Jury trials

the psychology of winning strategy

Author: Donald E. Vinson

Publisher: Lexis Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 244

View: 8194

This work is an overview of the psychological theories useful to attorneys in selecting and persuading juries. It outlines the techniques used in voir dire, opening statements, presentation of exhibits, and expert testimony.
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Inside the Juror

The Psychology of Juror Decision Making

Author: Reid Hastie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521477550

Category: Law

Page: 277

View: 5866

Provides a comprehensive and understandable summary of the major theories of juror decision making.
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Determining Damages

The Psychology of Jury Awards

Author: Edie Greene,Brian H. Bornstein

Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn

ISBN: 9781557989741

Category: Law

Page: 238

View: 4170

Annotation This study examines the reasoning process behind the jurors' complex task of deciding damage awards, and how the structure and procedures of civil jury trials sometimes impede such decisions. Green (psychology, U. of Colorado, Colorado Springs) and Bornstein (psychology and law, U. of Nebraska) consider such influential factors as identity of the plaintiff, defendant, and jurors themselves; conduct of the litigants; and severity and nature of the injury. The study concludes with recommendations for policy reform. Written for psychologists, law practitioners, social scientists, and policy makers. Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).
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The Psychology of Juries

Author: Margaret Bull Kovera

Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)

ISBN: 9781433827044

Category: Law

Page: 309

View: 6548

This volume summarizes what is known about the psychology of juries and offers a robust research agenda to keep scholars busy in years to come.
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Inside the Jury

Author: Reid Hastie,Steven Penrod,Nancy Pennington

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584772697

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 336

Hastie, Reid and Steven D. Penrod, Nancy Pennington. Inside the Jury. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983. viii, 277 pp. Reprinted 2002 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 2002025963. ISBN 1-58477-269-7. Cloth. $95. * "A landmark jury study." Contemporary Sociology. An important statistical study of the dynamics of jury selection and deliberation that offers a realistic jury simulation model, a statistical analysis of the personal characteristics of jurors, and a general assessment of jury performance based on research findings conducted by reputed scholars in the behavioral sciences. "The book will stand as the third great product of social research into jury operations, ranking with Kalven and Zeisel's The American Jury and Van Dyke's Jury Selection Procedures." American Bar Association Journal.
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Psychologie der Massen

Author: Gustave le Bon

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 396167017X

Category: Psychology

Page: 172

View: 8764

Gustave Le Bon ( 1841 - 1931 ) war ein französischer Sozialpsychologe. Er gilt als Begründer der Massenpsychologie. Seine Wirkung auf die Nachwelt, wissenschaftlich auf Sigmund Freud und Max Weber, politisch insbesondere auf den Nationalsozialismus und seine Protagonisten, war groß. Seine Gedanken sind teils stark zeitgebunden und massiv durch persönliche Erfahrungen beeinflusst. Sie werden bis heute von der Sozialpsychologie diskutiert. Das Werk setzt sich sowohl mit den Themenkreisen Konformität, Entfremdung und Führung auseinander, als auch mit der Masse im eigentlichen Sinne. Le Bon vertritt die Auffassung, dass der Einzelne, auch der Angehörige einer Hochkultur, in der Masse seine Kritikfähigkeit verliert und sich affektiv, zum Teil primitiv-barbarisch, verhält. In der Massensituation ist der Einzelne leichtgläubiger und unterliegt der psychischen Ansteckung. Somit ist die Masse von Führern leicht zu lenken. Le Bon stellt vor allem dar, wie politische Meinungen, Ideologien und Glaubenslehren bei den Massen Eingang und Verbreitung finden, wie man Massen beeinflussen kann, wie die dazu notwendigen Führer entstehen, welche Eigenschaften sie haben müssen, wie sie wirken und untergehen und wo die Grenzen dieser Beeinflussbarkeit liegen. Immer wieder betont er den geringen Einfluss von Vernunft, Unterricht und Erziehung sowie die Anfälligkeit der Massen für Schlagworte, große Gesten und geschickte Täuschungen. Quelle: Wikipedia
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Jury Psychology: Social Aspects of Trial Processes

Psychology in the Courtroom

Author: Daniel A. Krauss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317109953

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 9740

The first of a two-volume set on the Psychology of the Courtroom, Jury Psychology: Social Aspects of Trial Processes offers a definitive account of the influence of trial procedures on juror decision-making. A wide range of topics are covered including pre-trial publicity and inadmissible evidence, jury selection, jury instruction, and death penalty cases, as well as decision-making in civil trials. In addition, a number of global issues are discussed, including procedural justice issues and theoretical models of juror decision-making. Throughout the volume the authors make recommendations for improving trial procedures where jurors are involved, and they discuss how the problems and potential solutions are relevant to courts around the world.
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The Psychology of Jury Verdicts

