Tomus secundus (ab a. DCIV usque ad a. DCCCXLIV)
Author: Philipp Jaffé
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
View: 5146Der zweite Band der im Rahmen des Projekts ›Papsturkunden des frühen und hohen Mittelalters‹ der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen erfolgten Neubearbeitung der Regesta Pontificum Romanorum knüpft an den ersten Band an und erschließt in kurzen lateinischsprachigen Regesten die Pontifikate von Sabinian bis Gregor IV. (604–844). In vielerlei Hinsicht ist die hier behandelte Zeitspanne prägend für den weiteren Aufstieg des römischen Bischofs zum Oberhaupt der gesamten Christenheit gewesen, so die Abwendung der römischen Kirche vom byzantinischen Kaisertum und das Bündnis des Papsttums mit den Karolingern, das in der Krönung Karls des Großen zum Kaiser mündete, oder der Verlust weiter Teile des Orients und Nordafrikas an den Islam und die Missionierung bei den Germanen und Angelsachsen. Die überlieferten Schreiben der bekannteren Päpste Zacharias’, Hadrians I., Leos III. oder Gregors IV. stehen hier neben Konzilsakten sowie Brief- und Rechtssammlungen oder den Papstviten des Liber pontificalis und anderen erzählenden Quellen. Im Vergleich zur zweiten Auflage von 1885 konnte die Zahl der Einträge für die hier bearbeiteten 240 Jahre auf über 2100 erhöht werden. Einen zentralen Fortschritt erbrachte die bibliographische Aktualisierung. Die Regesten verweisen auf die heute maßgeblichen Editionen und die Diskussion zu Echtheit und Datierung der Papstschreiben. Konkordanzen und ein Initienregister erleichtern den Zugriff.
Texts, Resources and Artefacts
Author: Richard Corradini,Maximilian Diesenberger,Helmut Reimitz
View: 6529This volume provides a complex discussion of the variety of social efforts which were undertaken to create meaningful communities in the process of the formation of the early medieval gentes and kingdoms in the post-Roman west.
Author: Rosamond McKitterick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 6334This study reveals the remarkable quantity of varied forms and new types of history written in the Frankish realms of Western Europe during the eighth and ninth centuries. The Franks also preserved the classical and Judaeo-Christian histories from earlier centuries. Their books reflect a highly sophisticated and many-layered understanding of the past as well as a very creative use of history. Rosamond McKitterick illuminates the extraordinarily influential role of these history texts in the formation of political ideologies and senses of identity within Europe.
The I.B.Tauris History of the Christian Church
Author: G.R. Evans
View: 1771The creation of a new history of the Church at the beginning of the third millennium is an ambitious but necessary project. Perhaps nowhere is it needed more than in re-describing the Church's development - its life and its thinking - in the period that followed the end of the 'early Church' in antiquity. The cultural, social and political dominance of Christendom in what we now call 'the West', from about 600-1300, made the Christian Church a shaper of the modern world in respects which go far beyond its religious infleunce. Writing with her customary authority, and with a magisterial grasp of the original sources, G R Evans brings this formative era vividly to life both for the student of religious history and general reader. She concentrates as much on the colourful human episodes of the time as on broader institutional and intellectual developments. The result is a compelling and thoroughly modern introduction to devotional and theological thought in the early Middle Ages as well as to ecclesiastical and pastoral life at large.
Encountering the City
Author: Simon Parker
View: 8872For the first time Urban Theory and the Urban Experience brings together classic and contemporary approaches to urban research in order to reveal the intellectual origins of urban studies, and the often unacknowledged debt that empirical and theoretical perspectives on the city owe to one another. Both students and urban scholars will appreciate the critical way in which classical and contemporary debates on the nature of the city are presented. Extensive use is made throughout of documentary, literary and cultural sources to bring the different theoretical perspectives to life. Discussion points introduce and explain key concepts and intellectual histories in a jargon free manner. End of chapter further readings have also been annotated to encourage additional study.
Author: Rosamond McKitterick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Civilization, Medieval
View: 5640The fifth volume of The New Cambridge Medieval History brings together studies of the political, religious, social and economic history of the whole of Europe and of the Mediterranean world between about 1198 and 1300. Comprehensive coverage of the developments in western Europe is balanced by attention to the east of Europe, including the Byzantine world, and the Islamic lands in Spain, north Africa and the Levant. Thematic articles look at the fine arts, the vernacular, communications and other aspects of a period in which the frontiers of Latin Christendom were expanding vigorously outwards; and attention is paid to the frontier societies that emerged in Spain, the Baltic and the Mediterranean islands.
A Social and Economic Interpretation
Author: Mark Elvin
Publisher: Stanford University Press
View: 9443A satisfactory comprehensive history of the social and economic development of pre-modern China, the largest country in the world in terms of population, and with a documentary record covering three millennia, is still far from possible. The present work is only an attempt to disengage the major themes that seem to be of relevance to our understanding of China today. In particular, this volume studies three questions. Why did the Chinese Empire stay together when the Roman Empire, and every other empire of antiquity of the middle ages, ultimately collapsed? What were the causes of the medieval revolution which made the Chinese economy after about 1100 the most advanced in the world? And why did China after about 1350 fail to maintain her earlier pace of technological advance while still, in many respects, advancing economically? The three sections of the book deal with these problems in turn but the division of a subject matter is to some extent only one of convenience. These topics are so interrelated that, in the last analysis, none of them can be considered in isolation from the others.
