The Rights of Strangers

Theories of International Hospitality, the Global Community and Political Justice since Vitoria

Author: Georg Cavallar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351540971

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 1505

This study investigates the thinking of European authors from Vitoria to Kant about political justice, the global community, and the rights of strangers as one special form of interaction among individuals of divergent societies, political communities, and cultures. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, it covers historical material from a predominantly philosophical perspective, interpreting authors who have tackled problems related to the rights of strangers under the heading of international hospitality. Their analyses of the civitas maxima or the societas humani generis covered the nature of the global commonwealth. Their doctrines of natural law (ius naturae) were supposed to provide what we nowadays call theories of political justice. The focus of the work is on international hospitality as part of the law of nations, on its scope and justification. It follows the political ideas of Francisco de Vitoria and the Second Scholastic in the 16th century, of Alberico Gentili, Hugo Grotius, Samuel Pufendorf, Christian Wolff, Emer de Vattel, Johann Jacob Moser, and Immanuel Kant. It draws attention to the international dimension of political thought in Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, David Hume, Adam Smith, and others. This is predominantly a study in intellectual history which contextualizes ideas, but also emphasizes their systematic relevance.
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Politischer Kosmopolitismus

Praktikabilität, Verantwortung, Menschenrechte

Author: Henning Hahn

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110538954

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 1549

Wir brauchen eine gerechtere Globalisierung – diese Einsicht ist ebenso alternativlos, wie sie utopisch anmutet. Um dennoch die realistische Hoffnung auf eine kosmopolitische Weltordnung in Aussicht zu stellen, konstruiert die Schrift einen Menschenrechtsansatz globaler Gerechtigkeit. Teil I beschäftigt sich mit der Frage der Praktikabilität. Das Problem wird zunächst an Kants kosmopolitischen Schriften herausgearbeitet, um es dann methodisch anhand von Rawls’ politischem Konstruktivismus und Honneths normativem Rekonstruktivismus zu lösen. Anschließend an Max Weber, Hans Jonas und Hannah Arendt wird dann in Teil II eine Theorie politischer Verantwortung entwickelt, die sich auf globale politische Verantwortungsverhältnisse übertragen lässt. Teil III legt schließlich einen Menschenrechtsansatz globaler Gerechtigkeit vor. Diese realistische Utopie ist pragmatisch darin begründet, dass das globale Menschenrechtsregime bereits politische Verantwortungsverhältnisse für die wichtigsten menschlichen Interessen etabliert hat. Aus der politischen Menschenrechtspraxis und ihrer Idee einer universellen Menschenwürde, so die Grundthese der Schrift, lässt sich eine globale politische Gerechtigkeitskonzeption rekonstruieren.
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Kant und die Berliner Aufklärung

Akten des IX. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. II: Sektionen I-V. Bd. III: Sektionen VI-X: Bd. IV: Sektionen XI-XIV. Bd. V: Sektionen XV-XVIII

Author: Volker Gerhardt,Rolf-Peter Horstmann,Ralph Schumacher

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110874121

Category: Philosophy

Page: 3314

View: 9821

The five volumes contain the edited versions of all the plenary papers and the papers delivered to the sections at the IX. International Kant Congress, which was held in March 2000 at the Humboldt University in Berlin. The contributions are divided into the following sections: Kant before the Critiques, Kant's theoretical philosophy, Kant's practical philosophy; Kant's aesthetics; Kant's philosophy of religion; Kant's philosophy of history; Kant's philosophy of law, state and politics; Kant's anthropology; Kant's nature philosophy and the opus postumum; Kant's logic; Kant and the Enlightenment; Kant, German Idealism and Neo-Kantianism; Kant and the consequences. Among the authors are Manfred Baum, Mario Caimi, Konrad Cramer, Jean Ferrari, Eckhardt Förster, Michael Friedman, Simone Goyard-Fabre, Paul Guyer, Gary Hatfield, Agnes Heller, Dieter Henrich, Otfried Höffe, Wolfgang Kersting, Béatrice Longuenesse, Onora O’Neill, Robert Pippin, Gerold Prauss und Michael Wolff.
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On Global Justice

