these first halting steps toward a multiracial democracy were reversed. As Americans began to value reason, rationality, and science over religious piety, the idea of an innate black religiosity was used to justify preserving the inequalities of the status quo. Later, social scientists -- both black and white -- sought to reverse the damage caused by these racist ideas and in the process proved that blacks were in fact fully capable of incorporation into white American culture. This important work reveals how interpretations of black religion played a crucial role in shaping broader views of African Americans and had real consequences in their lives. In the process, Evans offers an intellectual and cultural history of race in a crucial period of American history.

New Day Begun

African American Churches and Civic Culture in Post-Civil Rights America

Author: R. Drew Smith

Publisher: Duke Univ Pr


Category: Religion

Page: 310

View: 3530

"New Day Begun" presents the findings of the first major research project on black churches' civic involvement since C. Eric Lincoln and Lawrence H. Mamiya's landmark study "The Black Church in the African American Experience."

The Princeton Seminary Bulletin

Author: Princeton Theological Seminary

Publisher: N.A


Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 1956

Vols. for 1907/1908-1936/1937: no. 1, Commencement issue, no. 2, Necrology report, no. 3, News, no. 4, Catalogue; v. for 1937/1938-1938/1939: no. 1, 3, News, no. 2, Bulletin of courses, no. 4, Catalogue; v. for 1939/1940-1944/1945: no. 1, 4, News, no. 2, Bulletin of courses, no. 3, Catalogue; v. for 1945/1946: no. 1, Bulletin of courses, no. 2, 4, News, no. 3, Catalogue; v. for 1946/1947-1952/1953: no. 1, 3, 4, News, no. 2, Catalogue.

New Directions in American Religious History

Author: Harry S. Stout

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Religion

Page: 502

View: 7913

The eighteen essays collected in this book had their origin in a conference of the same title, held at the Wingspread Conference Center in October of 1993. Some of the most distinguished scholars in the field were invited to reflect on their specialities in American religious history in ways that summarized where the field is and where it ought to move in the decades to come. Organized according to four general ways of looking at religious history--places and regions, universal themes, transformative events, and marginal groups and ethno-cultural "outsiders"--the essays address a wide range of topics, including Puritanism, religion and the Civil War, Protestantism and economic behavior, gender and sexuality in American Protestantism, and the contemporary de-Christianization of American culture. Featuring contributions from David D. Hall, Donald G. Matthews, Allen C. Guelzo, Gordon S. Wood, Daniel Walker Howe, Robert Wuthnow, Jon Butler, David A. Hollinger, and others, this thought-provoking and up-to-date collection will interest anyone involved in the study of American religion and history.

America, History and Life

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Dissertations, Academic

Page: N.A

View: 6041

Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.

American History

Author: Robert James Maddox

Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin

ISBN: 9780072425826

Category: UNited States

Page: 240

View: 7942

This nineteenth of ANNUAL EDITIONS: AMERICAN HISTORY, VOLUME 1 provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for each section; a topical index; and an instructor's resource guide with testing materials. USING ANNUAL EDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM is offered as a practical guide for instructors. ANNUAL EDITIONS titles are supported by our student website,

America's religions

from their origins to the twenty-first century

Author: Peter W. Williams

Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr


Category: History

Page: 601

View: 1205

Catholics to Calvinists, Methodists to Pentecostals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Buddhists, Scientologists.A sweeping, accessible history of America's religions and their backgrounds, practices, beliefs, and leaders.

A kingdom on earth

Anglo-American social Christianity, 1880-1940

Author: Paul T. Phillips

Publisher: Pennsylvania State Univ Pr


Category: History

Page: 303

View: 1894

Social Christianity was a major force in the life of the United States, Canada, and Britain for more than sixty years, beginning in the closing decades of the Victorian age. As a tide of concern swept through Protestantism in the face of mounting social ills, Social Gospelers and Christian Socialists urged a less competitive, more compassionate society. They pioneered in many fields of modern social science and actively engaged in social work and party politics. In A Kingdom on Earth, Paul T. Phillips provides an unusually broad view of the movement from both sides of the Atlantic. He is also unique in carrying the story up to 1940, thereby tying Social Christianity to the origins of the welfare state. Using a wide range of sources, A Kingdom on Earth places the activities of Social Christians firmly in the social and cultural contexts of the day. Phillips's analysis reveals the dilemmas of a movement that sought to achieve social harmony and justice through close cooperation with secular reformism. Such dilemmas invariably led to rivalries with competing ideologies and brought secularizing influences into the churches themselves. In spite of these worldly aspects, however, Phillips finds that the inspiration and essence of the movement were essentially religious.

Hurrying Toward Zion

Universities, Divinity Schools, and American Protestantism

Author: Conrad Cherry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780253329288

Category: Religion

Page: 373

View: 3524

"... I find this a splendid piece of work, which anyone wanting to understand the current scene or think about the future in theological education will need to study." --The Journal of Religion Cherry's is a masterful account, weaving together themes of specialization, professionalization, and pluralism to create a fascinating narrative.... This is an important book, and one that ought to be read by anyone interested in theological education." --Anglican and Episcopal History "Conrad Cherry has done it again--that is, written another book on a facet of American culture that is based on extensive research... along with unique interpretative skills and a graceful style....[a] seminal, original, and genuinely historical study whose fresh waters flow into many fields." --Church History "Required reading for anyone concerned with American graduate education in religion, its liberal Protestant origins and its pluralistic future." --Religious Studies Review "... those who do read Cherry can begin to understand divinity schools as seldom before. His pages will offer revelations to those who inhabit and run such schools today, few of whom know much of their own history." --Academe "Cherry has opened an entirely new perspective on religion's role in American higher education and culture in the twentieth century... This work will be of great value not only to educational historians but also to American religious historians." --History of Education Quarterly "But this book is much more than mere institutional history; it is really an essay in intellectual history--the story of American academic faith--and should be read by many people otherwise unconcerned with divinity school education." --Choice "... excellent... " --Books & Culture "Conrad Cherry has provided a much-needed piece of historical work... deserves thoughtful reading by anyone interested in educational or religious history." --Journal of American History "No better study of theological education has been written.... It is an engaging story, filled with colorful characters, punctuated by conflict, and deepened by Cherry's wonderful sense for the complexity of human motives and institutions" --Brooks Holifield, Emory University "[A] truly magisterial book... marvelously informative as well as a joy to read." --Winton U. Solberg, University of Illinois "Anyone interested in the future of theological education--indeed anyone interested in the place of religion in American culture--cannot afford to ignore this pathbreaking study." --Theology Today "The archival research is exhaustive and the prose always lucid and engaging. Written by one who has spent decades in the fields of divinity education and American religious history, this book is certain to stand as the standard for this most important subject." --Harry S. Stout, Yale University "... his approach provides a helpful model for future studies in the relation of religion and higher education." --Religious Studies Review This historical analysis of American Protestant university-related divinity schools tells their story in terms of powerful social and cultural forces that decisively influenced American education in general and Protestant theological education in particular.

The American Church Experience

A Concise History

Author: Thomas A. Askew,Richard V. Pierard

Publisher: Baker Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780801027222

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 3430

How did the American church begin, and how did it evolve to meet changing needs? This book tells the story of the American church, demonstrating how church life and institutions function as foundational elements in our society.