The Populist Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe

Ideology, impact, and electoral performance

Author: Andrea L. P. Pirro

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317557123

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 8672

Often neglected in the study of far right organisations, post-communist Europe recently witnessed the rise and fall of a number of populist radical right parties. The Populist Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe is the first comparative study to focus on the ideology, impact, and electoral performance of this party family in the region. The book advances a series of arguments concerning the context and text of these parties, and systematically analyses the supply-side and demand-side of populist radical right politics. Whilst populist radical right parties in Central and Eastern Europe maintain broad similarities with their West European counterparts, they come across as a distinct phenomenon worthy of study in their own right. Parties like Ataka (Bulgaria), Jobbik (Hungary), and the SNS (Slovakia) resort to historical legacies and contextual idiosyncrasies to frame their ideology; interact with other parties over a number of policy areas; and ultimately compete for public office on the basis of their nativist agenda. The book provides a novel framework for the analysis of different aspects of populist radical right politics, notably enhancing the understanding of this phenomenon by means of primary data such as personal interviews with party leaders and original expert surveys. Using the ideological features of these parties as an overarching analytical tool, this book is essential reading for students and scholars researching the far right, post-communist issues and European politics in general.
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Europe for the Europeans

The Foreign and Security Policy of the Populist Radical Right

Author: Christina Schori Liang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317139879

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 7321

For the last two decades the number of political organizations on the far right, neo-populist right and neo-conservative right has been growing. Along with the mounting electoral success for many of the parties there has also been a growing disenchantment with the political class which has led to a revolt against the current political 'establishment'. The events of September 11, 2001 and the 'War on Terror' have further aggravated tensions within the populations between those who feel they are the 'legitimate' citizens of the state and those who are considered 'outsiders'. The recent expansion of the EU's borders has also brought on fears of a surge of both legal and illegal immigration. All these factors have led to a growing number of cases of harassment and outbursts of violence aimed at asylum seekers and ethnic minorities in Europe. This book measures the effects of neo-populist groups on the current political establishment and illustrates how much political appeal neo-populist views have on making current political policy.
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Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe

Author: Cas Mudde

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521616324

Category: Political Science

Page: 404

View: 5063

As Europe enters a significant phase of re-integration of East and West, it faces an increasing problem with the rise of far-right political parties. Cas Mudde offers the first comprehensive and truly pan-European study of populist radical right parties in Europe. He focuses on the parties themselves, discussing them both as dependent and independent variables. Based upon a wealth of primary and secondary literature, this book offers critical and original insights into three major aspects of European populist radical right parties: concepts and classifications; themes and issues; and explanations for electoral failures and successes. It concludes with a discussion of the impact of radical right parties on European democracies, and vice versa, and offers suggestions for future research.
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Radical Right Parties in Central and Eastern Europe

Mainstream Party Competition and Electoral Fortune

Author: Bartek Pytlas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317495853

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 9560

In Central and Eastern Europe, radical right actors significantly impact public debates and mainstream policy agenda. But despite this high discursive influence, the electoral fortune of radical right parties in the region is much less stable. It has been suggested that this may be due to the fact that mainstream competitors increasingly co-opt issues which are fundamental for the radical right. However, the extent to which such tactics play a role in radical right electoral success and failure is still a subject for debate. This book is the first to provide a systematic theoretical framework and in-depth empirical research on the interaction between discursive influence, party competition and the electoral fortune of radical right parties in Central and Eastern Europe. It argues that in order to fully explain the impact of mainstream party strategies in this regard, it is vital to widen the analysis beyond competition over issues themselves, and towards their various legitimizing narratives and frame ownership. Up-to-date debates over policies of collective identity (minority, morality and nationalizing politics) in Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia serve as best cases to observe these under-researched phenomena. The analytical model is evaluated comparatively using original, primary data combined with election studies and expert surveys. Advancing an innovative, fine-grained approach on the mechanisms and effects of party competition between radical right and mainstream parties, this book will be of interest to students and scholars researching the far right and European party politics, as well as political contestation and framing.
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Europadämmerung