Author: Christopher Nugent Lawrence Brooke
Publisher: Pearson Education
View: 977This is the first new edition of this wide-ranging introduction since 1987! This best-seller explores the emergence of the distinctive character of medieval Europe during this period. Christopher Brooke examines the reform and revival of the Papacy, the heyday of the medieval Empire, the rise of the Normans, the early Crusades, explores the role of women in the period and this new edition devotes more attention to central Europe - Bohemia, Hungary and Poland. Will be of tremendous interest to anyone interested in the medieval history. ALSO AVAILABLE IN HARDCOVER: 0-582-36905-3.
An Economic and Social History
Author: Richard A. Goldthwaite
Publisher: JHU Press
Category: Business & Economics
View: 2945Awarded the Howard R. Marraro Prize by the American Historical Association "Always fascinating... The reader will get from Goldthwaite's book on the economics of architecture a more lively and more authentic impression of life in Renaissance Florence than from many more general descriptions of Florentine culture." -- Felix Gilbert, New York Review of Books.
Author: John Henderson,Richard Wall
Publisher: Psychology Press
View: 7553Women and children have always featured prominently among the critically disadvantaged.Poor Women and Children in the European Pastprovides a comparative survey of the poverty experienced by women and children in Europe by testing the applicability of the outline of the poverty life-cycle. Among the issues raised in a perceptive and wide-ranging introduction by the editors, John Henderson and Richard Wall, are the distinctive nature of women's poverty over the life-cycle, the relationship between family and demographic systems and the level of poverty, and the relative generosity of public and private charity provided by a range of European societies.
Origins of Democracy and Autocracy in Early Modern Europe
Author: Brian Downing
Publisher: Princeton University Press
View: 4900To examine the long-run origins of democracy and dictatorship, Brian Downing focuses on the importance of medieval political configurations and of military modernization in the early modern period. He maintains that in late medieval times an array of constitutional arrangements distinguished Western Europe from other parts of the world and predisposed it toward liberal democracy. He then looks at how medieval constitutionalism was affected by the "military revolution" of the early modern era--the shift from small, decentralized feudal levies to large standing armies. Downing won the American Political Science Association's Gabriel Almond Award for the dissertation on which this book was based.
Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach
Author: Gregory I. Halfond
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
View: 7419Few historians have argued so forcefully or persuasively as Bernard S. Bachrach for the study of warfare as not only worthy of scholarly attention, but demanding of it. In his many publications Bachrach has established unequivocally the relevance of military institutions and activity for an understanding of medieval European societies, polities, and mentalities. In so doing, as much as any scholar of his generation, he has helped to define the status quaestionis for the field of medieval military history. The Medieval Way of War: Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach pays tribute to its honoree by gathering in a single volume seventeen original studies from an international roster of leading experts in the military history of medieval Europe. Ranging chronologically from Late Antiquity through the Later Middle Ages (ca. AD 300-1500), and with a broad geographical scope stretching from the British Isles to the Middle East, these diverse studies address an array of critical themes and debates relevant to the conduct of war in medieval Europe. These themes include the formation and implementation of military grand strategies; the fiscal, material, and administrative resources that underpinned the conduct of war in medieval Europe; and religious, legal, and artistic responses to military violence. Collectively, these seventeen studies embrace the interdisciplinarity and topical diversity intrinsic to Bachrach’s research. Additionally, they strongly echo his conviction that the study of armed conflict is indispensable for an accurate and comprehensive understanding of medieval European history.
East and West, 300-900
Author: Leslie Brubaker,Julia M. H. Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 814Gender analysis is one of the most probing ways to understand both power and cultural strategies in pre-industrial societies. In this book, sixteen scholars on the cutting edges of their disciplines explore the ideas and expressions of gender that characterised the centuries from c.300 to 900 in milieux ranging from York to Baghdad, via Rome and Constantinople. Deploying a variety of disciplines and perspectives, they draw on the evidence of material culture as well as texts to demonstrate the wide range of gender identities that informed the social, political and imaginary worlds of these centuries. The essays make clear that the fixed point in the gender systems of the period was constituted by the hegemonic masculinity of the ruling elite, marginalised groups often invisible as historical subjects in their own right were omnipresent in, and critical to, the gendered discourses which buttressed assertions of power.
Author: James B. Tschen-Emmons
View: 4259Using artifacts as primary sources, this book enables students to comprehensively assess and analyze historic evidence in the context of the medieval period. • Provides a single-volume resource for using medieval artifacts to better understand the long-ago past • Supplies images of artifacts with detailed descriptions, explanations of significance, and a list of sources for more information, which help students learn how to effectively analyze primary sources • Presents a virtual window into many different aspects of medieval society and life, including particular activities or roles—such as farming, weaving, fashion, or being a mason or a knight • Includes sidebars within selected entries that explain key terms and concepts and supply excerpts from contemporary sources
Colonial Legacies in Irish History and Culture
Author: Stephen Howe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
View: 5837'A more relevant or better researched book would be difficult to find' -Irish Post'An academic page-turner' -Sunday Tribune, Dublin'sharp and perceptive study of idelology, history, culture and the matter of Ireland.' -Independent'should be read by anyone interested in understanding the ways in which historians, literary critics, political scientists, politicans and propagandists have perceived Ireland's past and present... a stimulating discussion.' -English Historical ReviewA growing number of historians, political commentators, and cultural critics have sought to analyse Ireland's past and present in colonial terms. For some, including Irish Republicans, it is the only proper framework for understanding Ireland. Others reject the very use of the colonial label for Ireland's history; while using the term for the present can arouse outrage, especially amongst Ulster Unionists. This book evaluates and analyses these controversies, which range from debates over the ancient and medieval past to those in current literary and postcolonial theory. Scholarly, at times polemical, it is the most comprehensive study of these themes ever to appear. It will undoubtedly arouse sharp controversy.