The Psychology of Restorative Justice

Managing the Power Within

Author: Theo Gavrielides

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317018664

Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 9704

This ground-breaking collection dares to take the next step in the advancement of an autonomous, inter-disciplinary restorative justice field of study. It brings together criminology, social psychology, legal theory, neuroscience, affect-script psychology, sociology, forensic mental health, political sciences, psychology and positive psychology to articulate for the first time a psychological concept of restorative justice. To this end, the book studies the power structures of the restorative justice movement, the very psychology, motivations and emotions of the practitioners who implement it as well as the drivers of its theoreticians and researchers. Furthermore, it examines the strengths and weakness of our own societies and the communities that are called to participate as parties in restorative justice. Their own biases, hunger for power and control, fears and hopes are investigated. The psychology and dynamics between those it aims to reach as well as those who are funding it, including policy makers and politicians, are looked into. All these questions lead to creating an understanding of the psychology of restorative justice. The book is essential reading for academics, researchers, policymakers, practitioners and campaigners.
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Reimagining Restorative Justice

Agency and Accountability in the Criminal Process

Author: David O'Mahony,Jonathan Doak

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 150990106X

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 4216

"Restorative justice theory has largely failed to keep pace with the rapid expansion of restorative practices worldwide – indeed, it is remarkable how much support RJ has when so few advocates can even define what it is. As such, this insightful and comprehensive new contribution from two of the top scholars on the frontlines of restorative justice research is hugely welcome." Professor Shadd Maruna, Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Manchester "Reimagining Restorative Justice is a reflective and balanced reconsideration of restorative justice. It deftly sweeps across the large literature on the subject, putting it in perspective, seeing anew through its wide-angle lens. Empowerment and accountability provide a fertile framework for this richly reimagined justice." Professor John Braithwaite, Australian National University "David O'Mahony and Jonathan Doak have made a significant contribution to the confusing and over-complicated field of restorative justice theory. They do so through their use of empowerment theory to bring conceptual and operational clarity to the concepts of agency and accountability in restorative processes and outcomes. As a result they develop a convincing argument for face to face dialogue between victim and perpetrator within the core of the criminal justice system. Their emphasis upon ethical and skilful practice is a welcome riposte to the rapid spread of 'restorative justice lite' driven by managerialism and the need to cut costs." Tim Chapman, Lecturer at the University of Ulster. "O'Mahony and Doak convincingly argue that rapid developments in the practice of restorative interventions have outstripped restorative justice theory. They provide both an outstandingly helpful review of the literature and a fresh theoretical approach based on empowerment theory. Everyone seriously interested in restorative justice will want to reflect carefully on the authors' conclusions." Anthony Bottoms, Emeritus Wolfson Professor of Criminology at the University of Cambridge. In recent years, restorative-based interventions have expanded rapidly and are increasingly viewed as a legitimate, and even superior means of delivering justice. The result of this swift but piecemeal development has been that restorative justice practice has outpaced the development of restorative justice theory. This book takes up this challenge by 'reimagining' a new framework for the operation of restorative justice within criminal justice. In essence, it is contended that the core empowering values of 'agency' and 'accountability' provide a lens for reimagining how restorative justice works and the normative goals it ought to encompass.
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The Oxford Handbook of Conflict Management in Organizations

Author: William K. Roche,Paul Teague,Alexander J. S. Colvin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019162456X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 750

View: 8744

New ways of managing conflict are increasingly important features of work and employment in organizations. In the book the world's leading scholars in the field examine a range of innovative alternative dispute resolution (ADR) practices, drawing on international research and scholarship and covering both case studies of major exemplars and developments in countries in different parts of the global economy. Developments in the management of individual and collective conflict at work are addressed, as are innovations in both unionized and non-union organizations and in the private and public sectors. New practices for managing conflict in organizations are set in the context of trends in workplace conflict and perspectives on how conflict should be understood and addressed. Part 1 examines the changing context of conflict management by addressing the main frameworks for understanding conflict management, the trend in conflict at work, developments in employment rights, and the influence of HRM on conflict management. Part 2 covers the main approaches to conflict management in organizations, addressing both conventional and alternative approaches to conflict resolution. Conventional grievance handling and third-party processes in conflict resolution are examined as well as the main ADR practices, including conflict management in non-union firms, the role of the organizational ombudsman, mediation, interest-based bargaining, line and supervisory management, and the concept of conflict management systems. Part 3 presents case studies of exemplars and innovators in the field, covering mediation in the US postal service, interest-based bargaining at Kaiser-Permanente, 'med-arb' in the New Zealand Police, and judicial mediation in UK employment tribunals. Part 4 covers international developments in conflict management in Germany, Japan, The United States, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and China. This Handbook gives a comprehensive overview of this growing field, which has seen an huge increase in programmes of study in university business and law schools and in executive education programmes.
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Advances in the Psychology of Justice and Affect

