The Politics of Exclusion

Institutions and Immigration Policy in Contemporary Germany

Author: Simon Green

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719065880

Category: Political Science

Page: 162

View: 9836

"Using an innovative analytical perspective, this book arrives at a new explanation for the persistence until recently of this apparent paradox. It uses models of policy-making in Germany to argue that the political system, in which power is widely dispersed between institutions, provides significant insights into why policy has only evolved gradually. In consequence, and despite considerable political pressure for change, Germany's policy structures have so far failed to adequately address the reality of immigration in its cities.
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The Politics of Exclusion

Debating Migration in Austria

Author: Michal Krzyzanowski,Ruth Wodak

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412812089

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 3406

In many European countries the extreme right have refined their electoral programmes under the rubric of nationalist-populist slogans and have adopted subtle forms of racism. The move away from overt neo-fascist discourse has, allowed these parties to expand their electoral support as populist nationalist parties. Paradoxically, this has led to an increase in racist and anti-Semitic discourse. In this on-site analysis, Michal Krzyzanowski and Ruth Wodak describe a confluence of racism and xenophobia, and show how that union creates a new kind of racism. The "new" racism differs from the older kinds in that it is usually not expressed in overtly racial terms. Instead, the justifications that are typically employed concern protecting jobs, eliminating abuse of welfare benefits, or cultural incompatibilities. The new racism exploits xenophobia rooted in ethnocentrism, male chauvinism, and ordinary prejudices that are often unconscious or routinized. For these reasons, the new racism can be defined as "syncretic," a mixture of many, sometimes contradictory, racist and xenophobic beliefs and stereotypes. Racism as ideology and practice is alive and well. This important book aims to provide understanding of the many socio-political and historical processes involved in such expressions of institutional and individual racism--processes which are not necessarily evident from more overt or traditional expressions of racism. This is an innovative look at the political study of language as well as new instances of race, ethnicity, and class in present-day Europe.
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Tuberculosis and the Politics of Exclusion

A History of Public Health and Migration to Los Angeles

Author: Emily K. Abel

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813543827

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 3206

Though notorious for its polluted air today, the city of Los Angeles once touted itself as a health resort. After the arrival of the transcontinental railroad in 1876, publicists launched a campaign to portray the city as the promised land, circulating countless stories of miraculous cures for the sick and debilitated. As more and more migrants poured in, however, a gap emerged between the city’s glittering image and its dark reality. Emily K. Abel shows how the association of the disease with “tramps” during the 1880s and 1890s and Dust Bowl refugees during the 1930s provoked exclusionary measures against both groups. In addition, public health officials sought not only to restrict the entry of Mexicans (the majority of immigrants) during the 1920s but also to expel them during the 1930s. Abel’s revealing account provides a critical lens through which to view both the contemporary debate about immigration and the U.S. response to the emergent global tuberculosis epidemic.
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The Politics of Exclusion

The Failure of Race-neutral Policies in Urban America

Author: Leland T. Saito

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804759294

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 8038

Examines the role and influence of race and ethnicity in the contemporary American city through three case studies of urban politics and policy decisions in Los Angeles, New York, and San Diego.
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Ideology and the Politics of (in)exclusion

Author: Linda P. Ware

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820470658

Category: Education

Page: 209

View: 5471

"Ideology and the Politics of (In)Exclusion" provides an international analysis of the politics of research and practice in special education. The contributors to this volume establish purposeful connections to the micropolitics of disability identification and the macropolitics of social structure and describe various geographic locales, recount multiple historical contexts, rely upon differing sources of evidence, and as a consequence, relate a more complex and richly layered analysis of educational inclusion. "Ideology and the Politics of (In)Exclusion" breaks away from the prevailing discourse on educational inclusion as that which occurs in a vacuum, separate from social inclusion, by providing a close analysis of the narrow frameworks, historic influence, and research tensions that underwrite current special education practice.
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Left Out