The Effects on Mock Jurors of Strength of Evidence and Complainant Demeanor in a Rape Trial

Author: Jeannette L. Gerzon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Evidence (Law)

Page: 400

View: 4835

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The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Author: David E. Klein,Gregory Mitchell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199710139

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 5658

Over the years, psychologists have devoted uncountable hours to learning how human beings make judgments and decisions. As much progress as scholars have made in explaining what judges do over the past few decades, there remains a certain lack of depth to our understanding. Even where scholars can make consensual and successful predictions of a judge's behavior, they will often disagree sharply about exactly what happens in the judge's mind to generate the predicted result. This volume of essays examines the psychological processes that underlie judicial decision making.
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Das Durchdrehen der Schraube

Eine Geistergeschichte

Author: Henry James

Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3423428260

Category: Fiction

Page: 208

View: 2538

100. Todestag von Henry James Eine der verstörendsten und raffiniertesten Geschichten für spannende Abende: Eine junge Pfarrerstochter wird auf einem abgeschiedenen englischen Landgut als Gouvernante eingestellt. Als ihr die Geister zweier verstorbener Angestellter erscheinen, verfällt sie in den wahnhaften Eifer, die Kinder beschützen zu müssen. Unheilvolle Dinge geschehen ...
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Jury Decision Making

The State of the Science

Author: Dennis J. Devine

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814725228

Category: Psychology

Page: 283

View: 8966

While jury decision making has received considerable attention from social scientists, there have been few efforts to systematically pull together all the pieces of this research. In Jury Decision Making Dennis J. Devine examines over 50 years of research on juries and offers a “big picture” overview of the field. The volume summarizes existing theories of jury decision making and identifies what we have learned about jury behavior, including the effects of specific courtroom practices, the nature of the trial, the characteristics of the participants, and the evidence itself. Making use of those foundations, Devine offers a new integrated theory of jury decision making that addresses both individual jurors and juries as a whole and discusses its ramifications for the courts. Providing a unique combination of broad scope, extensive coverage of the empirical research conducted over the last half century, and theory advancement, this accessible and engaging volume offers "one-stop shopping" for scholars, students, legal professionals, and those who simply wish to better understand how well the jury system works.
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The Social Psychology of Procedural Justice

Author: E.Allan Lind,Tom R. Tyler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 148992115X

Category: Psychology

Page: 267

View: 6516

We dedicate this book to John Thibaut. He was mentor and personal friend to one of us, and his work had a profound intellectual influence on both of us. We were both strongly influenced by Thibaut's insightful articulation of the importance to psychology of the concept of pro cedural justice and by his empirical work with Laurens Walker in reactions to legal institu demonstrating the role of procedural justice tions. The great importance we accord the Thibaut and Walker work is evident throughout this volume. If anyone person can be said to have created an entire field of inquiry, John Thibaut created the psychological study of procedural justice. (To honor Thibaut thus in no sense reduces our recognition of the contributions of his co-worker, Laurens Walker, in the creation of the field. We are as certain that Walker would endorse our statement as we are that Thibaut, with characteristic modesty, would demur from it. ) Even to praise Thibaut in this fashion falls short of recognizing all of his contributions to procedural justice. Not only did he initiate the psy chological study of the topic, he also built much of the intellectual foun dation upon which the study of procedural justice rests. Thibaut's work with Harold Kelley (1959; Kelley & Thibaut, 1978) created a social psy chological theory of interdependence that, among many other applica tions, serves as the basis for one of the major models of the psychology of procedural justice.
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Still

Die Bedeutung von Introvertierten in einer lauten Welt

Author: Susan Cain

Publisher: Riemann Verlag

ISBN: 3641106214

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 374

Selbstsicheres Auftreten und die Beherrschung von Small Talk sind nicht alles. Susan Cains glänzendes Plädoyer für die Qualitäten der Stillen. „Ein leerer Topf klappert am lautesten“. Aber wer der Welt etwas Bedeutendes schenken will, benötigt Zeit und Sorgfalt, um es in Stille reifen zu lassen. „Still“ ist ein Plädoyer für die Ruhe, die in unserer Welt des Marktgeschreis und der Klingeltöne zu verschwinden droht. Und für leise Menschen, die lernen sollten, zu ihrem „So-Sein“ zu stehen. Ohne sie hätten wir heute keine Relativitätstheorie, keinen „Harry Potter“, keine Klavierstücke Chopins, und auch die Suchmaschine „Google“ wäre nie entwickelt worden. „Still“ baut eine Brücke zwischen den Welten, kritisiert aber das gesellschaftliche Ungleichgewicht zugunsten der Partylöwen und Dampfplauderer. Es herrscht eine „extrovertierte Ethik“, die stille Wasser zwingt, sich anzupassen oder unterzugehen. Ihre Eigenschaften – Ernsthaftigkeit, Sensibilität und Scheu – gelten eher als Krankheitssymptome denn als Qualitäten. Zu unrecht, sagt Susan Cain, und stellt sich gegen den Trend, der „selbstbewusstes Auftreten“ verherrlicht. „Still“ ist das Kultbuch für Introvertierte, hilft aber auch Extrovertierten, ihre Mitmenschen besser zu verstehen.
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The Psychology of the Courtroom

