The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison

Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice

Author: Jeffrey Reiman,Paul Leighton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317272935

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 5756

For nearly 40 years, this classic text has taken the issue of economic inequality seriously and asked: Why are our prisons filled with the poor? Why aren’t the tools of the criminal justice system being used to protect Americans from predatory business practices and to punish well-off people who cause widespread harm? The Rich Get Richer shows readers that much that goes on in the criminal justice system violates citizens’ sense of basic fairness. It presents extensive evidence from mainstream data that the criminal justice system does not function in the way it says it does nor in the way that readers believe it should. The authors develop a theoretical perspective from which readers might understand these failures and evaluate them morally—and they to do it in a short and relatively inexpensive text written in plain language. New to this edition: Presents recent data comparing the harms due to criminal activity with the harms of dangerous—but not criminal—corporate actions Presents new data on recent crime rate declines, which are paired with data on how public safety is not prioritized by the U.S. government Updates statistics on crime, victimization, wealth and discrimination, plus coverage of the increasing role of criminal justice fines and fees in generating revenue for government Updates on the costs to society of white-collar crime Updates and deepened analysis of why fundamental reforms are not undertaken Streamlined and condensed prose for greater clarity
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The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison

A Reader

Author: Jeffrey H. Reiman,Paul Leighton

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780205661794

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

View: 9797

The Rich get Richer and the Poor get Prison: A Reader is a selection of 25 articles ranging from newspaper stories that highlight issues to articles in professional journals. Articles cover the following topics: Crime Control in America A Crime by Any other Name... ...and the Poor get Prison To the Vanquished belong the Spoils Criminal Justice or Criminal Justice Professors who use the best-selling book written by Reiman and Leighton, The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison , now in a ninth edition, have frequently asked for a reader. Where appropriate, articles have been edited to highlight the parts most relevant for the thesis of The Rich Get Richer. This book of readings can be used stand-alone, or as an accompaniment to the main text.
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In Trinidad the Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison

Author: Stacy Ramdhan

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640969472

Category:

Page: 40

View: 9124

Research Paper from the year 2010 in the subject Sociology - Law, Delinquency, Abnormal Behavior, grade: A, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine (-), language: English, abstract: Despite Trinidad and Tobago's wealth, experts say 25% live below the poverty line. According to Sookram (2008) more than a 1/4 of the population of oil-rich Trinidad lives below poverty line. Sookram said that 27.32% live below the poverty level despite the fact that Trinidad and Tobago has been classified as a high income country by the World Bank. "Is this why the crime rate in Trinidad and Tobago is probably the highest in the Caribbean?" David Garland (1996), posits that the group that suffer the most from crime tend to be the poorest and the least powerful members of society and will usually lack the resources to but security or the flexibility to adapt their routines or organized effectively against crime. This disparity between the rich and the poor which overlaps with the developing divisions between property- owning classes and those social groups who are deemed a threat to property will tend to propel us towards criminal behaviour. The term 'rich' may be defined as "the possession of material wealth, having abundant supply of desirable qualities or substances especially natural resources, having control of such assets and benefiting from the legislation." In contrast, 'poor' refers to the lack of specific resources, qualities or substances, with little or no possessions or money, having less than adequate in relation to the upper classes/the rich and wealthy. Socio-economic status is an economic and sociological combined measure of a persons work experience and of individual's or family's economic and social position relative to others based on income, education, wealth, occupation and social status in the community. As a result of this unequal distribution issue that arises between the rich and the poor, Clarke, Twoey (2001), has put fort the equitable solu
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Grundsätze sozialer Gerechtigkeit

Author: David Miller

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593381524

Category: Philosophy

Page: 382

View: 383

Philosophische Theorien der Gerechtigkeit nehmen die Vielfalt alltäglicher Gerechtigkeitsurteile selten zur Kenntnis. Anders dagegen David Miller: Ausgehend von einer Analyse der Kontexte, in denen die in der Gesellschaft kursierenden Gerechtigkeitsvorstellungen entstehen, zeigt er deren Vielgestaltigkeit – und ihren philosophischen Gehalt. Er identifiziert drei Grundsätze, die allen Vorstellungen von sozialer Gerechtigkeit zugrunde liegen: Bedarf, Verdienst und Gleichheit. Seine zentrale These ist, dass mit den unterschiedlichen Formen menschlicher Beziehungen der jeweilige Stellenwert dieser Grundsätze variiert. Millers klar und unprätentiös geschriebenes Buch verdient es, in einem Atemzug mit den Werken von Rawls und Walzer genannt zu werden. Glanzstücke seiner Argumentation sind unter anderem seine Bemerkungen zur Rolle von Glück bei der Beurteilung von Leistungen für das Gerechtigkeitsempfinden.
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Jenseits der Macht

