The Politics of Immigration in France, Britain, and the United States

A Comparative Study

Author: Martin Schain

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9781403962164

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 8382

This book argues that although labor market needs have been an important element in the development of immigration policy, they have been filtered through a political process: the politics of immigration. It is this process that drives immigration policy in each country. By exploring the relation between policy and politics in France, the UK, and the US, three countries that have both welcomed and severely restricted immigrant entry during different periods, this book helps to show how this goes far beyond labor market needs. Cross-nationally, these policies have been influenced by considerations of race, domestic ideas of what constitutes national identity, citizenship, naturalization, urban policy, housing, and education.
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Fences and Neighbors

The Political Geography of Immigration Control

Author: Jeannette Money

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801435706

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 2072

Includes statistics.
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Der Selbstmord Europas

Immigration, Identität, Islam

Author: Douglas Murray

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960921802

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 3361

Sinkende Geburtenraten, unkontrollierte Masseneinwanderung und eine lange Tradition des verinnerlichten Misstrauens: Europa scheint unfähig zu sein, seine Interessen zu verteidigen. Douglas Murray, gefeierter Autor, sieht in seinem neuen Bestseller Europa gar an der Schwelle zum Freitod – zumindest scheinen sich seine politischen Führer für den Selbstmord entschieden zu haben. Doch warum haben die europäischen Regierungen einen Prozess angestoßen, wohl wissend, dass sie dessen Folgen weder absehen können noch im Griff haben? Warum laden sie Tausende von muslimischen Einwanderern ein, nach Europa zu kommen, wenn die Bevölkerung diese mit jedem Jahr stärker ablehnt? Sehen die Regierungen nicht, dass ihre Entscheidungen nicht nur die Bevölkerung ihrer Länder auseinandertreiben, sondern letztlich auch Europa zerreißen werden? Oder sind sie so sehr von ihrer Vision eines neuen europäischen Menschen, eines neuen Europas und der arroganten Überzeugung von deren Machbarkeit geblendet? Der Selbstmord Europas ist kein spontan entstandenes Pamphlet einer vagen Befindlichkeit. Akribisch hat Douglas Murray die Einwanderung aus Afrika und dem Nahen Osten nach Europa recherchiert und ihre Anfänge, ihre Entwicklung sowie die gesellschaftlichen Folgen über mehrere Jahrzehnte ebenso studiert wie ihre Einmündung in den alltäglich werdenden Terrorismus. Eine beeindruckende und erschütternde Analyse der Zeit, in der wir leben, sowie der Zustände, auf die wir zusteuern.
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Immigration, Integration, and Security

America and Europe in Comparative Perspective

Author: Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia,Simon Reich

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press

ISBN: 9780822973386

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 6114

Recent acts of terrorism in Britain and Europe and the events of 9/11 in the United States have greatly influenced immigration, security, and integration policies in these countries. Yet many of the current practices surrounding these issues were developed decades ago, and are ill-suited to the dynamics of today's global economies and immigration patterns. At the core of much policy debate is the inherent paradox whereby immigrant populations are frequently perceived as posing a potential security threat yet bolster economies by providing an inexpensive workforce. Strict attention to border controls and immigration quotas has diverted focus away from perhaps the most significant dilemma: the integration of existing immigrant groups. Often restricted in their civil and political rights and targets of xenophobia, racial profiling, and discrimination, immigrants are unable or unwilling to integrate into the population. These factors breed distrust, disenfranchisement, and hatred-factors that potentially engender radicalization and can even threaten internal security. The contributors compare policies on these issues at three relational levels: between individual EU nations and the U.S., between the EU and U.S., and among EU nations. What emerges is a timely and critical examination of the variations and contradictions in policy at each level of interaction and how different agencies and different nations often work in opposition to each other with self-defeating results. While the contributors differ on courses of action, they offer fresh perspectives, some examining significant case studies and laying the groundwork for future debate on these crucial issues.
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Immigration Policy in Europe

The Politics of Control

Author: Virginie Guiraudon,Gallya Lahav

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136779116

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 8252

Previously published as a special issue of West European Politics, this edited volume evaluates the extent to which a policy gap between inputs and outcomes exists with regard to immigration control.
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Politics in Europe

Author: M. Donald Hancock,Christopher J. Carman,Marjorie Castle,David P. Conradt,Raffaella Y. Nanetti,Robert Leonardi,William Safran,Stephen White