Author: Norbert L. Kerr,Robert M. Bray

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780124049215

Category: Psychology

Page: 370

View: 5993

This volume presents comprehensive and integrative reviews that critically examine the psychological theory and research relevant to the courtroom trial. Chapters discuss either common courtroom roles involving defendant and victim, juror, jury, judge, and witness, or problems involving court procedures, methodological issues for research, and innovation in the courts. All are written by behavioral scientists who are or have been actively engaged in research in the area that they review, and all stress organizing and integrating existing work as well as identifying gaps in knowledge and important topics for future research. The volume fulfills a need for both integrative and broad-based summary and critical review of the expanding empirical literature that focuses on various courtroom participants and problems.
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The Psychology of Decision Making

People in Organizations

Author: Lee R. Beach,Terry Connolly

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 145223924X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 1706

The Psychology of Decision Making provides an overview of decision making as it relates to management, organizational behavior issues, and research. This engaging book examines the way individuals make decisions as well as how they form judgments privately and in the context of the organization. It also discusses the interplay of group and institutional dynamics and their effects upon the decisions made within and on the behalf of organizations.
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The Social Psychology of Politics

Author: Victor C. Ottati,R. Scott Tindale,John Edwards,Fred B. Bryant,Linda Heath,Daniel C. O'Connell,Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar,Emil J. Posavac

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306467233

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 1560

Early studies of political behavior examined the sociological, attitudinal, and rational determinants of political behavior. However, none of these approaches provided a descriptive model of how people process political information and make political decisions under naturalistic conditions that involve limited cognitive capacity and motivation. Fortunately, contemporary approaches within the field of political psychology have begun to address these concerns. Inspired by recent advances in the area of social psychology, researchers are rapidly developing more realistic and detailed models of the psychological process that determines political judgements and behavior. Early attempts to merely predict political behavior have been replaced by an attempt to describe the actual process whereby individuals gather, interpret, exchange, and combine information to arrive at a political judgement or decision. This volume provides comprehensive coverage of this pioneering era of research in political psychology.
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The Psychology and Law of Criminal Justice Processes

Author: Roger J. R. Levesque

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594543128

Category: Law

Page: 723

View: 8224

Psychological science now reveals much about the law's response to crime. This is the first text to bridge both fields as it presents psychological research and theory relevant to each phase of criminal justice processes. The materials are divided into three parts that follow a comprehensive introduction. The introduction analyses the major legal themes and values that guide criminal justice processes and points to the many psychological issues they raise. Part I examines how the legal system investigates and apprehends criminal suspects. Topics range from the identification, searching and seizing to the questioning of suspects. Part II focuses on how the legal system establishes guilt. To do so, it centres on the process of bargaining and pleading cases, assembling juries, providing expert witnesses, and considering defendants' mental states. Part III focuses on the disposition of cases. Namely, that part highlights the process of sentencing defendants, predicting criminal tendencies, treating and controlling offenders, and determining eligibility for such extreme punishments as the death penalty. The format seeks to give readers a feeling for the entire criminal justice process and for the role psychological science has and can play in it.
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The American Jury On Trial

Psychological Perspectives

Author: Saul M. Kassin,Lawrence S. Wrightsman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1135874654

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 1950

First Published in 1988. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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The Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions

A Handbook

Author: Gisli H. Gudjonsson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470857943

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 4939

This volume, a sequel to The Psychology of Interrogations, Confessions and Testimony which is widely acclaimed by both scientists and practitioners, brings the field completely up-to-date and focuses in particular on aspects of vulnerability, confabulation and false confessions. The is an unrivalled integration of scientific knowledge of the psychological processes and research relating to interrogation, with the practical investigative and legal issues that bear upon obtaining, and using in court, evidence from interrogations of suspects. * Accessible style which will appeal to academics, students and practitioners * Authoritative integration of theory, research, practical implications and vivid case illustration * Coverage of topical issues like confabulation, false memory, and false confessions Part of the Wiley Series in The Psychology of Crime, Policing and Law
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