Ein Essay

Author: Ivan Krastev

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518752189

Category: Political Science

Page: 143

View: 2078

Nach 1989 waren Landkarten plötzlich nicht länger in Mode. Die Grenzen sollten geöffnet werden für Menschen, Güter, Kapital und Ideen. An die Stelle der alten Karten traten Graphiken, welche die ökonomische Verflechtung innerhalb der EU illustrierten. Heute erleben wir einen ideologischen Gezeitenwechsel: Wo die Mehrheit der Europäer noch vor einigen Jahren optimistisch auf die Globalisierung blickte, empfinden sie Migration und die Rückkehr der Geopolitik als Quelle der Unsicherheit. Ivan Krastev untersucht die Ursachen für diesen Wandel und erörtert, welche Formen die europäische Desintegration annehmen könnte. Ein Zerfall der EU, so Krastev, wäre eine Tragödie, die den Kontinent zu internationaler Bedeutungslosigkeit verurteilen würde.
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Transforming the Transformation?

The East European Radical Right in the Political Process

Author: Michael Minkenberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317549384

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 8329

Transforming the transformation? The East European Radical Right in the Political Process examines the significance of radical right parties, along with other organizations, in terms of their involvement in the political process of new democracies. This groundbreaking study highlights firstly the radical right’s interaction with other political actors, such as parties, governments and interest groups, in their respective countries. Secondly, the contributors analyze the effects of such interaction with regard to agenda setting and policies in "loaded" policy fields, namely minorities and immigration, law and order, religion, territorial issues and democratization. Through an examination of the role of radical right actors in political processes and an assessment of the resulting measurable outcomes, this book shows how policies, election results and regime changes indicate shifts away from the liberal-democratic order institutionalized in the course of post-Communist transformation. Offering a unique cross-national comparison of particular facets and themes, as well as in-depth analysis of country cases, this book will be of interest to undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as scholars, of European politics and far right studies.
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The Populist Radical Right

A Reader

Author: Cas Mudde

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315514567

Category: Political Science

Page: 642

View: 7807

The populist radical right is one of the most studied political phenomena in the social sciences, counting hundreds of books and thousands of articles. This is the first reader to bring together the most seminal articles and book chapters on the contemporary populist radical right in western democracies. It has a broad regional and topical focus and includes work that has made an original theoretical contribution to the field, which make them less time-specific. The reader is organized in six thematic sections: (1) ideology and issues; (2) parties, organizations, and subcultures; (3) leaders, members, and voters; (4) causes; (5) consequences; and (6) responses. Each section features a short introduction by the editor, which introduces and ties together the selected pieces and provides discussion questions and suggestions for further readings. The reader is ended with a conclusion in which the editor reflects on the future of the populist radical right in light of (more) recent political developments – most notably the Greek economic crisis and the refugee crisis – and suggest avenues for future research.
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Schattenseiten der Globalisierung

Rechtsradikalismus, Rechtspopulismus und separatistischer Regionalismus in westlichen Demokratien

Author: Dietmar Loch,Wilhelm Heitmeyer

Publisher: Suhrkamp Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Radicalism

Page: 535

View: 9608

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Für einen linken Populismus

Author: Chantal Mouffe

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518759868

Category: Political Science

Page: 111

View: 5100

Kann es das geben, einen guten, linken Populismus? Chantal Mouffe vertritt die Auffassung, dass dies möglich und sogar notwendig ist – eine Position, die ihr auch Kritik eingetragen hat. Führt das nicht zu einer gefährlichen Emotionalisierung? Läuft das nicht ebenfalls auf eine Unterscheidung zwischen gutem Volk und bösem Establishment hinaus? Politik, so Mouffe, funktioniere nun einmal über konfrontative Wir/sie-Konstruktionen; und ja, es gebe eine Art »Oligarchie«, die eine Verwirklichung demokratischer und ökologischer Ziele verhindere. Dies mache klare politische Alternativen und neue progressive Allianzen erforderlich. Eine so präzise wie provokante Intervention, die angesichts der Krise sozialliberaler Parteien und der Debatte um »Identitätspolitik« für Gesprächsstoff sorgen wird.
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Diskursstrategien im Rechtspopulismus

Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs und Schweizerische Volkspartei zwischen Opposition und Regierungsbeteiligung