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483323056

Category: Political Science

Page: 832

View: 490

Thoroughly updated, this sixth edition of Hancock et al.’s Politics in Europe remains an approachable yet rigorous introduction to the region—the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Russia, Poland, and the European Union. Its strong analytic framework and organization, coupled with detailed country coverage written by country experts, ensure that students not only get a robust introduction to each country, but also are able to make meaningful cross-national comparisons. Key updates include the latest in European politics, including recent election results, the content and impact of the Eurozone crisis, the emergence of a new “Nordic model” of welfare capitalism, and coverage of key social and political issues including globalization, terrorism, immigration, gender, religion, and transatlantic relations.
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Reporting at the Southern Borders

Journalism and Public Debates on Immigration in the U.S. and the E.U.

Author: Giovanna Dell'Orto,Vicki L. Birchfield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113504662X

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 3547

Undocumented immigration across the Mediterranean and the US-Mexican border is one of the most contested transatlantic public and political issues, raising fundamental questions about national identity, security and multiculturalism—all in the glare of news media themselves undergoing dramatic transformations. This interdisciplinary, international volume fills a major gap in political science and communication literature on the role of news media in public debates over immigration by providing unique insider’s perspectives on journalistic practices and bringing them into dialogue with scholars and immigrant rights practitioners. After providing original comparative research by established and emerging international affairs and media scholars as well as grounded reflections by UN and IOM practitioners, the book presents candid, in-depth assessments by nine leading European and North American journalists covering immigration from the frontlines, ranging from the Guardian’s Southern Europe editor to the immigration reporter for the Arizona Republic. Their comparative reflections on the professional, institutional and technological constraints shaping news stories offer unprecedented insight into the challenges and opportunities for 21st century journalism to affect public discourse and policymaking about issues critical to the future of the transatlantic space, making the book relevant across a wide range of scholarship on the media’s impact on public affairs.
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Brain Gain

Rethinking U.S. Immigration Policy

Author: Darrell M. West

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815722311

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 9004

Many of America's greatest artists, scientists, investors, educators, and entrepreneurs have come from abroad. Rather than suffering from the "brain drain" of talented and educated individuals emigrating, the United States has benefited greatly over the years from the "brain gain" of immigration. These gifted immigrants have engineered advances in energy, information technology, international commerce, sports, arts, and culture. To stay competitive, the United States must institute more of an open-door policy to attract unique talents from other nations. Yet Americans resist such a policy despite their own immigrant histories and the substantial social, economic, intellectual, and cultural benefits of welcoming newcomers. Why? In Brain Gain, Darrell West asserts that perception or "vision" is one reason reform in immigration policy is so politically difficult. Public discourse tends to emphasize the perceived negatives. Fear too often trumps optimism and reason. And democracy is messy, with policy principles that are often difficult to reconcile. The seeming irrationality of U.S. immigration policy arises from a variety of thorny and interrelated factors: particularistic politics and fragmented institutions, public concern regarding education and employment, anger over taxes and social services, and ambivalence about national identity, culture, and language. Add to that stew a myopic (or worse) press, persistent fears of terrorism, and the difficulties of implementing border enforcement and legal justice. West prescribes a series of reforms that will put America on a better course and enhance its long-term social and economic prosperity. Reconceptualizing immigration as a way to enhance innovation and competitiveness, the author notes, will help us find the next Sergey Brin, the next Andrew Grove, or even the next Albert Einstein.
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The Politics of Migration and Immigration in Europe

Author: Andrew Geddes,Peter Scholten

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473988322

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2769

Migration and immigration are high on any nation’s agenda but have particular resonance in Europe in light of recent events. The new edition of this book has been fully updated in this respect and explores: Immigration policy in individual EU nations The treatment of migrants, including immigrant policies The development and effects of the Shengen agreement The movement towards common EU policies. It looks specifically at the contexts of Britain, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Greece and Turkey as well as a examining the changing nature of migration dynamics in central and Eastern Europe. This book is a significant and timely analysis suitable for students of migration at any level.
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Getting Into Local Power

The Politics of Ethnic Minorities in British and French Cities

Author: Romain Garbaye

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355546

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2284

This book presents a comparison of the patterns of ethnic minority politics in British and French city politics. A comparison of the participation of ethnic minorities in British and French cities Includes direct comparisons of particular cities Birmingham, Lille and Roubaix Shows how ethnic and cultural diversity translates into political conflict in different political systems Considers styles of political mobilisation of ethnic minorities in the context of urban political systems, as well as the strategies used by party leaders and to manage ethnic diversity in political competition Analyses how ethnic and cultural diversity in urban societies translates into conflictual politics Enhances our understanding of local politics and of the evolution of political representation in industrialised democracies
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Conservatism in Canada

