The Social Archaeology of Food

Thinking about Eating from Prehistory to the Present

Author: Christine A. Hastorf

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316710416

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3306

This book offers a global perspective on the role food has played in shaping human societies, through both individual and collective identities. It integrates ethnographic and archaeological case studies from the European and Near Eastern Neolithic, Han China, ancient Cahokia, Classic Maya, the Inka and many other periods and regions, to ask how the meal in particular has acted as a social agent in the formation of society, economy, culture and identity. Drawing on a range of social theorists, Hastorf provides a theoretical toolkit essential for any archaeologist interested in foodways. Studying the social life of food, this book engages with taste, practice, the meal and the body to discuss power, identity, gender and meaning that creates our world as it created past societies.
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The Bioarchaeology of Ritual and Religion

Author: Alexandra Livarda,Richard Madgwick,Santiago Riera Mora

Publisher:

ISBN: 1785708317

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 4721

The Bioarchaeology of Ritual and Religion is the first volume dedicated to exploring ritual and religious practice in past societies from a variety of ‘environmental’ remains. Building on recent debates surrounding, for instance, performance, materiality and the false dichotomy between ritualistic and secular behavior, this book investigates notions of ritual and religion through the lens of perishable material culture. Research centering on bioarchaeological evidence and drawing on methods from archaeological science has traditionally focused on functional questions surrounding environment and economy. However, recent years have seen an increased recognition of the under-exploited potential for scientific data to provide detailed information relating to ritual and religious practice. This volume explores the diverse roles of plant, animal, and other organic remains in ritual and religion, as foods, offerings, sensory or healing mediums, grave goods, and worked artifacts. It also provides insights into how archaeological science can shed light on the reconstruction of ritual processes and the framing of rituals. The 14 papers showcase current and new approaches in the investigation of bioarchaeological evidence for elucidating complex social issues and worldviews. The case studies are intentionally broad, encompassing a range of sub-disciplines of bioarchaeology including archaeobotany, anthracology, palynology, micromorphology, geoarchaeology, zooarchaeology (including avian and worked bone studies), archaeomalacology, and organic residue analysis. The temporal and geographical coverage is equally wide, extending across Europe from the Mediterranean and Aegean to the Baltic and North Atlantic regions, and from the Mesolithic to the medieval period. The volume also includes a discursive paper by Prof. Brian Hayden, who suggests a different interpretative framework of archaeological contexts and rituals.
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Eat Not this Flesh

Food Avoidances from Prehistory to the Present

Author: Frederick J. Simoons

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299142544

Category: Cooking

Page: 550

View: 7052

Hailed as a classic when initially published in 1961, Eat Not This Flesh was the first book that explored, from a historical and cultural perspective, taboos against eating certain kinds of flesh. Frederick J. Simoons's research remains original and invaluable, the only attempt of its kind to reconstruct the origin and spread of food avoidances while challenging current Western explanations. In this expanded and updated edition, Simoons integrates new research as he examines the use and avoidance of flesh foods--including beef, pork, chicken, and eggs, camel, dog, horse, and fish--from antiquity to the present day. Simoons suggests that Westerners are too ready, even in the absence of supporting evidence, to cite contemporary thinking about disease and environmental factors to explain why certain cultures avoid particular kinds of meat. He demonstrates how historical and archaeological evidence fails to support such explanations. He examines the origin of pork rejection in the Near East, explores the concept of the sacred cow in India and the ensuing ban on beef, and reveals how some African women abstain from chicken and eggs, fearing infertility. While no single explanation exists for food taboos, Simoons finds that the powerful, recurrent theme of maintaining ritual purity, good health, and well-being underlies diet habits. He emphasizes that only a full range of factors can explain eating patterns, and he stresses the interplay of religious, moral, hygienic, ecological, and economic factors in the context of human culture. Maps, drawings, and photos highlighting food avoidance patterns in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Pacific provide additional information throughout the book.
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Food

A Culinary History from Antiquity to the Present

Author: Jean Louis Flandrin,Massimo Montanari

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231111546

Category: Cooking

Page: 592

View: 8760

Explores culinary evolution in many diverse cultures
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Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten

Author: James C. Scott

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518761528

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 7190

Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihrer Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.
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A Companion to Gender Prehistory

Author: Diane Bolger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118294262

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 3222

An authoritative guide on gender prehistory for researchers,instructors and students in anthropology, archaeology, and genderstudies Provides the most up-to-date, comprehensive coverage of genderarchaeology, with an exclusive focus on prehistory Offers critical overviews of developments in thearchaeology of gender over the last 30 years, as well asassessments of current trends and prospects for futureresearch Focuses on recent Third Wave approaches to the study of genderin early human societies, challenging heterosexist biases,and investigating the interfaces between gender and status, age, cognition, social memory, performativity, thebody, and sexuality Features numerous regional and thematic topics authored byestablished specialists in the field, with incisivecoverage of gender research in prehistoric and protohistoriccultures of Africa, Asia, Europe, the Americas and the Pacific
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Social Zooarchaeology

Humans and Animals in Prehistory

Author: Nerissa Russell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139504347