Author: Mathias Risse

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400845505

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 5560

Debates about global justice have traditionally fallen into two camps. Statists believe that principles of justice can only be held among those who share a state. Those who fall outside this realm are merely owed charity. Cosmopolitans, on the other hand, believe that justice applies equally among all human beings. On Global Justice shifts the terms of this debate and shows how both views are unsatisfactory. Stressing humanity's collective ownership of the earth, Mathias Risse offers a new theory of global distributive justice--what he calls pluralist internationalism--where in different contexts, different principles of justice apply. Arguing that statists and cosmopolitans seek overarching answers to problems that vary too widely for one single justice relationship, Risse explores who should have how much of what we all need and care about, ranging from income and rights to spaces and resources of the earth. He acknowledges that especially demanding redistributive principles apply among those who share a country, but those who share a country also have obligations of justice to those who do not because of a universal humanity, common political and economic orders, and a linked global trading system. Risse's inquiries about ownership of the earth give insights into immigration, obligations to future generations, and obligations arising from climate change. He considers issues such as fairness in trade, responsibilities of the WTO, intellectual property rights, labor rights, whether there ought to be states at all, and global inequality, and he develops a new foundational theory of human rights.
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Making Sense, Making Worlds

Constructivism in Social Theory and International Relations

Author: Nicholas Onuf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136219463

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 5709

Nicholas Onuf is a leading scholar in international relations and introduced constructivism to international relations, coining the term constructivism in his book World of Our Making (1989). He was featured as one of twelve scholars featured in Iver B. Neumann and Ole Wæver, eds., The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making? (1996); and featured in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd ed. (2009). This powerful collection of essays clarifies Onuf’s approach to international relations and makes a decisive contribution to the debates in IR concerning theory. It embeds the theoretical project in the wider horizon of how we understand ourselves and the world. Onuf updates earlier themes and his general constructivist approach, and develops some newer lines of research, such as the work on metaphors and the re-grounding in much more Aristotle than before. A complement to the author’s groundbreaking book of 1989, World of Our Making, this tightly argued book draws extensively from philosophy and social theory to advance constructivism in International Relations. Making Sense, Making Worlds will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, social theory and law.
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Jahrbuch Für Recht und Ethik

Author: Joachim Hruschka,Jan C. Joerden

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428117307

Category: Law and ethics

Page: 560

View: 9448

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Demokratie und Frieden

Kants Friedensschrift in den Kontroversen der Gegenwart

Author: Oliver Eberl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Peace (Philosophy)

Page: 293

View: 1922

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Theories of Dynamic Cosmopolitanism in Modern European History

Author: Georg Cavallar

Publisher: Peter Lang Limited, International Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9781787074873

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 9245

Covering the period from the 1530s to the 1920s, this book investigates different forms and ramifications of European cosmopolitanism, including normative individualism, the dawn of historical thinking, and dynamic conceptions of law and rights and of the international community.
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Politisches Denken

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428121311

Category: Political science

Page: 255

View: 1933

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The Idea of Kosmopolis

History, Philosophy and Politics of World Citizenship

Author: My Klockar Linder,Rebecka Lettevall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: World citizenship

Page: 181

View: 998

"Contemporary discussions on cosmopolitanism are often based on older assumptions that have become invisible or hard to unearth. This volume explores the idea of kosmopolis by placing it into different historical, philosophical, social, and political contexts. By bringing together different views on and aspects of cosmopolitanism, the volume aims at contributing to new understandings of kosmopolis and the resulting cosmopolitan ideal, and of the fears this concept may generate. The nine contributors discuss kosmopolis within the contexts of philosophers such as Heraclitus and Kant, the thoughts and texts of the nobility, intellectual thoughts from the Enlightenment, contemporary political institutions, and grass root cosmopolitanism. The intent is to illustrate how the meaning of - cosmopolitanism - is influenced not only by its history but also by its specific contexts."--Back cover.
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Making the Law Work for Everyone: Working group reports

Author: Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor,United Nations Development Programme

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7018

The vast majority of the word's people lives outside the law and thus does not have a chance to better their lives and climb out of poverty. This causes national and global stagnation. The remedy for the exclusion is inclusion through Legal Empowerment of the Poor which is important economically, politically, socially, and morally. The Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor (2005) was the first global initiative to focus on the link between exclusion, poverty, and the law, and was hosted by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in New York. This first report of the Commission covers the following topics: making the law work for everyone; the four pillars of legal empowerment; legal empowerment is smart politics and good economics; agenda for change; and implementation strategies. The report is based on research, analysis and consultations in more than 20 developing countries, and encourages debates and discussions towards realization of Millennium Development Goals.--Publisher's description.
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