Author: James Harold Farney,David Rayside

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666323

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 6749

With the electoral success of the Harper Conservatives federally and of a number of conservative parties provincially, the topic of Canadian conservatism is more important to our understanding of Canadian party politics than ever before. This timely volume presents the first comprehensive examination of Canadian conservatism in a generation – a period during which its nature has changed substantially. Conservatism in Canada explores the ideological character of contemporary Canadian conservatism, its support in the electorate, its impact on public policies such as immigration and foreign policy, and its articulation at both federal and provincial levels. The essays include comparisons with other countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia, as well as specific examinations of conservatism in Ontario, Alberta, and Quebec. Featuring contributions by both established and new scholars in the fields of political science and public policy, this volume makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the changing nature of Canadian conservatism and its broader implications for the future of this country.
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Crucible of Freedom

Workers' Democracy in the Industrial Heartland, 1914–1960

Author: Eric Leif Davin

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739122398

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 9913

Working people created a new America in the 1930s and 1940s which was a fundamental departure from the feudalistic and hierarchical America which existed before. In the process, class politics re-defined the political agenda of America as—for the first and time in American history—the political universe polarized along class lines. The author explores the meaning of the new deal political mobilization by ordinary people by examining the changes it brought to the local, county, and state levels in Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, and Pennsylvania as a whole.
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Citizen Politics

Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Author: Russell J. Dalton

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483321436

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 335

Now, more than ever, people drive the democratic process. What people think of their government and its leaders, how (or whether) they vote, and what they do or say about a host of political issues greatly affect the further strengthening or erosion of democracy and democratic ideals. This fully updated new sixth edition of Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, by Russell J. Dalton, continues to offer the only truly comparative study of political attitudes and behavior in the United States, Great Britain, France, and Germany. In addition to its comprehensive, thematic examination of political values, political activity, voting, and public images of government within a cross-national context, Citizen Politics explores new forms of political activity, such as Internet-based activism and new forms of political consumerism. All chapters have been updated with the latest research and empirical evidence. Further, Dalton includes new discussions of citizen sophistication and its implications for democratic citizenship.
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The Politics of Race

Canada, the United States, and Australia

Author: Jill Vickers,Annette Isaac

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442611316

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

View: 6016

The Politics of Race is an excellent resource for students and general readers seeking to learn about race policies and legislation. Arguing that 'states make race,' it provides a unique comparison of the development and construction of race in three white settler societies — Canada, the United States, and Australia. This timely new edition focuses on the politics of race after 9/11 and Barack Obama's election as president of the United States. Jill Vickers and Annette Isaac explore how state-sanctioned race discrimination has intensified in the wake of heightened security. It also explains the new race formation of Islamophobia in all three countries, and the shifts in how Hispanics and Asian Americans are being treated in the United States. As race and politics become increasingly intertwined in both academic and popular discourse, The Politics of Race aids readers in evaluating different approaches for promoting racial justice and transforming states.
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Voices at Work

Continuity and Change in the Common Law World

Author: Alan Bogg,Tonia Novitz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191505668

Category: Law

Page: 470

View: 5719

This edited collection is the culmination of a comparative project on 'Voices at Work' funded by the Leverhulme Trust 2010 - 2013. The book aims to shed light on the problematic concept of worker 'voice' by tracking its evolution and its complex interactions with various forms of law. Contributors to the volume identify the scope for continuity of legal approaches to voice and the potential for change in a sample of industrialised English speaking common law countries, namely Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK, and USA. These countries, facing broadly similar regulatory dilemmas, have often sought to borrow and adapt certain legal mechanisms from one another. The variance in the outcomes of any attempts at 'borrowing' seems to demonstrate that, despite apparent membership of a 'common law' family, there are significant differences between industrial systems and constitutional traditions, thereby casting doubt on the notion that there are definitive legal solutions which can be applied through transplantation. Instead, it seems worth studying the diverse possibilities for worker voice offered in divergent contexts, not only through traditional forms of labour law, but also such disciplines as competition law, human rights law, international law and public law. In this way, the comparative study highlights a rich multiplicity of institutions and locations of worker voice, configured in a variety of ways across the English-speaking common law world. This book comprises contributions from many leading scholars of labour law, politics and industrial relations drawn from across the jurisdictions, and is therefore an exceedingly comprehensive comparative study. It is addressed to academics, policymakers, legal practitioners, legislative drafters, trade unions and interest groups alike. Additionally, while offering a critique of existing laws, this book proposes alternative legal tools to promote engagement with a multitude of 'voices' at work and therefore foster the effective deployment of law in industrial relations.
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Globalization, Fear and Insecurity