Author: Oliver Geden

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531904302

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 5095

Rechtspopulistische Parteien betreiben die Wählermobilisierung aus der Opposition heraus häufig mit sehr großem Erfolg. Mündet dies jedoch in Regierungsbeteiligungen auf nationaler Ebene, so lässt der Wählerzuspruch meist schlagartig wieder nach. Oliver Geden rückt mit der Freiheitlichen Partei Österreichs und der Schweizerischen Volkspartei zwei Akteure ins Blickfeld, die den Übergang von Oppositions- zu Regierungsparteien mit höchst unterschiedlichem Erfolg bewältigt haben. Anhand von Medienanalysen sowie von eigens durchgeführten Interviews mit FPÖ- und SVP-Politikern zeichnet der Autor nach, in welcher Weise die inhaltliche Ausgestaltung rechtspopulistischer Politik von strategischen Erwägungen geprägt ist. Dabei wird deutlich, dass die Strukturen und Dynamiken der schweizerischen Politik einer rechtspopulistischen Partei günstigere Rahmenbedingungen für dauerhafte Wahlerfolge bieten als dies in Österreich der Fall ist.
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Modernisierungsverlierer?

Die Wählerschaft rechtspopulistischer Parteien in Westeuropa

Author: Tim Spier

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531924966

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 3792

Die fortgesetzten Wahlerfolge rechtspopulistischer Parteien in Westeuropa werfen immer wieder die Frage nach den Ursachen für diese elektoralen Entwicklungen auf. Die Monographie geht der vielfach geäußerten These nach, dass es sich bei den Wählern dieser Parteien um sogenannte Modernisierungsverlierer handelt, überführt die These in ein Modell der Wahl rechtspopulistischer Parteien und überprüft sie empirisch anhand von Umfragedaten für Westeuropa auf der Individualebene. Dabei wird der Einfluss verschiedener Modernisierungsverlierer-Indikatoren auf rechtsaffine Einstellungen und das Wahlverhalten zugunsten rechtspopulistischer Parteien untersucht.
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Right-Wing Populism in Europe

Politics and Discourse

Author: Ruth Wodak

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1780932456

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 3952

This volume offers a comparative survey of Far Right parties across Europe, examining in particular their changing political rhetoric. The contributors look at the development of two distinct forms of party development and discourse: The Haiderization and The Berlusconization model.
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The Populist Radical Right in Poland

The Patriots

Author: Rafal Pankowski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135150974

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 5088

Rafal Pankowski makes sense of the rapid growth of organized radical nationalism on the political level in Poland by showing its origins, its internal dynamics and the historical, political, social and cultural context that has made it possible.
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Pegida

Die schmutzige Seite der Zivilgesellschaft?

Author: Lars Geiges,Stine Marg,Franz Walter

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3732831922

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 2914

Sie spazieren gegen die »Islamisierung des Abendlandes«, skandieren »Wir sind das Volk« und schimpfen auf die »Lügenpresse«: Die Demonstrationen von Pegida bewegten 2014/15 ganz Deutschland. Nicht nur (aber vor allem) in Dresden, wo Pegida ihren Anfang nahm, wurden Zehntausende mobilisiert. Medien und Politik rätselten: Was ist Pegida? Woher kommt die Bewegung? Was macht sie aus und was treibt ihre Aktiven an? Dieses Buch liefert erste Erkenntnisse. Das Göttinger Autorenteam hat Pegida-Demonstrationen beobachtet und Interviews, Gruppendiskussionen sowie eine Onlineumfrage durchgeführt. So konnte ein tiefer Einblick in die Einstellungen und Überzeugungen der Pegida-Anhängerschaft gewonnen werden. Auch die Gegendemonstranten von NoPegida wurden vom Göttinger Institut für Demokratieforschung untersucht: Inwiefern unterscheiden sich die Lager? Entstanden ist eine facettenreiche Studie, die erste Auskünfte gibt über Pegida sowie über die Verfassung der deutschen Gesellschaft im Jahr 2015 insgesamt.
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Der neue Rechtspopulismus

Author: Frank Decker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663096211