Author: David DeCremer

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 160752466X

Category: Social Science

Page: 305

View: 3734

Leading scholars attempting to illuminate the developing trends in explaining and understanding the role that affect plays in justice and vice versa. The book comes at a particular fitting time as it is recognized that justice is in the eye of the beholder, but, unfortunately clear theoretical perspectives have not been clearly outlined yet. This book addresses this need by presenting a variety of perspectives advocating the further integration between both fields and how this may be achieved. Moreover, the book also provides a discussion of what we know as yet and where this integrative field should be going. The book is divided in three parts discussing the nature of justice and affect, justice, morality and affect, and justice and affect at work. The market for this book is students, researchers in social psychology, organizational behavior and management, behavioral economics, philosophy, and other related social sciences fields. Graduate students and upper level undergraduates can make use of the book as a supplementary text.
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Restorative Approaches to Conflict in Schools

Interdisciplinary perspectives on whole school approaches to managing relationships

Author: Edward Sellman,Hilary Cremin,Gillean McCluskey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134514662

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 5908

Drawing on recent international developments in criminal justice, Restorative Approaches to Conflict in Schools highlights the long-term ineffectiveness of punitive models of discipline in education contexts and examines an alternative approach, underpinned by the principles of restorative justice. This approach provides an opportunity for adults and young people to engage with a range of processes such as group conferencing and peer mediation, whereby: conflict and harm are confronted and repaired; a future rather than past orientation is developed; relationships are built upon the values and attitudes of respect, inclusion and equality; pupils learn inter-personal and problem solving skills as well as social responsibility; staff develop skills and confidence in working restoratively; the risk of future/repeat problems is minimised; and a positive school ethos is developed. These approaches have proven to be highly effective in criminal justice systems around the world, and are beginning to be applied more widely in educational contexts. This edited volume draws together for the first time contributions from an interdisciplinary field of international experts and practitioners on the subject, and offers both critique and guidance in order that the implementation of restorative approaches in schools may be undertaken thoughtfully and sustainably. This exciting new text will be a key reference book for locating contemporary, international and inter-disciplinary debate in the field.
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Bullying in Secondary Schools

What It Looks Like and How To Manage It

Author: Keith Sullivan,Mark Cleary,Ginny Sullivan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857021818

Category: Education

Page: 255

View: 6467

`This is a worthwhile read and many of the ideas could well be used in schools to address the issues of bullying. There is something for everyone in the book, and it should be on any reading list for student teachers and certainly for the senior manager with responsibility for pastoral systems in every school' - Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties `This book is a must for all teachers in secondary school throughout the country. The value of this book lies in the potential for its application in a realistic school setting by staff from the head teacher, to teachers, to pupils and all those who are in the school environment' - Dr L F Lowenstein, Clinical and Educational Psychologist `The authors of this book adopt a new approach to dealing with bullying. Instead of discussing how often it occurs, who bullies and who is bullied, they see bullying as part of a social dynamic and unsafe school culture. This book is an essential practical guide to dealing with bullying for teachers, teachers trainers, counsellors, pupil and families' - Childright `This book is an important and comprehensive resource dealing with school bullying issues in a practical way, with strategies designed to be used easily in the classroom. It gives valuable advice to teachers on dealing with bullies in the most effective way, using victims and bystanders as part of the solution. It should be required reading in every secondary school' - Liz Carnell, Director, Bullying Online This book is a practical guide to dealing with bullying in secondary schools. The authors present what we know about bullying, describe development issues for adolescence and discuss the social context of the school. They analyze key features of healthy and unhealthy schools, and set out a whole school approach to bullying and other social problems that arise in the secondary school. The authors show that by empowering the bystanders through providing effective teacher support, much of the bullying can be stopped at an early age and a healthy and safe school can be created. Their suggestions are based on student-centred responses and on programmes developed specifically to deal with bullying. This book is written especially for secondary school teachers, administrators and students, and the families and caregivers of the students. It is also for those who train teachers, for counsellors and for educators at all levels.
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Managing People in a Downturn

Author: A.,Adrian Furnham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230307205