The Challenges for Cities North and South

Author: S. Body-Gendrot

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137023023

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 2476

Fear is ingrained in the history of cities but our short-sightedness prevents us from grasping its evolution over time. Increasingly, risk and fear are experienced, portrayed and discussed as globalized phenomena, particularly since 9/11. This research puts urban insecurity in perspective, with a comparison of world cities in the North and South.
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The Politics of Immigration

Contradictions of the Liberal State

Author: James Hampshire

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745671411

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 6393

Immigration is one of the most contested issues on the political agenda of liberal states across Europe and North America. While these states can be open and inclusive to newcomers, they are also often restrictive and exclusionary. The Politics of Immigration examines the sources of these apparently contradictory stances, locating answers in the nature of the liberal state itself. The book shows how four defining facets of the liberal state - representative democracy, constitutionalism, capitalism, and nationhood - generate conflicting imperatives for immigration policymaking, which in turn gives rise to paradoxical, even contradictory, policies. The first few chapters of the book outline this framework, setting out the various actors, institutions and ideas associated with each facet. Subsequent chapters consider its implications for different elements of the immigration policy field, including policies towards economic and humanitarian immigration, as well as citizenship and integration. Throughout, the argument is illustrated with data and examples from the major immigrant-receiving countries of Europe and North America. This book will be essential reading for students and researchers in migration studies, politics and international relations, and all those interested in understanding why immigration remains one of the most controversial and intractable policy issues in the Western world.
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Shaping Race Policy

The United States in Comparative Perspective

Author: Robert C. Lieberman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400837465

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 3878

Shaping Race Policy investigates one of the most serious policy challenges facing the United States today: the stubborn persistence of racial inequality in the post-civil rights era. Unlike other books on the topic, it is comparative, examining American developments alongside parallel histories of race policy in Great Britain and France. Focusing on on two key policy areas, welfare and employment, the book asks why America has had such uneven success at incorporating African Americans and other minorities into the full benefits of citizenship. Robert Lieberman explores the historical roots of racial incorporation in these policy areas over the course of the twentieth century and explains both the relative success of antidiscrimination policy and the failure of the American welfare state to address racial inequality. He chronicles the rise and resilience of affirmative action, including commentary on the recent University of Michigan affirmative action cases decided by the Supreme Court. He also shows how nominally color-blind policies can have racially biased effects, and challenges the common wisdom that color-blind policies are morally and politically superior and that race-conscious policies are merely second best. Shaping Race Policy has two innovative features that distinguish it from other works in the area. First, it is comparative, examining American developments alongside parallel histories of race policy in Great Britain and France. Second, its argument merges ideas and institutions, which are usually considered separate and competing factors, into a comprehensive and integrated explanatory approach. The book highlights the importance of two factors--America's distinctive political institutions and the characteristic American tension between race consciousness and color blindness--in accounting for the curious pattern of success and failure in American race policy.
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Muslims and the State in Britain, France, and Germany

Author: Joel S. Fetzer,J. Christopher Soper

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521535397

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 1455

European governments must struggle with assimilating Muslim newcomers into their countries, with so many more now living in Western Europe. Britain, France, and Germany have dealt with the related problems differently. This book explains why their policies differ and proposes ways of ensuring the successful incorporation of practicing Muslims into liberal democracies. Resolving their issues has become all the more urgent in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
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Race in France

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Politics of Difference

Author: Herrick Chapman,Laura Levine Frader

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571818577

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 9019

Scholars across disciplines on both sides of the Atlantic have recently begun to open up, as never before, the scholarly study of race and racism in France. These original essays bring together in one volume new work in history, sociology, anthropology, political science, and legal studies. Each of the eleven articles presents fresh research on the tension between a republican tradition in France that has long denied the legitimacy of acknowledging racial difference and a lived reality in which racial prejudice shaped popular views about foreigners, Jews, immigrants, and colonial people. Several authors also examine efforts to combat racism since the 1970s.
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