Frauen, Männer und Moral

Author: Marilyn French

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3688107497

Category: Social Science

Page: 992

View: 6935

Die Geschichte der Menschheit ist zugleich und vor allem eine Geschichte der männlichen Macht, die vor Jahrtausenden mit den ersten Schritten zur Beherrschung der Natur einsetzte und sich heute angesichts der apokalyptischen Aura am Horizont der abendländischen Zivilisation einem verderblichen Ende zu nähern scheint. Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht Marilyn French in ihrem umfassenden und mit reichhaltigem Quellenmaterial versehenen Werk die Ursprünge jener Macht und den Prozeß ihrer Ausweitung. Sie fragt nach ihren Auswirkungen auf die Lebensbedingungen von Mann und Frau in unterschiedlichen Kulturen und Epochen und forscht nach ihrem Niederschlag in exemplarischen Gesellschaftsbereichen: Theologie, politische Theorie, Rechtswesen, Medizin, Wirtschafts- und Erziehungswesen. Die Befunde addieren sich nicht nur zu einer allgemeingültigen Standortbestimmung der Frau und der feministischen Bewegung, sondern liefern den Beweis dafür, daß das Patriarchat weder die natürliche noch die unvermeidliche Organisationsform der menschlichen Gesellschaft darstellt. In ihrer Analyse entlarvt Marilyn French den kritischen Zustand der abendländischen Zivilisation als Folge der Zerstörung unserer moralischen Wertordnung durch die patriarchalische Machtgier. Sie weist zwingend nach, daß wir auf den Totalitarismus oder auf den Weltuntergang zusteuern, falls wir uns nicht eine Vision der menschlichen Zukunft zu eigen machen, die auf elementaren humanen Werten beruht: auf Werten, die in der Vergangenheit immer verächtlich als «weiblich» abgetan worden sind.
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The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9449

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
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Suspense

oder Wie man einen Thriller schreibt

Author: Patricia Highsmith

Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG

ISBN: 325760209X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 160

View: 6531

Wie man einen Thriller schreibt – wer wüsste das besser als die Meisterin des subtilen Terrors und der Banalität des alltäglichen Schreckens? Patricia Highsmith lässt sich über die Schulter schauen, sie hat ein Werkstattbuch geschrieben für alle, die selbst schreiben oder nur wissen wollen, warum sie vom Werk dieser Autorin so gefesselt sind.
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Understanding White-Collar Crime

An Opportunity Perspective

Author: Michael L. Benson,Sally S. Simpson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134487649

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 8191

Unlike other books of its kind, Understanding White-Collar Crime: An Opportunity Perspective uses a coherent theoretical perspective in its coverage of white-collar crime. Using opportunity perspective, or the assumption that all crimes depend on offenders having some sort of opportunity to commit an offense, allows the authors to uncover the processes leading up to white-collar crimes and offer potential solutions to this rampant issue, without being reductive in their treatment of the topic. With this second edition, Benson and Simpson have greatly expanded their coverage to include new case studies, substantive materials, and an annotated appendix of online resources to make this a core book for courses on white-collar crime.
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Teaching Criminology at the Intersection

A how-to guide for teaching about gender, race, class and sexuality

Author: Rebecca M. Hayes,Kate Luther,Susan Caringella

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135005702

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 3855

Teaching about gender, race, social class and sexuality in criminal justice and criminology classrooms can be challenging. Professors may face resistance when they ask students to examine how gender impacts victimization, how race affects interactions with the police, how socioeconomic status shapes experiences in court or how sexuality influences treatment in the criminal justice system. Teaching Criminology at the Intersection is an instructional guide to support faculty as they navigate teaching these topics. Bringing together the experience and knowledge of expert scholars, this book provides time-strapped academics with an accessible how-to guide for the classroom, where the dynamics and discrimination of gender, race, class and sexuality demographics intersect and permeate criminal justice concerns. In the book, the authors of each chapter discuss how they teach a particular contemporary criminal justice issue and provide their suggestions for best practice, while grounding their ideas in pedagogical theory. Chapters end with a toolkit of recommended activities, assignments, films, readings or websites. As a teaching handbook, Teaching Criminology at the Intersection is appropriate reading for graduate level criminology, criminal justice and women’s and gender studies teaching instruction courses and as background reading and reference for instructors in these disciplines.
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Prisons & Punishment