The Politics of Exclusion : Essays, 1964-2002

Author: Martin B. Duberman

Publisher: South End Press

ISBN: 9780896086722

Category: Political Science

Page: 504

View: 7321

"One would be hard-pressed to name a more admirable contemporary American example of the intellectual engage than Martin Duberman. Historian, playwright, memoirist, biographer, social commentator, teacher, activist and assured podium performer, Duberman is an unapologetic, uncategorizable and nonsectarian radical whose constant questioning of conventional wisdoms - even on the left - has made him one of this country's pre-eminent participants in the political and cultural wars that have riven public life." *BR*—In These Times*BR**BR*"A marvelous collection of a lifetime of courageous writing by a deeply moral and reflective man who has engaged the greatest struggles of our times with an unflinching nerve, a wise heart and a brilliant intellect informed at all times by compassion."*BR*—Jonathan Kozol*BR**BR*The lives of outsiders have been the focus of Martin Duberman's work as a public intellectual for the past four decades. Best known for his biography of Paul Robeson, Duberman highlights the "banding together" of the excluded in Left Out. These identity-based movements—black power, gay liberation, feminism—have created a vital and controversial change in American consciousness in recent decades. Duberman's collected essays trace this evolution of thought to the history of dissent from abolitionism through the New Left to today's organizing.*BR**BR*Presenting summations of Duberman's views on such matters as race, foreign policy, gender and sexuality, Left Out offers incisive analyses of the split between class-based and identity-based politics on the Left. The "godfather" of the gay studies movement, Duberman has taken many brave and prescient stands. His writing shows why he is considered a deeply moral and wise man. For the first time available in paperback, this edition, updated through 2002, includes three new essays: "The State of Gay Studies," "Queer Economic Justice," and "Jewish Radicals, Effeminacy, and the Rise of Gay Chauvinism".
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Poor-bashing

The Politics of Exclusion

Author: Jean Swanson

Publisher: Between The Lines

ISBN: 189635744X

Category: Political Science

Page: 207

View: 1001

A look at poor-bashing: what it is, who does it, and why; as well as ways to stop it from happening in the future. People who poor-bash include employers, politicians, and even the poor themselves. Some strong language. 2001.
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Exile and the Politics of Exclusion in the Americas

Author: Luis Roniger,James N. Green,Pablo Yankelevich

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781845196349

Category: History

Page: 462

View: 8583

"Exile has had a profound impact on political ideologies. Distance from the country of origin, the inevitable weakening of social ties that accompany emigration, and the passage of time lead to a re-evaluation of the institutions and culture left behind, and of the political practices in which exiles had engaged in the past. Interaction with the host society, even if limited by the desire to limit new attachments, is also consequential. Paradoxically, a weak insertion in the new social environment is conducive to the development of comprehensive and nuanced appraisals of its institutions and culture. The joint effect of these new visions may pull exiles in different directions: toward extremism or the political center, toward totalitarianism or democracy. This volume will contribute to the understanding of how transnational political and cultural processes, a key one of which is precisely the experience of exile, interact with national processes in determining the direction of institutional change."--The Series Editor's Preface by Carlos Waisman.
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Psychoanalysis and Politics

Exclusion and the Politics of Representation

Author: Lene Auestad

Publisher: Karnac Books

ISBN: 1780490070

Category: Psychology

Page: 255

View: 2345

Thinking psychoanalytically about the nature of social exclusion involves a self-questioning on the part of the interpreter. While we may all have some experiences of having been subject to stereotyping, silencing, discrimination and exclusion, it is also the case that, as social beings, we all, to some extent, participate in upholding these practices, often unconsciously. The book poses the question of how psychoanalysis can be used to think about the invisible and subtle processes of power over symbolic representation, in the context of stereotyping and dehumanization: What forces govern the state of affairs that determine who is an 'I' and who is an 'it' in the public sphere? Thinking in terms of "containment", a communication which is denied a social space for expression can be said to be actively stripped of meaning. Through its original contribution of attending to, and interpreting material that so far had seemed meaningless, psychoanalysis demonstrates a capacity to reinstall meaning where none was before--but how are such acts performed on a social level? When common responsibility is displaced onto a suitable class or group and its representatives, the end point is reached when the individual is objectified and the social aspects of the process are no longer recognized. His or her position becomes an illegitimate one from which to speak--the person's subjectivity is excluded. The book poses the question of how we can conceive of the 'how' and the 'why' of this phenomenon and of possible counter-actions.
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The Politics of Social Exclusion in India

Democracy at the Crossroads

Author: Harihar Bhattacharyya,Partha Sarkar,Angshuman Kar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135192723

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 5057

Social exclusion and inclusion remain issues of fundamental importance to democracy. Both exclusion and inclusion relate to the access to participation in the public realm, public goods and services for certain groups of people who are minorities, marginalized and deprived. Democratization has led to the inclusion of the previously excluded in the political process. While the problems of exclusion remain even in advanced Western countries in respect of the minorities of sorts, and the underprivileged, the problem of deep-rooted social and cultural exclusions is acute in post-colonial countries, including India. This book analyses social exclusions in India, which remain the most solid challenges to Indian democracy and development. Communal clashes, ethnic riots, political secessionist movements and extremist violence take place almost routinely, and are the outward manifestations of the entrenched culture of social exclusion in India. With its interdisciplinary approach, the book looks at the multidimensional problems of social exclusion and inclusion, providing a critical, comprehensive analysis of the problem and of potential solutions. The authors are experts in the fields of historical sociology, anthropology, political theory, social philosophy, economics and indigenous vernacular literature. Overall, the book offers an innovative theoretical perspective of the long-term issues facing contemporary Indian democracy.
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Welfare States and Immigrant Rights

The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Author: Diane Sainsbury

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199654786

Category: Political Science

Page: 327

View: 2387

Welfare States and Immigrant Rights deals with the policies and politics of immigrants' inclusion and exclusion in six countries representing different types of welfare states: the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Sweden, and Denmark.
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Turkey’s Accession to the European Union

The Politics of Exclusion?