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 2772

Das Buch berücksichtigt die seit 1999 eingetretenen Entwicklungen, die in mehreren Ländern (Österreich, Italien, Niederlande) zur Regierungsbeteiligung oder -übernahme rechtspopulistischer Parteien geführt haben. In einem weiteren Kapitel wird der Frage nachgegangen, wie der Populismus aus demokratischer sicht bewertet werden muss, ob er eine nützliche Korrektivfunktion erfüllt oder eine Gefahr darstellt.
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Class Politics and the Radical Right

Author: Jens Rydgren

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415690528

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9090

One of the most significant events in European politics the past two decades is the emergence of radical right-wing parties, mobilizing against immigration and multiethnic societies. Such parties have established themselves in a large number of countries, often with voter shares exceeding ten and sometimes even twenty percent. Many of these parties exert a real influence on the policy within respective country. The emergence of the recent wave of radical right-wing party politics has generated a large and growing literature, spanning a variety of dimensions--such as ideology, voting, and policy impact. This volume will cover all these dimensions, but it will in particular focus on two questions: why is it that the working class tends to be especially attracted by the radical right-wing parties? And what does the radical right-wing parties growing electoral successes mean for Social Democracy and the traditional left in Europe, which are meeting growing competition from the radical right over working class voters? Bringing together the leading scholars within this field, this book makes a unique contribution by focusing on the relationship between class politics and the radical right.
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Populism

Author: Cas Mudde,Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190234873

Category: Political Science

Page: 136

View: 8410

Populism is a central concept in the current media debates about politics and elections. However, like most political buzzwords, the term often floats from one meaning to another, and both social scientists and journalists use it to denote diverse phenomena. What is populism really? Who are the populist leaders? And what is the relationship between populism and democracy? This book answers these questions in a simple and persuasive way, offering a swift guide to populism in theory and practice. Cas Mudde and Cristobal Rovera Kaltwasser present populism as an ideology that divides society into two antagonistic camps, the "pure people" versus the "corrupt elite," and that privileges the general will of the people above all else. They illustrate the practical power of this ideology through a survey of representative populist movements of the modern era: European right-wing parties, left-wing presidents in Latin America, and the Tea Party movement in the United States. The authors delve into the ambivalent personalities of charismatic populist leaders such as Juan Domingo Peron, H. Ross Perot, Jean-Marie le Pen, Silvio Berlusconi, and Hugo Chavez. If the strong male leader embodies the mainstream form of populism, many resolute women, such as Eva Peron, Pauline Hanson, and Sarah Palin, have also succeeded in building a populist status, often by exploiting gendered notions of society. Although populism is ultimately part of democracy, populist movements constitute an increasing challenge to democratic politics. Comparing political trends across different countries, this compelling book debates what the long-term consequences of this challenge could be, as it turns the spotlight on the bewildering effect of populism on today's political and social life. "
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Unterwerfung

Roman

Author: Michel Houellebecq

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832188371

Category: Fiction

Page: 272

View: 5184

Es ist vielleicht der umstrittenste Roman des letzten Jahres: ›Unterwerfung‹ handelt vom Zusammenprall der Kulturen und stellt Fragen zum Verhältnis von Orient und Okzident, von Judentum, Islam und Christentum – Fragen, die heute so relevant sind wie nie. Goncourt-Preisträger Michel Houellebecq präsentiert sich als furchtloser Gesellschaftsdenker, der die bestimmenden Spannungsverhältnisse unserer Epoche mit großer Ernsthaftigkeit – und zugleich mit virtuoser Ironie – ausdeutet. Er erzählt in ›Unterwerfung‹ die Geschichte des Literaturwissenschaftlers François. Der Akademiker forscht im Frankreich einer sehr nahen Zukunft zu dem dekadenten Schriftsteller Huysmans, der ihn sein Leben lang fasziniert. Zugleich verfolgt er die Ereignisse um die anstehende Präsidentschaftswahl: Während es dem charismatischen Kandidaten der Bruderschaft der Muslime gelingt, immer mehr Stimmen auf sich zu vereinigen, kommt es in der Hauptstadt zu tumultartigen Ausschreitungen. Als schließlich ein Bürgerkrieg unabwendbar scheint, verlässt François Paris ohne ein bestimmtes Ziel. Es ist der Beginn einer Reise in sein Inneres.
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