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 8377

A collection of engaging and thought-provoking essays looking at the world of business and management during a recession. Furnham takes a sideways look at some business issues that are often brushed under the carpet and examines recent academic contributions to business literature in an amusing and jargon-free style.
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Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 9470

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
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Still

Die Bedeutung von Introvertierten in einer lauten Welt

Author: Susan Cain

Publisher: Riemann Verlag

ISBN: 3641106214

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 3334

Selbstsicheres Auftreten und die Beherrschung von Small Talk sind nicht alles. Susan Cains glänzendes Plädoyer für die Qualitäten der Stillen. „Ein leerer Topf klappert am lautesten“. Aber wer der Welt etwas Bedeutendes schenken will, benötigt Zeit und Sorgfalt, um es in Stille reifen zu lassen. „Still“ ist ein Plädoyer für die Ruhe, die in unserer Welt des Marktgeschreis und der Klingeltöne zu verschwinden droht. Und für leise Menschen, die lernen sollten, zu ihrem „So-Sein“ zu stehen. Ohne sie hätten wir heute keine Relativitätstheorie, keinen „Harry Potter“, keine Klavierstücke Chopins, und auch die Suchmaschine „Google“ wäre nie entwickelt worden. „Still“ baut eine Brücke zwischen den Welten, kritisiert aber das gesellschaftliche Ungleichgewicht zugunsten der Partylöwen und Dampfplauderer. Es herrscht eine „extrovertierte Ethik“, die stille Wasser zwingt, sich anzupassen oder unterzugehen. Ihre Eigenschaften – Ernsthaftigkeit, Sensibilität und Scheu – gelten eher als Krankheitssymptome denn als Qualitäten. Zu unrecht, sagt Susan Cain, und stellt sich gegen den Trend, der „selbstbewusstes Auftreten“ verherrlicht. „Still“ ist das Kultbuch für Introvertierte, hilft aber auch Extrovertierten, ihre Mitmenschen besser zu verstehen.
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Die Chancen unserer Kinder

Warum Charakter wichtiger ist als Intelligenz

Author: Paul Tough

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608105891

Category: Psychology

Page: 380

View: 3242

Ein zentraler Aspekt von Toughs Untersuchung sind die Zukunftschancen von Kindern aus der unteren Skala der Gesellschaft. Wenn wir die richtigen Eigenschaften fördern, kann die soziale Schere geschlossen werden. Psychologen, Neurowissenschaftler und Ökonomen, die sich mit der Frage von Erfolg und Persönlichkeit beschäftigen, belegen: Charaktereigenschaften wie Ausdauer, Optimismus, Neugier, Mut und Gewissenhaftigkeit sind ausschlaggebend für späteren Erfolg. Aber wie kann man diese Eigenschaften fördern? Und warum sind sie so sichere Vorhersagemerkmale? Tough zeigt am Beispiel einer Brennpunktschule, wie die Förderung benachteiligter Schüler gelingt. Dieses kluge und provokante Buch wird den Leser fesseln – und es wird unser Verständnis von Kindheit, Schule und Ausbildung verändern.
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Das Macht-Paradox

Wie wir Einfluss gewinnen - oder verlieren

Author: Dacher Keltner

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593399075

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 4107

Macht haben, Mensch bleiben Es sind nicht die Ellenbogen, es ist unser Gemeinsinn, der uns Macht verleiht. Doch sobald wir Macht haben und ihren Verführungen erliegen, geht uns die soziale Kompetenz schnell wieder verloren. Wir alle sind Opfer dieses Macht-Paradoxes, sagt der renommierte Psychologe Dacher Keltner. In seinem neuen Buch zeigt er, dass Macht und auch Machtmissbrauch in jedem Winkel unseres sozialen Lebens vorkommen: - In der Arbeitswelt, - in der Familie, - innerhalb von Freundschaften und gesellschaftlichen Gruppen. Macht bestimmt das Leben aller Menschen. Und erst wenn wir einen Blick durch die Brille der Macht werfen, lässt sich dieses Paradox auflösen. Damit die Guten nicht nur an die Macht kommen, sondern empathisch bleiben und sie behalten. Keltners Buch ist eine revolutionäre neue positive Psychologie der Macht. Einer der bedeutendsten Psychologen Amerikas inspiriert uns dazu, auf eine neue Weise über Macht nachzudenken. Sein Buch hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. "Dacher Keltner verändert die Vorstellungen darüber, wie Macht und wie Ungleichheit funktionieren. Es ist nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis seine Ideen sich überall verbreiten. Und im Gegensatz zu anderen Psychologen, die ich kenne, ist er kein Spinner." Michael Lewis, Autor von "The Big Short"
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Prisons, Punishment and the Pursuit of Security