Author: Edel Hughes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136914447

Category: Law

Page: 215

View: 1569

Turkey’s accession to the European Union is undoubtedly one of the Union’s most contested potential enlargements. The narrative that dominates the debate surrounding this issue primarily relates to problems such as a lack of respect for fundamental human rights in Turkey, the Kurdish question and the continuing stalemate concerning northern Cyprus. This book looks at these issues, but also proposes that a review of Turkey’s experience with the EU in its numerous incarnations suggests that these concerns may mask a deeper disquiet. Whilst there are several questions that Turkey must address, particularly in the area of human rights guarantees, the concerns which raise debates regarding Turkish membership are not issues that are unique to Turkey. Turkey’s EU experience also raises fundamental questions about religion and the EU project that have greater implication than simply Turkish accession. Through the lens of the Turkish example, this book addresses these broader questions, such as the nature of European ‘identity’, Europe’s Christian past, the limits of pluralism and the fundamental question of religion in the European public sphere. This book will be of great interest to those engaged in research on European law and politics at undergraduate or postgraduate level. It is also aimed at academics with an interest in human rights and the European Union and with a regional interest in Turkey.
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The Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Identity Politics in Twenty-First Century America

Author: David F. Ericson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135160627

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 4688

Assessing the limits of pluralism, this book examines different types of political inclusion and exclusion and their distinctive dimensions and dynamics. Why are particular social groups excluded from equal participation in political processes? How do these groups become more fully included as equal participants? Often, the critical issue is not whether a group is included but how it is included. Collectively, these essays elucidate a wide range of inclusion or exclusion: voting participation, representation in legislative assemblies, representation of group interests in processes of policy formation and implementation, and participation in discursive processes of policy framing. Covering broad territory—from African Americans to Asian Americans, the transgendered to the disabled, and Latinos to Native Americans—this volume examines in depth the give and take between how policies shape political configuration and how politics shape policy. At a more fundamental level, Ericson and his contributors raise some traditional and some not-so-traditional issues about the nature of democratic politics in settings with a multitude of group identities.
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The Politics of Humour

Laughter, Inclusion, and Exclusion in the Twentieth Century

Author: Martina Kessel

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442642920

Category: Humor

Page: 222

View: 7898

The period between the First World War and the fall of the Berlin Wall is often characterized as the age of extremes--while this era witnessed unprecedented violence and loss of human life, it also saw a surge in humorous entertainment in both democratic and authoritarian societies. The Politics of Humour examines how works such as satirical magazines and comedy films were used both to reaffirm group identity and to exclude those who did not belong. The essays in this collection analyse the political and social context of comedy in Europe and the United States, exploring topics ranging from the shifting targets of ethnic jokes to the incorporation of humour into wartime broadcasting and the uses of satire as a means of resistance. Comedy continues to define the nature of group membership today, and The Politics of Humour offers an intriguing look at how entertainment helped everyday people make sense of the turmoil of the twentieth century.
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Political Languages of Race and the Politics of Exclusion

Author: Andy R. Brown

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing

ISBN: 9781840145168

Category: Social Science

Page: 341

View: 6780

The aim of this book is to address both a theoretical and empirical gap in existing studies concerning the role of political languages and racial ideologies in constructing migrant populations as divisive and problematic entities within the body politic and national territory.
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The language and politics of exclusion

others in discourse

Author: Stephen Harold Riggins

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9780761907282

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 294

View: 3441

This new volume brings together articles that apply critical discourse analysis to texts and speech that contributes to the marginalization of minority groups. Studying both the fine details of language use and the political values implicated by word choice, the contributors examine how an "us versus them" division is played out in a wide array of cultural settings. Among the groups considered are immigrants in Western Europe, African Americans, African Canadians, Mexican Natives, Jews in Austria, and Muslims in Europe and North America. Examples of everyday speech through which prejudice is conveyed include advertising, parliamentary debate, travel literature, newspaper articles, the law, autobiography, and even classroom discourse. Collectively, the chapters make a strong and original case for the values of linguistic perspective in the study of prejudice and social inequity. The Language and Politics of Exclusion demonstrates, especially to such disciplines as sociology, journalism, and communication the ways in which discourses can marginalize others. Students and professionals will gain insight into this problem and ideally, learn the self-monitoring skills necessary to prevent this from happening. This book's in-depth look into the issue helps to lead the way.
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The Politics of exclusion

Author: Bruce C. Campbell,Bu V. E. Wilson

Publisher: Indian Ocean Centre for Peace Studies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 221

View: 6418

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