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1319

This is the first book to provide a systematic overview of social zooarchaeology, which takes a holistic view of human-animal relations in the past. Until recently, archaeological analysis of faunal evidence has primarily focused on the role of animals in the human diet and subsistence economy. This book, however, argues that animals have always played many more roles in human societies: as wealth, companions, spirit helpers, sacrificial victims, totems, centerpieces of feasts, objects of taboos, and more. These social factors are as significant as taphonomic processes in shaping animal bone assemblages. Nerissa Russell uses evidence derived from not only zooarchaeology, but also ethnography, history and classical studies, to suggest the range of human-animal relationships and to examine their importance in human society. Through exploring the significance of animals to ancient humans, this book provides a richer picture of past societies.
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 4008

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Material Culture

Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences

Author: Victor Buchli

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415336420

Category:

Page: 5

View: 8510

Material culture is the study of material products of human manufacturing processes, or "the history of things." Since material culture studies re-emerged in the late 1960s, this field of study has spread to a variety of other disciplines including cultural studies, history, literary studies, semiotics, consumer studies, market research, museum studies, linguistics, design, and art history, to name just a few. This five-volume set brings together key nineteenth and twentieth century texts, along with the most significant publications from the past forty years to create an accessible and comprehensive survey of the field. Each volume includes a new introduction by the editor, placing the articles selected within their intellectual and historical context and the set is completed with a thorough index.
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Ants for Breakfast

Archaeological Adventures Among the Kalinga

Author: James M. Skibo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874806205

Category: Social Science

Page: 179

View: 3886

The archaeological adventures of Skibo, who lived with the Kalinga people, once headhunters, in the remote Philippine highlands while studying prehistoric pottery manufacture and use.
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21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook

Author: Clifton D. Bryant,Dennis L. Peck

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781412916080

Category: Social Science

Page: 1344

View: 6925

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook provides a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a single definitive resource. The two volumes of this Reference Handbook focus on the corpus of knowledge garnered in traditional areas of sociological inquiry, as well as document the general orientation of the newer and currently emerging areas of sociological inquiry.
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Ethnic Boundaries in Neolithic Norway

Author: Knut Andreas Bergsvik

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 3114

The author identifies them archaeologically, and discusses how and why they were established and maintained. Cultural differences are important resources for the establishment of ethnic differences. Consequently, it is of vital importance to investigate whether such differences can be traced in the archaeological data.This is done by recording as many early Neolithic cultural practices as possible and by subjecting them to a multivariate analysis. The author documents and quantifies site locations, raw materials, tool types and lithic reduction techniques to decide whether the distributions on these practices co-vary across space. The author also investigates whether there have been ruptures or major changes in communication. This is done by recording the distribution of the lithic raw materials with known sources.
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Antiquity

Author: Osbert Guy Stanhope Crawford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 5338

Includes section "Reviews."
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Denker des Abendlandes

eine Geschichte der Philosophie

Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783868201277

Category:

Page: 430

View: 6276

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Food -- Custom and Nurture

An Annotated Bibliography on Sociocultural and Biocultural Aspects of Nutrition

Author: Christine Shearer Wilson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Food

Page: 55

View: 5742

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Zooarchaeology in Greece

Recent Advances

Author: Eleni Kotjabopoulou

Publisher: British School of Athens

ISBN: 9780904887419

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 8349

Animals have always been integral to life and culture in Greece. Recently the study of animal bones has played an important role in investigations of Greek archaeology. In this volume the current position is reviewed with papers ranging from the Palaeolithic to the Medieval periods and employing a wide range of techniques and approaches. The papers cover not only the themes of subsistence and methodology but also symbolism, ritual and the artistic representation of animals. The interdisciplinary and international character of zooarchaeology is confirmed and many new avenues for research are suggested.
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Antiquity

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 2743

Includes section "Reviews."
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Not So Much a Pot, More a Way of Life

Current Approaches to Artefact Analysis in Archaeology

Author: Christopher G. Cumberpatch,Paul Blinkhorn

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 8020

There is more to artefact analysis than the study of chronology and provenance. This is the theme of these essays which are based on discussions at the Theoretical Archaeology Group conferences at Durham and Bradford in 1993 and 1994. The authors are concerned that some of the theoretical and practical orientations of artefact analysis are restrictive and of questionable validity. Contents include: Individual and community choice in present-day pottery production and exchange in the Andes (Bill Sillar); The social context of eating and drinking in early Roman Britain (Karen I Meadows); Historical, geographical and anthropological imaginations: early ceramics in southern Italy (M Z Pluciennik); From ceramic finishes to modes of production: Iron Age finewares from central France (Kevin Andrews); Why do excavation reports have finds catalogues? (Penelope M Allison); Family, household and production: the potters of the Saintonge, France, 1500 to 1800 (Elizabeth Musgrave); The social significance of imported medieval pottery (Duncan H Brown); Habitus, social identity and Anglo-Saxon pottery (P W Blinkhorn); Towards a phenomenological approach to the study of medieval pottery (C G Cumberpatch); Size is important: Iron Age vessel capacities in central and southern England (Ann Woodward & Paul Blinkhorn).
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