Author: D. Drake

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137004835

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 8424

Drawing on research in men's long-term, maximum-security prisons, this book examines three interconnected problems: the tendency of the prison to obscure other social problems and conceal its own failings, the pursuit of greater levels of human security through repressive and violent means and the persistence of the belief in the problem of 'evil'.
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Undoing Harm

International Perspectives on Interventions for Men who Use Violence Against Women

Author: Mona Eliasson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789155460006

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 166

View: 5772

"Men who use violence against their women (ex-)partners, constitute a problem not only for the women but for all of society. Different kinds of approaches are necessary to protect victims, stop ongoing violence, and prevent both repetition and initiation of violent acts to control, frighten and dominate women. Efficient programs have been developed and tried in different countries. In this volume comprehensive assessments of needed interventions are presented together with research on the efficacy of programs by an international group of scholars from the field. Although there are obvious differences in legal contexts, philosophies, and experiences in different countries, results show that the combination of a legal and a re-educational approach is both necessary and most effective for re-forming most groups of violent men. Much can be learned from the experiences of programs derived from the Duluth model, but applications have to be adapted to specific conditions and countries. For some men the need to assess the risk of them attacking women again is part of the intervention. However, the combination of a carefully planned approach based on current knowledge and equally careful assessments and follow-ups over longer periods of time seems to give the best results. Research from a broad social and cultural perspective, including gender in-equalities, can also be a tool for application and refining knowledge to improve interventions and reform violent men."
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Adolescent Violence in the Home

Restorative Approaches to Building Healthy, Respectful Family Relationships

Author: Gregory Routt,Lily Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134093314

Category: Psychology

Page: 190

View: 2772

Adolescent Violence in the Home examines a form of violence that has a profound impact on families but is often overlooked and frequently misunderstood: teen aggression and violence toward members of their family—especially parents. Violence in adolescents is often seen as the result of a mental-health diagnosis, delinquency, or as a response to dysfunctional parenting, and though understanding a youth’s mental-health status or a parenting style can be helpful, complete focus on either is misplaced. Adolescent Violence in the Home uses a restorative framework, developed by the authors and in use in court systems and organizations around the world, to situate violent behaviors in the context of power and the intergenerational cycle of violence. Readers will come away from this book with a profound understanding of the social and individual factors that lead youth to use violence and how adolescent violence affects parents, and they’ll also learn about a variety of interventions that specifically address teen violence against parents.
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Journal of management

Author: Southern Management Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9791

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Sexually Coercive Behavior

Understanding and Management

Author: R. A. Prentky,Eric S. Janus,Michael C. Seto

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781573313995

Category: Social Science

Page: 515

View: 7927

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Violence in American Schools

A Practical Guide for Counselors

Author: Daya Singh Sandhu,Cheryl B. Aspy

Publisher: Amer Counseling Assn

ISBN: 9781556202223

Category: Education

Page: 409

View: 7198

The number of students victimized by violent crimes rose by nearly 25% between 1989-1995. Screening, along with good clinical judgment by counselors, should be the source for identifying children and adolescents at risk. This book is designed as a guidebook to help counselors develop skills in learning about the etiology of violence, identifying individuals at risk, preventing violent episodes when possible, and treating the effects of violence in the survivors. It is divided into six sections, grouped by chapters on similar themes. Section 1, "Defining the Problem," defines the problem from a statistical perspective by describing the nature and extent of violence in schools; discusses psychological and cultural characteristics of violent students; and describes school violence from socioecological perspectives. Section 2, "The Etiology of Violence in Youths," addresses the source of youth violence. Section 3, "School Violence Prevention Strategies," is comprised of nine chapters, and highlights prevention programs that are in place and working. Section 4, "Violence in Special Populations," discusses adolescent suicide; violence against gay, lesbian, and transgender youths; and hate crimes and counselors' role in prevention them. Section 5, "Violence Intervention Strategies: Individual, Family, School, and Counselor Training Programs," addresses the issues and concerns on what to do when violence has already occurred. Section 6, "Summary and Implications for Practice," summarizes how counselors can use this book to learn how to recognize violence-precipitating environments; screen for children at risk for violence; remediate those who have a high violence potential; and work with parents to ensure a consistent response to the problem. (Contains 6 figures, 11 tables, 2 appendixes, and 865 references.) (JDM)
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