The Essentials

Author: David Scott,Nick Flynn

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473905206

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 770

Covering all the key topics across the subject of Penology, this book gives you the tools you need to delve deeper and critically examine issues relating to prisons and punishment. The second edition: explores prisons and punishment within national, international and comparative contexts, and draws upon contemporary case studies throughout to illustrate key themes and issues includes new sections on actuarial justice, proportionality, sentencing principles, persistent offending, rehabilitation, and abolitionist approaches to punishment features a companion website directing you towards relevant journal articles and web links. The book also includes a useful study skills section which guides you through essay writing and offers hints and tips on how you can get the most out of your lectures and seminars. This is the perfect primer for all undergraduate students of Criminology taking modules on Prisons and Punishment or Penology.
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Surveillance and Security

Technological Politics and Power in Everyday Life

Author: Torin Monahan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135447357

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 8791

This is a volume of original contributions from scholars in eight different humanities and social science disciplines. The aim of the book is to present a range of surveillance technologies used in everyday life and investigate the politics of their use. It is truly an interdisciplinary project that will find purchase in courses on security studies and the sociology of culture and the sociology of science. Courses on security studies and its impact on culture can be found in a variety of academic departments including STS, criminology, sociology, women's studies, anthropology, political science and justice studies.
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Penology

Author: David Scott

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473902657

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 6207

As part of the SAGE Course Companion series, this book provides a comprehensive introduction and overview of the discipline of penology. It provides hints and tips on how to apply this information to maximum effect in coursework and examinations. This is a highly accessible text for those new to prison studies, or for anyone looking for a refresher. It provides structure and background for all prison and punishment modules on undergraduate criminology and criminal justice degrees. Written in a straightforward and clear style, the book gives detailed explanations for all academic terms used. The Penology Course Companion provides: - Easy access to the key themes in punishment and prison studies - Helpful summaries of the approach taken by the main course textbooks - Guidance on the essential study skills required to pass the course - Help with developing critical thinking - Taking it Further sections that suggest how readers can extent their thinking beyond the "received wisdom" - Pointers to success in course exams and written assessment exercises
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Criminalization, Representation, Regulation

Thinking Differently about Crime

Author: Deborah Brock,Amanda Glasbeek,Carmela Murdocca

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607130

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 8542

What is a crime and how do we construct it? The answers to these questions are complex and entangled in a web of power relations that require us to think differently about processes of criminalization and regulation. This book draws on Foucault's concept of governmentality as a lens to analyze and critique how crime is understood, reproduced, and challenged. It explores the dynamic interplay between practices of representation, processes of criminalization, and the ways that these circulate to both reflect and constitute crime and "justice."
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The Immigration Crucible

Transforming Race, Nation, and the Limits of the Law

Author: Philip Kretsedemas

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527322

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 7163

In the debate over U. S. immigration, all sides now support policy and practice that expand the parameters of enforcement. Philip Kretsedemas examines this development from several different perspectives, exploring recent trends in U.S. immigration policy, the rise in extralegal state power over the course of the twentieth century, and discourses on race, nation, and cultural difference that have influenced politics and academia. He also analyzes the recent expansion of local immigration law and explains how forms of extralegal discretionary authority have become more prevalent in federal immigration policy, making the dispersion of local immigration laws possible. While connecting such extralegal state powers to a free flow position on immigration, Kretsedemas also observes how these same discretionary powers have been used historically to control racial minority populations, particularly African Americans under Jim Crow. This kind of discretionary authority often appeals to "states rights" arguments, recently revived by immigration control advocates. Using these and other examples, Kretsedemas explains how both sides of the immigration debate have converged on the issue of enforcement and how, despite differing interests, each faction has shaped the commonsense assumptions defining the debate.
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